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Subject[PATCH v4 1/3] dt-bindings: interrupt-controller: RISC-V local interrupt controller
From: Palmer Dabbelt <>

Add documentation on the RISC-V local interrupt controller, which is a
per-hart interrupt controller that manages all interrupts entering a
RISC-V hart. This interrupt controller is present on all RISC-V systems.

Signed-off-by: Palmer Dabbelt <>
[hch: minor cleanups]
Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <>
.../interrupt-controller/riscv,cpu-intc.txt | 44 +++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 44 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/interrupt-controller/riscv,cpu-intc.txt

diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/interrupt-controller/riscv,cpu-intc.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/interrupt-controller/riscv,cpu-intc.txt
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..b0a8af51c388
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/interrupt-controller/riscv,cpu-intc.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,44 @@
+RISC-V Hart-Level Interrupt Controller (HLIC)
+RISC-V cores include Control Status Registers (CSRs) which are local to each
+CPU core (HART in RISC-V terminology) and can be read or written by software.
+Some of these CSRs are used to control local interrupts connected to the core.
+Every interrupt is ultimately routed through a hart's HLIC before it
+interrupts that hart.
+The RISC-V supervisor ISA manual specifies three interrupt sources that are
+attached to every HLIC: software interrupts, the timer interrupt, and external
+interrupts. Software interrupts are used to send IPIs between cores. The
+timer interrupt comes from an architecturally mandated real-time timer that is
+controller via Supervisor Binary Interface (SBI) calls and CSR reads. External
+interrupts connect all other device interrupts to the HLIC, which are routed
+via the platform-level interrupt controller (PLIC).
+All RISC-V systems that conform to the supervisor ISA specification are
+required to have a HLIC with these three interrupt sources present. Since the
+interrupt map is defined by the ISA it's not listed in the HLIC's device tree
+entry, though external interrupt controllers (like the PLIC, for example) will
+need to define how their interrupts map to the relevant HLICs. This means
+a PLIC interrupt property will typically list the HLICs for all present HARTs
+in the system.
+Required properties:
+- compatible : "riscv,cpu-intc"
+- #interrupt-cells : should be <1>
+- interrupt-controller : Identifies the node as an interrupt controller
+Furthermore, this interrupt-controller MUST be embedded inside the cpu
+definition of the hart whose CSRs control these local interrupts.
+An example device tree entry for a HLIC is show below.
+ cpu1: cpu@1 {
+ compatible = "riscv";
+ ...
+ cpu1-intc: interrupt-controller {
+ #interrupt-cells = <1>;
+ compatible = "riscv,cpu-intc", "sifive,fu540-c000-cpu-intc";
+ interrupt-controller;
+ };
+ };
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