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SubjectRe: [PATCH] arm64: Trap WFI executed in userspace
On Thu, Aug 09, 2018 at 01:34:57PM +0100, Dave Martin wrote:
> On Wed, Aug 08, 2018 at 01:34:09PM +0100, Catalin Marinas wrote:
> > On Tue, Aug 07, 2018 at 11:24:34AM +0100, Marc Zyngier wrote:
> > > On 07/08/18 11:05, Dave Martin wrote:
> > > > On Tue, Aug 07, 2018 at 10:33:26AM +0100, Marc Zyngier wrote:
> > > >> It recently came to light that userspace can execute WFI, and that
> > > >> the arm64 kernel doesn trap this event. This sounds rather benign,
> >
> > Nitpick: "doesn't".
> >
> > > >> but the kernel should decide when it wants to wait for an interrupt,
> > > >> and not userspace.
> > > >>
> > > >> Let's trap WFI and treat it as a way to yield the CPU to another
> > > >> process.
> > [...]
> > > > I can't think of a legitimate reason for userspace to execute WFI
> > > > however. Userspace doesn't have interrupts under Linux, so it makes
> > > > no sense to wait for one.
> > > >
> > > > Have we seen anybody using WFI in userspace? It may be cleaner to
> > > > map this to SIGILL rather than be permissive and regret it later.
> > >
> > > I couldn't find any user, and I'm happy to just send userspace to hell
> > > in that case. But it could also been said that since it was never
> > > prevented, it is a de-facto ABI.
> >
> > I wouldn't really go as far as SIGILL on WFI. I think the patch is fine
> > as it is. In case Will plans to merge it:
>
> For practical purposes I agree, because we can't control the binary
> blobs out there: I just wanted to bang the drum because we are creating
> semantics here and there is not an obvious correct answer to what they
> should be.
>
> I'd still like to see rationale for why this should map to schedule()
> (which userspace currently has no direct way to trigger) as opposed to
> sched_yield() or something like that.

A better idea might just be to do pc +=4 and return. If there's work
pending, we'll hit it on the return path (just like any other ret_to_user
call).

I initially thought about sched_yield(), but it's not clear whether that
creates a problem if, e.g. seccomp has been used to restrict that syscall.

Will

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