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Subject[PATCH v7 5/6] spi: at91-usart: add driver for at91-usart as spi
Date
This is the driver for at91-usart in spi mode. The USART IP can be configured
to work in many modes and one of them is SPI.

The driver was tested on sama5d3-xplained and sama5d4-xplained boards with
enc28j60 ethernet controller as slave.

Signed-off-by: Radu Pirea <radu.pirea@microchip.com>
Reviewed-by: Andy Shevchenko <andy.shevchenko@gmail.com>
---
drivers/spi/Kconfig | 9 +
drivers/spi/Makefile | 1 +
drivers/spi/spi-at91-usart.c | 434 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 444 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 drivers/spi/spi-at91-usart.c

diff --git a/drivers/spi/Kconfig b/drivers/spi/Kconfig
index 6fb0347a24f2..1a002a32d7aa 100644
--- a/drivers/spi/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/spi/Kconfig
@@ -77,6 +77,15 @@ config SPI_ATMEL
This selects a driver for the Atmel SPI Controller, present on
many AT91 (ARM) chips.

+config SPI_AT91_USART
+ tristate "Atmel USART Controller SPI driver"
+ depends on HAS_DMA
+ depends on (ARCH_AT91 || COMPILE_TEST)
+ select MFD_AT91_USART
+ help
+ This selects a driver for the AT91 USART Controller as SPI Master,
+ present on AT91 and SAMA5 SoC series.
+
config SPI_AU1550
tristate "Au1550/Au1200/Au1300 SPI Controller"
depends on MIPS_ALCHEMY
diff --git a/drivers/spi/Makefile b/drivers/spi/Makefile
index 34c5f2832ddf..fb6cb42f4eaa 100644
--- a/drivers/spi/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/spi/Makefile
@@ -15,6 +15,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_SPI_LOOPBACK_TEST) += spi-loopback-test.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SPI_ALTERA) += spi-altera.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SPI_ARMADA_3700) += spi-armada-3700.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SPI_ATMEL) += spi-atmel.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_SPI_AT91_USART) += spi-at91-usart.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SPI_ATH79) += spi-ath79.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SPI_AU1550) += spi-au1550.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SPI_AXI_SPI_ENGINE) += spi-axi-spi-engine.o
diff --git a/drivers/spi/spi-at91-usart.c b/drivers/spi/spi-at91-usart.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..ae889aa6bda3
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/spi/spi-at91-usart.c
@@ -0,0 +1,434 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * Driver for AT91 USART Controllers as SPI
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2018 Microchip Technology Inc.
+ * Author: Radu Pirea <radu.pirea@microchip.com>
+ */
+
+#include <linux/clk.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/interrupt.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/of_gpio.h>
+#include <linux/platform_device.h>
+
+#include <linux/spi/spi.h>
+
+#define US_CR 0x00
+#define US_MR 0x04
+#define US_IER 0x08
+#define US_IDR 0x0C
+#define US_CSR 0x14
+#define US_RHR 0x18
+#define US_THR 0x1C
+#define US_BRGR 0x20
+#define US_VERSION 0xFC
+
+#define US_CR_RSTRX BIT(2)
+#define US_CR_RSTTX BIT(3)
+#define US_CR_RXEN BIT(4)
+#define US_CR_RXDIS BIT(5)
+#define US_CR_TXEN BIT(6)
+#define US_CR_TXDIS BIT(7)
+
+#define US_MR_SPI_MASTER 0x0E
+#define US_MR_CHRL GENMASK(7, 6)
+#define US_MR_CPHA BIT(8)
+#define US_MR_CPOL BIT(16)
+#define US_MR_CLKO BIT(18)
+#define US_MR_WRDBT BIT(20)
