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SubjectRe: kernel panic in reading /proc/kpageflags when enabling RAM-simulated PMEM
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On Tue, Jun 05, 2018 at 07:35:01AM +0000, Horiguchi Naoya(堀口 直也) wrote:
> On Mon, Jun 04, 2018 at 06:18:36PM -0700, Matthew Wilcox wrote:
> > On Tue, Jun 05, 2018 at 12:54:03AM +0000, Naoya Horiguchi wrote:
> > > Reproduction precedure is like this:
> > > - enable RAM based PMEM (with a kernel boot parameter like memmap=1G!4G)
> > > - read /proc/kpageflags (or call tools/vm/page-types with no arguments)
> > > (- my kernel config is attached)
> > >
> > > I spent a few days on this, but didn't reach any solutions.
> > > So let me report this with some details below ...
> > >
> > > In the critial page request, stable_page_flags() is called with an argument
> > > page whose ->compound_head was somehow filled with '0xffffffffffffffff'.
> > > And compound_head() returns (struct page *)(head - 1), which explains the
> > > address 0xfffffffffffffffe in the above message.
> >
> > Hm. compound_head shares with:
> >
> > struct list_head lru;
> > struct list_head slab_list; /* uses lru */
> > struct { /* Partial pages */
> > struct page *next;
> > unsigned long _compound_pad_1; /* compound_head */
> > unsigned long _pt_pad_1; /* compound_head */
> > struct dev_pagemap *pgmap;
> > struct rcu_head rcu_head;
> >
> > None of them should be -1.
> >
> > > It seems that this kernel panic happens when reading kpageflags of pfn range
> > > [0xbffd7, 0xc0000), which coresponds to a 'reserved' range.
> > >
> > > [ 0.000000] user-defined physical RAM map:
> > > [ 0.000000] user: [mem 0x0000000000000000-0x000000000009fbff] usable
> > > [ 0.000000] user: [mem 0x000000000009fc00-0x000000000009ffff] reserved
> > > [ 0.000000] user: [mem 0x00000000000f0000-0x00000000000fffff] reserved
> > > [ 0.000000] user: [mem 0x0000000000100000-0x00000000bffd6fff] usable
> > > [ 0.000000] user: [mem 0x00000000bffd7000-0x00000000bfffffff] reserved
> > > [ 0.000000] user: [mem 0x00000000feffc000-0x00000000feffffff] reserved
> > > [ 0.000000] user: [mem 0x00000000fffc0000-0x00000000ffffffff] reserved
> > > [ 0.000000] user: [mem 0x0000000100000000-0x000000013fffffff] persistent (type 12)
> > >
> > > So I guess 'memmap=' parameter might badly affect the memory initialization process.
> > >
> > > This problem doesn't reproduce on v4.17, so some pre-released patch introduces it.
> > > I hope this info helps you find the solution/workaround.
> >
> > Can you try bisecting this? It could be one of my patches to reorder struct
> > page, or it could be one of Pavel's deferred page initialisation patches.
> > Or something else ;-)
>
> Thank you for the comment. I'm trying bisecting now, let you know the result later.
>
> And I found that my statement "not reproduce on v4.17" was wrong (I used
> different kvm guests, which made some different test condition and misguided me),
> this seems an older (at least < 4.15) bug.

(Cc: Pavel)

Bisection showed that the following commit introduced this issue:

commit f7f99100d8d95dbcf09e0216a143211e79418b9f
Author: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@oracle.com>
Date: Wed Nov 15 17:36:44 2017 -0800

mm: stop zeroing memory during allocation in vmemmap

This patch postpones struct page zeroing to later stage of memory initialization.
My kernel config disabled CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT so two callsites of
__init_single_page() were never reached. So in such case, struct pages populated
by vmemmap_pte_populate() could be left uninitialized?
And I'm not sure yet how this issue becomes visible with memmap= setting.

Thanks,
Naoya Horiguchi

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