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SubjectRe: [PATCH RFC 02/24] mm: userfault: return VM_FAULT_RETRY on signals
On Mon, Jan 21, 2019 at 03:57:00PM +0800, Peter Xu wrote:
> There was a special path in handle_userfault() in the past that we'll
> return a VM_FAULT_NOPAGE when we detected non-fatal signals when waiting
> for userfault handling. We did that by reacquiring the mmap_sem before
> returning. However that brings a risk in that the vmas might have
> changed when we retake the mmap_sem and even we could be holding an
> invalid vma structure. The problem was reported by syzbot.

This is confusing this should be a patch on its own ie changes to
fs/userfaultfd.c where you remove that path.

>
> This patch removes the special path and we'll return a VM_FAULT_RETRY
> with the common path even if we have got such signals. Then for all the
> architectures that is passing in VM_FAULT_ALLOW_RETRY into
> handle_mm_fault(), we check not only for SIGKILL but for all the rest of
> userspace pending signals right after we returned from
> handle_mm_fault().
>
> The idea comes from the upstream discussion between Linus and Andrea:
>
> https://lkml.org/lkml/2017/10/30/560
>
> (This patch contains a potential fix for a double-free of mmap_sem on
> ARC architecture; please see https://lkml.org/lkml/2018/11/1/723 for
> more information)

This patch should only be about changing the return to userspace rule.
Before this patch the arch fault handler returned to userspace only
for fatal signal, after this patch it returns to userspace for any
signal.

It would be a lot better to have a fix for arc as a separate patch so
that we can focus on reviewing only one thing.

