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Subject[PATCH 28/33] vfs: syscall: Add fsconfig() for configuring and managing a context [ver #11]
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Date
Add a syscall for configuring a filesystem creation context and triggering
actions upon it, to be used in conjunction with fsopen, fspick and fsmount.

long fsconfig(int fs_fd, unsigned int cmd, const char *key,
const void *value, int aux);

Where fs_fd indicates the context, cmd indicates the action to take, key
indicates the parameter name for parameter-setting actions and, if needed,
value points to a buffer containing the value and aux can give more
information for the value.

The following command IDs are proposed:

(*) FSCONFIG_SET_FLAG: No value is specified. The parameter must be
boolean in nature. The key may be prefixed with "no" to invert the
setting. value must be NULL and aux must be 0.

(*) FSCONFIG_SET_STRING: A string value is specified. The parameter can
be expecting boolean, integer, string or take a path. A conversion to
an appropriate type will be attempted (which may include looking up as
a path). value points to a NUL-terminated string and aux must be 0.

(*) FSCONFIG_SET_BINARY: A binary blob is specified. value points to
the blob and aux indicates its size. The parameter must be expecting
a blob.

(*) FSCONFIG_SET_PATH: A non-empty path is specified. The parameter must
be expecting a path object. value points to a NUL-terminated string
that is the path and aux is a file descriptor at which to start a
relative lookup or AT_FDCWD.

(*) FSCONFIG_SET_PATH_EMPTY: As fsconfig_set_path, but with AT_EMPTY_PATH
implied.

(*) FSCONFIG_SET_FD: An open file descriptor is specified. value must
be NULL and aux indicates the file descriptor.

(*) FSCONFIG_CMD_CREATE: Trigger superblock creation.

(*) FSCONFIG_CMD_RECONFIGURE: Trigger superblock reconfiguration.

For the "set" command IDs, the idea is that the file_system_type will point
to a list of parameters and the types of value that those parameters expect
to take. The core code can then do the parse and argument conversion and
then give the LSM and FS a cooked option or array of options to use.

Source specification is also done the same way same way, using special keys
"source", "source1", "source2", etc..

[!] Note that, for the moment, the key and value are just glued back
together and handed to the filesystem. Every filesystem that uses options
uses match_token() and co. to do this, and this will need to be changed -
but not all at once.

Example usage:

fd = fsopen("ext4", FSOPEN_CLOEXEC);
fsconfig(fd, fsconfig_set_path, "source", "/dev/sda1", AT_FDCWD);
fsconfig(fd, fsconfig_set_path_empty, "journal_path", "", journal_fd);
fsconfig(fd, fsconfig_set_fd, "journal_fd", "", journal_fd);
fsconfig(fd, fsconfig_set_flag, "user_xattr", NULL, 0);
fsconfig(fd, fsconfig_set_flag, "noacl", NULL, 0);
fsconfig(fd, fsconfig_set_string, "sb", "1", 0);
fsconfig(fd, fsconfig_set_string, "errors", "continue", 0);
fsconfig(fd, fsconfig_set_string, "data", "journal", 0);
fsconfig(fd, fsconfig_set_string, "context", "unconfined_u:...", 0);
fsconfig(fd, fsconfig_cmd_create, NULL, NULL, 0);
mfd = fsmount(fd, FSMOUNT_CLOEXEC, MS_NOEXEC);

or:

fd = fsopen("ext4", FSOPEN_CLOEXEC);
fsconfig(fd, fsconfig_set_string, "source", "/dev/sda1", 0);
fsconfig(fd, fsconfig_cmd_create, NULL, NULL, 0);
mfd = fsmount(fd, FSMOUNT_CLOEXEC, MS_NOEXEC);

or:

fd = fsopen("afs", FSOPEN_CLOEXEC);
fsconfig(fd, fsconfig_set_string, "source", "#grand.central.org:root.cell", 0);
fsconfig(fd, fsconfig_cmd_create, NULL, NULL, 0);
mfd = fsmount(fd, FSMOUNT_CLOEXEC, MS_NOEXEC);

or:

fd = fsopen("jffs2", FSOPEN_CLOEXEC);
fsconfig(fd, fsconfig_set_string, "source", "mtd0", 0);
fsconfig(fd, fsconfig_cmd_create, NULL, NULL, 0);
mfd = fsmount(fd, FSMOUNT_CLOEXEC, MS_NOEXEC);

Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
cc: linux-api@vger.kernel.org
---

arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl | 1
arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl | 1
fs/fsopen.c | 279 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/syscalls.h | 2
include/uapi/linux/fs.h | 14 ++
5 files changed, 297 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl
index 1647fefd2969..f9970310c126 100644
--- a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl
+++ b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl
@@ -401,3 +401,4 @@
387 i386 open_tree sys_open_tree __ia32_sys_open_tree
388 i386 move_mount sys_move_mount __ia32_sys_move_mount
389 i386 fsopen sys_fsopen __ia32_sys_fsopen
+390 i386 fsconfig sys_fsconfig __ia32_sys_fsconfig
diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
index 235d33dbccb2..4185d36e03bb 100644
--- a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
+++ b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
@@ -346,6 +346,7 @@
335 common open_tree __x64_sys_open_tree
336 common move_mount __x64_sys_move_mount
337 common fsopen __x64_sys_fsopen
+338 common fsconfig __x64_sys_fsconfig

#
# x32-specific system call numbers start at 512 to avoid cache impact
diff --git a/fs/fsopen.c b/fs/fsopen.c
index 7a25b4c3bc18..5d8560e78ce1 100644
--- a/fs/fsopen.c
+++ b/fs/fsopen.c
@@ -10,6 +10,7 @@
*/

#include <linux/fs_context.h>
+#include <linux/fs_parser.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
@@ -17,6 +18,7 @@
#include <linux/anon_inodes.h>
#include <linux/namei.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
+#include "internal.h"
#include "mount.h"

