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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 1/2] i2c: core-smbus: fix a potential uninitialization bug
Yes, this patch does not aim to "fix" all potential driver bugs but
adds an additional protection in case the implementation of
.master_xfer is incorrect.

From this perspective, it is still necessary to apply this patch, as
pointed out by Peter.

Thanks,
Wenwen

On Mon, May 14, 2018 at 3:31 PM, Peter Rosin <peda@axentia.se> wrote:
> On 2018-05-10 13:17, Wolfram Sang wrote:
>> On Sat, May 05, 2018 at 07:57:10AM -0500, Wenwen Wang wrote:
>>> In i2c_smbus_xfer_emulated(), there are two buffers: msgbuf0 and msgbuf1,
>>> which are used to save a series of messages, as mentioned in the comment.
>>> According to the value of the variable 'size', msgbuf0 is initialized to
>>> various values. In contrast, msgbuf1 is left uninitialized until the
>>> function i2c_transfer() is invoked. However, msgbuf1 is not always
>>> initialized on all possible execution paths (implementation) of
>>> i2c_transfer(). Thus, it is possible that msgbuf1 may still be
>>> uninitialized even after the invocation of the function i2c_transfer(),
>>> especially when the return value of ic2_transfer() is not checked properly.
>>> In the following execution, the uninitialized msgbuf1 will be used, such as
>>> for security checks. Since uninitialized values can be random and
>>> arbitrary, this will cause undefined behaviors or even check bypass. For
>>> example, it is expected that if the value of 'size' is
>>> I2C_SMBUS_BLOCK_PROC_CALL, the value of data->block[0] should not be larger
>>> than I2C_SMBUS_BLOCK_MAX. But, at the end of i2c_smbus_xfer_emulated(), the
>>> value read from msgbuf1 is assigned to data->block[0], which can
>>> potentially lead to invalid block write size, as demonstrated in the error
>>> message.
>>>
>>> This patch initializes the first byte of msgbuf1 with 0 to avoid such
>>> undefined behaviors or security issues.
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Wenwen Wang <wang6495@umn.edu>
>>
>> From what I can tell, this patch is not needed anymore after patch 2 is
>> applied. Correct?
>
> AFAIU, it is only needed if there are bugs elsewhere. I.e. it's for extra
> protection. If all drivers implement .master_xfer correctly, msgbuf1 will
> be filled in and the return value will be the number of messages (i.e. 2)
> OR you get a negative return value and the msgbuf1 content will not matter.
>
> The patch does not magically fix all possible driver bugs, so in that
> sense this patch is still "needed".
>
> Also - again AFAIU - there is no known bug that actually gets caught by
> this extra check.
>
> Cheers,
> Peter

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