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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH v1 3/5] Yama: Enforces noexec mounts or file executability through O_MAYEXEC
On Thu, Dec 13, 2018 at 3:49 PM Mickaël Salaün
<mickael.salaun@ssi.gouv.fr> wrote:
> On 12/12/2018 18:09, Jann Horn wrote:
> > On Wed, Dec 12, 2018 at 9:18 AM Mickaël Salaün <mic@digikod.net> wrote:
> >> Enable to either propagate the mount options from the underlying VFS
> >> mount to prevent execution, or to propagate the file execute permission.
> >> This may allow a script interpreter to check execution permissions
> >> before reading commands from a file.
> >>
> >> The main goal is to be able to protect the kernel by restricting
> >> arbitrary syscalls that an attacker could perform with a crafted binary
> >> or certain script languages. It also improves multilevel isolation
> >> by reducing the ability of an attacker to use side channels with
> >> specific code. These restrictions can natively be enforced for ELF
> >> binaries (with the noexec mount option) but require this kernel
> >> extension to properly handle scripts (e.g., Python, Perl).
> >>
> >> Add a new sysctl kernel.yama.open_mayexec_enforce to control this
> >> behavior. A following patch adds documentation.
[...]
> >> +{
> >> + if (!(mask & MAY_OPENEXEC))
> >> + return 0;
> >> + /*
> >> + * Match regular files and directories to make it easier to
> >> + * modify script interpreters.
> >> + */
> >> + if (!S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) && !S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode))
> >> + return 0;
> >
> > So files are subject to checks, but loading code from things like
> > sockets is always fine?
>
> As I said in a previous email, these checks do not handle fifo either.
> This is relevant in a threat model targeting persistent attacks (and
> with additional protections/restrictions). We may want to only whitelist
> fifo, but I don't get how a socket is relevant here. Can you please clarify?

I don't think that there's a security problem here. I just think it's
weird to have the extra check when it seems to me like it isn't really
necessary - nobody is going to want to execute a socket or fifo
anyway, right?

> >
> >> + if ((open_mayexec_enforce & YAMA_OMAYEXEC_ENFORCE_MOUNT) &&
> >> + !(mask & MAY_EXECMOUNT))
> >> + return -EACCES;
> >> +
> >> + /*
> >> + * May prefer acl_permission_check() instead of generic_permission(),
> >> + * to not be bypassable with CAP_DAC_READ_SEARCH.
> >> + */
> >> + if (open_mayexec_enforce & YAMA_OMAYEXEC_ENFORCE_FILE)
> >> + return generic_permission(inode, MAY_EXEC);
> >> +
> >> + return 0;
> >> +}
> >> +
> >> static struct security_hook_list yama_hooks[] __lsm_ro_after_init = {
> >> + LSM_HOOK_INIT(inode_permission, yama_inode_permission),
> >> LSM_HOOK_INIT(ptrace_access_check, yama_ptrace_access_check),
> >> LSM_HOOK_INIT(ptrace_traceme, yama_ptrace_traceme),
> >> LSM_HOOK_INIT(task_prctl, yama_task_prctl),
> >> @@ -447,6 +489,37 @@ static int yama_dointvec_minmax(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
> >> return proc_dointvec_minmax(&table_copy, write, buffer, lenp, ppos);
> >> }
> >>
> >> +static int yama_dointvec_bitmask_macadmin(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
> >> + void __user *buffer, size_t *lenp,
> >> + loff_t *ppos)
> >> +{
> >> + int error;
> >> +
> >> + if (write) {
> >> + struct ctl_table table_copy;
> >> + int tmp_mayexec_enforce;
> >> +
> >> + if (!capable(CAP_MAC_ADMIN))
> >> + return -EPERM;
> >
> > Don't put capable() checks in sysctls, it doesn't work.
> >
>
> I tested it and the root user can indeed open the file even if the
> process doesn't have CAP_MAC_ADMIN, however writing in the sysctl file
> is denied. Btw there is a similar check in the previous function
> (yama_dointvec_minmax).

It's still wrong. If an attacker without CAP_MAC_ADMIN opens the
sysctl file, then passes the file descriptor to a setcap binary that
has CAP_MAC_ADMIN as stdout/stderr, and the setcap binary writes to
it, then the capable() check is bypassed. (But of course, to open the
sysctl file in the first place, you'd need to be root (uid 0), so the
check doesn't really matter.)

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