+#define US_MR_LOOP BIT(15)
+
+#define US_IR_RXRDY BIT(0)
+#define US_IR_TXRDY BIT(1)
+#define US_IR_OVRE BIT(5)
+
+#define US_BRGR_SIZE BIT(16)
+
+#define US_MIN_CLK_DIV 0x06
+#define US_MAX_CLK_DIV BIT(16)
+
+#define US_RESET (US_CR_RSTRX | US_CR_RSTTX)
+#define US_DISABLE (US_CR_RXDIS | US_CR_TXDIS)
+#define US_ENABLE (US_CR_RXEN | US_CR_TXEN)
+#define US_OVRE_RXRDY_IRQS (US_IR_OVRE | US_IR_RXRDY)
+
+#define US_INIT \
+ (US_MR_SPI_MASTER | US_MR_CHRL | US_MR_CLKO | US_MR_WRDBT)
+
+/* Register access macros */
+#define at91_usart_spi_readl(port, reg) \
+ readl_relaxed((port)->regs + US_##reg)
+#define at91_usart_spi_writel(port, reg, value) \
+ writel_relaxed((value), (port)->regs + US_##reg)
+
+#define at91_usart_spi_readb(port, reg) \
+ readb_relaxed((port)->regs + US_##reg)
+#define at91_usart_spi_writeb(port, reg, value) \
+ writeb_relaxed((value), (port)->regs + US_##reg)
+
+struct at91_usart_spi {
+ struct spi_transfer *current_transfer;
+ void __iomem *regs;
+ struct device *dev;
+ struct clk *clk;
+
+ /*used in interrupt to protect data reading*/
+ spinlock_t lock;
+
+ int irq;
+ unsigned int current_tx_remaining_bytes;
+ unsigned int current_rx_remaining_bytes;
+ int done_status;
+
+ u32 spi_clk;
+ u32 status;
+
+ bool xfer_failed;
+};
+
+static inline u32 at91_usart_spi_tx_ready(struct at91_usart_spi *aus)
+{
+ return aus->status & US_IR_TXRDY;
+}
+
+static inline u32 at91_usart_spi_rx_ready(struct at91_usart_spi *aus)
+{
+ return aus->status & US_IR_RXRDY;
+}
+
+static inline u32 at91_usart_spi_check_overrun(struct at91_usart_spi *aus)
+{
+ return aus->status & US_IR_OVRE;
+}
+
+static inline u32 at91_usart_spi_read_status(struct at91_usart_spi *aus)
+{
+ aus->status = at91_usart_spi_readl(aus, CSR);
+ return aus->status;
+}
+
+static inline void at91_usart_spi_tx(struct at91_usart_spi *aus)
+{
+ unsigned int len = aus->current_transfer->len;
+ unsigned int remaining = aus->current_tx_remaining_bytes;
+ const u8 *tx_buf = aus->current_transfer->tx_buf;
+
+ if (!remaining)
+ return;
+
+ if (at91_usart_spi_tx_ready(aus)) {
+ at91_usart_spi_writeb(aus, THR, tx_buf[len - remaining]);
+ aus->current_tx_remaining_bytes--;
+ }
+}
+
+static inline void at91_usart_spi_rx(struct at91_usart_spi *aus)
+{
+ int len = aus->current_transfer->len;
+ int remaining = aus->current_rx_remaining_bytes;
+ u8 *rx_buf = aus->current_transfer->rx_buf;
+
+ if (!remaining)
+ return;
+
+ rx_buf[len - remaining] = at91_usart_spi_readb(aus, RHR);
+ aus->current_rx_remaining_bytes--;
+}
+
+static inline void
+at91_usart_spi_set_xfer_speed(struct at91_usart_spi *aus,
+ struct spi_transfer *xfer)
+{
+ at91_usart_spi_writel(aus, BRGR,
+ DIV_ROUND_UP(aus->spi_clk, xfer->speed_hz));
+}
+
+static irqreturn_t at91_usart_spi_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_id)
+{
+ struct spi_controller *controller = dev_id;
+ struct at91_usart_spi *aus = spi_master_get_devdata(controller);
+
+ spin_lock(&aus->lock);
+ at91_usart_spi_read_status(aus);
+
+ if (at91_usart_spi_check_overrun(aus)) {
+ aus->xfer_failed = true;
+ aus->done_status = -EIO;
+ at91_usart_spi_writel(aus, IDR, US_IR_OVRE | US_IR_RXRDY);
+ spin_unlock(&aus->lock);
+ return IRQ_HANDLED;
+ }
+
+ if (at91_usart_spi_rx_ready(aus)) {
+ at91_usart_spi_rx(aus);
+ spin_unlock(&aus->lock);
+ return IRQ_HANDLED;
+ }
+
+ spin_unlock(&aus->lock);
+
+ return IRQ_NONE;
+}
+
+static int at91_usart_spi_setup(struct spi_device *spi)
+{
+ struct at91_usart_spi *aus = spi_master_get_devdata(spi->controller);
