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Subject[PATCH 1/3] i2c:ocores: stop transfer on timeout
Date
Detecting a timeout is ok, but we also need to assert a STOP command on
the bus in order to prevent it from generating interrupts when there are
no on going transfers.

Example: very long transmission.

1. ocores_xfer: START a transfer
2. ocores_isr : handle byte by byte the transfer
3. ocores_xfer: goes in timeout [[bugfix here]]
4. ocores_xfer: return to I2C subsystem and to the I2C driver
5. I2C driver : it may clean up the i2c_msg memory
6. ocores_isr : receives another interrupt (pending bytes to be
transferred) but the i2c_msg memory is invalid now

So, since the transfer was too long, we have to detect the timeout and
STOP the transfer.

Another point is that we have a critical region here. When handling the
timeout condition we may have a running IRQ handler. For this reason I
introduce a spinlock. In the IRQ handler we can just use trylock because
if the lock is taken is because we are in timeout, so there is no need to
process the IRQ.

Signed-off-by: Federico Vaga <federico.vaga@cern.ch>
---
drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-ocores.c | 28 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
1 file changed, 26 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-ocores.c b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-ocores.c
index 88444ef74943..98c0ef74882b 100644
--- a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-ocores.c
+++ b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-ocores.c
@@ -25,6 +25,7 @@
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/io.h>
#include <linux/log2.h>
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>

struct ocores_i2c {
void __iomem *base;
@@ -36,6 +37,7 @@ struct ocores_i2c {
int pos;
int nmsgs;
int state; /* see STATE_ */
+ spinlock_t xfer_lock;
struct clk *clk;
int ip_clock_khz;
int bus_clock_khz;
@@ -207,15 +209,30 @@ static void ocores_process(struct ocores_i2c *i2c)
static irqreturn_t ocores_isr(int irq, void *dev_id)
{
struct ocores_i2c *i2c = dev_id;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ int ret;
+
+ /*
+ * We need to protect i2c against a timeout event (see ocores_xfer())
+ * If we cannot take this lock, it means that we are already in
+ * timeout, so it's pointless to handle this interrupt because we
+ * are going to abort the current transfer.
+ */
+ ret = spin_trylock_irqsave(&i2c->xfer_lock, flags);
+ if (!ret)
+ return IRQ_HANDLED;

ocores_process(i2c);

+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&i2c->xfer_lock, flags);
+
return IRQ_HANDLED;
}

static int ocores_xfer(struct i2c_adapter *adap, struct i2c_msg *msgs, int num)
{
struct ocores_i2c *i2c = i2c_get_adapdata(adap);
+ unsigned long flags;

i2c->msg = msgs;
i2c->pos = 0;
@@ -226,10 +243,15 @@ static int ocores_xfer(struct i2c_adapter *adap, struct i2c_msg *msgs, int num)
oc_setreg(i2c, OCI2C_CMD, OCI2C_CMD_START);

if (wait_event_timeout(i2c->wait, (i2c->state == STATE_ERROR) ||
- (i2c->state == STATE_DONE), HZ))
+ (i2c->state == STATE_DONE), HZ)) {
return (i2c->state == STATE_DONE) ? num : -EIO;
- else
+ } else {
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&i2c->xfer_lock, flags);
+ i2c->state = STATE_ERROR;
+ oc_setreg(i2c, OCI2C_CMD, OCI2C_CMD_STOP);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&i2c->xfer_lock, flags);
return -ETIMEDOUT;
+ }
}

static int ocores_init(struct device *dev, struct ocores_i2c *i2c)
@@ -422,6 +444,8 @@ static int ocores_i2c_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
if (!i2c)
return -ENOMEM;

+ spin_lock_init(&i2c->xfer_lock);
+
res = platform_get_resource(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, 0);
i2c->base = devm_ioremap_resource(&pdev->dev, res);
if (IS_ERR(i2c->base))
--
2.15.0
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