/*
@@ -152,3 +154,280 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(fsopen, const char __user *, _fs_name, unsigned int, flags)
put_fs_context(fc);
return ret;
}
+
+/*
+ * Check the state and apply the configuration. Note that this function is
+ * allowed to 'steal' the value by setting param->xxx to NULL before returning.
+ */
+static int vfs_fsconfig(struct fs_context *fc, struct fs_parameter *param)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ /* We need to reinitialise the context if we have reconfiguration
+ * pending after creation or a previous reconfiguration.
+ */
+ if (fc->phase == FS_CONTEXT_AWAITING_RECONF) {
+ if (fc->fs_type->init_fs_context) {
+ ret = fc->fs_type->init_fs_context(fc, fc->root);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ fc->phase = FS_CONTEXT_FAILED;
+ return ret;
+ }
+ fc->need_free = true;
+ } else {
+ /* Leave legacy context ops in place */
+ }
+
+ /* Do the security check last because ->init_fs_context may
+ * change the namespace subscriptions.
+ */
+ ret = security_fs_context_alloc(fc, fc->root);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ fc->phase = FS_CONTEXT_FAILED;
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ fc->phase = FS_CONTEXT_RECONF_PARAMS;
+ }
+
+ if (fc->phase != FS_CONTEXT_CREATE_PARAMS &&
+ fc->phase != FS_CONTEXT_RECONF_PARAMS)
+ return -EBUSY;
+
+ return vfs_parse_fs_param(fc, param);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Perform an action on a context.
+ */
+static int vfs_fsconfig_action(struct fs_context *fc, enum fsconfig_command cmd)
+{
+ int ret = -EINVAL;
+
+ switch (cmd) {
+ case FSCONFIG_CMD_CREATE:
+ if (fc->phase != FS_CONTEXT_CREATE_PARAMS)
+ return -EBUSY;
+ fc->phase = FS_CONTEXT_CREATING;
+ ret = vfs_get_tree(fc);
+ if (ret == 0)
+ fc->phase = FS_CONTEXT_AWAITING_MOUNT;
+ else
+ fc->phase = FS_CONTEXT_FAILED;
+ return ret;
+
+ default:
+ return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+ }
+}
+
+/**
+ * sys_fsconfig - Set parameters and trigger actions on a context
+ * @fd: The filesystem context to act upon
+ * @cmd: The action to take
+ * @_key: Where appropriate, the parameter key to set
+ * @_value: Where appropriate, the parameter value to set
+ * @aux: Additional information for the value
+ *
+ * This system call is used to set parameters on a context, including
+ * superblock settings, data source and security labelling.
+ *
+ * Actions include triggering the creation of a superblock and the
+ * reconfiguration of the superblock attached to the specified context.
+ *
+ * When setting a parameter, @cmd indicates the type of value being proposed
+ * and @_key indicates the parameter to be altered.
+ *
+ * @_value and @aux are used to specify the value, should a value be required:
+ *
+ * (*) fsconfig_set_flag: No value is specified. The parameter must be boolean
+ * in nature. The key may be prefixed with "no" to invert the
+ * setting. @_value must be NULL and @aux must be 0.
+ *
+ * (*) fsconfig_set_string: A string value is specified. The parameter can be
+ * expecting boolean, integer, string or take a path. A conversion to an
+ * appropriate type will be attempted (which may include looking up as a
+ * path). @_value points to a NUL-terminated string and @aux must be 0.
+ *
+ * (*) fsconfig_set_binary: A binary blob is specified. @_value points to the
+ * blob and @aux indicates its size. The parameter must be expecting a
+ * blob.
+ *
+ * (*) fsconfig_set_path: A non-empty path is specified. The parameter must be
+ * expecting a path object. @_value points to a NUL-terminated string that
+ * is the path and @aux is a file descriptor at which to start a relative
+ * lookup or AT_FDCWD.
+ *
+ * (*) fsconfig_set_path_empty: As fsconfig_set_path, but with AT_EMPTY_PATH
+ * implied.
+ *
+ * (*) fsconfig_set_fd: An open file descriptor is specified. @_value must be
+ * NULL and @aux indicates the file descriptor.
+ */
+SYSCALL_DEFINE5(fsconfig,
+ int, fd,
+ unsigned int, cmd,
+ const char __user *, _key,
+ const void __user *, _value,
+ int, aux)
+{
+ struct fs_context *fc;
+ struct fd f;
+ int ret;
+
+ struct fs_parameter param = {
+ .type = fs_value_is_undefined,
+ };
+
+ if (fd < 0)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ switch (cmd) {
+ case FSCONFIG_SET_FLAG:
+ if (!_key || _value || aux)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ break;
+ case FSCONFIG_SET_STRING:
+ if (!_key || !_value || aux)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ break;
+ case FSCONFIG_SET_BINARY:
+ if (!_key || !_value || aux <= 0 || aux > 1024 * 1024)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ break;
+ case FSCONFIG_SET_PATH:
+ case FSCONFIG_SET_PATH_EMPTY:
+ if (!_key || !_value || (aux != AT_FDCWD && aux < 0))
+ return -EINVAL;
+ break;