+ u32 *ausd = spi->controller_state;
+ unsigned int mr = at91_usart_spi_readl(aus, MR);
+ u8 bits = spi->bits_per_word;
+
+ if (bits != 8) {
+ dev_dbg(&spi->dev, "Only 8 bits per word are supported\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ if (spi->mode & SPI_CPOL)
+ mr |= US_MR_CPOL;
+ else
+ mr &= ~US_MR_CPOL;
+
+ if (spi->mode & SPI_CPHA)
+ mr |= US_MR_CPHA;
+ else
+ mr &= ~US_MR_CPHA;
+
+ if (spi->mode & SPI_LOOP)
+ mr |= US_MR_LOOP;
+ else
+ mr &= ~US_MR_LOOP;
+
+ if (!ausd) {
+ ausd = kzalloc(sizeof(*ausd), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!ausd)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ spi->controller_state = ausd;
+ }
+
+ *ausd = mr;
+
+ dev_dbg(&spi->dev,
+ "setup: bpw %u mode 0x%x -> mr %d %08x\n",
+ bits, spi->mode, spi->chip_select, mr);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int at91_usart_spi_transfer_one(struct spi_controller *ctlr,
+ struct spi_device *spi,
+ struct spi_transfer *xfer)
+{
+ struct at91_usart_spi *aus = spi_master_get_devdata(ctlr);
+
+ at91_usart_spi_set_xfer_speed(aus, xfer);
+ aus->done_status = 0;
+ aus->xfer_failed = false;
+ aus->current_transfer = xfer;
+ aus->current_tx_remaining_bytes = xfer->len;
+ aus->current_rx_remaining_bytes = xfer->len;
+
+ while ((aus->current_tx_remaining_bytes ||
+ aus->current_rx_remaining_bytes) && !aus->xfer_failed) {
+ at91_usart_spi_read_status(aus);
+ at91_usart_spi_tx(aus);
+ cpu_relax();
+ }
+ if (aus->xfer_failed) {
+ dev_err(aus->dev, "Overrun!\n");
+ return -EIO;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int at91_usart_spi_prepare_message(struct spi_controller *ctlr,
+ struct spi_message *message)
+{
+ struct at91_usart_spi *aus = spi_master_get_devdata(ctlr);
+ struct spi_device *spi = message->spi;
+ u32 *ausd = spi->controller_state;
+
+ at91_usart_spi_writel(aus, CR, US_ENABLE);
+ at91_usart_spi_writel(aus, IER, US_OVRE_RXRDY_IRQS);
+ at91_usart_spi_writel(aus, MR, *ausd);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int at91_usart_spi_unprepare_message(struct spi_controller *ctlr,
+ struct spi_message *message)
+{
+ struct at91_usart_spi *aus = spi_master_get_devdata(ctlr);
+
+ at91_usart_spi_writel(aus, CR, US_RESET | US_DISABLE);
+ at91_usart_spi_writel(aus, IDR, US_OVRE_RXRDY_IRQS);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void at91_usart_spi_cleanup(struct spi_device *spi)
+{
+ struct at91_usart_spi_device *ausd = spi->controller_state;
+
+ spi->controller_state = NULL;
+ kfree(ausd);
+}
+
+static void at91_usart_spi_init(struct at91_usart_spi *aus)
+{
+ at91_usart_spi_writel(aus, MR, US_INIT);
+ at91_usart_spi_writel(aus, CR, US_RESET | US_DISABLE);
+}
+
+static int at91_usart_gpio_setup(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+ struct device_node *np = pdev->dev.parent->of_node;
+ int i;
+ int ret;
+ int nb;
+
+ if (!np)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ nb = of_gpio_named_count(np, "cs-gpios");
+ for (i = 0; i < nb; i++) {
+ int cs_gpio = of_get_named_gpio(np, "cs-gpios", i);
+
+ if (cs_gpio < 0)
+ return cs_gpio;
+
+ if (gpio_is_valid(cs_gpio)) {
+ ret = devm_gpio_request_one(&pdev->dev, cs_gpio,
+ GPIOF_DIR_OUT,
+ dev_name(&pdev->dev));
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int at91_usart_spi_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+ struct resource *regs;
+ struct spi_controller *controller;
+ struct at91_usart_spi *aus;
+ struct clk *clk;
+ int irq;