Cheers,
Jérôme


>
> Suggested-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
> Suggested-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
> Signed-off-by: Peter Xu <peterx@redhat.com>
> ---
> arch/alpha/mm/fault.c | 2 +-
> arch/arc/mm/fault.c | 11 +++++++----
> arch/arm/mm/fault.c | 14 ++++++++++----
> arch/arm64/mm/fault.c | 6 +++---
> arch/hexagon/mm/vm_fault.c | 2 +-
> arch/ia64/mm/fault.c | 2 +-
> arch/m68k/mm/fault.c | 2 +-
> arch/microblaze/mm/fault.c | 2 +-
> arch/mips/mm/fault.c | 2 +-
> arch/nds32/mm/fault.c | 6 +++---
> arch/nios2/mm/fault.c | 2 +-
> arch/openrisc/mm/fault.c | 2 +-
> arch/parisc/mm/fault.c | 2 +-
> arch/powerpc/mm/fault.c | 4 +++-
> arch/riscv/mm/fault.c | 4 ++--
> arch/s390/mm/fault.c | 9 ++++++---
> arch/sh/mm/fault.c | 4 ++++
> arch/sparc/mm/fault_32.c | 3 +++
> arch/sparc/mm/fault_64.c | 3 +++
> arch/um/kernel/trap.c | 5 ++++-
> arch/unicore32/mm/fault.c | 4 ++--
> arch/x86/mm/fault.c | 12 +++++++++++-
> arch/xtensa/mm/fault.c | 3 +++
> fs/userfaultfd.c | 24 ------------------------
> 24 files changed, 73 insertions(+), 57 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/alpha/mm/fault.c b/arch/alpha/mm/fault.c
> index d73dc473fbb9..46e5e420ad2a 100644
> --- a/arch/alpha/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/alpha/mm/fault.c
> @@ -150,7 +150,7 @@ do_page_fault(unsigned long address, unsigned long mmcsr,
> the fault. */
> fault = handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags);
>
> - if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && fatal_signal_pending(current))
> + if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && signal_pending(current))
> return;
>
> if (unlikely(fault & VM_FAULT_ERROR)) {
> diff --git a/arch/arc/mm/fault.c b/arch/arc/mm/fault.c
> index e2d9fc3fea01..91492d244ea6 100644
> --- a/arch/arc/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/arc/mm/fault.c
> @@ -142,11 +142,14 @@ void do_page_fault(unsigned long address, struct pt_regs *regs)
> fault = handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags);
>
> /* If Pagefault was interrupted by SIGKILL, exit page fault "early" */
> - if (unlikely(fatal_signal_pending(current))) {
> - if ((fault & VM_FAULT_ERROR) && !(fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY))
> + if (unlikely(fatal_signal_pending(current) && user_mode(regs))) {
> + /*
> + * VM_FAULT_RETRY means we have released the mmap_sem,
> + * otherwise we need to drop it before leaving
> + */
> + if (!(fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY))
> up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
> - if (user_mode(regs))
> - return;
> + return;
> }
>
> perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS, 1, regs, address);
> diff --git a/arch/arm/mm/fault.c b/arch/arm/mm/fault.c
> index f4ea4c62c613..743077d19669 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/arm/mm/fault.c
> @@ -308,14 +308,20 @@ do_page_fault(unsigned long addr, unsigned int fsr, struct pt_regs *regs)
>
> fault = __do_page_fault(mm, addr, fsr, flags, tsk);
>
> - /* If we need to retry but a fatal signal is pending, handle the
> + /* If we need to retry but a signal is pending, handle the
> * signal first. We do not need to release the mmap_sem because
> * it would already be released in __lock_page_or_retry in
> * mm/filemap.c. */
> - if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && fatal_signal_pending(current)) {
> - if (!user_mode(regs))
> + if (fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) {
> + if (fatal_signal_pending(current) && !user_mode(regs))
> goto no_context;
> - return 0;
> + else if (signal_pending(current))
> + /*
> + * It's either a common signal, or a fatal
> + * signal but for the userspace, we return
> + * immediately.
> + */
> + return 0;
> }
>
> /*
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/fault.c b/arch/arm64/mm/fault.c
> index 7d9571f4ae3d..744d6451ea83 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/arm64/mm/fault.c
> @@ -499,13 +499,13 @@ static int __kprobes do_page_fault(unsigned long addr, unsigned int esr,
>
> if (fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) {
> /*
> - * If we need to retry but a fatal signal is pending,
> + * If we need to retry but a signal is pending,
> * handle the signal first. We do not need to release
> * the mmap_sem because it would already be released
> * in __lock_page_or_retry in mm/filemap.c.
> */
> - if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) {
> - if (!user_mode(regs))
> + if (signal_pending(current)) {
> + if (fatal_signal_pending(current) && !user_mode(regs))
> goto no_context;
> return 0;
> }
> diff --git a/arch/hexagon/mm/vm_fault.c b/arch/hexagon/mm/vm_fault.c
> index eb263e61daf4..be10b441d9cc 100644
> --- a/arch/hexagon/mm/vm_fault.c
> +++ b/arch/hexagon/mm/vm_fault.c
> @@ -104,7 +104,7 @@ void do_page_fault(unsigned long address, long cause, struct pt_regs *regs)
>
> fault = handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags);
>
> - if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && fatal_signal_pending(current))
> + if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && signal_pending(current))
> return;
>
> /* The most common case -- we are done. */
> diff --git a/arch/ia64/mm/fault.c b/arch/ia64/mm/fault.c
> index 5baeb022f474..62c2d39d2bed 100644
> --- a/arch/ia64/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/ia64/mm/fault.c
> @@ -163,7 +163,7 @@ ia64_do_page_fault (unsigned long address, unsigned long isr, struct pt_regs *re
> */
> fault = handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags);
>
> - if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && fatal_signal_pending(current))
> + if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && signal_pending(current))
> return;
>
> if (unlikely(fault & VM_FAULT_ERROR)) {
> diff --git a/arch/m68k/mm/fault.c b/arch/m68k/mm/fault.c
> index 9b6163c05a75..d9808a807ab8 100644
> --- a/arch/m68k/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/m68k/mm/fault.c
