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SubjectRe: KASAN vs ZONE_DEVICE (was: Re: [PATCH v2 2/7] dax: change bdev_dax_supported()...)
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On 06/05/2018 07:22 AM, Dan Williams wrote:
> On Mon, Jun 4, 2018 at 8:32 PM, Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> wrote:
>> [ adding KASAN devs...]
>>
>> On Mon, Jun 4, 2018 at 4:40 PM, Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> wrote:
>>> On Sun, Jun 3, 2018 at 6:48 PM, Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> wrote:
>>>> On Sun, Jun 3, 2018 at 5:25 PM, Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com> wrote:
>>>>> On Mon, Jun 04, 2018 at 08:20:38AM +1000, Dave Chinner wrote:
>>>>>> On Thu, May 31, 2018 at 09:02:52PM -0700, Dan Williams wrote:
>>>>>>> On Thu, May 31, 2018 at 7:24 PM, Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com> wrote:
>>>>>>>> On Thu, May 31, 2018 at 06:57:33PM -0700, Dan Williams wrote:
>>>>>>>>>> FWIW, XFS+DAX used to just work on this setup (I hadn't even
>>>>>>>>>> installed ndctl until this morning!) but after changing the kernel
>>>>>>>>>> it no longer works. That would make it a regression, yes?
>>>>>>
>>>>>> [....]
>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> I suspect your kernel does not have CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE enabled which
>>>>>>>>> has the following dependencies:
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> depends on MEMORY_HOTPLUG
>>>>>>>>> depends on MEMORY_HOTREMOVE
>>>>>>>>> depends on SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Filesystem DAX now has a dependency on memory hotplug?
>>>>>>
>>>>>> [....]
>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> OK, works now I've found the magic config incantantions to turn
>>>>>>>> everything I now need on.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> By enabling these options, my test VM now has a ~30s pause in the
>>>>>> boot very soon after the nvdimm subsystem is initialised.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> [ 1.523718] Serial: 8250/16550 driver, 4 ports, IRQ sharing enabled
>>>>>> [ 1.550353] 00:05: ttyS0 at I/O 0x3f8 (irq = 4, base_baud = 115200) is a 16550A
>>>>>> [ 1.552175] Non-volatile memory driver v1.3
>>>>>> [ 2.332045] tsc: Refined TSC clocksource calibration: 2199.909 MHz
>>>>>> [ 2.333280] clocksource: tsc: mask: 0xffffffffffffffff max_cycles: 0x1fb5dcd4620, max_idle_ns: 440795264143 ns
>>>>>> [ 37.217453] brd: module loaded
>>>>>> [ 37.225423] loop: module loaded
>>>>>> [ 37.228441] virtio_blk virtio2: [vda] 10485760 512-byte logical blocks (5.37 GB/5.00 GiB)
>>>>>> [ 37.245418] virtio_blk virtio3: [vdb] 146800640 512-byte logical blocks (75.2 GB/70.0 GiB)
>>>>>> [ 37.255794] virtio_blk virtio4: [vdc] 1073741824000 512-byte logical blocks (550 TB/500 TiB)
>>>>>> [ 37.265403] nd_pmem namespace1.0: unable to guarantee persistence of writes
>>>>>> [ 37.265618] nd_pmem namespace0.0: unable to guarantee persistence of writes
>>>>>>
>>>>>> The system does not appear to be consuming CPU, but it is blocking
>>>>>> NMIs so I can't get a CPU trace. For a VM that I rely on booting in
>>>>>> a few seconds because I reboot it tens of times a day, this is a
>>>>>> problem....
>>>>>
>>>>> And when I turn on KASAN, the kernel fails to boot to a login prompt
>>>>> because:
>>>>
>>>> What's your qemu and kernel command line? I'll take look at this first
>>>> thing tomorrow.
>>>
>>> I was able to reproduce this crash by just turning on KASAN...
>>> investigating. It would still help to have your config for our own
>>> regression testing purposes it makes sense for us to prioritize
>>> "Dave's test config", similar to the priority of not breaking Linus'
>>> laptop.
>>
>> I believe this is a bug in KASAN, or a bug in devm_memremap_pages(),
>> depends on your point of view. At the very least it is a mismatch of
>> assumptions. KASAN learns of hot added memory via the memory hotplug
>> notifier. However, the devm_memremap_pages() implementation is
>> intentionally limited to the "first half" of the memory hotplug
>> procedure. I.e. it does just enough to setup the linear map for
>> pfn_to_page() and initialize the "struct page" memmap, but then stops
>> short of onlining the pages. This is why we are getting a NULL ptr
>> deref and not a KASAN report, because KASAN has no shadow area setup
>> for the linearly mapped pmem range.
>>
>> In terms of solving it we could refactor kasan_mem_notifier() so that
>> devm_memremap_pages() can call it outside of the notifier... I'll give
>> this a shot.
>
> Well, the attached patch got me slightly further, but only slightly...
>
> [ 14.998394] BUG: KASAN: unknown-crash in pmem_do_bvec+0x19e/0x790 [nd_pmem]
> [ 15.000006] Read of size 4096 at addr ffff880200000000 by task
> systemd-udevd/915
> [ 15.001991]
> [ 15.002590] CPU: 15 PID: 915 Comm: systemd-udevd Tainted: G
> OE 4.17.0-rc5+ #1
> 982
> [ 15.004783] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996),
> BIOS rel-1.11.1-0-g0551a
> 4be2c-prebuilt.qemu-project.org 04/01/2014
> [ 15.007652] Call Trace:
> [ 15.008339] dump_stack+0x9a/0xeb
> [ 15.009344] print_address_description+0x73/0x280
> [ 15.010524] kasan_report+0x258/0x380
> [ 15.011528] ? pmem_do_bvec+0x19e/0x790 [nd_pmem]
> [ 15.012747] memcpy+0x1f/0x50
> [ 15.013659] pmem_do_bvec+0x19e/0x790 [nd_pmem]
>
> ...I've exhausted my limited kasan internals knowledge, any ideas what
> it's missing?
>

