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SubjectRe: [PATCH] arm64: PCI: Remove node-local allocations when initialising host controller
[+cc linux-pci, linux-kernel]

On Thu, Aug 2, 2018 at 9:33 AM Lorenzo Pieralisi
<lorenzo.pieralisi@arm.com> wrote:
>
> On Wed, Aug 01, 2018 at 02:38:51PM -0500, Jeremy Linton wrote:
> > Hi,
> >
> > +CC Jiang Lui
>
> Jiang Liu does not work on the kernel anymore so we won't know
> anytime soon the reasoning behind commit 965cd0e4a5e5
>
> > On 08/01/2018 12:31 PM, Punit Agrawal wrote:
> > >Memory for host controller data structures is allocated local to the
> > >node to which the controller is associated with. This has been the
> > >behaviour since support for ACPI was added in
> > >commit 0cb0786bac15 ("ARM64: PCI: Support ACPI-based PCI host controller").
> >
> > Which was apparently influenced by:
> >
> > 965cd0e4a5e5 x86, PCI, ACPI: Use kmalloc_node() to optimize for performance
> >
> > Was there an actual use-case behind that change?
> >
> > I think this fixes the immediate boot problem, but if there is any
> > perf advantage it seems wise to keep it... Particularly since x86
> > seems to be doing the node sanitation in pci_acpi_root_get_node().
>
> I am struggling to see the perf advantage of allocating a struct
> that the PCI controller will never read/write from a NUMA node that
> is local to the PCI controller, happy to be corrected if there is
> a sound rationale behind that.

If there is no reason to use kzalloc_node() here, we shouldn't use it.

But we should use it (or not use it) consistently across arches. I do
not believe there is an arch-specific reason to be different.
Currently, pci_acpi_scan_root() uses kzalloc_node() on x86 and arm64,
but kzalloc() on ia64. They all ought to be the same.

> > >Drop the node local allocation as there is no benefit from doing so -
> > >the usage of these structures is independent from where the controller
> > >is located. It also causes problem during probe if the associated numa
> > >node hasn't been initialised due to booting with restricted cpus via
> > >kernel command line or where the node doesn't have cpus or memory
> > >associated with it.

I do not support the avoidance of kzalloc_node() as a means of working
around the problem of a NUMA node not being initialized correctly.

We got that node number from acpi_get_node(). I think we should be
able to pass it to kzalloc_node() and expect something reasonable,
i.e., either a successful allocation from the desired node (or from a
node that is present) or an error return. I don't think the caller is
in a position to figure out whether it's safe to use kzalloc_node() or
not.

> > >Signed-off-by: Punit Agrawal <punit.agrawal@arm.com>
> > >Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
> > >Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
> > >Cc: Lorenzo Pieralisi <lorenzo.pieralisi@arm.com>
> > >---
> > >Hi,
> > >
> > >This came up in the context of investigating the boot issues reported
> > >due to restricted cpus or buggy firmware. Part of the problem is fixed
> > >by Lorenzo's rework of NUMA initialisation[0].
> > >
> > >But there also doesn't seem to be any justification for using
> > >node-local allocation to begin with.
> > >
> > >Thanks,
> > >Punit
> > >
> > >[0] https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/10486001/
> > >
> > > arch/arm64/kernel/pci.c | 5 ++---
> > > 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
> > >
> > >diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/pci.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/pci.c
> > >index 0e2ea1c78542..bb85e2f4603f 100644
> > >--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/pci.c
> > >+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/pci.c
> > >@@ -165,16 +165,15 @@ static void pci_acpi_generic_release_info(struct acpi_pci_root_info *ci)
> > > /* Interface called from ACPI code to setup PCI host controller */
> > > struct pci_bus *pci_acpi_scan_root(struct acpi_pci_root *root)
> > > {
> > >- int node = acpi_get_node(root->device->handle);
> > > struct acpi_pci_generic_root_info *ri;
> > > struct pci_bus *bus, *child;
> > > struct acpi_pci_root_ops *root_ops;
> > >- ri = kzalloc_node(sizeof(*ri), GFP_KERNEL, node);
> > >+ ri = kzalloc(sizeof(*ri), GFP_KERNEL);
> > > if (!ri)
> > > return NULL;
> > >- root_ops = kzalloc_node(sizeof(*root_ops), GFP_KERNEL, node);
> > >+ root_ops = kzalloc(sizeof(*root_ops), GFP_KERNEL);
> > > if (!root_ops) {
> > > kfree(ri);
> > > return NULL;
> > >
> >

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