> @@ -138,7 +138,7 @@ int do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address,
> fault = handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags);
> pr_debug("handle_mm_fault returns %x\n", fault);
>
> - if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && fatal_signal_pending(current))
> + if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && signal_pending(current))
> return 0;
>
> if (unlikely(fault & VM_FAULT_ERROR)) {
> diff --git a/arch/microblaze/mm/fault.c b/arch/microblaze/mm/fault.c
> index 202ad6a494f5..4fd2dbd0c5ca 100644
> --- a/arch/microblaze/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/microblaze/mm/fault.c
> @@ -217,7 +217,7 @@ void do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address,
> */
> fault = handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags);
>
> - if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && fatal_signal_pending(current))
> + if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && signal_pending(current))
> return;
>
> if (unlikely(fault & VM_FAULT_ERROR)) {
> diff --git a/arch/mips/mm/fault.c b/arch/mips/mm/fault.c
> index 73d8a0f0b810..92374fd091d2 100644
> --- a/arch/mips/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/mips/mm/fault.c
> @@ -154,7 +154,7 @@ static void __kprobes __do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long write,
> */
> fault = handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags);
>
> - if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && fatal_signal_pending(current))
> + if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && signal_pending(current))
> return;
>
> perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS, 1, regs, address);
> diff --git a/arch/nds32/mm/fault.c b/arch/nds32/mm/fault.c
> index b740534b152c..72461745d3e1 100644
> --- a/arch/nds32/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/nds32/mm/fault.c
> @@ -207,12 +207,12 @@ void do_page_fault(unsigned long entry, unsigned long addr,
> fault = handle_mm_fault(vma, addr, flags);
>
> /*
> - * If we need to retry but a fatal signal is pending, handle the
> + * If we need to retry but a signal is pending, handle the
> * signal first. We do not need to release the mmap_sem because it
> * would already be released in __lock_page_or_retry in mm/filemap.c.
> */
> - if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && fatal_signal_pending(current)) {
> - if (!user_mode(regs))
> + if (fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY && signal_pending(current)) {
> + if (fatal_signal_pending(current) && !user_mode(regs))
> goto no_context;
> return;
> }
> diff --git a/arch/nios2/mm/fault.c b/arch/nios2/mm/fault.c
> index 24fd84cf6006..5939434a31ae 100644
> --- a/arch/nios2/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/nios2/mm/fault.c
> @@ -134,7 +134,7 @@ asmlinkage void do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long cause,
> */
> fault = handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags);
>
> - if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && fatal_signal_pending(current))
> + if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && signal_pending(current))
> return;
>
> if (unlikely(fault & VM_FAULT_ERROR)) {
> diff --git a/arch/openrisc/mm/fault.c b/arch/openrisc/mm/fault.c
> index dc4dbafc1d83..873ecb5d82d7 100644
> --- a/arch/openrisc/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/openrisc/mm/fault.c
> @@ -165,7 +165,7 @@ asmlinkage void do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address,
>
> fault = handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags);
>
> - if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && fatal_signal_pending(current))
> + if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && signal_pending(current))
> return;
>
> if (unlikely(fault & VM_FAULT_ERROR)) {
> diff --git a/arch/parisc/mm/fault.c b/arch/parisc/mm/fault.c
> index c8e8b7c05558..29422eec329d 100644
> --- a/arch/parisc/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/parisc/mm/fault.c
> @@ -303,7 +303,7 @@ void do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long code,
>
> fault = handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags);
>
> - if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && fatal_signal_pending(current))
> + if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && signal_pending(current))
> return;
>
> if (unlikely(fault & VM_FAULT_ERROR)) {
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/mm/fault.c b/arch/powerpc/mm/fault.c
> index 1697e903bbf2..8bc0d091f13c 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/mm/fault.c
> @@ -575,8 +575,10 @@ static int __do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address,
> */
> flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY;
> flags |= FAULT_FLAG_TRIED;
> - if (!fatal_signal_pending(current))
> + if (!signal_pending(current))
> goto retry;
> + else if (!fatal_signal_pending(current) && is_user)
> + return 0;
> }
>
> /*
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/mm/fault.c b/arch/riscv/mm/fault.c
> index 88401d5125bc..4fc8d746bec3 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/riscv/mm/fault.c
> @@ -123,11 +123,11 @@ asmlinkage void do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs)
> fault = handle_mm_fault(vma, addr, flags);
>
> /*
> - * If we need to retry but a fatal signal is pending, handle the
> + * If we need to retry but a signal is pending, handle the
> * signal first. We do not need to release the mmap_sem because it
> * would already be released in __lock_page_or_retry in mm/filemap.c.
> */
> - if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && fatal_signal_pending(tsk))
> + if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && signal_pending(tsk))
> return;
>
> if (unlikely(fault & VM_FAULT_ERROR)) {
> diff --git a/arch/s390/mm/fault.c b/arch/s390/mm/fault.c
> index 2b8f32f56e0c..19b4fb2fafab 100644
> --- a/arch/s390/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/s390/mm/fault.c
