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Subject[PATCH] sched/fair: Disable LB_BIAS by default
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LB_BIAS allows the adjustment on how conservative load should be
balanced.

The rq->cpu_load[idx] array is used for this functionality. It contains
weighted CPU load decayed average values over different intervals
(idx = 1..4). Idx = 0 is the weighted CPU load itself.

The values are updated during scheduler_tick, before idle balance and at
nohz exit.

There are 5 different types of idx's per sched domain (sd). Each of them
is used to index into the rq->cpu_load[idx] array in a specific scenario
(busy, idle and newidle for load balancing, forkexec for wake-up
slow-path load balancing and wake for affine wakeup based on weight).
Only the sd idx's for busy and idle load balancing are set to 2,3 or 1,2
respectively. All the other sd idx's are set to 0.

Conservative load balancing is achieved for sd idx's >= 1 by using the
min/max (source_load()/target_load()) value between the current weighted
CPU load and the rq->cpu_load[sd idx -1] for the busiest(idlest)/local
CPU load in load balancing or vice versa in the wake-up slow-path load
balancing.
There is no conservative balancing for sd idx = 0 since only current
weighted CPU load is used in this case.

It is very likely that LB_BIAS' influence on load balancing can be
neglected (see test results below). This is further supported by:

(1) Weighted CPU load today is by itself a decayed average value (PELT)
(cfs_rq->avg->runnable_load_avg) and not the instantaneous load
(rq->load.weight) it was when LB_BIAS was introduced.

(2) Sd imbalance_pct is used for CPU_NEWLY_IDLE and CPU_NOT_IDLE (relate
to sd's newidle and busy idx) in find_busiest_group() when comparing
busiest and local avg load to make load balancing even more
conservative.

(3) The sd forkexec and newidle idx are always set to 0 so there is no
adjustment on how conservatively load balancing is done here.

(4) Affine wakeup based on weight (wake_affine_weight()) will not be
impacted since the sd wake idx is always set to 0.

Let's disable LB_BIAS by default for a few kernel releases to make sure
that no workload and no scheduler topology is affected. The benefit of
being able to remove the LB_BIAS dependency from source_load() and
target_load() is that the entire rq->cpu_load[idx] code could be removed
in this case.

It is really hard to say if there is no regression w/o testing this with
a lot of different workloads on a lot of different platforms, especially
NUMA machines.
The following 104 LKP (Linux Kernel Performance) tests were run by the
0-Day guys mostly on multi-socket hosts with a larger number of logical
cpus (88, 192).
The base for the test was commit b3dae109fa89 ("sched/swait: Rename to
exclusive") (tip/sched/core v4.18-rc1).
Only 2 out of the 104 tests had a significant change in one of the
metrics (fsmark/1x-1t-1HDD-btrfs-nfsv4-4M-60G-NoSync-performance +7%
files_per_sec, unixbench/300s-100%-syscall-performance -11% score).
Tests which showed a change in one of the metrics are marked with a '*'
and this change is listed as well.

(a) lkp-bdw-ep3:
88 threads Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-2699 v4 @ 2.20GHz 64G

dd-write/10m-1HDD-cfq-btrfs-100dd-performance
fsmark/1x-1t-1HDD-xfs-nfsv4-4M-60G-NoSync-performance
* fsmark/1x-1t-1HDD-btrfs-nfsv4-4M-60G-NoSync-performance
7.50 7% 8.00 ± 6% fsmark.files_per_sec
fsmark/1x-1t-1HDD-btrfs-nfsv4-4M-60G-fsyncBeforeClose-performance
fsmark/1x-1t-1HDD-btrfs-4M-60G-NoSync-performance
fsmark/1x-1t-1HDD-btrfs-4M-60G-fsyncBeforeClose-performance
kbuild/300s-50%-vmlinux_prereq-performance
kbuild/300s-200%-vmlinux_prereq-performance
kbuild/300s-50%-vmlinux_prereq-performance-1HDD-ext4
kbuild/300s-200%-vmlinux_prereq-performance-1HDD-ext4

(b) lkp-skl-4sp1:
192 threads Intel(R) Xeon(R) Platinum 8160 768G

dbench/100%-performance
ebizzy/200%-100x-10s-performance
hackbench/1600%-process-pipe-performance
iperf/300s-cs-localhost-tcp-performance
iperf/300s-cs-localhost-udp-performance
perf-bench-numa-mem/2t-300M-performance
perf-bench-sched-pipe/10000000ops-process-performance
perf-bench-sched-pipe/10000000ops-threads-performance
schbench/2-16-300-30000-30000-performance
tbench/100%-cs-localhost-performance

