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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/6] arm_pmu: Refactor maximum period handling
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Hi Suzuki,

On 18/05/18 11:22, Suzuki K Poulose wrote:
> Each PMU defines their max_period of the counter as the maximum
> value that can be counted. In order to support chaining of the
> counters, change this parameter to indicate the counter width
> to deduce the max_period. This will be useful to compute the
> max_period for chained counters.
>
> No functional changes.
>
> Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
> Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
> Signed-off-by: Suzuki K Poulose <suzuki.poulose@arm.com>
> ---
> arch/arm/kernel/perf_event_v6.c | 4 ++--
> arch/arm/kernel/perf_event_v7.c | 2 +-
> arch/arm/kernel/perf_event_xscale.c | 4 ++--
> arch/arm64/kernel/perf_event.c | 2 +-
> drivers/perf/arm_pmu.c | 16 ++++++++++++----
> include/linux/perf/arm_pmu.h | 2 +-
> 6 files changed, 19 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/perf_event_v6.c b/arch/arm/kernel/perf_event_v6.c
> index 1d7061a..d52a3fa 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/kernel/perf_event_v6.c
> +++ b/arch/arm/kernel/perf_event_v6.c
> @@ -497,7 +497,7 @@ static void armv6pmu_init(struct arm_pmu *cpu_pmu)
> cpu_pmu->stop = armv6pmu_stop;
> cpu_pmu->map_event = armv6_map_event;
> cpu_pmu->num_events = 3;
> - cpu_pmu->max_period = (1LLU << 32) - 1;
> + cpu_pmu->counter_width = 32;
> }
>
> static int armv6_1136_pmu_init(struct arm_pmu *cpu_pmu)
> @@ -548,7 +548,7 @@ static int armv6mpcore_pmu_init(struct arm_pmu *cpu_pmu)
> cpu_pmu->stop = armv6pmu_stop;
> cpu_pmu->map_event = armv6mpcore_map_event;
> cpu_pmu->num_events = 3;
> - cpu_pmu->max_period = (1LLU << 32) - 1;
> + cpu_pmu->counter_width = 32;
>
> return 0;
> }
> diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/perf_event_v7.c b/arch/arm/kernel/perf_event_v7.c
> index 870b66c..3d8ec6a 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/kernel/perf_event_v7.c
> +++ b/arch/arm/kernel/perf_event_v7.c
> @@ -1171,7 +1171,7 @@ static void armv7pmu_init(struct arm_pmu *cpu_pmu)
> cpu_pmu->start = armv7pmu_start;
> cpu_pmu->stop = armv7pmu_stop;
> cpu_pmu->reset = armv7pmu_reset;
> - cpu_pmu->max_period = (1LLU << 32) - 1;
> + cpu_pmu->counter_width = 32;
> };
>
> static void armv7_read_num_pmnc_events(void *info)
> diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/perf_event_xscale.c b/arch/arm/kernel/perf_event_xscale.c
> index fcf218d..6eb0e21 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/kernel/perf_event_xscale.c
> +++ b/arch/arm/kernel/perf_event_xscale.c
> @@ -375,7 +375,7 @@ static int xscale1pmu_init(struct arm_pmu *cpu_pmu)
> cpu_pmu->stop = xscale1pmu_stop;
> cpu_pmu->map_event = xscale_map_event;
> cpu_pmu->num_events = 3;
> - cpu_pmu->max_period = (1LLU << 32) - 1;
> + cpu_pmu->counter_width = 32;
>
> return 0;
> }
> @@ -745,7 +745,7 @@ static int xscale2pmu_init(struct arm_pmu *cpu_pmu)
> cpu_pmu->stop = xscale2pmu_stop;
> cpu_pmu->map_event = xscale_map_event;
> cpu_pmu->num_events = 5;
> - cpu_pmu->max_period = (1LLU << 32) - 1;
> + cpu_pmu->counter_width = 32;
>
> return 0;
> }
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/perf_event.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/perf_event.c
> index 85a251b..408f92c 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/perf_event.c
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/perf_event.c
> @@ -961,7 +961,7 @@ static int armv8_pmu_init(struct arm_pmu *cpu_pmu)
> cpu_pmu->start = armv8pmu_start,
> cpu_pmu->stop = armv8pmu_stop,
> cpu_pmu->reset = armv8pmu_reset,
> - cpu_pmu->max_period = (1LLU << 32) - 1,
> + cpu_pmu->counter_width = 32;

Given that none of the 6 instances above differ, this looks suspiciously
redundant. AFAICS max_period has been there from the very beginning with
no explicit justification, so I can only assume it was anticipating more
future variability than actually turned out. With 8 years of hindsight
now, I think it would be reasonable to assume that counters are 32-bit
except in certain special cases where they might be 64-bit; since that
can't be described by a single "counter size" value anyway, and by the
end of this series we have the means to handle it correctly via flags, I
propose that we just get rid of this and hard-code 32 in
arm_pmu_max_period().

