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SubjectRe: kernel panic in reading /proc/kpageflags when enabling RAM-simulated PMEM
On Wed, Jun 06, 2018 at 05:16:24AM +0000, Naoya Horiguchi wrote:
> On Tue, Jun 05, 2018 at 07:35:01AM +0000, Horiguchi Naoya(堀口 直也) wrote:
> > On Mon, Jun 04, 2018 at 06:18:36PM -0700, Matthew Wilcox wrote:
> > > On Tue, Jun 05, 2018 at 12:54:03AM +0000, Naoya Horiguchi wrote:
> > > > Reproduction precedure is like this:
> > > > - enable RAM based PMEM (with a kernel boot parameter like memmap=1G!4G)
> > > > - read /proc/kpageflags (or call tools/vm/page-types with no arguments)
> > > > (- my kernel config is attached)
> > > >
> > > > I spent a few days on this, but didn't reach any solutions.
> > > > So let me report this with some details below ...
> > > >
> > > > In the critial page request, stable_page_flags() is called with an argument
> > > > page whose ->compound_head was somehow filled with '0xffffffffffffffff'.
> > > > And compound_head() returns (struct page *)(head - 1), which explains the
> > > > address 0xfffffffffffffffe in the above message.
> > >
> > > Hm. compound_head shares with:
> > >
> > > struct list_head lru;
> > > struct list_head slab_list; /* uses lru */
> > > struct { /* Partial pages */
> > > struct page *next;
> > > unsigned long _compound_pad_1; /* compound_head */
> > > unsigned long _pt_pad_1; /* compound_head */
> > > struct dev_pagemap *pgmap;
> > > struct rcu_head rcu_head;
> > >
> > > None of them should be -1.
> > >
> > > > It seems that this kernel panic happens when reading kpageflags of pfn range
> > > > [0xbffd7, 0xc0000), which coresponds to a 'reserved' range.
> > > >
> > > > [ 0.000000] user-defined physical RAM map:
> > > > [ 0.000000] user: [mem 0x0000000000000000-0x000000000009fbff] usable
> > > > [ 0.000000] user: [mem 0x000000000009fc00-0x000000000009ffff] reserved
> > > > [ 0.000000] user: [mem 0x00000000000f0000-0x00000000000fffff] reserved
> > > > [ 0.000000] user: [mem 0x0000000000100000-0x00000000bffd6fff] usable
> > > > [ 0.000000] user: [mem 0x00000000bffd7000-0x00000000bfffffff] reserved
> > > > [ 0.000000] user: [mem 0x00000000feffc000-0x00000000feffffff] reserved
> > > > [ 0.000000] user: [mem 0x00000000fffc0000-0x00000000ffffffff] reserved
> > > > [ 0.000000] user: [mem 0x0000000100000000-0x000000013fffffff] persistent (type 12)
> > > >
> > > > So I guess 'memmap=' parameter might badly affect the memory initialization process.
> > > >
> > > > This problem doesn't reproduce on v4.17, so some pre-released patch introduces it.
> > > > I hope this info helps you find the solution/workaround.
> > >
> > > Can you try bisecting this? It could be one of my patches to reorder struct
> > > page, or it could be one of Pavel's deferred page initialisation patches.
> > > Or something else ;-)
> >
> > Thank you for the comment. I'm trying bisecting now, let you know the result later.
> >
> > And I found that my statement "not reproduce on v4.17" was wrong (I used
> > different kvm guests, which made some different test condition and misguided me),
> > this seems an older (at least < 4.15) bug.
>
> (Cc: Pavel)
>
> Bisection showed that the following commit introduced this issue:
>
> commit f7f99100d8d95dbcf09e0216a143211e79418b9f
> Author: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@oracle.com>
> Date: Wed Nov 15 17:36:44 2017 -0800
>
> mm: stop zeroing memory during allocation in vmemmap
>
> This patch postpones struct page zeroing to later stage of memory initialization.
> My kernel config disabled CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT so two callsites of
> __init_single_page() were never reached. So in such case, struct pages populated
> by vmemmap_pte_populate() could be left uninitialized?
> And I'm not sure yet how this issue becomes visible with memmap= setting.

I think that this becomes visible because memmap=x!y creates a persistent memory region:

parse_memmap_one
{
...
} else if (*p == '!') {
start_at = memparse(p+1, &p);
e820__range_add(start_at, mem_size, E820_TYPE_PRAM);
...
}

and this region it is not added neither in memblock.memory nor in memblock.reserved.
Ranges in memblock.memory get zeroed in memmap_init_zone(), while memblock.reserved get zeroed
in free_low_memory_core_early():

static unsigned long __init free_low_memory_core_early(void)
{
...
for_each_reserved_mem_region(i, &start, &end)
reserve_bootmem_region(start, end);
...
}


Maybe I am mistaken, but I think that persistent memory regions should be marked as reserved.
A comment in do_mark_busy() suggests this:

static bool __init do_mark_busy(enum e820_type type, struct resource *res)
{

...
/*
* Treat persistent memory like device memory, i.e. reserve it
* for exclusive use of a driver
*/
...
}


I wonder if something like this could work and if so, if it is right (i haven't tested it yet):

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/e820.c b/arch/x86/kernel/e820.c
index 71c11ad5643e..3c9686ef74e5 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/e820.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/e820.c
@@ -1247,6 +1247,11 @@ void __init e820__memblock_setup(void)
if (end != (resource_size_t)end)
continue;

+ if (entry->type == E820_TYPE_PRAM || entry->type == E820_TYPE_PMEM) {
+ memblock_reserve(entry->addr, entry->size);
+ continue;
+ }
+
if (entry->type != E820_TYPE_RAM && entry->type != E820_TYPE_RESERVED_KERN)
continue;

Best Regards
Oscar Salvador
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