(c) lkp-bdw-ep6:
88 threads Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-2699 v4 @ 2.20GHz 128G

stress-ng/100%-60s-pipe-performance
unixbench/300s-1-whetstone-double-performance
unixbench/300s-1-shell1-performance
unixbench/300s-1-shell8-performance
unixbench/300s-1-pipe-performance
* unixbench/300s-1-context1-performance
312 315 unixbench.score
unixbench/300s-1-spawn-performance
unixbench/300s-1-syscall-performance
unixbench/300s-1-dhry2reg-performance
unixbench/300s-1-fstime-performance
unixbench/300s-1-fsbuffer-performance
unixbench/300s-1-fsdisk-performance
unixbench/300s-100%-whetstone-double-performance
unixbench/300s-100%-shell1-performance
unixbench/300s-100%-shell8-performance
unixbench/300s-100%-pipe-performance
unixbench/300s-100%-context1-performance
unixbench/300s-100%-spawn-performance
* unixbench/300s-100%-syscall-performance
3571 ± 3% -11% 3183 ± 4% unixbench.score
unixbench/300s-100%-dhry2reg-performance
unixbench/300s-100%-fstime-performance
unixbench/300s-100%-fsbuffer-performance
unixbench/300s-100%-fsdisk-performance
unixbench/300s-1-execl-performance
unixbench/300s-100%-execl-performance
* will-it-scale/brk1-performance
365004 360387 will-it-scale.per_thread_ops
* will-it-scale/dup1-performance
432401 437596 will-it-scale.per_thread_ops
will-it-scale/eventfd1-performance
will-it-scale/futex1-performance
will-it-scale/futex2-performance
will-it-scale/futex3-performance
will-it-scale/futex4-performance
will-it-scale/getppid1-performance
will-it-scale/lock1-performance
will-it-scale/lseek1-performance
will-it-scale/lseek2-performance
* will-it-scale/malloc1-performance
47025 45817 will-it-scale.per_thread_ops
77499 76529 will-it-scale.per_process_ops
will-it-scale/malloc2-performance
* will-it-scale/mmap1-performance
123399 120815 will-it-scale.per_thread_ops
152219 149833 will-it-scale.per_process_ops
* will-it-scale/mmap2-performance
107327 104714 will-it-scale.per_thread_ops
136405 133765 will-it-scale.per_process_ops
will-it-scale/open1-performance
* will-it-scale/open2-performance
171570 168805 will-it-scale.per_thread_ops
532644 526202 will-it-scale.per_process_ops
will-it-scale/page_fault1-performance
will-it-scale/page_fault2-performance
will-it-scale/page_fault3-performance
will-it-scale/pipe1-performance
will-it-scale/poll1-performance
* will-it-scale/poll2-performance
176134 172848 will-it-scale.per_thread_ops
281361 275053 will-it-scale.per_process_ops
will-it-scale/posix_semaphore1-performance
will-it-scale/pread1-performance
will-it-scale/pread2-performance
will-it-scale/pread3-performance
will-it-scale/pthread_mutex1-performance
will-it-scale/pthread_mutex2-performance
will-it-scale/pwrite1-performance
will-it-scale/pwrite2-performance
will-it-scale/pwrite3-performance
* will-it-scale/read1-performance
1190563 1174833 will-it-scale.per_thread_ops
* will-it-scale/read2-performance
1105369 1080427 will-it-scale.per_thread_ops
will-it-scale/readseek1-performance
* will-it-scale/readseek2-performance
261818 259040 will-it-scale.per_thread_ops
will-it-scale/readseek3-performance
* will-it-scale/sched_yield-performance
2408059 2382034 will-it-scale.per_thread_ops
will-it-scale/signal1-performance
will-it-scale/unix1-performance
will-it-scale/unlink1-performance
will-it-scale/unlink2-performance
* will-it-scale/write1-performance
976701 961588 will-it-scale.per_thread_ops
* will-it-scale/writeseek1-performance
831898 822448 will-it-scale.per_thread_ops
* will-it-scale/writeseek2-performance
228248 225065 will-it-scale.per_thread_ops
* will-it-scale/writeseek3-performance
226670 224058 will-it-scale.per_thread_ops
will-it-scale/context_switch1-performance
aim7/performance-fork_test-2000
* aim7/performance-brk_test-3000
74869 76676 aim7.jobs-per-min
aim7/performance-disk_cp-3000
aim7/performance-disk_rd-3000
aim7/performance-sieve-3000
aim7/performance-page_test-3000
aim7/performance-creat-clo-3000
aim7/performance-mem_rtns_1-8000
aim7/performance-disk_wrt-8000
aim7/performance-pipe_cpy-8000
aim7/performance-ram_copy-8000

(d) lkp-avoton3:
8 threads Intel(R) Atom(TM) CPU C2750 @ 2.40GHz 16G

netperf/ipv4-900s-200%-cs-localhost-TCP_STREAM-performance

Signed-off-by: Dietmar Eggemann <dietmar.eggemann@arm.com>
---
kernel/sched/features.h | 2 +-
1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/kernel/sched/features.h b/kernel/sched/features.h
index 85ae8488039c..858589b83377 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/features.h
+++ b/kernel/sched/features.h
@@ -39,7 +39,7 @@ SCHED_FEAT(WAKEUP_PREEMPTION, true)

SCHED_FEAT(HRTICK, false)
SCHED_FEAT(DOUBLE_TICK, false)
-SCHED_FEAT(LB_BIAS, true)
+SCHED_FEAT(LB_BIAS, false)

/*
* Decrement CPU capacity based on time not spent running tasks
--
2.11.0
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