> cpu_pmu->set_event_filter = armv8pmu_set_event_filter;
>
> return 0;
> diff --git a/drivers/perf/arm_pmu.c b/drivers/perf/arm_pmu.c
> index 1a0d340..e23e1a1 100644
> --- a/drivers/perf/arm_pmu.c
> +++ b/drivers/perf/arm_pmu.c
> @@ -28,6 +28,11 @@
> static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct arm_pmu *, cpu_armpmu);
> static DEFINE_PER_CPU(int, cpu_irq);
>
> +static inline u64 arm_pmu_max_period(struct arm_pmu *pmu)
> +{
> + return (((u64)1) << (pmu->counter_width)) - 1;

Nit: "1ULL << ..."

Otherwise, looks fine to me.

Robin.

> +}
> +
> static int
> armpmu_map_cache_event(const unsigned (*cache_map)
> [PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_MAX]
> @@ -114,8 +119,10 @@ int armpmu_event_set_period(struct perf_event *event)
> struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw;
> s64 left = local64_read(&hwc->period_left);
> s64 period = hwc->sample_period;
> + u64 max_period;
> int ret = 0;
>
> + max_period = arm_pmu_max_period(armpmu);
> if (unlikely(left <= -period)) {
> left = period;
> local64_set(&hwc->period_left, left);
> @@ -136,8 +143,8 @@ int armpmu_event_set_period(struct perf_event *event)
> * effect we are reducing max_period to account for
> * interrupt latency (and we are being very conservative).
> */
> - if (left > (armpmu->max_period >> 1))
> - left = armpmu->max_period >> 1;
> + if (left > (max_period >> 1))
> + left = (max_period >> 1);
>
> local64_set(&hwc->prev_count, (u64)-left);
>
> @@ -153,6 +160,7 @@ u64 armpmu_event_update(struct perf_event *event)
> struct arm_pmu *armpmu = to_arm_pmu(event->pmu);
> struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw;
> u64 delta, prev_raw_count, new_raw_count;
> + u64 max_period = arm_pmu_max_period(armpmu);
>
> again:
> prev_raw_count = local64_read(&hwc->prev_count);
> @@ -162,7 +170,7 @@ u64 armpmu_event_update(struct perf_event *event)
> new_raw_count) != prev_raw_count)
> goto again;
>
> - delta = (new_raw_count - prev_raw_count) & armpmu->max_period;
> + delta = (new_raw_count - prev_raw_count) & max_period;
>
> local64_add(delta, &event->count);
> local64_sub(delta, &hwc->period_left);
> @@ -402,7 +410,7 @@ __hw_perf_event_init(struct perf_event *event)
> * is far less likely to overtake the previous one unless
> * you have some serious IRQ latency issues.
> */
> - hwc->sample_period = armpmu->max_period >> 1;
> + hwc->sample_period = arm_pmu_max_period(armpmu) >> 1;
> hwc->last_period = hwc->sample_period;
> local64_set(&hwc->period_left, hwc->sample_period);
> }
> diff --git a/include/linux/perf/arm_pmu.h b/include/linux/perf/arm_pmu.h
> index 40036a5..c8c31cf 100644
> --- a/include/linux/perf/arm_pmu.h
> +++ b/include/linux/perf/arm_pmu.h
> @@ -94,7 +94,7 @@ struct arm_pmu {
> void (*reset)(void *);
> int (*map_event)(struct perf_event *event);
> int num_events;
> - u64 max_period;
> + u8 counter_width;
> bool secure_access; /* 32-bit ARM only */
> #define ARMV8_PMUV3_MAX_COMMON_EVENTS 0x40
> DECLARE_BITMAP(pmceid_bitmap, ARMV8_PMUV3_MAX_COMMON_EVENTS);
>

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