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Subject[PATCH bpf-next v3 3/3] bpf: btf: print map dump and lookup with btf info
This patch augments the output of bpftool's map dump and map lookup
commands to print data along side btf info, if the correspondin btf
info is available. The outputs for each of map dump and map lookup
commands are augmented in two ways:

1. when neither of -j and -p are supplied, btf-ful map data is printed
whose aim is human readability. This means no commitments for json- or
backward- compatibility.

2. when either -j or -p are supplied, a new json object named
"formatted" is added for each key-value pair. This object contains the
same data as the key-value pair, but with btf info. "formatted" object
promises json- and backward- compatibility. Below is a sample output.

$ bpftool map dump -p id 8
[{
"key": ["0x0f","0x00","0x00","0x00"
],
"value": ["0x03", "0x00", "0x00", "0x00", ...
],
"formatted": {
"key": 15,
"value": {
"int_field": 3,
...
}
}
}
]

This patch calls btf_dumper introduced in previous patch to accomplish
the above. Indeed, btf-ful info is only displayed if btf data for the
given map is available. Otherwise existing output is displayed as-is.

Signed-off-by: Okash Khawaja <osk@fb.com>

---
tools/bpf/bpftool/map.c | 207 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
1 file changed, 191 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)

--- a/tools/bpf/bpftool/map.c
+++ b/tools/bpf/bpftool/map.c
@@ -34,6 +34,7 @@
#include <assert.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
#include <stdbool.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
@@ -44,6 +45,8 @@

#include <bpf.h>

+#include "btf.h"
+#include "json_writer.h"
#include "main.h"

static const char * const map_type_name[] = {
@@ -148,8 +151,111 @@ int map_parse_fd_and_info(int *argc, cha
return fd;
}

+static int do_dump_btf(const struct btf_dumper *d,
+ struct bpf_map_info *map_info, void *key,
+ void *value)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ /* start of key-value pair */
+ jsonw_start_object(d->jw);
+
+ jsonw_name(d->jw, "key");
+
+ ret = btf_dumper_type(d, map_info->btf_key_type_id, key);
+ if (ret)
+ goto err_end_obj;
+
+ jsonw_name(d->jw, "value");
+
+ ret = btf_dumper_type(d, map_info->btf_value_type_id, value);
+
+err_end_obj:
+ /* end of key-value pair */
+ jsonw_end_object(d->jw);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static struct btf *get_btf(struct bpf_map_info *map_info)
+{
+ struct bpf_btf_info btf_info = { 0 };
+ __u32 len = sizeof(btf_info);
+ struct btf *btf = NULL;
+ __u32 last_size;
+ int btf_fd;
+ void *ptr;
+ int err;
+
+ btf_fd = bpf_btf_get_fd_by_id(map_info->btf_id);
+ if (btf_fd < 0)
+ return NULL;
+
+ /* we won't know btf_size until we call bpf_obj_get_info_by_fd(). so
+ * let's start with a sane default - 4KiB here - and resize it only if
+ * bpf_obj_get_info_by_fd() needs a bigger buffer.
+ */
+ btf_info.btf_size = 4096;
+ last_size = btf_info.btf_size;
+ ptr = malloc(last_size);
+ if (!ptr) {
+ p_err("unable to allocate memory for debug info");
+ goto exit_free;
+ }
+
+ bzero(ptr, last_size);
+ btf_info.btf = ptr_to_u64(ptr);
+ err = bpf_obj_get_info_by_fd(btf_fd, &btf_info, &len);
+
+ if (!err && btf_info.btf_size > last_size) {
+ void *temp_ptr;
+
+ last_size = btf_info.btf_size;
+ temp_ptr = realloc(ptr, last_size);
+ if (!temp_ptr) {
+ p_err("unable to re-allocate memory for debug info");
+ goto exit_free;
+ }
+ ptr = temp_ptr;
+ bzero(ptr, last_size);
+ btf_info.btf = ptr_to_u64(ptr);
+ err = bpf_obj_get_info_by_fd(btf_fd, &btf_info, &len);
+ }
+
+ if (err || btf_info.btf_size > last_size) {
+ p_info("can't get btf info. debug info won't be displayed. error: %s",
+ err ? strerror(errno) : "exceeds size retry");
+ goto exit_free;
+ }
+
+ btf = btf__new((__u8 *)btf_info.btf,
+ btf_info.btf_size, NULL);
+ if (IS_ERR(btf)) {
+ p_info("error when initialising btf: %s\n",
+ strerror(PTR_ERR(btf)));
+ btf = NULL;
+ }
+
+exit_free:
+ close(btf_fd);
+ free(ptr);
+
+ return btf;
+}
+
+static json_writer_t *get_btf_writer(void)
+{
+ json_writer_t *jw = jsonw_new(stdout);
+
+ if (!jw)
+ return NULL;
+ jsonw_pretty(jw, true);
+
+ return jw;
+}
+
static void print_entry_json(struct bpf_map_info *info, unsigned char *key,
- unsigned char *value)
+ unsigned char *value, struct btf *btf)
{
jsonw_start_object(json_wtr);