Initialization is missing. kasan_mem_notifier() doesn't initialize shadow because
it expects kasan_free_pages()/kasan_alloc_pages() will do that when page allocated/freed.

So adding memset(shadow_start, 0, shadow_size); will make this work.
But we shouldn't use kasan_mem_notifier here, as that would mean wasting a lot of memory only
to store zeroes.

A better solution would be mapping kasan_zero_page in shadow.
The draft patch bellow demonstrates the idea (build tested only).


---
include/linux/kasan.h | 14 ++++++++++++++
kernel/memremap.c | 10 ++++++++++
mm/kasan/kasan_init.c | 46 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------
3 files changed, 60 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/kasan.h b/include/linux/kasan.h
index de784fd11d12..b5f5d2d9e46f 100644
--- a/include/linux/kasan.h
+++ b/include/linux/kasan.h
@@ -71,6 +71,10 @@ struct kasan_cache {
int kasan_module_alloc(void *addr, size_t size);
void kasan_free_shadow(const struct vm_struct *vm);

+int kasan_add_zero_shadow(unsigned long start, unsigned long size);
+void kasan_remove_zero_shadow(unsigned long start, unsigned long size);
+
+
size_t ksize(const void *);
static inline void kasan_unpoison_slab(const void *ptr) { ksize(ptr); }
size_t kasan_metadata_size(struct kmem_cache *cache);
@@ -124,6 +128,16 @@ static inline bool kasan_slab_free(struct kmem_cache *s, void *object,
static inline int kasan_module_alloc(void *addr, size_t size) { return 0; }
static inline void kasan_free_shadow(const struct vm_struct *vm) {}

+static inline int kasan_add_zero_shadow(unsigned long start, unsigned long size)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+static inline int kasan_remove_zero_shadow(unsigned long start,
+ unsigned long size)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
static inline void kasan_unpoison_slab(const void *ptr) { }
static inline size_t kasan_metadata_size(struct kmem_cache *cache) { return 0; }

diff --git a/kernel/memremap.c b/kernel/memremap.c
index 895e6b76b25e..1524dda52667 100644
--- a/kernel/memremap.c
+++ b/kernel/memremap.c
@@ -15,6 +15,7 @@
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/pfn_t.h>
#include <linux/io.h>
+#include <linux/kasan.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/memory_hotplug.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
@@ -309,6 +310,7 @@ static void devm_memremap_pages_release(void *data)
mem_hotplug_begin();
arch_remove_memory(align_start, align_size, pgmap->altmap_valid ?
&pgmap->altmap : NULL);
+ kasan_remove_zero_shadow((unsigned long)__va(align_start), align_size);
mem_hotplug_done();

untrack_pfn(NULL, PHYS_PFN(align_start), align_size);
@@ -395,6 +397,12 @@ void *devm_memremap_pages(struct device *dev, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
goto err_pfn_remap;

mem_hotplug_begin();
+ error = kasan_add_zero_shadow((unsigned long)__va(align_start), align_size);
+ if (error) {
+ mem_hotplug_done();
+ goto err_kasan;
+ }
+
error = arch_add_memory(nid, align_start, align_size, altmap, false);
if (!error)
move_pfn_range_to_zone(&NODE_DATA(nid)->node_zones[ZONE_DEVICE],
@@ -423,6 +431,8 @@ void *devm_memremap_pages(struct device *dev, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
return __va(res->start);

err_add_memory:
+ kasan_remove_zero_shadow((unsigned long)__va(align_start), align_size);
+ err_kasan:
untrack_pfn(NULL, PHYS_PFN(align_start), align_size);
err_pfn_remap:
err_radix:
diff --git a/mm/kasan/kasan_init.c b/mm/kasan/kasan_init.c
index f436246ccc79..160d35d28e62 100644
--- a/mm/kasan/kasan_init.c
+++ b/mm/kasan/kasan_init.c
@@ -21,6 +21,8 @@
#include <asm/page.h>
#include <asm/pgalloc.h>

