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Subject[PATCH 08/44] perf report: Add raw report support for s390 auxiliary trace
Date
From: Thomas Richter <tmricht@linux.ibm.com>

Add support for s390 auxiliary trace support.

Use 'perf record -e rbd000' to create the perf.data file. The event
also has the symbolic name SF_CYCLES_BASIC_DIAG, using 'perf record -e
SF_CYCLES_BASIC_DIAG' is equivalent.

Use 'perf report -D' to display the auxiliary trace data.

Output before:

0 0 0x25a66 [0x30]: PERF_RECORD_AUXTRACE size: 0x40000
offset: 0 ref: 0 idx: 4 tid: -1 cpu: 4
Nothing else

Output after:

0 0 0x25a66 [0x30]: PERF_RECORD_AUXTRACE size: 0x40000
offset: 0 ref: 0 idx: 4 tid: -1 cpu: 4
.
. ... s390 AUX data: size 262144 bytes
[00000000] Basic Def:0001 Inst:0000 TW AS:3 ASN:0xffff IA:0x0000000000c2f1bc
CL:1 HPP:0x8000000000000000 GPP:000000000000000000
[0x000020] Diag Def:8005
[0x0000bf] Basic Def:0001 Inst:0000 TW AS:3 ASN:0xffff IA:0x0000000000c2f1bc
CL:1 HPP:0x8000000000000000 GPP:000000000000000000
[0x0000df] Diag Def:8005
[0x00017e] Basic Def:0001 Inst:0000 TW AS:3 ASN:0xffff IA:0x0000000000c2f1bc
CL:1 HPP:0x8000000000000000 GPP:000000000000000000
....
[0x000fc0] Trailer F T bsdes:32 dsdes:159 Overflow:0 Time:0xd4ab59a8450fa108
C:1 TOD:0xd4ab4ec98ceb3832 1:0x8000000000000000 2:0xd4ab4ec98ceb3832

This output is shown for every sampled data block. The
output contains the

- basic-sampling data entry

- diagnostic-sampling data entry

- trailer entry

The basic sampling entry and diagnostic sampling entry sizes can be
extracted using the trailer entries in the SDB. On older hardware these
values (bsdes and dsdes in the trailer entry) are reserved and zero.
Older hardware use hard coded values based on the s390 machine type.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Richter <tmricht@linux.ibm.com>
Reviewed-by: Hendrik Brueckner <brueckner@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180802074622.13641-3-tmricht@linux.ibm.com
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/eda2632e-7919-5ffd-5f68-821e77d216fa@linux.ibm.com
[ Merged a fix for a 'tipe puned' problem reported by Michael Ellerman see last Link tag. ]
[ Removed __packed from two structs, they're already naturally packed and having that. ]
[ attribute breaks the build in gcc 8.1.1 mips, 4.4.7 x86_64, 7.1.1 ARCompact ISA, etc) ]
Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
---
tools/perf/util/s390-cpumsf-kernel.h | 71 ++++++++++
tools/perf/util/s390-cpumsf.c | 247 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
2 files changed, 317 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
create mode 100644 tools/perf/util/s390-cpumsf-kernel.h

