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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 4/6] mtd: rawnand: add NVIDIA Tegra NAND Flash controller driver
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On 6/12/18 3:17 AM, Stefan Agner wrote:
> [also added Jens Axboe]
>
> On 12.06.2018 10:27, Boris Brezillon wrote:
>> On Tue, 12 Jun 2018 10:06:42 +0200
>> Stefan Agner <stefan@agner.ch> wrote:
>>
>>> On 12.06.2018 02:03, Dmitry Osipenko wrote:
>>>> On Monday, 11 June 2018 23:52:22 MSK Stefan Agner wrote:
>>>>> Add support for the NAND flash controller found on NVIDIA
>>>>> Tegra 2 SoCs. This implementation does not make use of the
>>>>> command queue feature. Regular operations/data transfers are
>>>>> done in PIO mode. Page read/writes with hardware ECC make
>>>>> use of the DMA for data transfer.
>>>>>
>>>>> Signed-off-by: Lucas Stach <dev@lynxeye.de>
>>>>> Signed-off-by: Stefan Agner <stefan@agner.ch>
>>>>> ---
>>>>> MAINTAINERS | 7 +
>>>>> drivers/mtd/nand/raw/Kconfig | 6 +
>>>>> drivers/mtd/nand/raw/Makefile | 1 +
>>>>> drivers/mtd/nand/raw/tegra_nand.c | 1248 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>>>> 4 files changed, 1262 insertions(+)
>>>>> create mode 100644 drivers/mtd/nand/raw/tegra_nand.c
>>>>>
>>> [snip]
>>>>> +static int tegra_nand_cmd(struct nand_chip *chip,
>>>>> + const struct nand_subop *subop)
>>>>> +{
>>>>> + const struct nand_op_instr *instr;
>>>>> + const struct nand_op_instr *instr_data_in = NULL;
>>>>> + struct tegra_nand_controller *ctrl = to_tegra_ctrl(chip->controller);
>>>>> + unsigned int op_id, size = 0, offset = 0;
>>>>> + bool first_cmd = true;
>>>>> + u32 reg, cmd = 0;
>>>>> + int ret;
>>>>> +
>>>>> + for (op_id = 0; op_id < subop->ninstrs; op_id++) {
>>>>> + unsigned int naddrs, i;
>>>>> + const u8 *addrs;
>>>>> + u32 addr1 = 0, addr2 = 0;
>>>>> +
>>>>> + instr = &subop->instrs[op_id];
>>>>> +
>>>>> + switch (instr->type) {
>>>>> + case NAND_OP_CMD_INSTR:
>>>>> + if (first_cmd) {
>>>>> + cmd |= COMMAND_CLE;
>>>>> + writel_relaxed(instr->ctx.cmd.opcode,
>>>>> + ctrl->regs + CMD_REG1);
>>>>> + } else {
>>>>> + cmd |= COMMAND_SEC_CMD;
>>>>> + writel_relaxed(instr->ctx.cmd.opcode,
>>>>> + ctrl->regs + CMD_REG2);
>>>>> + }
>>>>> + first_cmd = false;
>>>>> + break;
>>>>> + case NAND_OP_ADDR_INSTR:
>>>>> + offset = nand_subop_get_addr_start_off(subop, op_id);
>>>>> + naddrs = nand_subop_get_num_addr_cyc(subop, op_id);
>>>>> + addrs = &instr->ctx.addr.addrs[offset];
>>>>> +
>>>>> + cmd |= COMMAND_ALE | COMMAND_ALE_SIZE(naddrs);
>>>>> + for (i = 0; i < min_t(unsigned int, 4, naddrs); i++)
>>>>> + addr1 |= *addrs++ << (BITS_PER_BYTE * i);
>>>>> + naddrs -= i;
>>>>> + for (i = 0; i < min_t(unsigned int, 4, naddrs); i++)
>>>>> + addr2 |= *addrs++ << (BITS_PER_BYTE * i);
>>>>> + writel_relaxed(addr1, ctrl->regs + ADDR_REG1);
>>>>> + writel_relaxed(addr2, ctrl->regs + ADDR_REG2);
>>>>> + break;
>>>>> +
>>>>> + case NAND_OP_DATA_IN_INSTR:
>>>>> + size = nand_subop_get_data_len(subop, op_id);
>>>>> + offset = nand_subop_get_data_start_off(subop, op_id);
>>>>> +
>>>>> + cmd |= COMMAND_TRANS_SIZE(size) | COMMAND_PIO |
>>>>> + COMMAND_RX | COMMAND_A_VALID;
>>>>> +
>>>>> + instr_data_in = instr;
>>>>> + break;
>>>>> +
>>>>> + case NAND_OP_DATA_OUT_INSTR:
>>>>> + size = nand_subop_get_data_len(subop, op_id);
>>>>> + offset = nand_subop_get_data_start_off(subop, op_id);
>>>>> +
>>>>> + cmd |= COMMAND_TRANS_SIZE(size) | COMMAND_PIO |
>>>>> + COMMAND_TX | COMMAND_A_VALID;
>>>>> +
>>>>> + memcpy(&reg, instr->ctx.data.buf.out + offset, size);
>>>>> + writel_relaxed(reg, ctrl->regs + RESP);
>>>>> +
>>>>> + break;
>>>>> + case NAND_OP_WAITRDY_INSTR:
>>>>> + cmd |= COMMAND_RBSY_CHK;
>>>>> + break;
>>>>> +
>>>>> + }
>>>>> + }
>>>>> +
>>>>> + cmd |= COMMAND_GO | COMMAND_CE(ctrl->cur_cs);
>>>>> + writel_relaxed(cmd, ctrl->regs + COMMAND);
>>>>> + ret = wait_for_completion_io_timeout(&ctrl->command_complete,
>>>>> + msecs_to_jiffies(500));
>>>>
>>>> It's not obvious to me whether _io_ variant is appropriate to use here, would
>>>> be nice if somebody could clarify that. Maybe block/ already does the IO
>>>> accounting itself and hence the IO time would be counted twice in that case.
>>>
>>> Good that you bring this up.
>>>
>>> I don't think that there is any higher layer which could take care of
>>> accounting. Usually, with raw nand there is no block layer involved
>>> anyway.
>>>
>>> In a quick test it seems that only when using wait_for_completion_io I/O
>>> is properly accounted in the "wait" section of top.
>>>
>>> So far only a single driver (omap2) used the _io variant, but I think it
>>> is the right thing to do! After all, it is I/O...
>>>
>>> Boris or any other MTD maintainer, any comment on this?
>>
>> Given this definition of io_schedule_timeout() [1] (which is used when
>> you call wait_for_completion_io_timeout()), I'd say it's not useful to
>> use the _io_ version, simply because MTD devs are not exposed as blk
>> devices, and thus don't need the blk_schedule_flush_plug() that is done
>> is io_schedule_prepare(). But that also means MTD I/Os are not
>> accounted as I/Os :-(.
>
> Documentation of wait_for_completion_io says:
> "The caller is accounted as waiting for IO (which traditionally means
> blkio only)."
>
> Which sounds as if it using _io is only an accounting thing...

Yes, you should only use it for waiting for IO off a system call
read path. So block IO, or file system IO. Don't use it for internal
IO that isn't related to that.

--
Jens Axboe

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