+#include "kasan.h"
+
/*
* This page serves two purposes:
* - It used as early shadow memory. The entire shadow region populated
@@ -41,13 +43,16 @@ pmd_t kasan_zero_pmd[PTRS_PER_PMD] __page_aligned_bss;
#endif
pte_t kasan_zero_pte[PTRS_PER_PTE] __page_aligned_bss;

-static __init void *early_alloc(size_t size, int node)
+static void *kasan_alloc(size_t size, int node)
{
+ if (slab_is_available())
+ return (void *)get_zeroed_page(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOFAIL);
+
return memblock_virt_alloc_try_nid(size, size, __pa(MAX_DMA_ADDRESS),
BOOTMEM_ALLOC_ACCESSIBLE, node);
}

-static void __init zero_pte_populate(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr,
+static void __ref zero_pte_populate(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr,
unsigned long end)
{
pte_t *pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, addr);
@@ -63,7 +68,7 @@ static void __init zero_pte_populate(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr,
}
}

-static void __init zero_pmd_populate(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr,
+static void __ref zero_pmd_populate(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr,
unsigned long end)
{
pmd_t *pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr);
@@ -79,13 +84,13 @@ static void __init zero_pmd_populate(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr,

if (pmd_none(*pmd)) {
pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, pmd,
- early_alloc(PAGE_SIZE, NUMA_NO_NODE));
+ kasan_alloc(PAGE_SIZE, NUMA_NO_NODE));
}
zero_pte_populate(pmd, addr, next);
} while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end);
}

-static void __init zero_pud_populate(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr,
+static void __ref zero_pud_populate(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr,
unsigned long end)
{
pud_t *pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr);
@@ -104,13 +109,13 @@ static void __init zero_pud_populate(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr,

if (pud_none(*pud)) {
pud_populate(&init_mm, pud,
- early_alloc(PAGE_SIZE, NUMA_NO_NODE));
+ kasan_alloc(PAGE_SIZE, NUMA_NO_NODE));
}
zero_pmd_populate(pud, addr, next);
} while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end);
}

-static void __init zero_p4d_populate(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr,
+static void __ref zero_p4d_populate(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr,
unsigned long end)
{
p4d_t *p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr);
@@ -133,7 +138,7 @@ static void __init zero_p4d_populate(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr,

if (p4d_none(*p4d)) {
p4d_populate(&init_mm, p4d,
- early_alloc(PAGE_SIZE, NUMA_NO_NODE));
+ kasan_alloc(PAGE_SIZE, NUMA_NO_NODE));
}
zero_pud_populate(p4d, addr, next);
} while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end);
@@ -145,7 +150,7 @@ static void __init zero_p4d_populate(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr,
* @shadow_start - start of the memory range to populate
* @shadow_end - end of the memory range to populate
*/
-void __init kasan_populate_zero_shadow(const void *shadow_start,
+void __ref kasan_populate_zero_shadow(const void *shadow_start,
const void *shadow_end)
{
unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)shadow_start;
@@ -192,8 +197,29 @@ void __init kasan_populate_zero_shadow(const void *shadow_start,

if (pgd_none(*pgd)) {
pgd_populate(&init_mm, pgd,
- early_alloc(PAGE_SIZE, NUMA_NO_NODE));
+ kasan_alloc(PAGE_SIZE, NUMA_NO_NODE));
}
zero_p4d_populate(pgd, addr, next);
} while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end);
}
+
+int kasan_add_zero_shadow(unsigned long start, unsigned long size)
+{
+ unsigned long shadow_start, shadow_end;
+
+ shadow_start = (unsigned long)kasan_mem_to_shadow((void *)start);
+ shadow_end = shadow_start + (size >> KASAN_SHADOW_SCALE_SHIFT);
+
+ if (WARN_ON(start % (KASAN_SHADOW_SCALE_SIZE * PAGE_SIZE)) ||
+ WARN_ON(size % (KASAN_SHADOW_SCALE_SIZE * PAGE_SIZE)))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ kasan_populate_zero_shadow((void *)shadow_start,
+ (void *)shadow_end);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+void kasan_remove_zero_shadow(unsigned long start, unsigned long size)
+{
+ /* TODO */
+}
--
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