diff --git a/tools/perf/util/s390-cpumsf-kernel.h b/tools/perf/util/s390-cpumsf-kernel.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..de8c7ad0eca8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/perf/util/s390-cpumsf-kernel.h
@@ -0,0 +1,71 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+/*
+ * Auxtrace support for s390 CPU measurement sampling facility
+ *
+ * Copyright IBM Corp. 2018
+ * Author(s): Hendrik Brueckner <brueckner@linux.ibm.com>
+ * Thomas Richter <tmricht@linux.ibm.com>
+ */
+#ifndef S390_CPUMSF_KERNEL_H
+#define S390_CPUMSF_KERNEL_H
+
+#define S390_CPUMSF_PAGESZ 4096 /* Size of sample block units */
+#define S390_CPUMSF_DIAG_DEF_FIRST 0x8001 /* Diagnostic entry lowest id */
+
+struct hws_basic_entry {
+ unsigned int def:16; /* 0-15 Data Entry Format */
+ unsigned int R:4; /* 16-19 reserved */
+ unsigned int U:4; /* 20-23 Number of unique instruct. */
+ unsigned int z:2; /* zeros */
+ unsigned int T:1; /* 26 PSW DAT mode */
+ unsigned int W:1; /* 27 PSW wait state */
+ unsigned int P:1; /* 28 PSW Problem state */
+ unsigned int AS:2; /* 29-30 PSW address-space control */
+ unsigned int I:1; /* 31 entry valid or invalid */
+ unsigned int CL:2; /* 32-33 Configuration Level */
+ unsigned int:14;
+ unsigned int prim_asn:16; /* primary ASN */
+ unsigned long long ia; /* Instruction Address */
+ unsigned long long gpp; /* Guest Program Parameter */
+ unsigned long long hpp; /* Host Program Parameter */
+};
+
+struct hws_diag_entry {
+ unsigned int def:16; /* 0-15 Data Entry Format */
+ unsigned int R:15; /* 16-19 and 20-30 reserved */
+ unsigned int I:1; /* 31 entry valid or invalid */
+ u8 data[]; /* Machine-dependent sample data */
+};
+
+struct hws_combined_entry {
+ struct hws_basic_entry basic; /* Basic-sampling data entry */
+ struct hws_diag_entry diag; /* Diagnostic-sampling data entry */
+};
+
+struct hws_trailer_entry {
+ union {
+ struct {
+ unsigned int f:1; /* 0 - Block Full Indicator */
+ unsigned int a:1; /* 1 - Alert request control */
+ unsigned int t:1; /* 2 - Timestamp format */
+ unsigned int:29; /* 3 - 31: Reserved */
+ unsigned int bsdes:16; /* 32-47: size of basic SDE */
+ unsigned int dsdes:16; /* 48-63: size of diagnostic SDE */
+ };
+ unsigned long long flags; /* 0 - 64: All indicators */
+ };
+ unsigned long long overflow; /* 64 - sample Overflow count */
+ unsigned char timestamp[16]; /* 16 - 31 timestamp */
+ unsigned long long reserved1; /* 32 -Reserved */
+ unsigned long long reserved2; /* */
+ union { /* 48 - reserved for programming use */
+ struct {
+ unsigned long long clock_base:1; /* in progusage2 */
+ unsigned long long progusage1:63;
+ unsigned long long progusage2;
+ };
+ unsigned long long progusage[2];
+ };
+};
+
+#endif
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/s390-cpumsf.c b/tools/perf/util/s390-cpumsf.c
index e9a5ea21dbbf..14728b0834c6 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/s390-cpumsf.c
+++ b/tools/perf/util/s390-cpumsf.c
@@ -26,6 +26,7 @@
#include "debug.h"
#include "auxtrace.h"
#include "s390-cpumsf.h"
+#include "s390-cpumsf-kernel.h"

struct s390_cpumsf {
struct auxtrace auxtrace;
@@ -35,8 +36,213 @@ struct s390_cpumsf {
struct machine *machine;
u32 auxtrace_type;
u32 pmu_type;
+ u16 machine_type;
};