> @@ -500,9 +500,12 @@ static inline vm_fault_t do_exception(struct pt_regs *regs, int access)
> * the fault.
> */
> fault = handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags);
> - /* No reason to continue if interrupted by SIGKILL. */
> - if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && fatal_signal_pending(current)) {
> - fault = VM_FAULT_SIGNAL;
> + /* Do not continue if interrupted by signals. */
> + if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && signal_pending(current)) {
> + if (fatal_signal_pending(current))
> + fault = VM_FAULT_SIGNAL;
> + else
> + fault = 0;
> if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT)
> goto out_up;
> goto out;
> diff --git a/arch/sh/mm/fault.c b/arch/sh/mm/fault.c
> index 6defd2c6d9b1..baf5d73df40c 100644
> --- a/arch/sh/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/sh/mm/fault.c
> @@ -506,6 +506,10 @@ asmlinkage void __kprobes do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs,
> * have already released it in __lock_page_or_retry
> * in mm/filemap.c.
> */
> +
> + if (user_mode(regs) && signal_pending(tsk))
> + return;
> +
> goto retry;
> }
> }
> diff --git a/arch/sparc/mm/fault_32.c b/arch/sparc/mm/fault_32.c
> index b0440b0edd97..a2c83104fe35 100644
> --- a/arch/sparc/mm/fault_32.c
> +++ b/arch/sparc/mm/fault_32.c
> @@ -269,6 +269,9 @@ asmlinkage void do_sparc_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, int text_fault, int write,
> * in mm/filemap.c.
> */
>
> + if (user_mode(regs) && signal_pending(tsk))
> + return;
> +
> goto retry;
> }
> }
> diff --git a/arch/sparc/mm/fault_64.c b/arch/sparc/mm/fault_64.c
> index 8f8a604c1300..cad71ec5c7b3 100644
> --- a/arch/sparc/mm/fault_64.c
> +++ b/arch/sparc/mm/fault_64.c
> @@ -467,6 +467,9 @@ asmlinkage void __kprobes do_sparc64_fault(struct pt_regs *regs)
> * in mm/filemap.c.
> */
>
> + if (user_mode(regs) && signal_pending(current))
> + return;
> +
> goto retry;
> }
> }
> diff --git a/arch/um/kernel/trap.c b/arch/um/kernel/trap.c
> index 0e8b6158f224..09baf37b65b9 100644
> --- a/arch/um/kernel/trap.c
> +++ b/arch/um/kernel/trap.c
> @@ -76,8 +76,11 @@ int handle_page_fault(unsigned long address, unsigned long ip,
>
> fault = handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags);
>
> - if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && fatal_signal_pending(current))
> + if (fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY && signal_pending(current)) {
> + if (is_user && !fatal_signal_pending(current))
> + err = 0;
> goto out_nosemaphore;
> + }
>
> if (unlikely(fault & VM_FAULT_ERROR)) {
> if (fault & VM_FAULT_OOM) {
> diff --git a/arch/unicore32/mm/fault.c b/arch/unicore32/mm/fault.c
> index b9a3a50644c1..3611f19234a1 100644
> --- a/arch/unicore32/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/unicore32/mm/fault.c
> @@ -248,11 +248,11 @@ static int do_pf(unsigned long addr, unsigned int fsr, struct pt_regs *regs)
>
> fault = __do_pf(mm, addr, fsr, flags, tsk);
>
> - /* If we need to retry but a fatal signal is pending, handle the
> + /* If we need to retry but a signal is pending, handle the
> * signal first. We do not need to release the mmap_sem because
> * it would already be released in __lock_page_or_retry in
> * mm/filemap.c. */
> - if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && fatal_signal_pending(current))
> + if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && signal_pending(current))
> return 0;
>
> if (!(fault & VM_FAULT_ERROR) && (flags & FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY)) {
> diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/fault.c b/arch/x86/mm/fault.c
> index 71d4b9d4d43f..b94ef0c2b98c 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/mm/fault.c
> @@ -1433,8 +1433,18 @@ void do_user_addr_fault(struct pt_regs *regs,
> if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY) {
> flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY;
> flags |= FAULT_FLAG_TRIED;
> - if (!fatal_signal_pending(tsk))
> + if (!signal_pending(tsk))
> goto retry;
> + else if (!fatal_signal_pending(tsk))
> + /*
> + * There is a signal for the task but
> + * it's not fatal, let's return
> + * directly to the userspace. This
> + * gives chance for signals like
> + * SIGSTOP/SIGCONT to be handled
> + * faster, e.g., with GDB.
> + */
> + return;
> }
>
> /* User mode? Just return to handle the fatal exception */
> diff --git a/arch/xtensa/mm/fault.c b/arch/xtensa/mm/fault.c
> index 2ab0e0dcd166..792dad5e2f12 100644
> --- a/arch/xtensa/mm/fault.c
> +++ b/arch/xtensa/mm/fault.c
> @@ -136,6 +136,9 @@ void do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs)
> * in mm/filemap.c.
> */
>
> + if (user_mode(regs) && signal_pending(current))
> + return;
> +
> goto retry;
> }
> }
> diff --git a/fs/userfaultfd.c b/fs/userfaultfd.c
> index 270d4888c6d5..bc9f6230a3f0 100644
> --- a/fs/userfaultfd.c
> +++ b/fs/userfaultfd.c
> @@ -515,30 +515,6 @@ vm_fault_t handle_userfault(struct vm_fault *vmf, unsigned long reason)
>
> __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
>
> - if (return_to_userland) {
> - if (signal_pending(current) &&
> - !fatal_signal_pending(current)) {
> - /*
> - * If we got a SIGSTOP or SIGCONT and this is
> - * a normal userland page fault, just let
> - * userland return so the signal will be
> - * handled and gdb debugging works. The page
> - * fault code immediately after we return from
> - * this function is going to release the
> - * mmap_sem and it's not depending on it
> - * (unlike gup would if we were not to return
> - * VM_FAULT_RETRY).
> - *
> - * If a fatal signal is pending we still take
> - * the streamlined VM_FAULT_RETRY failure path
> - * and there's no need to retake the mmap_sem
> - * in such case.
> - */
> - down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
> - ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE;
> - }
> - }
> -
> /*
> * Here we race with the list_del; list_add in
> * userfaultfd_ctx_read(), however because we don't ever run
> --
> 2.17.1
>

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