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Subject[PATCH 4/6] crypto: hkdf - RFC5869 Key Derivation Function
Date
The RFC5869 compliant Key Derivation Function is implemented as a
random number generator considering that it behaves like a deterministic
RNG.

The extract and expand phases use different instances of the underlying
keyed message digest cipher to ensure that while the extraction phase
generates a new key for the expansion phase, the cipher for the
expansion phase can still be used. This approach is intended to aid
multi-threaded uses cases.

Signed-off-by: Stephan Mueller <smueller@chronox.de>
---
crypto/Kconfig | 6 +
crypto/Makefile | 1 +
crypto/hkdf.c | 290 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 297 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 crypto/hkdf.c

diff --git a/crypto/Kconfig b/crypto/Kconfig
index cc80d89e0cf5..0eee5e129fa3 100644
--- a/crypto/Kconfig
+++ b/crypto/Kconfig
@@ -568,6 +568,12 @@ config CRYPTO_KDF
Support for KDF compliant to SP800-108. All three types of
KDF specified in SP800-108 are implemented.

+config CRYPTO_HKDF
+ tristate "HMAC-based Extract-and expand Key Derivation Function"
+ select CRYPTO_RNG
+ help
+ Support for KDF compliant to RFC5869.
+
config CRYPTO_XCBC
tristate "XCBC support"
select CRYPTO_HASH
diff --git a/crypto/Makefile b/crypto/Makefile
index 69a0bb64b0ac..6bbb0a4dea13 100644
--- a/crypto/Makefile
+++ b/crypto/Makefile
@@ -59,6 +59,7 @@ crypto_user-$(CONFIG_CRYPTO_STATS) += crypto_user_stat.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CRYPTO_CMAC) += cmac.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CRYPTO_HMAC) += hmac.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CRYPTO_KDF) += kdf.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_CRYPTO_HKDF) += hkdf.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CRYPTO_VMAC) += vmac.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CRYPTO_XCBC) += xcbc.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CRYPTO_NULL2) += crypto_null.o
diff --git a/crypto/hkdf.c b/crypto/hkdf.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..35a975ed64a8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/crypto/hkdf.c
@@ -0,0 +1,290 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+/*
+ * RFC 5869 Key-derivation function
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2019, Stephan Mueller <smueller@chronox.de>
+ */
+
+/*
+ * The HKDF extract phase is applied with crypto_rng_reset().
+ * The HKDF expand phase is applied with crypto_rng_generate().
+ *
+ * NOTE: In-place cipher operations are not supported.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <crypto/rng.h>
+#include <crypto/internal/rng.h>
+#include <crypto/hash.h>
+#include <crypto/internal/hash.h>
+#include <linux/rtnetlink.h>
+
+struct crypto_hkdf_ctx {
+ struct crypto_shash *extract_kmd;
+ struct crypto_shash *expand_kmd;
+};
+
+#define CRYPTO_HKDF_MAX_DIGESTSIZE 64
+
+/*
+ * HKDF expand phase
+ */
+static int crypto_hkdf_random(struct crypto_rng *rng,
+ const u8 *info, unsigned int infolen,
+ u8 *dst, unsigned int dlen)
+{
+ struct crypto_hkdf_ctx *ctx = crypto_tfm_ctx(crypto_rng_tfm(rng));
+ struct crypto_shash *expand_kmd = ctx->expand_kmd;
+ SHASH_DESC_ON_STACK(desc, expand_kmd);
