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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/2] arm64: avoid alloc memory on offline node
On Wed 06-06-18 15:39:34, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> [+cc akpm, linux-mm, linux-pci]
>
> On Wed, Jun 6, 2018 at 10:44 AM Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> wrote:
> >
> > On Thu, May 31, 2018 at 08:14:38PM +0800, Xie XiuQi wrote:
> > > A numa system may return node which is not online.
> > > For example, a numa node:
> > > 1) without memory
> > > 2) NR_CPUS is very small, and the cpus on the node are not brought up
> > >
> > > In this situation, we use NUMA_NO_NODE to avoid oops.
> > >
> > > [ 25.732905] Unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at virtual address 00001988
> > > [ 25.740982] Mem abort info:
> > > [ 25.743762] ESR = 0x96000005
> > > [ 25.746803] Exception class = DABT (current EL), IL = 32 bits
> > > [ 25.752711] SET = 0, FnV = 0
> > > [ 25.755751] EA = 0, S1PTW = 0
> > > [ 25.758878] Data abort info:
> > > [ 25.761745] ISV = 0, ISS = 0x00000005
> > > [ 25.765568] CM = 0, WnR = 0
> > > [ 25.768521] [0000000000001988] user address but active_mm is swapper
> > > [ 25.774861] Internal error: Oops: 96000005 [#1] SMP
> > > [ 25.779724] Modules linked in:
> > > [ 25.782768] CPU: 1 PID: 1 Comm: swapper/0 Not tainted 4.17.0-rc6-mpam+ #115
> > > [ 25.789714] Hardware name: Huawei D06/D06, BIOS Hisilicon D06 EC UEFI Nemo 2.0 RC0 - B305 05/28/2018
> > > [ 25.798831] pstate: 80c00009 (Nzcv daif +PAN +UAO)
> > > [ 25.803612] pc : __alloc_pages_nodemask+0xf0/0xe70
> > > [ 25.808389] lr : __alloc_pages_nodemask+0x184/0xe70
> > > [ 25.813252] sp : ffff00000996f660
> > > [ 25.816553] x29: ffff00000996f660 x28: 0000000000000000
> > > [ 25.821852] x27: 00000000014012c0 x26: 0000000000000000
> > > [ 25.827150] x25: 0000000000000003 x24: ffff000008099eac
> > > [ 25.832449] x23: 0000000000400000 x22: 0000000000000000
> > > [ 25.837747] x21: 0000000000000001 x20: 0000000000000000
> > > [ 25.843045] x19: 0000000000400000 x18: 0000000000010e00
> > > [ 25.848343] x17: 000000000437f790 x16: 0000000000000020
> > > [ 25.853641] x15: 0000000000000000 x14: 6549435020524541
> > > [ 25.858939] x13: 20454d502067756c x12: 0000000000000000
> > > [ 25.864237] x11: ffff00000996f6f0 x10: 0000000000000006
> > > [ 25.869536] x9 : 00000000000012a4 x8 : ffff8023c000ff90
> > > [ 25.874834] x7 : 0000000000000000 x6 : ffff000008d73c08
> > > [ 25.880132] x5 : 0000000000000000 x4 : 0000000000000081
> > > [ 25.885430] x3 : 0000000000000000 x2 : 0000000000000000
> > > [ 25.890728] x1 : 0000000000000001 x0 : 0000000000001980
> > > [ 25.896027] Process swapper/0 (pid: 1, stack limit = 0x (ptrval))
> > > [ 25.902712] Call trace:
> > > [ 25.905146] __alloc_pages_nodemask+0xf0/0xe70
> > > [ 25.909577] allocate_slab+0x94/0x590
> > > [ 25.913225] new_slab+0x68/0xc8
> > > [ 25.916353] ___slab_alloc+0x444/0x4f8
> > > [ 25.920088] __slab_alloc+0x50/0x68
> > > [ 25.923562] kmem_cache_alloc_node_trace+0xe8/0x230
> > > [ 25.928426] pci_acpi_scan_root+0x94/0x278
> > > [ 25.932510] acpi_pci_root_add+0x228/0x4b0
> > > [ 25.936593] acpi_bus_attach+0x10c/0x218
> > > [ 25.940501] acpi_bus_attach+0xac/0x218
> > > [ 25.944323] acpi_bus_attach+0xac/0x218
> > > [ 25.948144] acpi_bus_scan+0x5c/0xc0
> > > [ 25.951708] acpi_scan_init+0xf8/0x254
> > > [ 25.955443] acpi_init+0x310/0x37c
> > > [ 25.958831] do_one_initcall+0x54/0x208
> > > [ 25.962653] kernel_init_freeable+0x244/0x340
> > > [ 25.966999] kernel_init+0x18/0x118
> > > [ 25.970474] ret_from_fork+0x10/0x1c
> > > [ 25.974036] Code: 7100047f 321902a4 1a950095 b5000602 (b9400803)
> > > [ 25.980162] ---[ end trace 64f0893eb21ec283 ]---
> > > [ 25.984765] Kernel panic - not syncing: Fatal exception
> > >
> > > Signed-off-by: Xie XiuQi <xiexiuqi@huawei.com>
> > > Tested-by: Huiqiang Wang <wanghuiqiang@huawei.com>
> > > Cc: Hanjun Guo <hanjun.guo@linaro.org>
> > > Cc: Tomasz Nowicki <Tomasz.Nowicki@caviumnetworks.com>
> > > Cc: Xishi Qiu <qiuxishi@huawei.com>
> > > ---
> > > arch/arm64/kernel/pci.c | 3 +++
> > > 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+)
> > >
> > > diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/pci.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/pci.c
> > > index 0e2ea1c..e17cc45 100644
> > > --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/pci.c
> > > +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/pci.c
> > > @@ -170,6 +170,9 @@ struct pci_bus *pci_acpi_scan_root(struct acpi_pci_root *root)
> > > struct pci_bus *bus, *child;
> > > struct acpi_pci_root_ops *root_ops;
> > >
> > > + if (node != NUMA_NO_NODE && !node_online(node))
> > > + node = NUMA_NO_NODE;
> > > +
> >
> > This really feels like a bodge, but it does appear to be what other
> > architectures do, so:
> >
> > Acked-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
>
> I agree, this doesn't feel like something we should be avoiding in the
> caller of kzalloc_node().
>
> I would not expect kzalloc_node() to return memory that's offline, no
> matter what node we told it to allocate from. I could imagine it
> returning failure, or returning memory from a node that *is* online,
> but returning a pointer to offline memory seems broken.
>
> Are we putting memory that's offline in the free list? I don't know
> where to look to figure this out.

I am not sure I have the full context but pci_acpi_scan_root calls
kzalloc_node(sizeof(*info), GFP_KERNEL, node)
and that should fall back to whatever node that is online. Offline node
shouldn't keep any pages behind. So there must be something else going
on here and the patch is not the right way to handle it. What does
faddr2line __alloc_pages_nodemask+0xf0 tells on this kernel?

--
Michal Hocko
SUSE Labs

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