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SubjectRe: [PATCH v5 00/10] track CPU utilization
On 5 June 2018 at 15:12, Quentin Perret <quentin.perret@arm.com> wrote:
> On Tuesday 05 Jun 2018 at 13:59:56 (+0200), Vincent Guittot wrote:
>> On 5 June 2018 at 12:57, Quentin Perret <quentin.perret@arm.com> wrote:
>> > Hi Vincent,
>> >
>> > On Tuesday 05 Jun 2018 at 10:36:26 (+0200), Vincent Guittot wrote:
>> >> Hi Quentin,
>> >>
>> >> On 25 May 2018 at 15:12, Vincent Guittot <vincent.guittot@linaro.org> wrote:
>> >> > This patchset initially tracked only the utilization of RT rq. During
>> >> > OSPM summit, it has been discussed the opportunity to extend it in order
>> >> > to get an estimate of the utilization of the CPU.
>> >> >
>> >> > - Patches 1-3 correspond to the content of patchset v4 and add utilization
>> >> > tracking for rt_rq.
>> >> >
>> >> > When both cfs and rt tasks compete to run on a CPU, we can see some frequency
>> >> > drops with schedutil governor. In such case, the cfs_rq's utilization doesn't
>> >> > reflect anymore the utilization of cfs tasks but only the remaining part that
>> >> > is not used by rt tasks. We should monitor the stolen utilization and take
>> >> > it into account when selecting OPP. This patchset doesn't change the OPP
>> >> > selection policy for RT tasks but only for CFS tasks
>> >> >
>> >> > A rt-app use case which creates an always running cfs thread and a rt threads
>> >> > that wakes up periodically with both threads pinned on same CPU, show lot of
>> >> > frequency switches of the CPU whereas the CPU never goes idles during the
>> >> > test. I can share the json file that I used for the test if someone is
>> >> > interested in.
>> >> >
>> >> > For a 15 seconds long test on a hikey 6220 (octo core cortex A53 platfrom),
>> >> > the cpufreq statistics outputs (stats are reset just before the test) :
>> >> > $ cat /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpufreq/policy0/stats/total_trans
>> >> > without patchset : 1230
>> >> > with patchset : 14
>> >>
>> >> I have attached the rt-app json file that I use for this test
>> >
>> > Thank you very much ! I did a quick test with a much simpler fix to this
>> > RT-steals-time-from-CFS issue using just the existing scale_rt_capacity().
>> > I get the following results on Hikey960:
>> >
>> > Without patch:
>> > cat /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpufreq/policy0/stats/total_trans
>> > 12
>> > cat /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpufreq/policy4/stats/total_trans
>> > 640
>> > With patch
>> > cat /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpufreq/policy0/stats/total_trans
>> > 8
>> > cat /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpufreq/policy4/stats/total_trans
>> > 12
>> >
>> > Yes the rt_avg stuff is out of sync with the PELT signal, but do you think
>> > this is an actual issue for realistic use-cases ?
>>
>> yes I think that it's worth syncing and consolidating things on the
>> same metric. The result will be saner and more robust as we will have
>> the same behavior
>
> TBH I'm not disagreeing with that, the PELT-everywhere approach feels
> cleaner in a way, but do you have a use-case in mind where this will
> definitely help ?
>
> I mean, yes the rt_avg is a slow response to the RT pressure, but is
> this always a problem ? Ramping down slower might actually help in some
> cases no ?

I would say no because when one will decrease the other one will not
increase at the same pace and we will have some wrong behavior or
decision