+ unsigned int h = crypto_shash_digestsize(expand_kmd);
+ int err = 0;
+ u8 *dst_orig = dst;
+ const u8 *prev = NULL;
+ uint8_t ctr = 0x01;
+
+ if (dlen > h * 255)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ desc->tfm = expand_kmd;
+ desc->flags = crypto_shash_get_flags(expand_kmd) &
+ CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_SLEEP;
+
+ /* T(1) and following */
+ while (dlen) {
+ err = crypto_shash_init(desc);
+ if (err)
+ goto out;
+
+ if (prev) {
+ err = crypto_shash_update(desc, prev, h);
+ if (err)
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ if (info) {
+ err = crypto_shash_update(desc, info, infolen);
+ if (err)
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ if (dlen < h) {
+ u8 tmpbuffer[CRYPTO_HKDF_MAX_DIGESTSIZE];
+
+ err = crypto_shash_finup(desc, &ctr, 1, tmpbuffer);
+ if (err)
+ goto out;
+ memcpy(dst, tmpbuffer, dlen);
+ memzero_explicit(tmpbuffer, h);
+ goto out;
+ } else {
+ err = crypto_shash_finup(desc, &ctr, 1, dst);
+ if (err)
+ goto out;
+
+ prev = dst;
+ dst += h;
+ dlen -= h;
+ ctr++;
+ }
+ }
+
+out:
+ if (err)
+ memzero_explicit(dst_orig, dlen);
+ shash_desc_zero(desc);
+ return err;
+}
+
+/*
+ * HKDF extract phase.
+ *
+ * The seed is defined to be a concatenation of the salt and the IKM.
+ * The data buffer is pre-pended by an rtattr which provides an u32 value
+ * with the length of the salt. Thus, the buffer length - salt length is the
+ * IKM length.
+ */
+static int crypto_hkdf_seed(struct crypto_rng *rng,
+ const u8 *seed, unsigned int slen)
+{
+ struct crypto_hkdf_ctx *ctx = crypto_tfm_ctx(crypto_rng_tfm(rng));
+ struct crypto_shash *extract_kmd = ctx->extract_kmd;
+ struct crypto_shash *expand_kmd = ctx->expand_kmd;
+ struct rtattr *rta = (struct rtattr *)seed;
+ SHASH_DESC_ON_STACK(desc, extract_kmd);
+ u32 saltlen;
+ unsigned int h = crypto_shash_digestsize(extract_kmd);
+ int err;
+ const uint8_t null_salt[CRYPTO_HKDF_MAX_DIGESTSIZE] = { 0 };
+ u8 prk[CRYPTO_HKDF_MAX_DIGESTSIZE] = { 0 };
+
+ /* Require aligned buffer to directly read out saltlen below */
+ if (WARN_ON((unsigned long)seed & (sizeof(saltlen) - 1)))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (!RTA_OK(rta, slen))
+ return -EINVAL;
+ if (rta->rta_type != 1)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ if (RTA_PAYLOAD(rta) < sizeof(saltlen))
+ return -EINVAL;
+ saltlen = *((u32 *)RTA_DATA(rta));
+
+ seed += RTA_ALIGN(rta->rta_len);
+ slen -= RTA_ALIGN(rta->rta_len);
+
+ if (slen < saltlen)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ desc->tfm = extract_kmd;
+
+ /* Set the salt as HMAC key */
+ if (saltlen)
+ err = crypto_shash_setkey(extract_kmd, seed, saltlen);
+ else
+ err = crypto_shash_setkey(extract_kmd, null_salt, h);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+
+ /* Extract the PRK */
+ err = crypto_shash_digest(desc, seed + saltlen, slen - saltlen, prk);
+ if (err)
+ goto err;
+
+ /* Set the PRK for the expand phase */
+ err = crypto_shash_setkey(expand_kmd, prk, h);
+ if (err)
+ goto err;
+
+err:
+ shash_desc_zero(desc);
+ memzero_explicit(prk, h);
+ return err;
+}
+
+static int crypto_hkdf_init_tfm(struct crypto_tfm *tfm)
+{
+ struct crypto_instance *inst = crypto_tfm_alg_instance(tfm);
