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Subject[PATCH v4 23/27] x86/modules: Adapt module loading for PIE support
Date
Adapt module loading to support PIE relocations. Generate dynamic GOT if
a symbol requires it but no entry exists in the kernel GOT.

Position Independent Executable (PIE) support will allow to extend the
KASLR randomization range 0xffffffff80000000.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Garnier <thgarnie@google.com>
---
arch/x86/Makefile | 4 +
arch/x86/include/asm/module.h | 11 ++
arch/x86/include/asm/sections.h | 4 +
arch/x86/kernel/module.c | 181 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
arch/x86/kernel/module.lds | 3 +
5 files changed, 198 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 arch/x86/kernel/module.lds

diff --git a/arch/x86/Makefile b/arch/x86/Makefile
index 277ffc57ae13..20bb6cbd8938 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/Makefile
@@ -134,7 +134,11 @@ else
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(cflags-y)

KBUILD_CFLAGS += -mno-red-zone
+ifdef CONFIG_X86_PIE
+ KBUILD_LDFLAGS_MODULE += -T $(srctree)/arch/x86/kernel/module.lds
+else
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -mcmodel=kernel
+endif

# -funit-at-a-time shrinks the kernel .text considerably
# unfortunately it makes reading oopses harder.
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/module.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/module.h
index 7948a17febb4..68ff05e14288 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/module.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/module.h
@@ -5,12 +5,23 @@
#include <asm-generic/module.h>
#include <asm/orc_types.h>

+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PIE
+struct mod_got_sec {
+ struct elf64_shdr *got;
+ int got_num_entries;
+ int got_max_entries;
+};
+#endif
+
struct mod_arch_specific {
#ifdef CONFIG_UNWINDER_ORC
unsigned int num_orcs;
int *orc_unwind_ip;
struct orc_entry *orc_unwind;
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PIE
+ struct mod_got_sec core;
+#endif
};

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/sections.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/sections.h
index da3d98bb2bcb..89b3a95c8d11 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/sections.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/sections.h
@@ -17,4 +17,8 @@ extern char __entry_trampoline_start[], __entry_trampoline_end[];
extern char __start_got[], __end_got[];
#endif

+#if defined(CONFIG_X86_PIE)
+extern char __start_got[], __end_got[];
+#endif
+
#endif /* _ASM_X86_SECTIONS_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/module.c b/arch/x86/kernel/module.c
index f58336af095c..88895f3d474b 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/module.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/module.c
@@ -30,6 +30,7 @@
#include <linux/gfp.h>
#include <linux/jump_label.h>
#include <linux/random.h>
+#include <linux/sort.h>

#include <asm/text-patching.h>
#include <asm/page.h>
@@ -77,6 +78,173 @@ static unsigned long int get_module_load_offset(void)
}
#endif