>
>>
>> >
>> > What about the diff below (just a quick hack to show the idea) applied
>> > on tip/sched/core ?
>> >
>> > ---8<---
>> > diff --git a/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c b/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c
>> > index a8ba6d1f262a..23a4fb1c2c25 100644
>> > --- a/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c
>> > +++ b/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c
>> > @@ -180,9 +180,12 @@ static void sugov_get_util(struct sugov_cpu *sg_cpu)
>> > sg_cpu->util_dl = cpu_util_dl(rq);
>> > }
>> >
>> > +unsigned long scale_rt_capacity(int cpu);
>> > static unsigned long sugov_aggregate_util(struct sugov_cpu *sg_cpu)
>> > {
>> > struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(sg_cpu->cpu);
>> > + int cpu = sg_cpu->cpu;
>> > + unsigned long util, dl_bw;
>> >
>> > if (rq->rt.rt_nr_running)
>> > return sg_cpu->max;
>> > @@ -197,7 +200,14 @@ static unsigned long sugov_aggregate_util(struct sugov_cpu *sg_cpu)
>> > * util_cfs + util_dl as requested freq. However, cpufreq is not yet
>> > * ready for such an interface. So, we only do the latter for now.
>> > */
>> > - return min(sg_cpu->max, (sg_cpu->util_dl + sg_cpu->util_cfs));
>> > + util = arch_scale_cpu_capacity(NULL, cpu) * scale_rt_capacity(cpu);
>> > + util >>= SCHED_CAPACITY_SHIFT;
>> > + util = arch_scale_cpu_capacity(NULL, cpu) - util;
>> > + util += sg_cpu->util_cfs;
>> > + dl_bw = (rq->dl.this_bw * SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE) >> BW_SHIFT;
>> > +
>> > + /* Make sure to always provide the reserved freq to DL. */
>> > + return max(util, dl_bw);
>> > }
>> >
>> > static void sugov_set_iowait_boost(struct sugov_cpu *sg_cpu, u64 time, unsigned int flags)
>> > diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
>> > index f01f0f395f9a..0e87cbe47c8b 100644
>> > --- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
>> > +++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
>> > @@ -7868,7 +7868,7 @@ static inline int get_sd_load_idx(struct sched_domain *sd,
>> > return load_idx;
>> > }
>> >
>> > -static unsigned long scale_rt_capacity(int cpu)
>> > +unsigned long scale_rt_capacity(int cpu)
>> > {
>> > struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
>> > u64 total, used, age_stamp, avg;
>> > --->8---
>> >
>> >
>> >
>> >>
>> >> >
>> >> > If we replace the cfs thread of rt-app by a sysbench cpu test, we can see
>> >> > performance improvements:
>> >> >
>> >> > - Without patchset :
>> >> > Test execution summary:
>> >> > total time: 15.0009s
>> >> > total number of events: 4903
>> >> > total time taken by event execution: 14.9972
>> >> > per-request statistics:
>> >> > min: 1.23ms
>> >> > avg: 3.06ms
>> >> > max: 13.16ms
>> >> > approx. 95 percentile: 12.73ms
>> >> >
>> >> > Threads fairness:
>> >> > events (avg/stddev): 4903.0000/0.00
>> >> > execution time (avg/stddev): 14.9972/0.00
>> >> >
>> >> > - With patchset:
>> >> > Test execution summary:
>> >> > total time: 15.0014s
>> >> > total number of events: 7694
>> >> > total time taken by event execution: 14.9979
>> >> > per-request statistics:
>> >> > min: 1.23ms
>> >> > avg: 1.95ms
>> >> > max: 10.49ms
>> >> > approx. 95 percentile: 10.39ms
>> >> >
>> >> > Threads fairness:
>> >> > events (avg/stddev): 7694.0000/0.00
>> >> > execution time (avg/stddev): 14.9979/0.00
>> >> >
>> >> > The performance improvement is 56% for this use case.
>> >> >
>> >> > - Patches 4-5 add utilization tracking for dl_rq in order to solve similar
>> >> > problem as with rt_rq
>> >> >
>> >> > - Patches 6 uses dl and rt utilization in the scale_rt_capacity() and remove
>> >> > dl and rt from sched_rt_avg_update
>> >> >
>> >> > - Patches 7-8 add utilization tracking for interrupt and use it select OPP
>> >> > A test with iperf on hikey 6220 gives:
>> >> > w/o patchset w/ patchset
>> >> > Tx 276 Mbits/sec 304 Mbits/sec +10%
>> >> > Rx 299 Mbits/sec 328 Mbits/sec +09%
>> >> >
>> >> > 8 iterations of iperf -c server_address -r -t 5
>> >> > stdev is lower than 1%
>> >> > Only WFI idle state is enable (shallowest arm idle state)
>> >> >
>> >> > - Patches 9 removes the unused sched_avg_update code
>> >> >
>> >> > - Patch 10 removes the unused sched_time_avg_ms
>> >> >
>> >> > Change since v3:
>> >> > - add support of periodic update of blocked utilization
>> >> > - rebase on lastest tip/sched/core
>> >> >
>> >> > Change since v2:
>> >> > - move pelt code into a dedicated pelt.c file
>> >> > - rebase on load tracking changes
>> >> >
>> >> > Change since v1:
>> >> > - Only a rebase. I have addressed the comments on previous version in
>> >> > patch 1/2
>> >> >
>> >> > Vincent Guittot (10):
>> >> > sched/pelt: Move pelt related code in a dedicated file
>> >> > sched/rt: add rt_rq utilization tracking
>> >> > cpufreq/schedutil: add rt utilization tracking
>> >> > sched/dl: add dl_rq utilization tracking
>> >> > cpufreq/schedutil: get max utilization
>> >> > sched: remove rt and dl from sched_avg
>> >> > sched/irq: add irq utilization tracking
>> >> > cpufreq/schedutil: take into account interrupt
>> >> > sched: remove rt_avg code
>> >> > proc/sched: remove unused sched_time_avg_ms
>> >> >
>> >> > include/linux/sched/sysctl.h | 1 -
>> >> > kernel/sched/Makefile | 2 +-
>> >> > kernel/sched/core.c | 38 +---
>> >> > kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c | 24 ++-
>> >> > kernel/sched/deadline.c | 7 +-
>> >> > kernel/sched/fair.c | 381 +++----------------------------------
>> >> > kernel/sched/pelt.c | 395 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>> >> > kernel/sched/pelt.h | 63 +++++++
>> >> > kernel/sched/rt.c | 10 +-
>> >> > kernel/sched/sched.h | 57 ++++--
>> >> > kernel/sysctl.c | 8 -
>> >> > 11 files changed, 563 insertions(+), 423 deletions(-)
>> >> > create mode 100644 kernel/sched/pelt.c
>> >> > create mode 100644 kernel/sched/pelt.h
>> >> >
>> >> > --
>> >> > 2.7.4
>> >> >
>> >
>> >

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