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SubjectRe: [RFC] perf: Allow fine-grained PMU access control
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Hi,
On 22.05.2018 15:32, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> On Tue, May 22, 2018 at 10:29:29AM +0100, Tvrtko Ursulin wrote:
>>
>> On 22/05/18 10:05, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
>>> On Mon, May 21, 2018 at 10:25:49AM +0100, Tvrtko Ursulin wrote:
>>>> From: Tvrtko Ursulin <tvrtko.ursulin@intel.com>
>>>>
>>>> For situations where sysadmins might want to allow different level of
>>>> of access control for different PMUs, we start creating per-PMU
>>>> perf_event_paranoid controls in sysfs.
>>>
>>> Could you explain how exactly this makes sense?
>>>
>>> For example, how does it make sense for one PMU to reveal kernel data
>>> while another PMU is not allowed.
>>>
>>> Once you allow one PMU to do so, the secret is out.
>>>
>>> So please explain, in excruciating detail, how you want to use this and
>>> how exactly that makes sense from a security pov.
>>
>> Not sure it will be excruciating but will try to explain once again.
>>
>> There are two things:
>>
>> 1. i915 PMU which exports data such as different engine busyness levels.
>> (Perhaps you remember, you helped us implement this from the perf API
>> angle.)
>
> Right, but I completely forgot everything again.. So thanks for
> reminding.
>
>> 2. Customers who want to look at those stats in production.
>>
>> They want to use it to answer questions such as:
>>
>> a) How loaded is my server and can it take one more of X type of job?
>> b) What is the least utilised video engine to submit the next packet of work
>> to?
>> c) What is the least utilised server to schedule the next transcoding job
>> on?
>
> On the other hand, do those counters provide enough information for a
> side-channel (timing) attack on GPGPU workloads? Because, as you say, it
> is a shared resource. So if user A is doing GPGPU crypto, and user B is
> observing, might he infer things from the counters?
>
>> Current option for them is to turn off the global paranoid setting which
>> then enables unprivileged access to _all_ PMU providers.
>
> Right.
>
>> To me it sounded quite logical that it would be better for the paranoid knob
>> to be more fine-grained, so that they can configure their servers so only
>> access to needed data is possible.
>
> The proposed semantics are a tad awkward though, the moment you prod at
> the sysctl you loose all individual PMU settings. Ideally the per-pmu
> would have a special setting that says follow-global in addition to the
> existing ones.
>
>> I am not sure what do you mean by "Once you allow one PMU to do so, the
>> secret is out."? What secret? Are you implying that enabling unprivileged
>> access to i915 engine busyness data opens up access to CPU PMU's as well via
>> some side channel?
>
> It was not i915 specific; but if you look at the descriptions:
>
> * perf event paranoia level:
> * -1 - not paranoid at all
> * 0 - disallow raw tracepoint access for unpriv
> * 1 - disallow cpu events for unpriv
> * 2 - disallow kernel profiling for unpriv
>
> Then the moment you allow some data to escape, it cannot be put back.
> i915 is fairly special in that (afaict) it doesn't leak kernel specific
> data
>
> In general I think allowing access to uncore PMUs will leak kernel data.

IMHO, it is unsafe for CBOX pmu but could IMC, UPI pmus be an exception here?
Because currently perf stat -I from IMC, UPI counters is only allowed when
system wide monitoring is permitted and this prevents joint perf record and
perf stat -I in cluster environments where users usually lack ability to
modify paranoid. Adding Andi who may have more ideas regarding all that.

> Thus in general I'm fairly wary of all this.

Second this. Extra care is required here so some security related folks
need to be involved into the discussion.

>
> Is there no other way to expose this information? Can't we do a
> traditional load-avg like thing for the GPU?
>

Thanks,
Alexey

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