+/* Display s390 CPU measurement facility basic-sampling data entry */
+static bool s390_cpumsf_basic_show(const char *color, size_t pos,
+ struct hws_basic_entry *basic)
+{
+ if (basic->def != 1) {
+ pr_err("Invalid AUX trace basic entry [%#08zx]\n", pos);
+ return false;
+ }
+ color_fprintf(stdout, color, " [%#08zx] Basic Def:%04x Inst:%#04x"
+ " %c%c%c%c AS:%d ASN:%#04x IA:%#018llx\n"
+ "\t\tCL:%d HPP:%#018llx GPP:%#018llx\n",
+ pos, basic->def, basic->U,
+ basic->T ? 'T' : ' ',
+ basic->W ? 'W' : ' ',
+ basic->P ? 'P' : ' ',
+ basic->I ? 'I' : ' ',
+ basic->AS, basic->prim_asn, basic->ia, basic->CL,
+ basic->hpp, basic->gpp);
+ return true;
+}
+
+/* Display s390 CPU measurement facility diagnostic-sampling data entry */
+static bool s390_cpumsf_diag_show(const char *color, size_t pos,
+ struct hws_diag_entry *diag)
+{
+ if (diag->def < S390_CPUMSF_DIAG_DEF_FIRST) {
+ pr_err("Invalid AUX trace diagnostic entry [%#08zx]\n", pos);
+ return false;
+ }
+ color_fprintf(stdout, color, " [%#08zx] Diag Def:%04x %c\n",
+ pos, diag->def, diag->I ? 'I' : ' ');
+ return true;
+}
+
+/* Return TOD timestamp contained in an trailer entry */
+static unsigned long long trailer_timestamp(struct hws_trailer_entry *te)
+{
+ /* te->t set: TOD in STCKE format, bytes 8-15
+ * to->t not set: TOD in STCK format, bytes 0-7
+ */
+ unsigned long long ts;
+
+ memcpy(&ts, &te->timestamp[te->t], sizeof(ts));
+ return ts;
+}
+
+/* Display s390 CPU measurement facility trailer entry */
+static bool s390_cpumsf_trailer_show(const char *color, size_t pos,
+ struct hws_trailer_entry *te)
+{
+ if (te->bsdes != sizeof(struct hws_basic_entry)) {
+ pr_err("Invalid AUX trace trailer entry [%#08zx]\n", pos);
+ return false;
+ }
+ color_fprintf(stdout, color, " [%#08zx] Trailer %c%c%c bsdes:%d"
+ " dsdes:%d Overflow:%lld Time:%#llx\n"
+ "\t\tC:%d TOD:%#lx 1:%#llx 2:%#llx\n",
+ pos,
+ te->f ? 'F' : ' ',
+ te->a ? 'A' : ' ',
+ te->t ? 'T' : ' ',
+ te->bsdes, te->dsdes, te->overflow,
+ trailer_timestamp(te), te->clock_base, te->progusage2,
+ te->progusage[0], te->progusage[1]);
+ return true;
+}
+
+/* Test a sample data block. It must be 4KB or a multiple thereof in size and
+ * 4KB page aligned. Each sample data page has a trailer entry at the
+ * end which contains the sample entry data sizes.
+ *
+ * Return true if the sample data block passes the checks and set the
+ * basic set entry size and diagnostic set entry size.
+ *
+ * Return false on failure.
+ *
+ * Note: Old hardware does not set the basic or diagnostic entry sizes
+ * in the trailer entry. Use the type number instead.
+ */
+static bool s390_cpumsf_validate(int machine_type,
+ unsigned char *buf, size_t len,
+ unsigned short *bsdes,
+ unsigned short *dsdes)
+{
+ struct hws_basic_entry *basic = (struct hws_basic_entry *)buf;
+ struct hws_trailer_entry *te;
+
+ *dsdes = *bsdes = 0;
+ if (len & (S390_CPUMSF_PAGESZ - 1)) /* Illegal size */
+ return false;
+ if (basic->def != 1) /* No basic set entry, must be first */
+ return false;
+ /* Check for trailer entry at end of SDB */
+ te = (struct hws_trailer_entry *)(buf + S390_CPUMSF_PAGESZ
+ - sizeof(*te));
+ *bsdes = te->bsdes;
+ *dsdes = te->dsdes;
+ if (!te->bsdes && !te->dsdes) {
+ /* Very old hardware, use CPUID */
+ switch (machine_type) {
+ case 2097:
+ case 2098:
+ *dsdes = 64;
+ *bsdes = 32;
+ break;
+ case 2817:
+ case 2818:
+ *dsdes = 74;
+ *bsdes = 32;
+ break;
+ case 2827:
+ case 2828:
+ *dsdes = 85;
+ *bsdes = 32;
+ break;
+ default:
+ /* Illegal trailer entry */
+ return false;
+ }
+ }
+ return true;
+}
+
+/* Return true if there is room for another entry */
+static bool s390_cpumsf_reached_trailer(size_t entry_sz, size_t pos)
+{
+ size_t payload = S390_CPUMSF_PAGESZ - sizeof(struct hws_trailer_entry);
+
+ if (payload - (pos & (S390_CPUMSF_PAGESZ - 1)) < entry_sz)
+ return false;
+ return true;
+}
+
+/* Dump an auxiliary buffer. These buffers are multiple of
+ * 4KB SDB pages.
+ */
+static void s390_cpumsf_dump(struct s390_cpumsf *sf,
+ unsigned char *buf, size_t len)
+{
+ const char *color = PERF_COLOR_BLUE;
+ struct hws_basic_entry *basic;
+ struct hws_diag_entry *diag;
+ size_t pos = 0;
+ unsigned short bsdes, dsdes;
+
+ color_fprintf(stdout, color,
+ ". ... s390 AUX data: size %zu bytes\n",
+ len);
+
+ if (!s390_cpumsf_validate(sf->machine_type, buf, len, &bsdes,
+ &dsdes)) {
+ pr_err("Invalid AUX trace data block size:%zu"
+ " (type:%d bsdes:%hd dsdes:%hd)\n",
+ len, sf->machine_type, bsdes, dsdes);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ /* s390 kernel always returns 4KB blocks fully occupied,
+ * no partially filled SDBs.
+ */
+ while (pos < len) {
+ /* Handle Basic entry */
+ basic = (struct hws_basic_entry *)(buf + pos);
+ if (s390_cpumsf_basic_show(color, pos, basic))
+ pos += bsdes;
+ else
+ return;
+
+ /* Handle Diagnostic entry */
+ diag = (struct hws_diag_entry *)(buf + pos);
+ if (s390_cpumsf_diag_show(color, pos, diag))
+ pos += dsdes;
+ else
+ return;
+
+ /* Check for trailer entry */
+ if (!s390_cpumsf_reached_trailer(bsdes + dsdes, pos)) {
+ /* Show trailer entry */
+ struct hws_trailer_entry te;
+
+ pos = (pos + S390_CPUMSF_PAGESZ)
+ & ~(S390_CPUMSF_PAGESZ - 1);
+ pos -= sizeof(te);
+ memcpy(&te, buf + pos, sizeof(te));
+ /* Set descriptor sizes in case of old hardware
+ * where these values are not set.
+ */
+ te.bsdes = bsdes;
+ te.dsdes = dsdes;
+ if (s390_cpumsf_trailer_show(color, pos, &te))
+ pos += sizeof(te);
+ else
+ return;
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+static void s390_cpumsf_dump_event(struct s390_cpumsf *sf, unsigned char *buf,
+ size_t len)
+{
+ printf(".\n");
+ s390_cpumsf_dump(sf, buf, len);
+}
+
static int
s390_cpumsf_process_event(struct perf_session *session __maybe_unused,
union perf_event *event __maybe_unused,
@@ -47,10 +253,40 @@ s390_cpumsf_process_event(struct perf_session *session __maybe_unused,
}

