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Subject[PATCH 1/4] lib/iov_iter: Document _copy_to_iter_mcsafe()
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Add some theory of operation documentation to _copy_to_iter_mcsafe().

Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Reported-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
---
lib/iov_iter.c | 26 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 26 insertions(+)

diff --git a/lib/iov_iter.c b/lib/iov_iter.c
index 7e43cd54c84c..94fa361be7bb 100644
--- a/lib/iov_iter.c
+++ b/lib/iov_iter.c
@@ -596,6 +596,32 @@ static unsigned long memcpy_mcsafe_to_page(struct page *page, size_t offset,
return ret;
}

+/**
+ * _copy_to_iter_mcsafe - copy to user with source-read error exception handling
+ * @addr: source kernel address
+ * @bytes: total transfer length
+ * @iter: destination iterator
+ *
+ * The pmem driver arranges for filesystem-dax to use this facility via
+ * dax_copy_to_iter() for protecting read/write to persistent memory.
+ * Unless / until an architecture can guarantee identical performance
+ * between _copy_to_iter_mcsafe() and _copy_to_iter() it would be a
+ * performance regression to switch more users to the mcsafe version.
+ *
+ * Otherwise, the main differences between this and typical _copy_to_iter().
+ *
+ * * Typical tail/residue handling after a fault retries the copy
+ * byte-by-byte until the fault happens again. Re-triggering machine
+ * checks is potentially fatal so the implementation uses source
+ * alignment and poison alignment assumptions to avoid re-triggering
+ * hardware exceptions.
+ *
+ * * ITER_KVEC, ITER_PIPE, and ITER_BVEC can return short copies.
+ * Compare to copy_to_iter() where only ITER_IOVEC attempts might return
+ * a short copy.
+ *
+ * See MCSAFE_TEST for self-test.
+ */
size_t _copy_to_iter_mcsafe(const void *addr, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i)
{
const char *from = addr;
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