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SubjectRe: [PATCH V3 2/3] scsi: ufs: Add ufs provisioning support
Hi,

On 6/14/18, Sayali Lokhande <sayalil@codeaurora.org> wrote:
> A new api ufshcd_do_config_device() is added in driver
> to support UFS provisioning at runtime. Configfs support
> is added to trigger provisioning.
> Device and Unit configurable parameters are parsed from
> vendor specific provisioning data or file and
> passed via configfs node at runtime to provision ufs device.
>
> Signed-off-by: Sayali Lokhande <sayalil@codeaurora.org>
> ---
> drivers/scsi/ufs/ufs.h | 28 ++++++++
> drivers/scsi/ufs/ufshcd.c | 180
> ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> drivers/scsi/ufs/ufshcd.h | 2 +
> 3 files changed, 210 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/scsi/ufs/ufs.h b/drivers/scsi/ufs/ufs.h
> index e15deb0..1f99904 100644
> --- a/drivers/scsi/ufs/ufs.h
> +++ b/drivers/scsi/ufs/ufs.h
> @@ -333,6 +333,7 @@ enum {
> UFSHCD_AMP = 3,
> };
>
> +#define UFS_BLOCK_SIZE 4096
> #define POWER_DESC_MAX_SIZE 0x62
> #define POWER_DESC_MAX_ACTV_ICC_LVLS 16
>
> @@ -425,6 +426,33 @@ enum {
> MASK_TM_SERVICE_RESP = 0xFF,
> };
>
> +struct ufs_unit_desc {
> + u8 bLUEnable; /* 1 for enabled LU */
> + u8 bBootLunID; /* 0 for using this LU for boot */
> + u8 bLUWriteProtect; /* 1 = power on WP, 2 = permanent WP */
> + u8 bMemoryType; /* 0 for enhanced memory type */
> + u32 dNumAllocUnits; /* Number of alloc unit for this LU */
> + u8 bDataReliability; /* 0 for reliable write support */
> + u8 bLogicalBlockSize; /* See section 13.2.3 of UFS standard */
> + u8 bProvisioningType; /* 0 for thin provisioning */
> + u16 wContextCapabilities; /* refer Unit Descriptor Description */
> +};
> +
> +struct ufs_config_descr {
> + u8 bNumberLU; /* Total number of active LUs */
> + u8 bBootEnable; /* enabling device for partial init */
> + u8 bDescrAccessEn; /* desc access during partial init */
> + u8 bInitPowerMode; /* Initial device power mode */
> + u8 bHighPriorityLUN; /* LUN of the high priority LU */
> + u8 bSecureRemovalType; /* Erase config for data removal */
> + u8 bInitActiveICCLevel; /* ICC level after reset */
> + u16 wPeriodicRTCUpdate; /* 0 to set a priodic RTC update rate */
> + u32 bConfigDescrLock; /* 1 to lock Configation Descriptor */
> + u32 qVendorConfigCode; /* Vendor specific configuration code */
> + struct ufs_unit_desc unit[8];
> + u8 lun_to_grow;
> +};
> +
> /* Task management service response */
> enum {
> UPIU_TASK_MANAGEMENT_FUNC_COMPL = 0x00,
> diff --git a/drivers/scsi/ufs/ufshcd.c b/drivers/scsi/ufs/ufshcd.c
> index 4abc7ae..c0235a4 100644
> --- a/drivers/scsi/ufs/ufshcd.c
> +++ b/drivers/scsi/ufs/ufshcd.c
> @@ -42,6 +42,7 @@
> #include <linux/nls.h>
> #include <linux/of.h>
> #include <linux/bitfield.h>
> +#include <asm/unaligned.h>
> #include "ufshcd.h"
> #include "ufs_quirks.h"
> #include "unipro.h"
> @@ -3063,6 +3064,14 @@ static inline int ufshcd_read_power_desc(struct
> ufs_hba *hba,
> return ufshcd_read_desc(hba, QUERY_DESC_IDN_POWER, 0, buf, size);
> }
>
> +static inline int ufshcd_read_geometry_desc(struct ufs_hba *hba,
> + u8 *buf,
> + u32 size)
> +{
> + return ufshcd_read_desc(hba, QUERY_DESC_IDN_GEOMETRY, 0, buf, size);
> +}
> +
> +
> static int ufshcd_read_device_desc(struct ufs_hba *hba, u8 *buf, u32 size)
> {
> return ufshcd_read_desc(hba, QUERY_DESC_IDN_DEVICE, 0, buf, size);
> @@ -6344,6 +6353,177 @@ static int ufshcd_set_dev_ref_clk(struct ufs_hba
> *hba)
> }
>
> /**
> + * ufshcd_do_config_device - API function for UFS provisioning
> + * hba: per-adapter instance
> + * Returns 0 for success, non-zero in case of failure.
> + */
> +int ufshcd_do_config_device(struct ufs_hba *hba)
> +{
> + struct ufs_config_descr *cfg = &hba->cfgs;
> + int buff_len = QUERY_DESC_CONFIGURATION_DEF_SIZE;
> + u8 desc_buf[QUERY_DESC_CONFIGURATION_DEF_SIZE] = {0};
> + int i, ret = 0;
> + int lun_to_grow = -1;
> + u64 qTotalRawDeviceCapacity;
> + u16 wEnhanced1CapAdjFac, wEnhanced2CapAdjFac;
> + u32 dEnhanced1MaxNAllocU, dEnhanced2MaxNAllocU;
> + size_t alloc_units, units_to_create = 0;
> + size_t capacity_to_alloc_factor;
> + size_t enhanced1_units = 0, enhanced2_units = 0;
> + size_t conversion_ratio = 1;
> + u8 *pt;
> + u32 blocks_per_alloc_unit = 1024;
> + int geo_len = hba->desc_size.geom_desc;
> + u8 geo_buf[hba->desc_size.geom_desc];
> + unsigned int max_partitions = 8;
> +
> + WARN_ON(!hba || !cfg);
> +
> + ret = ufshcd_read_geometry_desc(hba, geo_buf, geo_len);
> + if (ret) {
> + dev_err(hba->dev, "%s: Failed getting geometry_desc %d\n",
> + __func__, ret);
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + /*
> + * Get Geomtric parameters like total configurable memory
