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SubjectRe: [PATCH] mremap: Avoid TLB flushing anonymous pages that are not in swap cache
On Tue 05-06-18 20:51:40, Mel Gorman wrote:
[...]
> mremap: Avoid excessive TLB flushing for anonymous pages that are not in swap cache
>
> Commit 5d1904204c99 ("mremap: fix race between mremap() and page cleanning")
> fixed races between mremap and other operations for both file-backed and
> anonymous mappings. The file-backed was the most critical as it allowed the
> possibility that data could be changed on a physical page after page_mkclean
> returned which could trigger data loss or data integrity issues. A customer
> reported that the cost of the TLBs for anonymous regressions was excessive
> and resulting in a 30-50% drop in performance overall since this commit
> on a microbenchmark. Unfortunately I neither have access to the test-case
> nor can I describe what it does other than saying that mremap operations
> dominate heavily.
>
> The anonymous page race fix is overkill for two reasons. Pages that are
> not in the swap cache are not going to be issued for IO and if a stale TLB
> entry is used, the write still occurs on the same physical page. Any race
> with mmap replacing the address space is handled by mmap_sem. As anonymous
> pages are often dirty, it can mean that mremap always has to flush even
> when it is not necessary.
>
> This patch special cases anonymous pages to only flush ranges under the
> page table lock if the page is in swap cache and can be potentially queued
> for IO. Note that the full flush of the range being mremapped is still
> flushed so TLB flushes are not eliminated entirely.
>
> It uses the page lock to serialise against any potential reclaim. If the
> page is added to the swap cache on the reclaim side after the page lock is
> dropped on the mremap side then reclaim will call try_to_unmap_flush_dirty()
> before issuing any IO so there is no data integrity issue. This means that
> in the common case where a workload avoids swap entirely that mremap is
> a much cheaper operation due to the lack of TLB flushes.
>
> Using another testcase that simply calls mremap heavily with varying number
> of threads, it was found that very broadly speaking that TLB shootdowns
> were reduced by 31% on average throughout the entire test case but your
> milage will vary.

LGTM and it would be great to add some perf numbers for the specific
workload which triggered this (a mremap heavy workload which is real
unfortunately).

> Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>

Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>

> ---
> mm/mremap.c | 45 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
> 1 file changed, 40 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/mm/mremap.c b/mm/mremap.c
> index 049470aa1e3e..5b9767b0446e 100644
> --- a/mm/mremap.c
> +++ b/mm/mremap.c
> @@ -24,6 +24,7 @@
> #include <linux/uaccess.h>
> #include <linux/mm-arch-hooks.h>
> #include <linux/userfaultfd_k.h>
> +#include <linux/mm_inline.h>
>
> #include <asm/cacheflush.h>
> #include <asm/tlbflush.h>
> @@ -112,6 +113,44 @@ static pte_t move_soft_dirty_pte(pte_t pte)
> return pte;
> }
>
> +/* Returns true if a TLB must be flushed before PTL is dropped */
> +static bool should_force_flush(pte_t pte)
> +{
> + bool is_swapcache;
> + struct page *page;
> +
> + if (!pte_present(pte) || !pte_dirty(pte))
> + return false;
> +
> + /*
> + * If we are remapping a dirty file PTE, make sure to flush TLB
> + * before we drop the PTL for the old PTE or we may race with
> + * page_mkclean().
> + */
> + page = pte_page(pte);
> + if (page_is_file_cache(page))
> + return true;
> +
> + /*
> + * For anonymous pages, only flush swap cache pages that could
> + * be unmapped and queued for swap since flush_tlb_batched_pending was
> + * last called. Reclaim itself takes care that the TLB is flushed
> + * before IO is queued. If a page is not in swap cache and a stale TLB
> + * is used before mremap is complete then the write hits the same
> + * physical page and there is no lost data loss.
> + *
> + * Check under the page lock to avoid any potential race with reclaim.
> + * trylock is necessary as spinlocks are currently held. In the unlikely
> + * event of contention, flush the TLB to be safe.
> + */
> + if (!trylock_page(page))
> + return true;
> + is_swapcache = PageSwapCache(page);
> + unlock_page(page);
> +
> + return is_swapcache;
> +}
> +
> static void move_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *old_pmd,
> unsigned long old_addr, unsigned long old_end,
> struct vm_area_struct *new_vma, pmd_t *new_pmd,
> @@ -163,15 +202,11 @@ static void move_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *old_pmd,
>
> pte = ptep_get_and_clear(mm, old_addr, old_pte);
> /*
> - * If we are remapping a dirty PTE, make sure
> - * to flush TLB before we drop the PTL for the
> - * old PTE or we may race with page_mkclean().
> - *
> * This check has to be done after we removed the
> * old PTE from page tables or another thread may
> * dirty it after the check and before the removal.
> */
> - if (pte_present(pte) && pte_dirty(pte))
> + if (should_force_flush(pte))
> force_flush = true;
> pte = move_pte(pte, new_vma->vm_page_prot, old_addr, new_addr);
> pte = move_soft_dirty_pte(pte);
>
> --
> Mel Gorman
> SUSE Labs

--
Michal Hocko
SUSE Labs

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