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Subject[PATCH v6 1/2] f2fs: fix to avoid broken of dnode block list
Date
From: Chao Yu <yuchao0@huawei.com>

f2fs recovery flow is relying on dnode block link list, it means fsynced
file recovery depends on previous dnode's persistence in the list, so
during fsync() we should wait on all regular inode's dnode writebacked
before issuing flush.

By this way, we can avoid dnode block list being broken by out-of-order
IO submission due to IO scheduler or driver.

Sheng Yong helps to do the test with this patch:

Target:/data (f2fs, -)
64MB / 32768KB / 4KB / 8

1 / PERSIST / Index

Base:
SEQ-RD(MB/s) SEQ-WR(MB/s) RND-RD(IOPS) RND-WR(IOPS) Insert(TPS) Update(TPS) Delete(TPS)
1 867.82 204.15 41440.03 41370.54 680.8 1025.94 1031.08
2 871.87 205.87 41370.3 40275.2 791.14 1065.84 1101.7
3 866.52 205.69 41795.67 40596.16 694.69 1037.16 1031.48
Avg 868.7366667 205.2366667 41535.33333 40747.3 722.21 1042.98 1054.753333

After:
SEQ-RD(MB/s) SEQ-WR(MB/s) RND-RD(IOPS) RND-WR(IOPS) Insert(TPS) Update(TPS) Delete(TPS)
1 798.81 202.5 41143 40613.87 602.71 838.08 913.83
2 805.79 206.47 40297.2 41291.46 604.44 840.75 924.27
3 814.83 206.17 41209.57 40453.62 602.85 834.66 927.91
Avg 806.4766667 205.0466667 40883.25667 40786.31667 603.3333333 837.83 922.0033333

Patched/Original:
0.928332713 0.999074239 0.984300676 1.000957528 0.835398753 0.803303994 0.874141189

It looks like atomic write will suffer performance regression.

I suspect that the criminal is that we forcing to wait all dnode being in
storage cache before we issue PREFLUSH+FUA.

BTW, will commit ("f2fs: don't need to wait for node writes for atomic write")
cause the problem: we will lose data of last transaction after SPO, even if
atomic write return no error:

- atomic_open();
- write() P1, P2, P3;
- atomic_commit();
- writeback data: P1, P2, P3;
- writeback node: N1, N2, N3; <--- If N1, N2 is not writebacked, N3 with fsync_mark is
writebacked, In SPOR, we won't find N3 since node chain is broken, turns out that losing
last transaction.
- preflush + fua;
- power-cut

If we don't wait dnode writeback for atomic_write:

SEQ-RD(MB/s) SEQ-WR(MB/s) RND-RD(IOPS) RND-WR(IOPS) Insert(TPS) Update(TPS) Delete(TPS)
1 779.91 206.03 41621.5 40333.16 716.9 1038.21 1034.85
2 848.51 204.35 40082.44 39486.17 791.83 1119.96 1083.77
3 772.12 206.27 41335.25 41599.65 723.29 1055.07 971.92
Avg 800.18 205.55 41013.06333 40472.99333 744.0066667 1071.08 1030.18

Patched/Original:
0.92108464 1.001526693 0.987425886 0.993268102 1.030180511 1.026942031 0.976702294

SQLite's performance recovers.

Jaegeuk:
"Practically, I don't see db corruption becase of this. We can excuse to lose
the last transaction."

Finally, we decide to keep original implementation of atomic write interface
sematics that we don't wait all dnode writeback before preflush+fua submission.

Signed-off-by: Chao Yu <yuchao0@huawei.com>
---
v6:
- fix to wait all writeback pages in put_super() for cp_error case.
fs/f2fs/checkpoint.c | 2 +
fs/f2fs/data.c | 2 +
fs/f2fs/f2fs.h | 21 ++++++-
fs/f2fs/file.c | 5 +-
fs/f2fs/node.c | 144 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
fs/f2fs/super.c | 6 ++
6 files changed, 152 insertions(+), 28 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/f2fs/checkpoint.c b/fs/f2fs/checkpoint.c
index 3587aa53dc90..896dc8c9702c 100644
--- a/fs/f2fs/checkpoint.c
+++ b/fs/f2fs/checkpoint.c
@@ -1418,6 +1418,8 @@ static int do_checkpoint(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, struct cp_control *cpc)

f2fs_release_ino_entry(sbi, false);

