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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 2/3] PCI: Samsung SM961/PM961 NVMe disable before FLR quirk
On Wed, 25 Jul 2018 04:53:18 +0900
Minwoo Im <minwoo.im.dev@gmail.com> wrote:

> Hi Alex,
>
> On Tue, 2018-07-24 at 10:14 -0600, Alex Williamson wrote:
> > The Samsung SM961/PM961 (960 EVO) sometimes fails to return from FLR
> > with the PCI config space reading back as -1.  A reproducible instance
> > of this behavior is resolved by clearing the enable bit in the NVMe
> > configuration register and waiting for the ready status to clear
> > (disabling the NVMe controller) prior to FLR.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
> > ---
> >  drivers/pci/quirks.c |   83
> > ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >  1 file changed, 83 insertions(+)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/pci/quirks.c b/drivers/pci/quirks.c
> > index e72c8742aafa..3899cdd2514b 100644
> > --- a/drivers/pci/quirks.c
> > +++ b/drivers/pci/quirks.c
> > @@ -28,6 +28,7 @@
> >  #include <linux/platform_data/x86/apple.h>
> >  #include <linux/pm_runtime.h>
> >  #include <linux/switchtec.h>
> > +#include <linux/nvme.h>
> >  #include <asm/dma.h> /* isa_dma_bridge_buggy */
> >  #include "pci.h"
> >  
> > @@ -3669,6 +3670,87 @@ static int reset_chelsio_generic_dev(struct pci_dev
> > *dev, int probe)
> >  #define PCI_DEVICE_ID_INTEL_IVB_M_VGA      0x0156
> >  #define PCI_DEVICE_ID_INTEL_IVB_M2_VGA     0x0166
> >  
> > +/*
> > + * The Samsung SM961/PM961 controller can sometimes enter a fatal state after
> > + * FLR where config space reads from the device return -1.  We seem to be
> > + * able to avoid this condition if we disable the NVMe controller prior to
> > + * FLR.  This quirk is generic for any NVMe class device requiring similar
> > + * assistance to quiesce the device prior to FLR.
> > + *
> > + * NVMe specification: https://nvmexpress.org/resources/specifications/
> > + * Revision 1.0e:
>
> It seems too old version of NVMe specification.  Do you have any special reason
> to comment the specified 1.0 version instead of 1.3 or something newer?

I wanted to show that I'm using NVMe features that have been available
since the initial release and there's no reason to check the version
field for their support.

> > + *    Chapter 2: Required and optional PCI config registers
> > + *    Chapter 3: NVMe control registers
> > + *    Chapter 7.3: Reset behavior
> > + */
> > +static int nvme_disable_and_flr(struct pci_dev *dev, int probe)
>
> The name of this function seems able to be started with 'reset_' prefix just
> like other quirks for reset.
> What about reset_samsung_pm961 or something?

I'm fine with any generic prefix, but I'm not fine with obfuscating the
purpose of the function behind a vendor/device specific name. If
someone else comes along needing this same functionality, they'll
probably be reluctant to even look at what a "reset_samsung_sm961"
function does. If they do, they might still be reluctant to reuse
something so obviously made for a specific device. I thought this was
pretty descriptive of what it's doing. Prefixing with 'reset_' is a
tad redundant.

> > +{
> > + void __iomem *bar;
> > + u16 cmd;
> > + u32 cfg;
> > +
> > + if (dev->class != PCI_CLASS_STORAGE_EXPRESS ||
> > +     !pcie_has_flr(dev) || !pci_resource_start(dev, 0))
> > + return -ENOTTY;
> > +
> > + if (probe)
> > + return 0;
> > +
> > + bar = pci_iomap(dev, 0, NVME_REG_CC + sizeof(cfg));
> > + if (!bar)
> > + return -ENOTTY;
> > +
> > + pci_read_config_word(dev, PCI_COMMAND, &cmd);
> > + pci_write_config_word(dev, PCI_COMMAND, cmd | PCI_COMMAND_MEMORY);
> > +
> > + cfg = readl(bar + NVME_REG_CC);
> > +
> > + /* Disable controller if enabled */
> > + if (cfg & NVME_CC_ENABLE) {
> > + u64 cap = readq(bar + NVME_REG_CAP);
> > + unsigned long timeout;
> > +
> > + /*
> > +  * Per nvme_disable_ctrl() skip shutdown notification as it
> > +  * could complete commands to the admin queue.  We only
> > intend
> > +  * to quiesce the device before reset.
> > +  */
> > + cfg &= ~(NVME_CC_SHN_MASK | NVME_CC_ENABLE);
> > +
> > + writel(cfg, bar + NVME_REG_CC);
> > +
> > + /*
> > +  * Some controllers require an additional delay here, see
> > +  * NVME_QUIRK_DELAY_BEFORE_CHK_RDY.  None of those are yet
> > +  * supported by this quirk.
> > +  */
> > +
> > + /* Cap register provides max timeout in 500ms increments */
> > + timeout = ((NVME_CAP_TIMEOUT(cap) + 1) * HZ / 2) + jiffies;
> > +
> > + for (;;) {
> > + u32 status = readl(bar + NVME_REG_CSTS);
> > +
> > + /* Ready status becomes zero on disable complete */
> > + if (!(status & NVME_CSTS_RDY))
> > + break;
> > +
> > + msleep(100);
> > +
> > + if (time_after(jiffies, timeout)) {
> > + pci_warn(dev, "Timeout waiting for NVMe ready
> > status to clear after disable\n");
> > + break;
> > + }
> > + }
> > + }
> > +
> > + pci_iounmap(dev, bar);
> > +
> > + pcie_flr(dev);
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> >  static const struct pci_dev_reset_methods pci_dev_reset_methods[] = {
> >   { PCI_VENDOR_ID_INTEL, PCI_DEVICE_ID_INTEL_82599_SFP_VF,
> >    reset_intel_82599_sfp_virtfn },
> > @@ -3676,6 +3758,7 @@ static const struct pci_dev_reset_methods
> > pci_dev_reset_methods[] = {
> >   reset_ivb_igd },
> >   { PCI_VENDOR_ID_INTEL, PCI_DEVICE_ID_INTEL_IVB_M2_VGA,
> >   reset_ivb_igd },
> > + { PCI_VENDOR_ID_SAMSUNG, 0xa804, nvme_disable_and_flr },
>
> Why don't we just define a macro just like other DEVICE_IDs. (e.g.
> PCIE_DEVICE_ID_INTEL_82599_SFP_VF).
>
> #define PCI_DEVICE_ID_SAMSUNG_PM961  0xa804

include/linux/pci_ids.h"
/*
* PCI Class, Vendor and Device IDs
*
* Please keep sorted.
*
* Do not add new entries to this file unless the definitions
* are shared between multiple drivers.
*/

Those other devices are relatively old, they were probably #define'd
before we started the policy in the header. Thanks,

Alex

> >   { PCI_VENDOR_ID_CHELSIO, PCI_ANY_ID,
> >   reset_chelsio_generic_dev },
> >   { 0 }
> >
> >
> > _______________________________________________
> > Linux-nvme mailing list
> > Linux-nvme@lists.infradead.org
> > http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-nvme

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