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Subject[PATCH 10/39] x86/entry/32: Handle Entry from Kernel-Mode on Entry-Stack
Date
From: Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>

It can happen that we enter the kernel from kernel-mode and
on the entry-stack. The most common way this happens is when
we get an exception while loading the user-space segment
registers on the kernel-to-userspace exit path.

The segment loading needs to be done after the entry-stack
switch, because the stack-switch needs kernel %fs for
per_cpu access.

When this happens, we need to make sure that we leave the
kernel with the entry-stack again, so that the interrupted
code-path runs on the right stack when switching to the
user-cr3.

We do this by detecting this condition on kernel-entry by
checking CS.RPL and %esp, and if it happens, we copy over
the complete content of the entry stack to the task-stack.
This needs to be done because once we enter the exception
handlers we might be scheduled out or even migrated to a
different CPU, so that we can't rely on the entry-stack
contents. We also leave a marker in the stack-frame to
detect this condition on the exit path.

On the exit path the copy is reversed, we copy all of the
remaining task-stack back to the entry-stack and switch
to it.

Signed-off-by: Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>
---
arch/x86/entry/entry_32.S | 116 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
1 file changed, 115 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/entry_32.S b/arch/x86/entry/entry_32.S
index 3d1a114..b3af76e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/entry/entry_32.S
+++ b/arch/x86/entry/entry_32.S
@@ -299,6 +299,9 @@
* copied there. So allocate the stack-frame on the task-stack and
* switch to it before we do any copying.
*/
+
+#define CS_FROM_ENTRY_STACK (1 << 31)
+
.macro SWITCH_TO_KERNEL_STACK

ALTERNATIVE "", "jmp .Lend_\@", X86_FEATURE_XENPV
@@ -320,6 +323,16 @@
/* Load top of task-stack into %edi */
movl TSS_entry_stack(%edi), %edi

+ /*
+ * Clear upper bits of the CS slot in pt_regs in case hardware
+ * didn't clear it for us
+ */
+ andl $(0x0000ffff), PT_CS(%esp)
+
+ /* Special case - entry from kernel mode via entry stack */
+ testl $SEGMENT_RPL_MASK, PT_CS(%esp)
+ jz .Lentry_from_kernel_\@
+
/* Bytes to copy */
movl $PTREGS_SIZE, %ecx

@@ -333,8 +346,8 @@
*/
addl $(4 * 4), %ecx

-.Lcopy_pt_regs_\@:
#endif
+.Lcopy_pt_regs_\@:

/* Allocate frame on task-stack */
subl %ecx, %edi
@@ -350,6 +363,56 @@
cld
rep movsl

+ jmp .Lend_\@
+
+.Lentry_from_kernel_\@:
+
+ /*
+ * This handles the case when we enter the kernel from
+ * kernel-mode and %esp points to the entry-stack. When this
+ * happens we need to switch to the task-stack to run C code,
+ * but switch back to the entry-stack again when we approach
+ * iret and return to the interrupted code-path. This usually
+ * happens when we hit an exception while restoring user-space
+ * segment registers on the way back to user-space.
+ *
+ * When we switch to the task-stack here, we can't trust the
+ * contents of the entry-stack anymore, as the exception handler
+ * might be scheduled out or moved to another CPU. Therefore we
+ * copy the complete entry-stack to the task-stack and set a
+ * marker in the iret-frame (bit 31 of the CS dword) to detect
+ * what we've done on the iret path.
+ *
+ * On the iret path we copy everything back and switch to the
+ * entry-stack, so that the interrupted kernel code-path
+ * continues on the same stack it was interrupted with.
+ *
+ * Be aware that an NMI can happen anytime in this code.
+ *
+ * %esi: Entry-Stack pointer (same as %esp)
+ * %edi: Top of the task stack
+ */
+
+ /* Calculate number of bytes on the entry stack in %ecx */
+ movl %esi, %ecx
+
+ /* %ecx to the top of entry-stack */
+ andl $(MASK_entry_stack), %ecx
+ addl $(SIZEOF_entry_stack), %ecx
+
+ /* Number of bytes on the entry stack to %ecx */
+ sub %esi, %ecx
+
+ /* Mark stackframe as coming from entry stack */
+ orl $CS_FROM_ENTRY_STACK, PT_CS(%esp)
+
+ /*
+ * %esi and %edi are unchanged, %ecx contains the number of
+ * bytes to copy. The code at .Lcopy_pt_regs_\@ will allocate
+ * the stack-frame on task-stack and copy everything over
+ */
+ jmp .Lcopy_pt_regs_\@
+
.Lend_\@:
.endm

@@ -408,6 +471,56 @@
.endm

/*
+ * This macro handles the case when we return to kernel-mode on the iret
+ * path and have to switch back to the entry stack.
+ *
+ * See the comments below the .Lentry_from_kernel_\@ label in the
+ * SWITCH_TO_KERNEL_STACK macro for more details.
+ */
+.macro PARANOID_EXIT_TO_KERNEL_MODE
+
+ /*
+ * Test if we entered the kernel with the entry-stack. Most
+ * likely we did not, because this code only runs on the
+ * return-to-kernel path.
+ */
+ testl $CS_FROM_ENTRY_STACK, PT_CS(%esp)
+ jz .Lend_\@
+
+ /* Unlikely slow-path */
+
+ /* Clear marker from stack-frame */
+ andl $(~CS_FROM_ENTRY_STACK), PT_CS(%esp)
+
+ /* Copy the remaining task-stack contents to entry-stack */
+ movl %esp, %esi
+ movl PER_CPU_VAR(cpu_tss_rw + TSS_sp0), %edi
+
+ /* Bytes on the task-stack to ecx */
+ movl PER_CPU_VAR(cpu_current_top_of_stack), %ecx
+ subl %esi, %ecx
+
+ /* Allocate stack-frame on entry-stack */
+ subl %ecx, %edi
+
+ /*
+ * Save future stack-pointer, we must not switch until the
+ * copy is done, otherwise the NMI handler could destroy the
+ * contents of the task-stack we are about to copy.
+ */
+ movl %edi, %ebx
+
+ /* Do the copy */
+ shrl $2, %ecx
+ cld
+ rep movsl
+
+ /* Safe to switch to entry-stack now */
+ movl %ebx, %esp
+
+.Lend_\@:
+.endm
+/*
* %eax: prev task
* %edx: next task
*/
@@ -769,6 +882,7 @@ restore_all:

restore_all_kernel:
TRACE_IRQS_IRET
+ PARANOID_EXIT_TO_KERNEL_MODE
RESTORE_REGS 4
jmp .Lirq_return

--
2.7.4
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