+ f2fs_reset_fsync_node_info(sbi);
+
clear_sbi_flag(sbi, SBI_IS_DIRTY);
clear_sbi_flag(sbi, SBI_NEED_CP);
__set_cp_next_pack(sbi);
diff --git a/fs/f2fs/data.c b/fs/f2fs/data.c
index eb994c66fe66..69bc00d90aae 100644
--- a/fs/f2fs/data.c
+++ b/fs/f2fs/data.c
@@ -177,6 +177,8 @@ static void f2fs_write_end_io(struct bio *bio)
page->index != nid_of_node(page));

dec_page_count(sbi, type);
+ if (f2fs_in_warm_node_list(sbi, page))
+ f2fs_del_fsync_node_entry(sbi, page);
clear_cold_data(page);
end_page_writeback(page);
}
diff --git a/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h b/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
index a9447c7d6570..18dd13dd8782 100644
--- a/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
+++ b/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
@@ -228,6 +228,12 @@ struct inode_entry {
struct inode *inode; /* vfs inode pointer */
};

+struct fsync_node_entry {
+ struct list_head list; /* list head */
+ struct page *page; /* warm node page pointer */
+ unsigned int seq_id; /* sequence id */
+};
+
/* for the bitmap indicate blocks to be discarded */
struct discard_entry {
struct list_head list; /* list head */
@@ -1156,6 +1162,11 @@ struct f2fs_sb_info {

struct inode_management im[MAX_INO_ENTRY]; /* manage inode cache */

+ spinlock_t fsync_node_lock; /* for node entry lock */
+ struct list_head fsync_node_list; /* node list head */
+ unsigned int fsync_seg_id; /* sequence id */
+ unsigned int fsync_node_num; /* number of node entries */
+
/* for orphan inode, use 0'th array */
unsigned int max_orphans; /* max orphan inodes */

@@ -2827,6 +2838,10 @@ struct node_info;

int f2fs_check_nid_range(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, nid_t nid);
bool f2fs_available_free_memory(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, int type);
+bool f2fs_in_warm_node_list(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, struct page *page);
+void f2fs_init_fsync_node_info(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi);
+void f2fs_del_fsync_node_entry(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, struct page *page);
+void f2fs_reset_fsync_node_info(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi);
int f2fs_need_dentry_mark(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, nid_t nid);
bool f2fs_is_checkpointed_node(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, nid_t nid);
bool f2fs_need_inode_block_update(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, nid_t ino);
@@ -2836,7 +2851,8 @@ pgoff_t f2fs_get_next_page_offset(struct dnode_of_data *dn, pgoff_t pgofs);
int f2fs_get_dnode_of_data(struct dnode_of_data *dn, pgoff_t index, int mode);
int f2fs_truncate_inode_blocks(struct inode *inode, pgoff_t from);
int f2fs_truncate_xattr_node(struct inode *inode);
-int f2fs_wait_on_node_pages_writeback(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, nid_t ino);
+int f2fs_wait_on_node_pages_writeback(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
+ unsigned int seq_id);
int f2fs_remove_inode_page(struct inode *inode);
struct page *f2fs_new_inode_page(struct inode *inode);
struct page *f2fs_new_node_page(struct dnode_of_data *dn, unsigned int ofs);
@@ -2845,7 +2861,8 @@ struct page *f2fs_get_node_page(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, pgoff_t nid);
struct page *f2fs_get_node_page_ra(struct page *parent, int start);
void f2fs_move_node_page(struct page *node_page, int gc_type);
int f2fs_fsync_node_pages(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, struct inode *inode,
- struct writeback_control *wbc, bool atomic);
+ struct writeback_control *wbc, bool atomic,
+ unsigned int *seq_id);
int f2fs_sync_node_pages(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
struct writeback_control *wbc,
bool do_balance, enum iostat_type io_type);
diff --git a/fs/f2fs/file.c b/fs/f2fs/file.c
index bfe265d30da0..3f2c5863fab0 100644
--- a/fs/f2fs/file.c
+++ b/fs/f2fs/file.c
@@ -213,6 +213,7 @@ static int f2fs_do_sync_file(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end,
.nr_to_write = LONG_MAX,
.for_reclaim = 0,
};
+ unsigned int seq_id = 0;

if (unlikely(f2fs_readonly(inode->i_sb)))
return 0;
@@ -275,7 +276,7 @@ static int f2fs_do_sync_file(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end,
}
sync_nodes:
atomic_inc(&sbi->wb_sync_req[NODE]);
- ret = f2fs_fsync_node_pages(sbi, inode, &wbc, atomic);
+ ret = f2fs_fsync_node_pages(sbi, inode, &wbc, atomic, &seq_id);
atomic_dec(&sbi->wb_sync_req[NODE]);
if (ret)
goto out;
@@ -301,7 +302,7 @@ static int f2fs_do_sync_file(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end,
* given fsync mark.
*/
if (!atomic) {
- ret = f2fs_wait_on_node_pages_writeback(sbi, ino);
+ ret = f2fs_wait_on_node_pages_writeback(sbi, seq_id);
if (ret)
goto out;
}
diff --git a/fs/f2fs/node.c b/fs/f2fs/node.c
index 6055d2d12640..78673736e453 100644
--- a/fs/f2fs/node.c
+++ b/fs/f2fs/node.c
@@ -28,6 +28,7 @@
static struct kmem_cache *nat_entry_slab;
static struct kmem_cache *free_nid_slab;
static struct kmem_cache *nat_entry_set_slab;
+static struct kmem_cache *fsync_node_entry_slab;