+ struct crypto_shash_spawn *spawn = crypto_instance_ctx(inst);
+ struct crypto_hkdf_ctx *ctx = crypto_tfm_ctx(tfm);
+ struct crypto_shash *extract_kmd = NULL, *expand_kmd = NULL;
+ unsigned int ds;
+
+ extract_kmd = crypto_spawn_shash(spawn);
+ if (IS_ERR(extract_kmd))
+ return PTR_ERR(extract_kmd);
+
+ expand_kmd = crypto_spawn_shash(spawn);
+ if (IS_ERR(expand_kmd)) {
+ crypto_free_shash(extract_kmd);
+ return PTR_ERR(expand_kmd);
+ }
+
+ ds = crypto_shash_digestsize(extract_kmd);
+ /* Hashes with no digest size are not allowed for KDFs. */
+ if (!ds || ds > CRYPTO_HKDF_MAX_DIGESTSIZE) {
+ crypto_free_shash(extract_kmd);
+ crypto_free_shash(expand_kmd);
+ return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+ }
+
+ ctx->extract_kmd = extract_kmd;
+ ctx->expand_kmd = expand_kmd;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void crypto_hkdf_exit_tfm(struct crypto_tfm *tfm)
+{
+ struct crypto_hkdf_ctx *ctx = crypto_tfm_ctx(tfm);
+
+ crypto_free_shash(ctx->extract_kmd);
+ crypto_free_shash(ctx->expand_kmd);
+}
+
+static void crypto_kdf_free(struct rng_instance *inst)
+{
+ crypto_drop_spawn(rng_instance_ctx(inst));
+ kfree(inst);
+}
+
+static int crypto_hkdf_create(struct crypto_template *tmpl, struct rtattr **tb)
+{
+ struct rng_instance *inst;
+ struct crypto_alg *alg;
+ struct shash_alg *salg;
+ int err;
+ unsigned int ds, ss;
+
+ err = crypto_check_attr_type(tb, CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_RNG);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+
+ salg = shash_attr_alg(tb[1], 0, 0);
+ if (IS_ERR(salg))
+ return PTR_ERR(salg);
+
+ ds = salg->digestsize;
+ ss = salg->statesize;
+ alg = &salg->base;
+
+ inst = rng_alloc_instance("hkdf", alg);
+ err = PTR_ERR(inst);
+ if (IS_ERR(inst))
+ goto out_put_alg;
+
+ err = crypto_init_shash_spawn(rng_instance_ctx(inst), salg,
+ rng_crypto_instance(inst));
+ if (err)
+ goto out_free_inst;
+
+ inst->alg.base.cra_priority = alg->cra_priority;
+ inst->alg.base.cra_blocksize = alg->cra_blocksize;
+ inst->alg.base.cra_alignmask = alg->cra_alignmask;
+
+ inst->alg.generate = crypto_hkdf_random;
+ inst->alg.seed = crypto_hkdf_seed;
+ inst->alg.seedsize = ds;
+
+ inst->alg.base.cra_init = crypto_hkdf_init_tfm;
+ inst->alg.base.cra_exit = crypto_hkdf_exit_tfm;
+ inst->alg.base.cra_ctxsize = ALIGN(sizeof(struct crypto_hkdf_ctx) +
+ ss * 2, crypto_tfm_ctx_alignment());
+
+ inst->free = crypto_kdf_free;
+
+ err = rng_register_instance(tmpl, inst);
+
+ if (err) {
+out_free_inst:
+ crypto_kdf_free(inst);
+ }
+
+out_put_alg:
+ crypto_mod_put(alg);
+ return err;
+}
+
+static struct crypto_template crypto_hkdf_tmpl = {
+ .name = "hkdf",
+ .create = crypto_hkdf_create,
+ .module = THIS_MODULE,
+};
+
+static int __init crypto_hkdf_init(void)
+{
+ return crypto_register_template(&crypto_hkdf_tmpl);
+}
+
+static void __exit crypto_hkdf_exit(void)
+{
+ crypto_unregister_template(&crypto_hkdf_tmpl);
+}
+
+module_init(crypto_hkdf_init);
+module_exit(crypto_hkdf_exit);
+
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Stephan Mueller <smueller@chronox.de>");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Key Derivation Function according to RFC 5869");
+MODULE_ALIAS_CRYPTO("hkdf");
--
2.20.1



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