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SubjectRe: [PATCH v1] AMD SSB bits.
From
Date
On 6/1/2018 9:59 AM, Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk wrote:
> Hi,
>
> I was reading the AMD whitepaper on SSBD and noticed that they have added
> two new bits in the 8000_0008 CPUID. EBX:
> 1) Bit[26] - similar to Intel's SSB_NO not needed anymore.
> 2) Bit[24] - use SPEC_CTRL MSR (0x48) instead of VIRT SPEC_CTRL MSR
> (0xC001_011f).
>
> See 124441_AMD64_SpeculativeStoreBypassDisable_Whitepaper_final.pdf
> (A copy of this document is available at
> https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=199889)
>
> Being that I don't have the hardware (not even sure if AMD has developed it yet)
> I ended up cobbling up a DEBUG patch, the last one - which is well, debug
> (see below).

So I'm not sure what is debug and what isn't, so I'm just commenting as if
they weren't debug. If this patch is just for debug, then you can
probably ignore.

>
> QEMU patches will be sent in another patchset.
>
> arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h | 2 ++
> arch/x86/kernel/cpu/bugs.c | 13 +++++--------
> arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c | 9 ++++++++-
> arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c | 10 ++++++++--
> arch/x86/kvm/svm.c | 8 +++++---
> 5 files changed, 28 insertions(+), 14 deletions(-)
> Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk (3):
> x86/bugs: Add AMD's variant of SSB_NO.
> x86/bugs: Add AMD's SPEC_CTRL MSR usage
> x86/bugs: Switch the selection of mitigation from CPU vendor to CPU features
>
>
> From 3d120f90731dae7e9a6f0c941c8bc228ed346baa Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
> From: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com>
> Date: Thu, 31 May 2018 20:56:08 -0400
> Subject: [PATCH] DEBUG HACK DEBUG
>
> Expose the two various Bits to the guest depending on the module
> parameters.
>
> Also show the various hidden flags in the /proc/cpuinfo.
>
> Signed-off-by: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com>
> ---
> arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h | 14 +++++++-------
> arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c | 12 ++++++++++++
> arch/x86/kvm/svm.c | 13 -------------
> 3 files changed, 19 insertions(+), 20 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h
> index 5701f5cecd31..05b74564089a 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h
> @@ -206,15 +206,15 @@
> #define X86_FEATURE_RETPOLINE_AMD ( 7*32+13) /* "" AMD Retpoline mitigation for Spectre variant 2 */
> #define X86_FEATURE_INTEL_PPIN ( 7*32+14) /* Intel Processor Inventory Number */
> #define X86_FEATURE_CDP_L2 ( 7*32+15) /* Code and Data Prioritization L2 */
> -#define X86_FEATURE_MSR_SPEC_CTRL ( 7*32+16) /* "" MSR SPEC_CTRL is implemented */
> +#define X86_FEATURE_MSR_SPEC_CTRL ( 7*32+16) /* MSR SPEC_CTRL is implemented */
> #define X86_FEATURE_SSBD ( 7*32+17) /* Speculative Store Bypass Disable */
> #define X86_FEATURE_MBA ( 7*32+18) /* Memory Bandwidth Allocation */
> #define X86_FEATURE_RSB_CTXSW ( 7*32+19) /* "" Fill RSB on context switches */
> #define X86_FEATURE_SEV ( 7*32+20) /* AMD Secure Encrypted Virtualization */
> #define X86_FEATURE_USE_IBPB ( 7*32+21) /* "" Indirect Branch Prediction Barrier enabled */
> #define X86_FEATURE_USE_IBRS_FW ( 7*32+22) /* "" Use IBRS during runtime firmware calls */
> -#define X86_FEATURE_SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_DISABLE ( 7*32+23) /* "" Disable Speculative Store Bypass. */
> -#define X86_FEATURE_LS_CFG_SSBD ( 7*32+24) /* "" AMD SSBD implementation via LS_CFG MSR */
> +#define X86_FEATURE_SPEC_STORE_BYPASS_DISABLE ( 7*32+23) /* Disable Speculative Store Bypass. */
> +#define X86_FEATURE_LS_CFG_SSBD ( 7*32+24) /* AMD SSBD implementation via LS_CFG MSR */
> #define X86_FEATURE_IBRS ( 7*32+25) /* Indirect Branch Restricted Speculation */
> #define X86_FEATURE_IBPB ( 7*32+26) /* Indirect Branch Prediction Barrier */
> #define X86_FEATURE_STIBP ( 7*32+27) /* Single Thread Indirect Branch Predictors */
> @@ -279,12 +279,12 @@
> #define X86_FEATURE_CLZERO (13*32+ 0) /* CLZERO instruction */
> #define X86_FEATURE_IRPERF (13*32+ 1) /* Instructions Retired Count */
> #define X86_FEATURE_XSAVEERPTR (13*32+ 2) /* Always save/restore FP error pointers */
> -#define X86_FEATURE_AMD_IBPB (13*32+12) /* "" Indirect Branch Prediction Barrier */
> +#define X86_FEATURE_AMD_IBPB (13*32+12) /* Indirect Branch Prediction Barrier */

Do you really want to remove the double quotes? This will cause lscpu /
cpuinfo to display ibpb and amd_ibpb in the flags. I think just having
the ibpb flag is what was intended. Ditto below on stibp and ssbd, too.

