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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/2] EDAC: add ARM Cortex A15 L2 internal asynchronous error detection driver
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Hi Wladislav,

On 09/01/2019 14:44, Wiebe, Wladislav (Nokia - DE/Ulm) wrote:
>> From: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com>
>> Sent: Tuesday, January 08, 2019 6:57 PM

>> On 08/01/2019 10:42, Borislav Petkov wrote:
>>> So the first thing to figure out here is how generic is this and if
>>> so, to make it a cortex_a15_edac.c driver which contains all the RAS
>>> functionality for A15. Definitely not an EDAC driver per functional
>>> unit but rather per vendor or even ARM core.
>>
>> This is implementation-defined/specific-to-A15 and is documented in the
>> TRM [0].
>> (On the 'all the RAS functionality for A15' front: there are two more registers:
>> L2MERRSR and CPUMERRSR. These are both accessible from the normal-
>> world, and don't appear to need enabling.)

After I sent this it occurred to me the core can't know about errors in the L3
cache (if there is one) or the memory-controller. These may have edac/ras
abilities, but they are selected by the soc integrator, so could be per soc.
This goes against Boris's no-per-functional-unit edac drivers. If we had to pick
one out of that set, I think the memory-controller is most useful as DRAM is the
most likely to be affected by errors.


>> But we have the usual pre-v8.2 problems, and in addition cluster-interrupts,
>> as this signal might be per-cluster, or it might be combined.
>>
>> Wladislav, I'm afraid we've had a few attempts at pre-8.2 EDAC drivers, the
>> below list of problems is what we've learnt along the way. The upshot is that
>> before the architected RAS extensions, the expectation is firmware will
>> handle all this, as its difficult for the OS to deal with.
>>
>>
>> My first question is how useful is a 'something bad happened' edac event?
>
> We experienced sometimes random user-space crashes where we didn't
> expect a bug in the application code. If there would be a notification
> by such edac event,

Sure, but we always have to assume its the worst case: an uncontained error (to
use the v8.2 terms). A write has gone somewhere it shouldn't, we can't trust
memory anymore.

> we would at least know that something bad happened before.

>>> On Tue, Jan 08, 2019 at 08:10:45AM +0000, Wiebe, Wladislav (Nokia -
>> DE/Ulm) wrote:
>>>> This driver adds support for L2 internal asynchronous error detection
>>>> caused by L2 RAM double-bit ECC error or illegal writes to the
>>>> Interrupt Controller memory-map region on the Cortex A15.
>>
>>>> diff --git a/drivers/edac/cortex_a15_l2_async_edac.c
>>>> b/drivers/edac/cortex_a15_l2_async_edac.c
>>>> new file mode 100644
>>>> index 000000000000..26252568e961
>>>> --- /dev/null
>>>> +++ b/drivers/edac/cortex_a15_l2_async_edac.c
>>>> @@ -0,0 +1,134 @@

>>>> +static int cortex_a15_l2_async_edac_probe(struct platform_device
>>>> +*pdev) {
>>>> + struct edac_device_ctl_info *dci;
>>>> + struct device_node *np = pdev->dev.of_node;
>>>> + char *ctl_name = (char *)np->name;
>>>> + int i = 0, ret = 0, err_irq = 0, irq_count = 0;
>>>> +
>>>> + /* We can have multiple CPU clusters with one INTERRIRQ per cluster
>>>> +*/
>>
>> Surely this an integration choice?
>>
>> You're accessing the cluster through a cpu register in the handler, what
>> happens if the interrupt is delivered to the wrong cluster?
>> How do we know which interrupt maps to which cluster?
>> How do we stop user-space 'balancing' the interrupts?
>
> You are right, based on all your inputs I think we can stop using this driver
> as generic A15 solution

Handling this interrupt in firmware is probably the best for your soc. For a
generic a15 driver in the kernel, we would have to consider 'no interrupt',
(e.g. the interrupt is wired to some other SCP/BMC thing). Once we've got
polling code for these registers, we may as well always use it.


Thanks,

James

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