lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2018]   [Jun]   [10]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
SubjectRe: [RFC V2] virtio: Add platform specific DMA API translation for virito devices
From
Date
On Mon, 2018-06-11 at 06:28 +0300, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
>
> > However if the administrator
> > ignores/forgets/deliberatey-decides/is-constrained to NOT enable the
> > flag, virtio will not be able to pass control to the DMA ops associated
> > with the virtio devices. Which means, we have no opportunity to share
> > the I/O buffers with the hypervisor/qemu.
> >
> > How do you suggest, we handle this case?
>
> As step 1, ignore it as a user error.

Ugh ... not again. Ram, don't bring that subject back we ALREADY
addressed it, and requiring the *user* to do special things is just
utterly and completely wrong.

The *user* has no bloody idea what that stuff is, will never know to
set whatver magic qemu flag etc... The user will just start a a VM
normally and expect things to work. Requiring the *user* to know things
like that iommu virtio flag is complete nonsense.

If by "user" you mean libvirt, then you are now requesting about 4 or 5
different projects to be patched to add speical cases for something
they know nothing about and is completely irrelevant, while it can be
entirely addressed with a 1-liner in virtio kernel side to allow the
arch to plumb alternate DMA ops.

So for some reason you seem to be dead set on a path that leads to
mountain of user pain, changes to many different projects and overall
havok while there is a much much simpler and elegant solution at hand
which I described (again) in the response to Ram I sent about 5mn ago.

> Further you can for example add per-device quirks in virtio so it can be
> switched to dma api. make extra decisions in platform code then.
>
> > >
> > >
> > >
> > > > Both in the flag naming and the implementation there is an implication
> > > > of DMA API == IOMMU, which is fundamentally wrong.
> > >
> > > Maybe we need to extend the meaning of PLATFORM_IOMMU or rename it.
> > >
> > > It's possible that some setups will benefit from a more
> > > fine-grained approach where some aspects of the DMA
> > > API are bypassed, others aren't.
> > >
> > > This seems to be what was being asked for in this thread,
> > > with comments claiming IOMMU flag adds too much overhead.
> > >
> > >
> > > > The DMA API does a few different things:
> > > >
> > > > a) address translation
> > > >
> > > > This does include IOMMUs. But it also includes random offsets
> > > > between PCI bars and system memory that we see on various
> > > > platforms.
> > >
> > > I don't think you mean bars. That's unrelated to DMA.
> > >
> > > > Worse so some of these offsets might be based on
> > > > banks, e.g. on the broadcom bmips platform. It also deals
> > > > with bitmask in physical addresses related to memory encryption
> > > > like AMD SEV. I'd be really curious how for example the
> > > > Intel virtio based NIC is going to work on any of those
> > > > plaforms.
> > >
> > > SEV guys report that they just set the iommu flag and then it all works.
> >
> > This is one of the fundamental difference between SEV architecture and
> > the ultravisor architecture. In SEV, qemu is aware of SEV. In
> > ultravisor architecture, only the VM that runs within qemu is aware of
> > ultravisor; hypervisor/qemu/administrator are untrusted entities.
>
> Spo one option is to teach qemu that it's on a platform with an
> ultravisor, this might have more advantages.
>
> > I hope, we can make virtio subsystem flexibe enough to support various
> > security paradigms.
>
> So if you are worried about qemu attacking guests, I see
> more problems than just passing an incorrect iommu
> flag.
>
>
> > Apart from the above reason, Christoph and Ben point to so many other
> > reasons to make it flexibe. So why not, make it happen?
> >
>
> I don't see a flexibility argument. I just don't think new platforms
> should use workarounds that we put in place for old ones.
>
>
> > > I guess if there's translation we can think of this as a kind of iommu.
> > > Maybe we should rename PLATFORM_IOMMU to PLARTFORM_TRANSLATION?
> > >
> > > And apparently some people complain that just setting that flag makes
> > > qemu check translation on each access with an unacceptable performance
> > > overhead. Forcing same behaviour for everyone on general principles
> > > even without the flag is unlikely to make them happy.
> > >
> > > > b) coherency
> > > >
> > > > On many architectures DMA is not cache coherent, and we need
> > > > to invalidate and/or write back cache lines before doing
> > > > DMA. Again, I wonder how this is every going to work with
> > > > hardware based virtio implementations.
> > >
> > >
> > > You mean dma_Xmb and friends?
> > > There's a new feature VIRTIO_F_IO_BARRIER that's being proposed
> > > for that.
> > >
> > >
> > > > Even worse I think this
> > > > is actually broken at least for VIVT event for virtualized
> > > > implementations. E.g. a KVM guest is going to access memory
> > > > using different virtual addresses than qemu, vhost might throw
> > > > in another different address space.
> > >
> > > I don't really know what VIVT is. Could you help me please?
> > >
> > > > c) bounce buffering
> > > >
> > > > Many DMA implementations can not address all physical memory
> > > > due to addressing limitations. In such cases we copy the
> > > > DMA memory into a known addressable bounc buffer and DMA
> > > > from there.
> > >
> > > Don't do it then?
> > >
> > >
> > > > d) flushing write combining buffers or similar
> > > >
> > > > On some hardware platforms we need workarounds to e.g. read
> > > > from a certain mmio address to make sure DMA can actually
> > > > see memory written by the host.
> > >
> > > I guess it isn't an issue as long as WC isn't actually used.
> > > It will become an issue when virtio spec adds some WC capability -
> > > I suspect we can ignore this for now.
> > >
> > > >
> > > > All of this is bypassed by virtio by default despite generally being
> > > > platform issues, not particular to a given device.
> > >
> > > It's both a device and a platform issue. A PV device is often more like
> > > another CPU than like a PCI device.
> > >
> > >
> > >
> > > --
> > > MST
> >
> > --
> > Ram Pai

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2018-06-11 05:37    [W:0.206 / U:2.212 seconds]
©2003-2018 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site