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Subject[PATCH] cpuidle: menu: Handle stopped tick more aggressively
Date
From: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>

Commit 87c9fe6ee495 (cpuidle: menu: Avoid selecting shallow states
with stopped tick) missed the case when the target residencies of
deep idle states of CPUs are above the tick boundary which may cause
the CPU to get stuck in a shallow idle state for a long time.

Say there are two CPU idle states available: one shallow, with the
target residency much below the tick boundary and one deep, with
the target residency significantly above the tick boundary. In
that case, if the tick has been stopped already and the expected
next timer event is relatively far in the future, the governor will
assume the idle duration to be equal to TICK_USEC and it will select
the idle state for the CPU accordingly. However, that will cause the
shallow state to be selected even though it would have been more
energy-efficient to select the deep one.

To address this issue, modify the governor to always assume idle
duration to be equal to the time till the closest timer event if
the tick is not running which will cause the selected idle states
to always match the known CPU wakeup time.

Also make it always indicate that the tick should be stopped in
that case for consistency.

Fixes: 87c9fe6ee495 (cpuidle: menu: Avoid selecting shallow states with stopped tick)
Reported-by: Leo Yan <leo.yan@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
---
drivers/cpuidle/governors/menu.c | 49 ++++++++++++++++++---------------------
1 file changed, 23 insertions(+), 26 deletions(-)

Index: linux-pm/drivers/cpuidle/governors/menu.c
===================================================================
--- linux-pm.orig/drivers/cpuidle/governors/menu.c
+++ linux-pm/drivers/cpuidle/governors/menu.c
@@ -307,6 +307,18 @@ static int menu_select(struct cpuidle_dr
/* determine the expected residency time, round up */
data->next_timer_us = ktime_to_us(tick_nohz_get_sleep_length(&delta_next));

+ /*
+ * If the tick is already stopped, the cost of possible short idle
+ * duration misprediction is much higher, because the CPU may be stuck
+ * in a shallow idle state for a long time as a result of it. In that
+ * case say we might mispredict and use the known time till the closest
+ * timer event for the idle state selection.
+ */
+ if (tick_nohz_tick_stopped()) {
+ data->predicted_us = ktime_to_us(delta_next);
+ goto select;
+ }
+
get_iowait_load(&nr_iowaiters, &cpu_load);
data->bucket = which_bucket(data->next_timer_us, nr_iowaiters);

@@ -344,29 +356,15 @@ static int menu_select(struct cpuidle_dr
*/
data->predicted_us = min(data->predicted_us, expected_interval);

- if (tick_nohz_tick_stopped()) {
- /*
- * If the tick is already stopped, the cost of possible short
- * idle duration misprediction is much higher, because the CPU
- * may be stuck in a shallow idle state for a long time as a
- * result of it. In that case say we might mispredict and try
- * to force the CPU into a state for which we would have stopped
- * the tick, unless a timer is going to expire really soon
- * anyway.
- */
- if (data->predicted_us < TICK_USEC)
- data->predicted_us = min_t(unsigned int, TICK_USEC,
- ktime_to_us(delta_next));
- } else {
- /*
- * Use the performance multiplier and the user-configurable
- * latency_req to determine the maximum exit latency.
- */
- interactivity_req = data->predicted_us / performance_multiplier(nr_iowaiters, cpu_load);
- if (latency_req > interactivity_req)
- latency_req = interactivity_req;
- }
+ /*
+ * Use the performance multiplier and the user-configurable latency_req
+ * to determine the maximum exit latency.
+ */
+ interactivity_req = data->predicted_us / performance_multiplier(nr_iowaiters, cpu_load);
+ if (latency_req > interactivity_req)
+ latency_req = interactivity_req;

+select:
expected_interval = data->predicted_us;
/*
* Find the idle state with the lowest power while satisfying
@@ -403,14 +401,13 @@ static int menu_select(struct cpuidle_dr
* Don't stop the tick if the selected state is a polling one or if the
* expected idle duration is shorter than the tick period length.
*/
- if ((drv->states[idx].flags & CPUIDLE_FLAG_POLLING) ||
- expected_interval < TICK_USEC) {
+ if (((drv->states[idx].flags & CPUIDLE_FLAG_POLLING) ||
+ expected_interval < TICK_USEC) && !tick_nohz_tick_stopped()) {
unsigned int delta_next_us = ktime_to_us(delta_next);

*stop_tick = false;

- if (!tick_nohz_tick_stopped() && idx > 0 &&
- drv->states[idx].target_residency > delta_next_us) {
+ if (idx > 0 && drv->states[idx].target_residency > delta_next_us) {
/*
* The tick is not going to be stopped and the target
* residency of the state to be returned is not within
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