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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3] mm/page_owner: fix for deferred struct page init
On Thu 03-01-19 11:38:31, Qian Cai wrote:
> On 1/3/19 6:51 AM, Michal Hocko wrote:
> > On Thu 20-12-18 15:31:56, Qian Cai wrote:
> >> When booting a system with "page_owner=on",
> >>
> >> start_kernel
> >> page_ext_init
> >> invoke_init_callbacks
> >> init_section_page_ext
> >> init_page_owner
> >> init_early_allocated_pages
> >> init_zones_in_node
> >> init_pages_in_zone
> >> lookup_page_ext
> >> page_to_nid
> >>
> >> The issue here is that page_to_nid() will not work since some page
> >> flags have no node information until later in page_alloc_init_late() due
> >> to DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT. Hence, it could trigger an out-of-bounds
> >> access with an invalid nid.
> >>
> >> [ 8.666047] UBSAN: Undefined behaviour in ./include/linux/mm.h:1104:50
> >> [ 8.672603] index 7 is out of range for type 'zone [5]'
> >>
> >> Also, kernel will panic since flags were poisoned earlier with,
> >>
> >> CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_PGFLAGS=y
> >> CONFIG_NODE_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS=n
> >>
> >> start_kernel
> >> setup_arch
> >> pagetable_init
> >> paging_init
> >> sparse_init
> >> sparse_init_nid
> >> memblock_alloc_try_nid_raw
> >>
> >> Although later it tries to set page flags for pages in reserved bootmem
> >> regions,
> >>
> >> mm_init
> >> mem_init
> >> memblock_free_all
> >> free_low_memory_core_early
> >> reserve_bootmem_region
> >>
> >> there could still have some freed pages from the page allocator but yet
> >> to be initialized due to DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT. It have already been
> >> dealt with a bit in page_ext_init().
> >>
> >> * Take into account DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT.
> >> */
> >> if (early_pfn_to_nid(pfn) != nid)
> >> continue;
> >>
> >> However, it did not handle it well in init_pages_in_zone() which end up
> >> calling page_to_nid().
> >>
> >> [ 11.917212] page:ffffea0004200000 is uninitialized and poisoned
> >> [ 11.917220] raw: ffffffffffffffff ffffffffffffffff ffffffffffffffff
> >> ffffffffffffffff
> >> [ 11.921745] raw: ffffffffffffffff ffffffffffffffff ffffffffffffffff
> >> ffffffffffffffff
> >> [ 11.924523] page dumped because: VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PagePoisoned(p))
> >> [ 11.926498] page_owner info is not active (free page?)
> >> [ 12.329560] kernel BUG at include/linux/mm.h:990!
> >> [ 12.337632] RIP: 0010:init_page_owner+0x486/0x520
> >>
> >> Since there is no other routines depend on page_ext_init() in
> >> start_kernel(), just move it after page_alloc_init_late() to ensure that
> >> there is no deferred pages need to de dealt with. If deselected
> >> DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT, it is still better to call page_ext_init()
> >> earlier, so page owner could catch more early page allocation call
> >> sites. This gives us a good compromise between catching good and bad
> >> call sites (See the v1 patch [1]) in case of DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT.
> >>
> >> [1] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20181220060303.38686-1-cai@lca.pw/
> >>
> >> Fixes: fe53ca54270 (mm: use early_pfn_to_nid in page_ext_init)
> >> Suggested-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
> >> Signed-off-by: Qian Cai <cai@lca.pw>
> >> ---
> >>
> >> v3: still call page_ext_init() earlier if DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT=n.
> >>
> >> v2: postpone page_ext_init() to after page_alloc_init_late().
> >>
> >> init/main.c | 5 +++++
> >> mm/page_ext.c | 3 +--
> >> 2 files changed, 6 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> >>
> >> diff --git a/init/main.c b/init/main.c
> >> index 2b7b7fe173c9..5d9904370f76 100644
> >> --- a/init/main.c
> >> +++ b/init/main.c
> >> @@ -696,7 +696,9 @@ asmlinkage __visible void __init start_kernel(void)
> >> initrd_start = 0;
> >> }
> >> #endif
> >> +#ifndef CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT
> >> page_ext_init();
> >> +#endif
> >> kmemleak_init();
> >> setup_per_cpu_pageset();
> >> numa_policy_init();
> >> @@ -1147,6 +1149,9 @@ static noinline void __init kernel_init_freeable(void)
> >> sched_init_smp();
> >>
> >> page_alloc_init_late();
> >> +#ifdef CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT
> >> + page_ext_init();
> >> +#endif
> >>
> >> do_basic_setup();
> >
> > Is this really necessary? Why cannot we simply postpone page_ext_init
> > unconditioanally?
>
> As mentioned above, "If deselected DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT, it is still better
> to call page_ext_init() earlier, so page owner could catch more early page
> allocation call sites."

Do you have any numbers to show how many allocation are we losing that
way? In other words, do we care enough to create an ugly code?

> >> diff --git a/mm/page_ext.c b/mm/page_ext.c
> >> index ae44f7adbe07..d76fd51e312a 100644
> >> --- a/mm/page_ext.c
> >> +++ b/mm/page_ext.c
> >> @@ -399,9 +399,8 @@ void __init page_ext_init(void)
> >> * -------------pfn-------------->
> >> * N0 | N1 | N2 | N0 | N1 | N2|....
> >> *
> >> - * Take into account DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT.
> >> */
> >> - if (early_pfn_to_nid(pfn) != nid)
> >> + if (pfn_to_nid(pfn) != nid)
> >> continue;
> >> if (init_section_page_ext(pfn, nid))
> >> goto oom;
> >
> > Also this doesn't seem to be related, right?
>
> No, it is related. Because of this patch, page_ext_init() is called after all
> the memory has already been initialized,
> so no longer necessary to call early_pfn_to_nid().

Yes, but it looks like a follow up cleanup/optimization to me.
--
Michal Hocko
SUSE Labs

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