+ case FSCONFIG_SET_FD:
+ if (!_key || _value || aux < 0)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ break;
+ case FSCONFIG_CMD_CREATE:
+ case FSCONFIG_CMD_RECONFIGURE:
+ if (_key || _value || aux)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ break;
+ default:
+ return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+ }
+
+ f = fdget(fd);
+ if (!f.file)
+ return -EBADF;
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ if (f.file->f_op != &fscontext_fops)
+ goto out_f;
+
+ fc = f.file->private_data;
+ if (fc->ops == &legacy_fs_context_ops) {
+ switch (cmd) {
+ case FSCONFIG_SET_BINARY:
+ case FSCONFIG_SET_PATH:
+ case FSCONFIG_SET_PATH_EMPTY:
+ case FSCONFIG_SET_FD:
+ ret = -EOPNOTSUPP;
+ goto out_f;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (_key) {
+ param.key = strndup_user(_key, 256);
+ if (IS_ERR(param.key)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(param.key);
+ goto out_f;
+ }
+ }
+
+ switch (cmd) {
+ case FSCONFIG_SET_STRING:
+ param.type = fs_value_is_string;
+ param.string = strndup_user(_value, 256);
+ if (IS_ERR(param.string)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(param.string);
+ goto out_key;
+ }
+ param.size = strlen(param.string);
+ break;
+ case FSCONFIG_SET_BINARY:
+ param.type = fs_value_is_blob;
+ param.size = aux;
+ param.blob = memdup_user_nul(_value, aux);
+ if (IS_ERR(param.blob)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(param.blob);
+ goto out_key;
+ }
+ break;
+ case FSCONFIG_SET_PATH:
+ param.type = fs_value_is_filename;
+ param.name = getname_flags(_value, 0, NULL);
+ if (IS_ERR(param.name)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(param.name);
+ goto out_key;
+ }
+ param.dirfd = aux;
+ param.size = strlen(param.name->name);
+ break;
+ case FSCONFIG_SET_PATH_EMPTY:
+ param.type = fs_value_is_filename_empty;
+ param.name = getname_flags(_value, LOOKUP_EMPTY, NULL);
+ if (IS_ERR(param.name)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(param.name);
+ goto out_key;
+ }
+ param.dirfd = aux;
+ param.size = strlen(param.name->name);
+ break;
+ case FSCONFIG_SET_FD:
+ param.type = fs_value_is_file;
+ ret = -EBADF;
+ param.file = fget(aux);
+ if (!param.file)
+ goto out_key;
+ break;
+ default:
+ break;
+ }
+
+ ret = mutex_lock_interruptible(&fc->uapi_mutex);
+ if (ret == 0) {
+ switch (cmd) {
+ case FSCONFIG_CMD_CREATE:
+ case FSCONFIG_CMD_RECONFIGURE:
+ ret = vfs_fsconfig_action(fc, cmd);
+ break;
+ default:
+ ret = vfs_fsconfig(fc, &param);
+ break;
+ }
+ mutex_unlock(&fc->uapi_mutex);
+ }
+
+ /* Clean up the our record of any value that we obtained from
+ * userspace. Note that the value may have been stolen by the LSM or
+ * filesystem, in which case the value pointer will have been cleared.
+ */
+ switch (cmd) {
+ case FSCONFIG_SET_STRING:
+ case FSCONFIG_SET_BINARY:
+ kfree(param.string);
+ break;
+ case FSCONFIG_SET_PATH:
+ case FSCONFIG_SET_PATH_EMPTY:
+ if (param.name)
+ putname(param.name);
+ break;
+ case FSCONFIG_SET_FD:
+ if (param.file)
+ fput(param.file);
+ break;
+ default:
+ break;
+ }
+out_key:
+ kfree(param.key);
+out_f:
+ fdput(f);
+ return ret;
+}
diff --git a/include/linux/syscalls.h b/include/linux/syscalls.h
index ad6c7ff33c01..9628d14a7ede 100644
--- a/include/linux/syscalls.h
+++ b/include/linux/syscalls.h
@@ -905,6 +905,8 @@ asmlinkage long sys_move_mount(int from_dfd, const char __user *from_path,
int to_dfd, const char __user *to_path,
unsigned int ms_flags);
asmlinkage long sys_fsopen(const char __user *fs_name, unsigned int flags);
+asmlinkage long sys_fsconfig(int fs_fd, unsigned int cmd, const char __user *key,
+ const void __user *value, int aux);

/*
* Architecture-specific system calls
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/fs.h b/include/uapi/linux/fs.h
index f8818e6cddd6..fecbae30a30d 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/fs.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/fs.h
@@ -349,4 +349,18 @@ typedef int __bitwise __kernel_rwf_t;
*/
#define FSOPEN_CLOEXEC 0x00000001

+/*
+ * The type of fsconfig() call made.
+ */
+enum fsconfig_command {
+ FSCONFIG_SET_FLAG = 0, /* Set parameter, supplying no value */
+ FSCONFIG_SET_STRING = 1, /* Set parameter, supplying a string value */
+ FSCONFIG_SET_BINARY = 2, /* Set parameter, supplying a binary blob value */
+ FSCONFIG_SET_PATH = 3, /* Set parameter, supplying an object by path */
+ FSCONFIG_SET_PATH_EMPTY = 4, /* Set parameter, supplying an object by (empty) path */
+ FSCONFIG_SET_FD = 5, /* Set parameter, supplying an object by fd */
+ FSCONFIG_CMD_CREATE = 6, /* Invoke superblock creation */
+ FSCONFIG_CMD_RECONFIGURE = 7, /* Invoke superblock reconfiguration */
+};
+
#endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_FS_H */
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