> + * quantity (Offset 0x04 to 0x0b), Capacity Adjustment
> + * Factors (Offset 0x30, 0x31, 0x36, 0x37), Max allocation
> + * units (Offset 0x2c to 0x2f, 0x32 to 0x35) used to configure
> + * the device logical units.
> + */
> + qTotalRawDeviceCapacity = get_unaligned_be64(&geo_buf[0x04]);
> + wEnhanced1CapAdjFac = get_unaligned_be16(&geo_buf[0x30]);
> + wEnhanced2CapAdjFac = get_unaligned_be16(&geo_buf[0x36]);
> + dEnhanced1MaxNAllocU = get_unaligned_be32(&geo_buf[0x2c]);
> + dEnhanced2MaxNAllocU = get_unaligned_be32(&geo_buf[0x32]);
> +
> + capacity_to_alloc_factor =
> + (blocks_per_alloc_unit * UFS_BLOCK_SIZE) / 512;
> +
> + if (qTotalRawDeviceCapacity % capacity_to_alloc_factor != 0) {
> + dev_err(hba->dev,
> + "%s: Raw capacity(%llu) not multiple of alloc factor(%zu)\n",
> + __func__, qTotalRawDeviceCapacity,
> + capacity_to_alloc_factor);
> + return -EINVAL;
> + }
> + alloc_units = (qTotalRawDeviceCapacity / capacity_to_alloc_factor);
> + units_to_create = 0;
> + enhanced1_units = enhanced2_units = 0;
> +
> + /*
> + * Calculate number of allocation units to be assigned to a logical unit
> + * considering the capacity adjustment factor of respective memory type.
> + */
> + for (i = 0; i < (max_partitions - 1) &&
> + units_to_create <= alloc_units; i++) {
> + if ((cfg->unit[i].dNumAllocUnits % blocks_per_alloc_unit) == 0)
> + cfg->unit[i].dNumAllocUnits /= blocks_per_alloc_unit;
> + else
> + cfg->unit[i].dNumAllocUnits =
> + cfg->unit[i].dNumAllocUnits / blocks_per_alloc_unit + 1;
> +
> + if (cfg->unit[i].bMemoryType == 0)
> + units_to_create += cfg->unit[i].dNumAllocUnits;
> + else if (cfg->unit[i].bMemoryType == 3) {
> + enhanced1_units += cfg->unit[i].dNumAllocUnits;
> + cfg->unit[i].dNumAllocUnits *=
> + (wEnhanced1CapAdjFac / 0x100);
> + units_to_create += cfg->unit[i].dNumAllocUnits;
> + } else if (cfg->unit[i].bMemoryType == 4) {
> + enhanced2_units += cfg->unit[i].dNumAllocUnits;
> + cfg->unit[i].dNumAllocUnits *=
> + (wEnhanced1CapAdjFac / 0x100);
> + units_to_create += cfg->unit[i].dNumAllocUnits;
> + } else {
> + dev_err(hba->dev, "%s: Unsupported memory type %d\n",
> + __func__, cfg->unit[i].bMemoryType);
> + return -EINVAL;
> + }
> + }
> + if (enhanced1_units > dEnhanced1MaxNAllocU) {
> + dev_err(hba->dev, "%s: size %zu exceeds max enhanced1 area size %u\n",
> + __func__, enhanced1_units, dEnhanced1MaxNAllocU);
> + return -ERANGE;
> + }
> + if (enhanced2_units > dEnhanced2MaxNAllocU) {
> + dev_err(hba->dev, "%s: size %zu exceeds max enhanced2 area size %u\n",
> + __func__, enhanced2_units, dEnhanced2MaxNAllocU);
> + return -ERANGE;
> + }
> + if (units_to_create > alloc_units) {
> + dev_err(hba->dev, "%s: Specified size %zu exceeds device size %zu\n",
> + __func__, units_to_create, alloc_units);
> + return -ERANGE;
> + }
> + lun_to_grow = cfg->lun_to_grow;
> + if (lun_to_grow != -1) {
> + if (cfg->unit[i].bMemoryType == 0)
> + conversion_ratio = 1;
> + else if (cfg->unit[i].bMemoryType == 3)
> + conversion_ratio = (wEnhanced1CapAdjFac / 0x100);
> + else if (cfg->unit[i].bMemoryType == 4)
> + conversion_ratio = (wEnhanced2CapAdjFac / 0x100);
> +
> + cfg->unit[lun_to_grow].dNumAllocUnits +=
> + ((alloc_units - units_to_create) / conversion_ratio);
> + dev_dbg(hba->dev, "%s: conversion_ratio %zu for lun %d\n",
> + __func__, conversion_ratio, i);
> + }
> +
> + /* Fill in the buffer with configuration data */
> + pt = desc_buf;
> + *pt++ = 0x90; // bLength
> + *pt++ = 0x01; // bDescriptorType
> + *pt++ = 0; // Reserved in UFS2.0 and onward
> + *pt++ = cfg->bBootEnable;
> + *pt++ = cfg->bDescrAccessEn;
> + *pt++ = cfg->bInitPowerMode;
> + *pt++ = cfg->bHighPriorityLUN;
> + *pt++ = cfg->bSecureRemovalType;
> + *pt++ = cfg->bInitActiveICCLevel;
> + put_unaligned_be16(cfg->wPeriodicRTCUpdate, pt);
> + pt = pt + 7; // Reserved fields set to 0
> +
> + /* Fill in the buffer with per logical unit data */
> + for (i = 0; i < UFS_UPIU_MAX_GENERAL_LUN; i++) {
> + *pt++ = cfg->unit[i].bLUEnable;
> + *pt++ = cfg->unit[i].bBootLunID;
> + *pt++ = cfg->unit[i].bLUWriteProtect;
> + *pt++ = cfg->unit[i].bMemoryType;
> + put_unaligned_be32(cfg->unit[i].dNumAllocUnits, pt);
> + pt = pt + 4;
> + *pt++ = cfg->unit[i].bDataReliability;
> + *pt++ = cfg->unit[i].bLogicalBlockSize;
> + *pt++ = cfg->unit[i].bProvisioningType;
> + put_unaligned_be16(cfg->unit[i].wContextCapabilities, pt);
> + pt = pt + 5; // Reserved fields set to 0
> + }
> +
> + ret = ufshcd_query_descriptor_retry(hba, UPIU_QUERY_OPCODE_WRITE_DESC,
> + QUERY_DESC_IDN_CONFIGURATION, 0, 0, desc_buf, &buff_len);
> +
> + if (ret) {
> + dev_err(hba->dev, "%s: Failed writing descriptor. desc_idn %d, opcode %x
> ret %d\n",
> + __func__, QUERY_DESC_IDN_CONFIGURATION,
> + UPIU_QUERY_OPCODE_WRITE_DESC, ret);
> + return ret;
> + }

