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Subject[PATCH v5 3/3] x86: paravirt: make native_save_fl extern inline
Date
native_save_fl() is marked static inline, but by using it as
a function pointer in arch/x86/kernel/paravirt.c, it MUST be outlined.

paravirt's use of native_save_fl() also requires that no GPRs other than
%rax are clobbered.

Compilers have different heuristics which they use to emit stack guard
code, the emittance of which can break paravirt's callee saved assumption
by clobbering %rcx.

Marking a function definition extern inline means that if this version
cannot be inlined, then the out-of-line version will be preferred. By
having the out-of-line version be implemented in assembly, it cannot be
instrumented with a stack protector, which might violate custom calling
conventions that code like paravirt rely on.

The semantics of extern inline has changed since gnu89. This means that
folks using GCC versions >= 5.1 may see symbol redefinition errors at
link time for subdirs that override KBUILD_CFLAGS (making the C standard
used implicit) regardless of this patch. This has been cleaned up
earlier in the patch set, but is left as a note in the commit message
for future travelers.

Reports:
https://lkml.org/lkml/2018/5/7/534
https://github.com/ClangBuiltLinux/linux/issues/16

Discussion:
https://bugs.llvm.org/show_bug.cgi?id=37512
https://lkml.org/lkml/2018/5/24/1371

Thanks to the many folks that participated in the discussion.

Debugged-by: Alistair Strachan <astrachan@google.com>
Debugged-by: Matthias Kaehlcke <mka@chromium.org>
Reported-by: Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com>
Suggested-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Suggested-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Suggested-by: Tom Stellar <tstellar@redhat.com>
Tested-by: Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@gmail.com>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/irqflags.h | 2 +-
arch/x86/kernel/Makefile | 1 +
arch/x86/kernel/irqflags.S | 26 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 28 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
create mode 100644 arch/x86/kernel/irqflags.S

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/irqflags.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/irqflags.h
index 89f08955fff7..c4fc17220df9 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/irqflags.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/irqflags.h
@@ -13,7 +13,7 @@
* Interrupt control:
*/

-static inline unsigned long native_save_fl(void)
+extern inline unsigned long native_save_fl(void)
{
unsigned long flags;

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile
index 02d6f5cf4e70..8824d01c0c35 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile
@@ -61,6 +61,7 @@ obj-y += alternative.o i8253.o hw_breakpoint.o
obj-y += tsc.o tsc_msr.o io_delay.o rtc.o
obj-y += pci-iommu_table.o
obj-y += resource.o
+obj-y += irqflags.o

obj-y += process.o
obj-y += fpu/
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/irqflags.S b/arch/x86/kernel/irqflags.S
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..ddeeaac8adda
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/irqflags.S
@@ -0,0 +1,26 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+
+#include <asm/asm.h>
+#include <asm/export.h>
+#include <linux/linkage.h>
+
+/*
+ * unsigned long native_save_fl(void)
+ */
+ENTRY(native_save_fl)
+ pushf
+ pop %_ASM_AX
+ ret
+ENDPROC(native_save_fl)
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(native_save_fl)
+
+/*
+ * void native_restore_fl(unsigned long flags)
+ * %eax/%rdi: flags
+ */
+ENTRY(native_restore_fl)
+ push %_ASM_ARG1
+ popf
+ ret
+ENDPROC(native_restore_fl)
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(native_restore_fl)
--
2.18.0.rc1.244.gcf134e6275-goog
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