/*
* Check whether the given nid is within node id range.
@@ -264,6 +265,72 @@ static unsigned int __gang_lookup_nat_set(struct f2fs_nm_info *nm_i,
start, nr);
}

+bool f2fs_in_warm_node_list(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, struct page *page)
+{
+ return NODE_MAPPING(sbi) == page->mapping &&
+ IS_DNODE(page) && is_cold_node(page);
+}
+
+void f2fs_init_fsync_node_info(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
+{
+ spin_lock_init(&sbi->fsync_node_lock);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sbi->fsync_node_list);
+ sbi->fsync_seg_id = 0;
+ sbi->fsync_node_num = 0;
+}
+
+static unsigned int f2fs_add_fsync_node_entry(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
+ struct page *page)
+{
+ struct fsync_node_entry *fn;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ unsigned int seq_id;
+
+ fn = f2fs_kmem_cache_alloc(fsync_node_entry_slab, GFP_NOFS);
+
+ get_page(page);
+ fn->page = page;
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&fn->list);
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&sbi->fsync_node_lock, flags);
+ list_add_tail(&fn->list, &sbi->fsync_node_list);
+ fn->seq_id = sbi->fsync_seg_id++;
+ seq_id = fn->seq_id;
+ sbi->fsync_node_num++;
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&sbi->fsync_node_lock, flags);
+
+ return seq_id;
+}
+
+void f2fs_del_fsync_node_entry(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, struct page *page)
+{
+ struct fsync_node_entry *fn;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&sbi->fsync_node_lock, flags);
+ list_for_each_entry(fn, &sbi->fsync_node_list, list) {
+ if (fn->page == page) {
+ list_del(&fn->list);
+ sbi->fsync_node_num--;
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&sbi->fsync_node_lock, flags);
+ kmem_cache_free(fsync_node_entry_slab, fn);
+ put_page(page);
+ return;
+ }
+ }
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&sbi->fsync_node_lock, flags);
+ f2fs_bug_on(sbi, 1);
+}
+
+void f2fs_reset_fsync_node_info(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&sbi->fsync_node_lock, flags);
+ sbi->fsync_seg_id = 0;
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&sbi->fsync_node_lock, flags);
+}
+
int f2fs_need_dentry_mark(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, nid_t nid)
{
struct f2fs_nm_info *nm_i = NM_I(sbi);
@@ -1384,7 +1451,7 @@ static struct page *last_fsync_dnode(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, nid_t ino)

static int __write_node_page(struct page *page, bool atomic, bool *submitted,
struct writeback_control *wbc, bool do_balance,
- enum iostat_type io_type)
+ enum iostat_type io_type, unsigned int *seq_id)
{
struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi = F2FS_P_SB(page);
nid_t nid;
@@ -1401,6 +1468,7 @@ static int __write_node_page(struct page *page, bool atomic, bool *submitted,
.io_type = io_type,
.io_wbc = wbc,
};
+ unsigned int seq;

trace_f2fs_writepage(page, NODE);

@@ -1446,6 +1514,13 @@ static int __write_node_page(struct page *page, bool atomic, bool *submitted,

set_page_writeback(page);
ClearPageError(page);
+
+ if (f2fs_in_warm_node_list(sbi, page)) {
+ seq = f2fs_add_fsync_node_entry(sbi, page);
+ if (seq_id)
+ *seq_id = seq;
+ }
+
fio.old_blkaddr = ni.blk_addr;
f2fs_do_write_node_page(nid, &fio);
set_node_addr(sbi, &ni, fio.new_blkaddr, is_fsync_dnode(page));
@@ -1493,7 +1568,7 @@ void f2fs_move_node_page(struct page *node_page, int gc_type)
goto out_page;

if (__write_node_page(node_page, false, NULL,
- &wbc, false, FS_GC_NODE_IO))
+ &wbc, false, FS_GC_NODE_IO, NULL))
unlock_page(node_page);
goto release_page;
} else {
@@ -1510,11 +1585,13 @@ void f2fs_move_node_page(struct page *node_page, int gc_type)
static int f2fs_write_node_page(struct page *page,
struct writeback_control *wbc)
{
- return __write_node_page(page, false, NULL, wbc, false, FS_NODE_IO);
+ return __write_node_page(page, false, NULL, wbc, false,
+ FS_NODE_IO, NULL);
}