To support stable operation and prevent race condition, how about
adding some functions during in runtime provisioning?.
pm_runtime_get/put_sync and scsi_block/unblock_requests.
How you thought?.

> +
> + if (cfg->bConfigDescrLock == 1) {
> + ret = ufshcd_query_attr(hba, UPIU_QUERY_OPCODE_WRITE_ATTR,
> + QUERY_ATTR_IDN_CONF_DESC_LOCK, 0, 0, &cfg->bConfigDescrLock);
> + if (ret)
> + dev_err(hba->dev, "%s: Failed writing bConfigDescrLock %d\n",
> + __func__, ret);
> + }
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> * ufshcd_probe_hba - probe hba to detect device and initialize
> * @hba: per-adapter instance
> *
> diff --git a/drivers/scsi/ufs/ufshcd.h b/drivers/scsi/ufs/ufshcd.h
> index b026ad8..816b674 100644
> --- a/drivers/scsi/ufs/ufshcd.h
> +++ b/drivers/scsi/ufs/ufshcd.h
> @@ -549,6 +549,7 @@ struct ufs_hba {
> unsigned int irq;
> bool is_irq_enabled;
> u32 dev_ref_clk_freq;
> + struct ufs_config_descr cfgs;
>
> /* Interrupt aggregation support is broken */
> #define UFSHCD_QUIRK_BROKEN_INTR_AGGR 0x1
> @@ -866,6 +867,7 @@ int ufshcd_read_string_desc(struct ufs_hba *hba, int
> desc_index,
>
> int ufshcd_hold(struct ufs_hba *hba, bool async);
> void ufshcd_release(struct ufs_hba *hba);
> +int ufshcd_do_config_device(struct ufs_hba *hba);
>
> int ufshcd_map_desc_id_to_length(struct ufs_hba *hba, enum desc_idn
> desc_id,
> int *desc_length);
> --
> The Qualcomm Innovation Center, Inc. is a member of the Code Aurora Forum,
> a Linux Foundation Collaborative Project
>
>

BR,
Kyuho Choi

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