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Subject[PATCH v3 2/2] media: usb: pwc: Don't use coherent DMA buffers for ISO transfer
Date
DMA cocherency slows the transfer down on systems without hardware
coherent DMA.
Instead we use noncocherent DMA memory and explicit sync at data receive
handler.

Based on previous commit the following performance benchmarks have been
carried out. Average memcpy() data transfer rate (rate) and handler
completion time (time) have been measured when running video stream at
640x480 resolution at 10fps.

x86_64 based system (Intel Core i5-3470). This platform has hardware
coherent DMA support and proposed change doesn't make big difference here.

* kmalloc: rate = (2.0 +- 0.4) GBps
time = (5.0 +- 3.0) usec
* usb_alloc_coherent: rate = (3.4 +- 1.2) GBps
time = (3.5 +- 3.0) usec

We see that the measurements agree within error ranges in this case.
So theoretically predicted performance downgrade cannot be reliably measured here.

armv7l based system (TI AM335x BeagleBone Black @ 300MHz). This platform has no
hardware coherent DMA support. DMA coherence is implemented via disabled
page caching that slows down memcpy() due to memory controller behaviour.

* kmalloc: rate = (114 +- 5) MBps
time = (84 +- 4) usec
* usb_alloc_coherent: rate = (28.1 +- 0.1) MBps
time = (341 +- 2) usec

Note, that quantative difference leads (this commit leads to 4 times
acceleration) to qualitative behavior change in this case. As it was
stated before, the video stream cannot be successfully received at AM335x
platforms with MUSB based USB host controller due to performance issues
[1].

[1] https://www.spinics.net/lists/linux-usb/msg165735.html

Signed-off-by: Matwey V. Kornilov <matwey@sai.msu.ru>
---
drivers/media/usb/pwc/pwc-if.c | 47 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
1 file changed, 35 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/media/usb/pwc/pwc-if.c b/drivers/media/usb/pwc/pwc-if.c
index 72d2897a4b9f..17f2015a75bb 100644
--- a/drivers/media/usb/pwc/pwc-if.c
+++ b/drivers/media/usb/pwc/pwc-if.c
@@ -159,6 +159,31 @@ static const struct video_device pwc_template = {
/***************************************************************************/
/* Private functions */

+static void* pwc_alloc_urb_buffer(struct device *dev, size_t size, dma_addr_t *dma_handle) {
+ void* buffer = kmalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
+
+ if (buffer == NULL) {
+ goto fail_kmalloc;
+ }
+
+ *dma_handle = dma_map_single(dev, buffer, size, DMA_FROM_DEVICE);
+ if (dma_mapping_error(dev, *dma_handle)) {
+ goto fail_dma_map_single;
+ }
+
+ return buffer;
+
+fail_dma_map_single:
+ kfree(buffer);
+fail_kmalloc:
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+static void pwc_free_urb_buffer(struct device *dev, size_t size, void* buffer, dma_addr_t dma_handle) {
+ dma_unmap_single(dev, dma_handle, size, DMA_FROM_DEVICE);
+ kfree(buffer);
+}
+
static struct pwc_frame_buf *pwc_get_next_fill_buf(struct pwc_device *pdev)
{
unsigned long flags = 0;
@@ -306,6 +331,8 @@ static void pwc_isoc_handler(struct urb *urb)
/* Reset ISOC error counter. We did get here, after all. */
pdev->visoc_errors = 0;

+ dma_sync_single_for_cpu(&urb->dev->dev, urb->transfer_dma, urb->transfer_buffer_length, DMA_FROM_DEVICE);
+
/* vsync: 0 = don't copy data
1 = sync-hunt
2 = synched
@@ -428,16 +455,13 @@ static int pwc_isoc_init(struct pwc_device *pdev)
urb->dev = udev;
urb->pipe = usb_rcvisocpipe(udev, pdev->vendpoint);
urb->transfer_flags = URB_ISO_ASAP | URB_NO_TRANSFER_DMA_MAP;
- urb->transfer_buffer = usb_alloc_coherent(udev,
- ISO_BUFFER_SIZE,
- GFP_KERNEL,
- &urb->transfer_dma);
+ urb->transfer_buffer_length = ISO_BUFFER_SIZE;
+ urb->transfer_buffer = pwc_alloc_urb_buffer(&udev->dev, urb->transfer_buffer_length, &urb->transfer_dma);
if (urb->transfer_buffer == NULL) {
PWC_ERROR("Failed to allocate urb buffer %d\n", i);
pwc_isoc_cleanup(pdev);
return -ENOMEM;
}
- urb->transfer_buffer_length = ISO_BUFFER_SIZE;
urb->complete = pwc_isoc_handler;
urb->context = pdev;
urb->start_frame = 0;
@@ -488,15 +512,14 @@ static void pwc_iso_free(struct pwc_device *pdev)

/* Freeing ISOC buffers one by one */
for (i = 0; i < MAX_ISO_BUFS; i++) {
- if (pdev->urbs[i]) {
+ struct urb* urb = pdev->urbs[i];
+
+ if (urb) {
PWC_DEBUG_MEMORY("Freeing URB\n");
- if (pdev->urbs[i]->transfer_buffer) {
- usb_free_coherent(pdev->udev,
- pdev->urbs[i]->transfer_buffer_length,
- pdev->urbs[i]->transfer_buffer,
- pdev->urbs[i]->transfer_dma);
+ if (urb->transfer_buffer) {
+ pwc_free_urb_buffer(&urb->dev->dev, urb->transfer_buffer_length, urb->transfer_buffer, urb->transfer_dma);
}
- usb_free_urb(pdev->urbs[i]);
+ usb_free_urb(urb);
pdev->urbs[i] = NULL;
}
}
--
2.16.4
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