int f2fs_fsync_node_pages(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, struct inode *inode,
- struct writeback_control *wbc, bool atomic)
+ struct writeback_control *wbc, bool atomic,
+ unsigned int *seq_id)
{
pgoff_t index;
pgoff_t last_idx = ULONG_MAX;
@@ -1595,7 +1672,7 @@ int f2fs_fsync_node_pages(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, struct inode *inode,
ret = __write_node_page(page, atomic &&
page == last_page,
&submitted, wbc, true,
- FS_NODE_IO);
+ FS_NODE_IO, seq_id);
if (ret) {
unlock_page(page);
f2fs_put_page(last_page, 0);
@@ -1712,7 +1789,7 @@ int f2fs_sync_node_pages(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
set_dentry_mark(page, 0);

ret = __write_node_page(page, false, &submitted,
- wbc, do_balance, io_type);
+ wbc, do_balance, io_type, NULL);
if (ret)
unlock_page(page);
else if (submitted)
@@ -1745,35 +1822,46 @@ int f2fs_sync_node_pages(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
return ret;
}

-int f2fs_wait_on_node_pages_writeback(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, nid_t ino)
+int f2fs_wait_on_node_pages_writeback(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
+ unsigned int seq_id)
{
- pgoff_t index = 0;
- struct pagevec pvec;
+ struct fsync_node_entry *fn;
+ struct page *page;
+ struct list_head *head = &sbi->fsync_node_list;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ unsigned int cur_seq_id = 0;
int ret2, ret = 0;
- int nr_pages;

- pagevec_init(&pvec);
+ while (seq_id && cur_seq_id < seq_id) {
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&sbi->fsync_node_lock, flags);
+ if (list_empty(head)) {
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&sbi->fsync_node_lock, flags);
+ break;
+ }
+ fn = list_first_entry(head, struct fsync_node_entry, list);
+ if (fn->seq_id > seq_id) {
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&sbi->fsync_node_lock, flags);
+ break;
+ }
+ cur_seq_id = fn->seq_id;
+ page = fn->page;
+ get_page(page);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&sbi->fsync_node_lock, flags);

- while ((nr_pages = pagevec_lookup_tag(&pvec, NODE_MAPPING(sbi), &index,
- PAGECACHE_TAG_WRITEBACK))) {
- int i;
+ f2fs_wait_on_page_writeback(page, NODE, true);
+ if (TestClearPageError(page))
+ ret = -EIO;

- for (i = 0; i < nr_pages; i++) {
- struct page *page = pvec.pages[i];
+ put_page(page);

- if (ino && ino_of_node(page) == ino) {
- f2fs_wait_on_page_writeback(page, NODE, true);
- if (TestClearPageError(page))
- ret = -EIO;
- }
- }
- pagevec_release(&pvec);
- cond_resched();
+ if (ret)
+ break;
}

ret2 = filemap_check_errors(NODE_MAPPING(sbi));
if (!ret)
ret = ret2;
+
return ret;
}

@@ -2988,8 +3076,15 @@ int __init f2fs_create_node_manager_caches(void)
sizeof(struct nat_entry_set));
if (!nat_entry_set_slab)
goto destroy_free_nid;
+
+ fsync_node_entry_slab = f2fs_kmem_cache_create("fsync_node_entry",
+ sizeof(struct fsync_node_entry));
+ if (!fsync_node_entry_slab)
+ goto destroy_nat_entry_set;
return 0;

+destroy_nat_entry_set:
+ kmem_cache_destroy(nat_entry_set_slab);
destroy_free_nid:
kmem_cache_destroy(free_nid_slab);
destroy_nat_entry:
@@ -3000,6 +3095,7 @@ int __init f2fs_create_node_manager_caches(void)

void f2fs_destroy_node_manager_caches(void)
{
+ kmem_cache_destroy(fsync_node_entry_slab);
kmem_cache_destroy(nat_entry_set_slab);
kmem_cache_destroy(free_nid_slab);
kmem_cache_destroy(nat_entry_slab);
diff --git a/fs/f2fs/super.c b/fs/f2fs/super.c
index 5899d0cf1ab0..ee45a93a6ffd 100644
--- a/fs/f2fs/super.c
+++ b/fs/f2fs/super.c
@@ -1036,6 +1036,10 @@ static void f2fs_put_super(struct super_block *sb)
/* our cp_error case, we can wait for any writeback page */
f2fs_flush_merged_writes(sbi);

+ wait_on_all_pages_writeback(sbi);
+
+ f2fs_bug_on(sbi, sbi->fsync_node_num);
+
iput(sbi->node_inode);
iput(sbi->meta_inode);

@@ -2923,6 +2927,8 @@ static int f2fs_fill_super(struct super_block *sb, void *data, int silent)

f2fs_init_ino_entry_info(sbi);

+ f2fs_init_fsync_node_info(sbi);
+
/* setup f2fs internal modules */
err = f2fs_build_segment_manager(sbi);
if (err) {
--
2.18.0
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