static int
-s390_cpumsf_process_auxtrace_event(struct perf_session *session __maybe_unused,
+s390_cpumsf_process_auxtrace_event(struct perf_session *session,
union perf_event *event __maybe_unused,
struct perf_tool *tool __maybe_unused)
{
+ struct s390_cpumsf *sf = container_of(session->auxtrace,
+ struct s390_cpumsf,
+ auxtrace);
+
+ int fd = perf_data__fd(session->data);
+ struct auxtrace_buffer *buffer;
+ off_t data_offset;
+ int err;
+
+ if (perf_data__is_pipe(session->data)) {
+ data_offset = 0;
+ } else {
+ data_offset = lseek(fd, 0, SEEK_CUR);
+ if (data_offset == -1)
+ return -errno;
+ }
+
+ err = auxtrace_queues__add_event(&sf->queues, session, event,
+ data_offset, &buffer);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+
+ /* Dump here after copying piped trace out of the pipe */
+ if (dump_trace) {
+ if (auxtrace_buffer__get_data(buffer, fd)) {
+ s390_cpumsf_dump_event(sf, buffer->data,
+ buffer->size);
+ auxtrace_buffer__put_data(buffer);
+ }
+ }
return 0;
}

@@ -85,6 +321,14 @@ static void s390_cpumsf_free(struct perf_session *session)
free(sf);
}

+static int s390_cpumsf_get_type(const char *cpuid)
+{
+ int ret, family = 0;
+
+ ret = sscanf(cpuid, "%*[^,],%u", &family);
+ return (ret == 1) ? family : 0;
+}
+
int s390_cpumsf_process_auxtrace_info(union perf_event *event,
struct perf_session *session)
{
@@ -107,6 +351,7 @@ int s390_cpumsf_process_auxtrace_info(union perf_event *event,
sf->machine = &session->machines.host; /* No kvm support */
sf->auxtrace_type = auxtrace_info->type;
sf->pmu_type = PERF_TYPE_RAW;
+ sf->machine_type = s390_cpumsf_get_type(session->evlist->env->cpuid);

sf->auxtrace.process_event = s390_cpumsf_process_event;
sf->auxtrace.process_auxtrace_event = s390_cpumsf_process_auxtrace_event;
--
2.14.4
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