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SubjectRe: [PATCH v6 04/16] sched/core: uclamp: Add CPU's clamp buckets refcounting
On 21-Jan 17:12, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> On Mon, Jan 21, 2019 at 03:23:11PM +0000, Patrick Bellasi wrote:
> > On 21-Jan 15:59, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> > > On Tue, Jan 15, 2019 at 10:15:01AM +0000, Patrick Bellasi wrote:
> > > > @@ -835,6 +954,28 @@ static void uclamp_bucket_inc(struct uclamp_se *uc_se, unsigned int clamp_id,
> > > > } while (!atomic_long_try_cmpxchg(&uc_maps[bucket_id].adata,
> > > > &uc_map_old.data, uc_map_new.data));
> > > >
> > > > + /*
> > > > + * Ensure each CPU tracks the correct value for this clamp bucket.
> > > > + * This initialization of per-CPU variables is required only when a
> > > > + * clamp value is requested for the first time from a slow-path.
> > > > + */
> > >
> > > I'm confused; why is this needed?
> >
> > That's a lazy initialization of the per-CPU uclamp data for a given
> > bucket, i.e. the clamp value assigned to a bucket, which happens only
> > when new clamp values are requested... usually only at system
> > boot/configuration time.
> >
> > For example, let say we have these buckets mapped to given clamp
> > values:
> >
> > bucket_#0: clamp value: 10% (mapped)
> > bucket_#1: clamp value: 20% (mapped)
> > bucket_#2: clamp value: 30% (mapped)
> >
> > and then let's assume all the users of bucket_#1 are "destroyed", i.e.
> > there are no more tasks, system defaults or cgroups asking for a
> > 20% clamp value. The corresponding bucket will become free:
> >
> > bucket_#0: clamp value: 10% (mapped)
> > bucket_#1: clamp value: 20% (free)
> > bucket_#2: clamp value: 30% (mapped)
> >
> > If, in the future, we ask for a new clamp value, let say a task ask
> > for a 40% clamp value, then we need to map that value into a bucket.
> > Since bucket_#1 is free we can use it to fill up the hold and keep all
> > the buckets in use at the beginning of a cache line.
> >
> > However, since now bucket_#1 tracks a different clamp value (40
> > instead of 20) we need to walk all the CPUs and updated the cached
> > value:
> >
> > bucket_#0: clamp value: 10% (mapped)
> > bucket_#1: clamp value: 40% (mapped)
> > bucket_#2: clamp value: 30% (mapped)
> >
> > Is that more clear ?
>
> Yes, and I realized this a little while after sending this; but I'm not
> sure I have an answer to why though.
>
> That is; why isn't the whole thing hard coded to have:
>
> bucket_n: clamp value: n*UCLAMP_BUCKET_DELTA
>
> We already do that division anyway (clamp_value / UCLAMP_BUCKET_DELTA),
> and from that we instantly have the right bucket index. And that allows
> us to initialize all this beforehand.
>
> > and keep all
> > the buckets in use at the beginning of a cache line.
>
> That; is that the rationale for all this? Note that per the defaults
> everything is in a single line already.

Yes, that's because of the loop in:

dequeue_task()
uclamp_cpu_dec()
uclamp_cpu_dec_id()
uclamp_cpu_update()

where buckets needs sometimes to be scanned to find a new max.

Consider also that, with mapping, we can more easily increase the
buckets count to 20 in order to have a finer clamping granularity if
needed without warring too much about performance impact especially
when we use anyway few different clamp values.

So, I agree that mapping adds (code) complexity but it can also save
few cycles in the fast path... do you think it's not worth the added
complexity?

TBH I never did a proper profiling w/-w/o mapping... I'm just worried
in principle for a loop on 20 entries spanning 4 cache lines. :/

NOTE: the loop is currently going through all the entries anyway,
but we can add later a guard to bail out once we covered the
number of active entries.

--
#include <best/regards.h>

Patrick Bellasi

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