> #define X86_FEATURE_AMD_IBRS (13*32+14) /* "" Indirect Branch Restricted Speculation */
> -#define X86_FEATURE_AMD_STIBP (13*32+15) /* "" Single Thread Indirect Branch Predictors */
> -#define X86_FEATURE_AMD_SSBD (13*32+24) /* "" Speculative Store Bypass Disable */
> +#define X86_FEATURE_AMD_STIBP (13*32+15) /* Single Thread Indirect Branch Predictors */
> +#define X86_FEATURE_AMD_SSBD (13*32+24) /* Speculative Store Bypass Disable */
> #define X86_FEATURE_VIRT_SSBD (13*32+25) /* Virtualized Speculative Store Bypass Disable */
> -#define X86_FEATURE_AMD_SSB_NO (13*32+26) /* "" Speculative Store Bypass is fixed in hardware. */
> +#define X86_FEATURE_AMD_SSB_NO (13*32+26) /* Speculative Store Bypass is fixed in hardware. */
>
> /* Thermal and Power Management Leaf, CPUID level 0x00000006 (EAX), word 14 */
> #define X86_FEATURE_DTHERM (14*32+ 0) /* Digital Thermal Sensor */
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c b/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c
> index f4f30d0c25c4..67c5d4eb32ac 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c
> @@ -27,6 +27,12 @@
> #include "trace.h"
> #include "pmu.h"
>
> +static bool __read_mostly expose_amd_ssb_no = 0;
> +module_param(expose_amd_ssb_no, bool, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
> +
> +static bool __read_mostly expose_amd_spec_ctrl = 0;
> +module_param(expose_amd_spec_ctrl, bool, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
> +
> static u32 xstate_required_size(u64 xstate_bv, bool compacted)
> {
> int feature_bit = 0;
> @@ -672,6 +678,12 @@ static inline int __do_cpuid_ent(struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *entry, u32 function,
> if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_LS_CFG_SSBD) &&
> !boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_AMD_SSBD))
> entry->ebx |= F(VIRT_SSBD);
> +
> + if (expose_amd_spec_ctrl && !boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_HYPERVISOR))
> + entry->ebx |= F(AMD_SSBD);
> +
> + if (expose_amd_ssb_no && !boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_HYPERVISOR))
> + entry->ebx |= F(AMD_SSB_NO);

I'm not sure about the purpose of the module parameters. Shouldn't you
add F(AMD_SSBD) and F(AMD_SSB_NO) to kvm_cpuid_8000_0008_ebx_x86_features
and allow cpuid_mask() to keep or clear them?

> break;
> }
> case 0x80000019:
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/svm.c b/arch/x86/kvm/svm.c
> index 950ec50f77c3..a4c71b37df74 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/svm.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/svm.c
> @@ -288,7 +288,6 @@ static const struct svm_direct_access_msrs {
> { .index = MSR_CSTAR, .always = true },
> { .index = MSR_SYSCALL_MASK, .always = true },
> #endif
> - { .index = MSR_IA32_SPEC_CTRL, .always = false },
> { .index = MSR_IA32_PRED_CMD, .always = false },
> { .index = MSR_IA32_LASTBRANCHFROMIP, .always = false },
> { .index = MSR_IA32_LASTBRANCHTOIP, .always = false },
> @@ -4231,18 +4230,6 @@ static int svm_set_msr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct msr_data *msr)
> if (!data)
> break;
>
> - /*
> - * For non-nested:
> - * When it's written (to non-zero) for the first time, pass
> - * it through.
> - *
> - * For nested:
> - * The handling of the MSR bitmap for L2 guests is done in
> - * nested_svm_vmrun_msrpm.
> - * We update the L1 MSR bit as well since it will end up
> - * touching the MSR anyway now.
> - */
> - set_msr_interception(svm->msrpm, MSR_IA32_SPEC_CTRL, 1, 1);

Removing this will cause the MSR to always be intercepted, when, in fact,
we don't want it to be intercepted after the first time it is written as
non-zero.

Thanks,
Tom

> break;
> case MSR_IA32_PRED_CMD:
> if (!msr->host_initiated &&
>

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