+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PIE
+static u64 find_got_kernel_entry(Elf64_Sym *sym, const Elf64_Rela *rela)
+{
+ u64 *pos;
+
+ for (pos = (u64*)__start_got; pos < (u64*)__end_got; pos++) {
+ if (*pos == sym->st_value)
+ return (u64)pos + rela->r_addend;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static u64 module_emit_got_entry(struct module *mod, void *loc,
+ const Elf64_Rela *rela, Elf64_Sym *sym)
+{
+ struct mod_got_sec *gotsec = &mod->arch.core;
+ u64 *got = (u64*)gotsec->got->sh_addr;
+ int i = gotsec->got_num_entries;
+ u64 ret;
+
+ /* Check if we can use the kernel GOT */
+ ret = find_got_kernel_entry(sym, rela);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ got[i] = sym->st_value;
+
+ /*
+ * Check if the entry we just created is a duplicate. Given that the
+ * relocations are sorted, this will be the last entry we allocated.
+ * (if one exists).
+ */
+ if (i > 0 && got[i] == got[i - 2]) {
+ ret = (u64)&got[i - 1];
+ } else {
+ gotsec->got_num_entries++;
+ BUG_ON(gotsec->got_num_entries > gotsec->got_max_entries);
+ ret = (u64)&got[i];
+ }
+
+ return ret + rela->r_addend;
+}
+
+#define cmp_3way(a,b) ((a) < (b) ? -1 : (a) > (b))
+
+static int cmp_rela(const void *a, const void *b)
+{
+ const Elf64_Rela *x = a, *y = b;
+ int i;
+
+ /* sort by type, symbol index and addend */
+ i = cmp_3way(ELF64_R_TYPE(x->r_info), ELF64_R_TYPE(y->r_info));
+ if (i == 0)
+ i = cmp_3way(ELF64_R_SYM(x->r_info), ELF64_R_SYM(y->r_info));
+ if (i == 0)
+ i = cmp_3way(x->r_addend, y->r_addend);
+ return i;
+}
+
+static bool duplicate_rel(const Elf64_Rela *rela, int num)
+{
+ /*
+ * Entries are sorted by type, symbol index and addend. That means
+ * that, if a duplicate entry exists, it must be in the preceding
+ * slot.
+ */
+ return num > 0 && cmp_rela(rela + num, rela + num - 1) == 0;
+}
+
+static unsigned int count_gots(Elf64_Sym *syms, Elf64_Rela *rela, int num)
+{
+ unsigned int ret = 0;
+ Elf64_Sym *s;
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < num; i++) {
+ switch (ELF64_R_TYPE(rela[i].r_info)) {
+ case R_X86_64_GOTPCREL:
+ s = syms + ELF64_R_SYM(rela[i].r_info);
+
+ /*
+ * Use the kernel GOT when possible, else reserve a
+ * custom one for this module.
+ */
+ if (!duplicate_rel(rela, i) &&
+ !find_got_kernel_entry(s, rela + i))
+ ret++;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Generate GOT entries for GOTPCREL relocations that do not exists in the
+ * kernel GOT. Based on arm64 module-plts implementation.
+ */
+int module_frob_arch_sections(Elf_Ehdr *ehdr, Elf_Shdr *sechdrs,
+ char *secstrings, struct module *mod)
+{
+ unsigned long gots = 0;
+ Elf_Shdr *symtab = NULL;
+ Elf64_Sym *syms = NULL;
+ char *strings, *name;
+ int i;
+
+ /*
+ * Find the empty .got section so we can expand it to store the PLT
+ * entries. Record the symtab address as well.
+ */
+ for (i = 0; i < ehdr->e_shnum; i++) {
+ if (!strcmp(secstrings + sechdrs[i].sh_name, ".got")) {
+ mod->arch.core.got = sechdrs + i;
+ } else if (sechdrs[i].sh_type == SHT_SYMTAB) {
+ symtab = sechdrs + i;
+ syms = (Elf64_Sym *)symtab->sh_addr;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (!mod->arch.core.got) {
+ pr_err("%s: module GOT section missing\n", mod->name);
+ return -ENOEXEC;
+ }
+ if (!syms) {
+ pr_err("%s: module symtab section missing\n", mod->name);
+ return -ENOEXEC;
+ }
+
+ for (i = 0; i < ehdr->e_shnum; i++) {
+ Elf64_Rela *rels = (void *)ehdr + sechdrs[i].sh_offset;
+ int numrels = sechdrs[i].sh_size / sizeof(Elf64_Rela);
+
+ if (sechdrs[i].sh_type != SHT_RELA)
+ continue;
+
+ /* sort by type, symbol index and addend */
+ sort(rels, numrels, sizeof(Elf64_Rela), cmp_rela, NULL);
+
+ gots += count_gots(syms, rels, numrels);
+ }
+
+ mod->arch.core.got->sh_type = SHT_NOBITS;
+ mod->arch.core.got->sh_flags = SHF_ALLOC;
+ mod->arch.core.got->sh_addralign = L1_CACHE_BYTES;
+ mod->arch.core.got->sh_size = (gots + 1) * sizeof(u64);
+ mod->arch.core.got_num_entries = 0;
+ mod->arch.core.got_max_entries = gots;
+
+ /*
+ * If a _GLOBAL_OFFSET_TABLE_ symbol exists, make it absolute for
+ * modules to correctly reference it. Similar to s390 implementation.
+ */
+ strings = (void *) ehdr + sechdrs[symtab->sh_link].sh_offset;
+ for (i = 0; i < symtab->sh_size/sizeof(Elf_Sym); i++) {
+ if (syms[i].st_shndx != SHN_UNDEF)
+ continue;
+ name = strings + syms[i].st_name;
+ if (!strcmp(name, "_GLOBAL_OFFSET_TABLE_")) {
+ syms[i].st_shndx = SHN_ABS;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+#endif
+
void *module_alloc(unsigned long size)
{
void *p;
@@ -190,16 +358,20 @@ int apply_relocate_add(Elf64_Shdr *sechdrs,
if ((s64)val != *(s32 *)loc)
goto overflow;
break;
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PIE
+ case R_X86_64_GOTPCREL:
+ val = module_emit_got_entry(me, loc, rel + i, sym);
+ /* fallthrough */
+#endif
case R_X86_64_PC32:
case R_X86_64_PLT32:
if (*(u32 *)loc != 0)
goto invalid_relocation;
val -= (u64)loc;
*(u32 *)loc = val;
-#if 0
- if ((s64)val != *(s32 *)loc)
+ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_PIE) &&
+ (s64)val != *(s32 *)loc)
goto overflow;
-#endif
break;
default:
pr_err("%s: Unknown rela relocation: %llu\n",
@@ -217,8 +389,7 @@ int apply_relocate_add(Elf64_Shdr *sechdrs,
overflow:
pr_err("overflow in relocation type %d val %Lx\n",
(int)ELF64_R_TYPE(rel[i].r_info), val);
- pr_err("`%s' likely not compiled with -mcmodel=kernel\n",
- me->name);
+ pr_err("`%s' likely too far from the kernel\n", me->name);
return -ENOEXEC;
}
#endif
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/module.lds b/arch/x86/kernel/module.lds
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..fd6e95a4b454
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/module.lds
@@ -0,0 +1,3 @@
+SECTIONS {
+ .got (NOLOAD) : { BYTE(0) }
+}
--
2.17.0.921.gf22659ad46-goog
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