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SubjectRe: [RFT v3 1/4] perf cs-etm: Generate branch sample for missed packets
Hi Mathieu,

On Tue, May 29, 2018 at 10:04:49AM -0600, Mathieu Poirier wrote:

[...]

> > As now this patch is big with more complex logic, so I consider to
> > split it into small patches:
> >
> > - Define CS_ETM_INVAL_ADDR;
> > - Fix for CS_ETM_TRACE_ON packet;
> > - Fix for exception packet;
> >
> > Does this make sense for you? I have concern that this patch is a
> > fixing patch, so not sure after spliting patches will introduce
> > trouble for applying them for other stable kernels ...
>
> Reverse the order:
>
> - Fix for CS_ETM_TRACE_ON packet;
> - Fix for exception packet;
> - Define CS_ETM_INVAL_ADDR;
>
> But you may not need to - see next comment.

From the discussion context, I think here 'you may not need to' is
referring to my concern for applying patches on stable kernel, so I
should take this patch series as an enhancement and don't need to
consider much for stable kernel.

On the other hand, your suggestion is possible to mean 'not need
to' split into small patches (though I guess this is misunderstanding
for your meaning).

Could you clarify which is your meaning?

> >> > +
> >> > + /*
> >> > * The packet records the execution range with an exclusive end address
> >> > *
> >> > * A64 instructions are constant size, so the last executed
> >> > @@ -505,6 +519,18 @@ static inline u64 cs_etm__last_executed_instr(struct cs_etm_packet *packet)
> >> > return packet->end_addr - A64_INSTR_SIZE;
> >> > }
> >> >
> >> > +static inline u64 cs_etm__first_executed_instr(struct cs_etm_packet *packet)
> >> > +{
> >> > + /*
> >> > + * The packet is the CS_ETM_TRACE_ON packet if the start_addr is
> >> > + * magic number 0xdeadbeefdeadbeefUL, returns 0 for this case.
> >> > + */
> >> > + if (packet->start_addr == 0xdeadbeefdeadbeefUL)
> >> > + return 0;
> >>
> >> Same comment as above.
> >
> > Will do this.
> >
> >> > +
> >> > + return packet->start_addr;
> >> > +}
> >> > +
> >> > static inline u64 cs_etm__instr_count(const struct cs_etm_packet *packet)
> >> > {
> >> > /*
> >> > @@ -546,7 +572,7 @@ static void cs_etm__update_last_branch_rb(struct cs_etm_queue *etmq)
> >> >
> >> > be = &bs->entries[etmq->last_branch_pos];
> >> > be->from = cs_etm__last_executed_instr(etmq->prev_packet);
> >> > - be->to = etmq->packet->start_addr;
> >> > + be->to = cs_etm__first_executed_instr(etmq->packet);
> >> > /* No support for mispredict */
> >> > be->flags.mispred = 0;
> >> > be->flags.predicted = 1;
> >> > @@ -701,7 +727,7 @@ static int cs_etm__synth_branch_sample(struct cs_etm_queue *etmq)
> >> > sample.ip = cs_etm__last_executed_instr(etmq->prev_packet);
> >> > sample.pid = etmq->pid;
> >> > sample.tid = etmq->tid;
> >> > - sample.addr = etmq->packet->start_addr;
> >> > + sample.addr = cs_etm__first_executed_instr(etmq->packet);
> >> > sample.id = etmq->etm->branches_id;
> >> > sample.stream_id = etmq->etm->branches_id;
> >> > sample.period = 1;
> >> > @@ -897,13 +923,28 @@ static int cs_etm__sample(struct cs_etm_queue *etmq)
> >> > etmq->period_instructions = instrs_over;
> >> > }
> >> >
> >> > - if (etm->sample_branches &&
> >> > - etmq->prev_packet &&
> >> > - etmq->prev_packet->sample_type == CS_ETM_RANGE &&
> >> > - etmq->prev_packet->last_instr_taken_branch) {
> >> > - ret = cs_etm__synth_branch_sample(etmq);
> >> > - if (ret)
> >> > - return ret;
> >> > + if (etm->sample_branches && etmq->prev_packet) {
> >> > + bool generate_sample = false;
> >> > +
> >> > + /* Generate sample for start tracing packet */
> >> > + if (etmq->prev_packet->sample_type == 0 ||
> >>
> >> What kind of packet is sample_type == 0 ?
> >
> > Just as explained above, sample_type == 0 is the packet which
> > initialized in the function cs_etm__alloc_queue().
> >
> >> > + etmq->prev_packet->sample_type == CS_ETM_TRACE_ON)
> >> > + generate_sample = true;
> >> > +
> >> > + /* Generate sample for exception packet */
> >> > + if (etmq->prev_packet->exc == true)
> >> > + generate_sample = true;
> >>
> >> Please don't do that. Exception packets have a type of their own and can be
> >> added to the decoder packet queue the same way INST_RANGE and TRACE_ON packets
> >> are. Moreover exception packet containt an address that, if I'm reading the
> >> documenation properly, can be used to keep track of instructions that were
> >> executed between the last address of the previous range packet and the address
> >> executed just before the exception occurred. Mike and Rob will have to confirm
> >> this as the decoder may be doing all that hard work for us.
> >
> > Sure, will wait for Rob and Mike to confirm for this.
> >
> > At my side, I dump the packet, the exception packet isn't passed to
> > cs-etm.c layer, the decoder layer only sets the flag
> > 'packet->exc = true' when exception packet is coming [1].
>
> That's because we didn't need the information. Now that we do a
> function that will insert a packet in the decoder packet queue and
> deal with the new packet type in the main decoder loop [2]. At that
> point your work may not be eligible for stable anymore and I think it
> is fine. Robert's work was an enhancement over mine and yours is an
> enhancement over his.
>
> [2]. https://elixir.bootlin.com/linux/v4.17-rc7/source/tools/perf/util/cs-etm.c#L999

Agree, will look into for exception packet and try to add new packet
type for this.

[...]

Thanks,
Leo Yan

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