+ int ret;
+
+ regs = platform_get_resource(to_platform_device(pdev->dev.parent),
+ IORESOURCE_MEM, 0);
+ if (!regs)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ irq = platform_get_irq(to_platform_device(pdev->dev.parent), 0);
+ if (irq < 0)
+ return irq;
+
+ clk = devm_clk_get(pdev->dev.parent, "usart");
+ if (IS_ERR(clk))
+ return PTR_ERR(clk);
+
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ controller = spi_alloc_master(&pdev->dev, sizeof(*aus));
+ if (!controller)
+ goto at91_usart_spi_probe_fail;
+
+ ret = at91_usart_gpio_setup(pdev);
+ if (ret)
+ goto at91_usart_spi_probe_fail;
+
+ controller->mode_bits = SPI_CPOL | SPI_CPHA | SPI_LOOP | SPI_CS_HIGH;
+ controller->dev.of_node = pdev->dev.parent->of_node;
+ controller->bits_per_word_mask = SPI_BPW_MASK(8);
+ controller->setup = at91_usart_spi_setup;
+ controller->flags = SPI_MASTER_MUST_RX | SPI_MASTER_MUST_TX;
+ controller->transfer_one = at91_usart_spi_transfer_one;
+ controller->prepare_message = at91_usart_spi_prepare_message;
+ controller->unprepare_message = at91_usart_spi_unprepare_message;
+ controller->cleanup = at91_usart_spi_cleanup;
+ controller->max_speed_hz = DIV_ROUND_UP(clk_get_rate(clk),
+ US_MIN_CLK_DIV);
+ controller->min_speed_hz = DIV_ROUND_UP(clk_get_rate(clk),
+ US_MAX_CLK_DIV);
+ platform_set_drvdata(pdev, controller);
+
+ aus = spi_master_get_devdata(controller);
+
+ aus->dev = &pdev->dev;
+ aus->regs = devm_ioremap_resource(&pdev->dev, regs);
+ if (IS_ERR(aus->regs)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(aus->regs);
+ goto at91_usart_spi_probe_fail;
+ }
+
+ aus->irq = irq;
+ aus->clk = clk;
+
+ ret = devm_request_irq(&pdev->dev, irq, at91_usart_spi_interrupt, 0,
+ dev_name(&pdev->dev), controller);
+ if (ret)
+ goto at91_usart_spi_probe_fail;
+
+ ret = clk_prepare_enable(clk);
+ if (ret)
+ goto at91_usart_spi_probe_fail;
+
+ aus->spi_clk = clk_get_rate(clk);
+ at91_usart_spi_init(aus);
+
+ spin_lock_init(&aus->lock);
+ ret = devm_spi_register_master(&pdev->dev, controller);
+ if (ret)
+ goto fail_register_master;
+
+ dev_info(&pdev->dev,
+ "Atmel USART SPI Controller version 0x%x at 0x%08x (irq %d)\n",
+ at91_usart_spi_readl(aus, VERSION),
+ regs->start, irq);
+
+ return 0;
+
+fail_register_master:
+ clk_disable_unprepare(clk);
+at91_usart_spi_probe_fail:
+ spi_master_put(controller);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int at91_usart_spi_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+ struct spi_master *master = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
+ struct at91_usart_spi *aus = spi_master_get_devdata(master);
+
+ clk_disable_unprepare(aus->clk);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct of_device_id at91_usart_spi_dt_ids[] = {
+ { .compatible = "microchip,at91sam9g45-usart-spi"},
+ { /* sentinel */}
+};
+
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, at91_usart_spi_dt_ids);
+
+static struct platform_driver at91_usart_spi_driver = {
+ .driver = {
+ .name = "at91_usart_spi",
+ },
+ .probe = at91_usart_spi_probe,
+ .remove = at91_usart_spi_remove,
+};
+
+module_platform_driver(at91_usart_spi_driver);
+
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Microchip AT91 USART SPI Controller driver");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Radu Pirea <radu.pirea@microchip.com>");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
+MODULE_ALIAS("platform:at91_usart_spi");
--
2.17.1
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