@@ -158,6 +264,16 @@ static void print_entry_json(struct bpf_
print_hex_data_json(key, info->key_size);
jsonw_name(json_wtr, "value");
print_hex_data_json(value, info->value_size);
+ if (btf) {
+ struct btf_dumper d = {
+ .btf = btf,
+ .jw = json_wtr,
+ .is_plain_text = false,
+ };
+
+ jsonw_name(json_wtr, "formatted");
+ do_dump_btf(&d, info, key, value);
+ }
} else {
unsigned int i, n;

@@ -508,10 +624,12 @@ static int do_show(int argc, char **argv

static int do_dump(int argc, char **argv)
{
+ struct bpf_map_info info = {};
void *key, *value, *prev_key;
unsigned int num_elems = 0;
- struct bpf_map_info info = {};
__u32 len = sizeof(info);
+ json_writer_t *btf_wtr;
+ struct btf *btf = NULL;
int err;
int fd;

@@ -537,8 +655,22 @@ static int do_dump(int argc, char **argv
}

prev_key = NULL;
+
+ btf = get_btf(&info);
if (json_output)
jsonw_start_array(json_wtr);
+ else
+ if (btf) {
+ btf_wtr = get_btf_writer();
+ if (!btf_wtr) {
+ p_info("failed to create json writer for btf. falling back to plain output");
+ btf__free(btf);
+ btf = NULL;
+ } else {
+ jsonw_start_array(btf_wtr);
+ }
+ }
+
while (true) {
err = bpf_map_get_next_key(fd, prev_key, key);
if (err) {
@@ -549,9 +681,18 @@ static int do_dump(int argc, char **argv

if (!bpf_map_lookup_elem(fd, key, value)) {
if (json_output)
- print_entry_json(&info, key, value);
+ print_entry_json(&info, key, value, btf);
else
- print_entry_plain(&info, key, value);
+ if (btf) {
+ struct btf_dumper d = {
+ .btf = btf,
+ .jw = btf_wtr,
+ .is_plain_text = true,
+ };
+ do_dump_btf(&d, &info, key, value);
+ } else {
+ print_entry_plain(&info, key, value);
+ }
} else {
if (json_output) {
jsonw_name(json_wtr, "key");
@@ -574,14 +715,19 @@ static int do_dump(int argc, char **argv

if (json_output)
jsonw_end_array(json_wtr);
- else
+ else if (btf) {
+ jsonw_end_array(btf_wtr);
+ jsonw_destroy(&btf_wtr);
+ } else {
printf("Found %u element%s\n", num_elems,
num_elems != 1 ? "s" : "");
+ }

exit_free:
free(key);
free(value);
close(fd);
+ btf__free(btf);

return err;
}
@@ -637,6 +783,8 @@ static int do_lookup(int argc, char **ar
{
struct bpf_map_info info = {};
__u32 len = sizeof(info);
+ json_writer_t *btf_wtr;
+ struct btf *btf = NULL;
void *key, *value;
int err;
int fd;
@@ -661,27 +809,54 @@ static int do_lookup(int argc, char **ar
goto exit_free;

err = bpf_map_lookup_elem(fd, key, value);
- if (!err) {
- if (json_output)
- print_entry_json(&info, key, value);
- else
+ if (err) {
+ if (errno == ENOENT) {
+ if (json_output) {
+ jsonw_null(json_wtr);
+ } else {
+ printf("key:\n");
+ fprint_hex(stdout, key, info.key_size, " ");
+ printf("\n\nNot found\n");
+ }
+ } else {
+ p_err("lookup failed: %s", strerror(errno));
+ }
+
+ goto exit_free;
+ }
+
+ /* here means bpf_map_lookup_elem() succeeded */
+ btf = get_btf(&info);
+ if (json_output) {
+ print_entry_json(&info, key, value, btf);
+ } else if (btf) {
+ /* if here json_wtr wouldn't have been initialised,
+ * so let's create separate writer for btf
+ */
+ btf_wtr = get_btf_writer();
+ if (!btf_wtr) {
+ p_info("failed to create json writer for btf. falling back to plain output");
+ btf__free(btf);
+ btf = NULL;
print_entry_plain(&info, key, value);
- } else if (errno == ENOENT) {
- if (json_output) {
- jsonw_null(json_wtr);
} else {
- printf("key:\n");
- fprint_hex(stdout, key, info.key_size, " ");
- printf("\n\nNot found\n");
+ struct btf_dumper d = {
+ .btf = btf,
+ .jw = btf_wtr,
+ .is_plain_text = true,
+ };
+ do_dump_btf(&d, &info, key, value);
+ jsonw_destroy(&btf_wtr);
}
} else {
- p_err("lookup failed: %s", strerror(errno));
+ print_entry_plain(&info, key, value);
}

exit_free:
free(key);
free(value);
close(fd);
+ btf__free(btf);

return err;
}
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