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Subject[RESEND PATCH v5 2/6] mfd: stm32-timers: add support for dmas
Date
STM32 Timers can support up to 7 DMA requests:
- 4 channels, update, compare and trigger.
Optionally request part, or all DMAs from stm32-timers MFD core.

Also add routine to implement burst reads using DMA from timer registers.
This is exported. So, it can be used by child drivers, PWM capture
for instance (but not limited to).

Signed-off-by: Fabrice Gasnier <fabrice.gasnier@st.com>
Reviewed-by: Benjamin Gaignard <benjamin.gaignard@linaro.org>
---
Changes in v5:
- fix warning on dma_mapping_error() that doesn't return an error code.
- move stm32_timers_dma struct to header file as discussed with Lee.
This allows to remove alloc for this struct in stm32_timers_dma_probe.

Changes in v4:
- Lee's comments: Add kerneldoc header, better format comments.

Changes in v3:
- Basically Lee's comments:
- rather create a struct stm32_timers_dma, and place a reference to it
in existing ddata (instead of adding priv struct).
- rather use a struct device in exported routine prototype, and use
standard helpers instead of ddata. Get rid of to_stm32_timers_priv().
- simplify error handling in probe (remove a goto)
- comment on devm_of_platform_*populate() usage.

Changes in v2:
- Abstract DMA handling from child driver: move it to MFD core
- Add comments on optional dma support
---
drivers/mfd/stm32-timers.c | 201 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
include/linux/mfd/stm32-timers.h | 46 +++++++++
2 files changed, 245 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/mfd/stm32-timers.c b/drivers/mfd/stm32-timers.c
index 1d347e5..efcd4b9 100644
--- a/drivers/mfd/stm32-timers.c
+++ b/drivers/mfd/stm32-timers.c
@@ -4,16 +4,156 @@
* Author: Benjamin Gaignard <benjamin.gaignard@st.com>
*/

+#include <linux/bitfield.h>
#include <linux/mfd/stm32-timers.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/of_platform.h>
#include <linux/reset.h>

+#define STM32_TIMERS_MAX_REGISTERS 0x3fc
+
+/* DIER register DMA enable bits */
+static const u32 stm32_timers_dier_dmaen[STM32_TIMERS_MAX_DMAS] = {
+ TIM_DIER_CC1DE,
+ TIM_DIER_CC2DE,
+ TIM_DIER_CC3DE,
+ TIM_DIER_CC4DE,
+ TIM_DIER_UIE,
+ TIM_DIER_TDE,
+ TIM_DIER_COMDE
+};
+
+static void stm32_timers_dma_done(void *p)
+{
+ struct stm32_timers_dma *dma = p;
+ struct dma_tx_state state;
+ enum dma_status status;
+
+ status = dmaengine_tx_status(dma->chan, dma->chan->cookie, &state);
+ if (status == DMA_COMPLETE)
+ complete(&dma->completion);
+}
+
+/**
+ * stm32_timers_dma_burst_read - Read from timers registers using DMA.
+ *
+ * Read from STM32 timers registers using DMA on a single event.
+ * @dev: reference to stm32_timers MFD device
+ * @buf: DMA'able destination buffer
+ * @id: stm32_timers_dmas event identifier (ch[1..4], up, trig or com)
+ * @reg: registers start offset for DMA to read from (like CCRx for capture)
+ * @num_reg: number of registers to read upon each DMA request, starting @reg.
+ * @bursts: number of bursts to read (e.g. like two for pwm period capture)
+ * @tmo_ms: timeout (milliseconds)
+ */
+int stm32_timers_dma_burst_read(struct device *dev, u32 *buf,
+ enum stm32_timers_dmas id, u32 reg,
+ unsigned int num_reg, unsigned int bursts,
+ unsigned long tmo_ms)
+{
+ struct stm32_timers *ddata = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+ unsigned long timeout = msecs_to_jiffies(tmo_ms);
+ struct regmap *regmap = ddata->regmap;
+ struct stm32_timers_dma *dma = &ddata->dma;
+ size_t len = num_reg * bursts * sizeof(u32);
+ struct dma_async_tx_descriptor *desc;
+ struct dma_slave_config config;
+ dma_cookie_t cookie;
+ dma_addr_t dma_buf;
+ u32 dbl, dba;
+ long err;
+ int ret;
+
+ /* Sanity check */
+ if (id < STM32_TIMERS_DMA_CH1 || id >= STM32_TIMERS_MAX_DMAS)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (!num_reg || !bursts || reg > STM32_TIMERS_MAX_REGISTERS ||
+ (reg + num_reg * sizeof(u32)) > STM32_TIMERS_MAX_REGISTERS)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (!dma->chans[id])
+ return -ENODEV;
+ mutex_lock(&dma->lock);
+
+ /* Select DMA channel in use */
+ dma->chan = dma->chans[id];
+ dma_buf = dma_map_single(dev, buf, len, DMA_FROM_DEVICE);
+ if (dma_mapping_error(dev, dma_buf)) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto unlock;
+ }
+
+ /* Prepare DMA read from timer registers, using DMA burst mode */
+ memset(&config, 0, sizeof(config));
+ config.src_addr = (dma_addr_t)dma->phys_base + TIM_DMAR;
+ config.src_addr_width = DMA_SLAVE_BUSWIDTH_4_BYTES;
+ ret = dmaengine_slave_config(dma->chan, &config);
+ if (ret)
+ goto unmap;
+
+ desc = dmaengine_prep_slave_single(dma->chan, dma_buf, len,
+ DMA_DEV_TO_MEM, DMA_PREP_INTERRUPT);
+ if (!desc) {
+ ret = -EBUSY;
+ goto unmap;
+ }
+
+ desc->callback = stm32_timers_dma_done;
+ desc->callback_param = dma;
+ cookie = dmaengine_submit(desc);
+ ret = dma_submit_error(cookie);
+ if (ret)
+ goto dma_term;
+
+ reinit_completion(&dma->completion);
+ dma_async_issue_pending(dma->chan);
+
+ /* Setup and enable timer DMA burst mode */
+ dbl = FIELD_PREP(TIM_DCR_DBL, bursts - 1);
+ dba = FIELD_PREP(TIM_DCR_DBA, reg >> 2);
+ ret = regmap_write(regmap, TIM_DCR, dbl | dba);
+ if (ret)
+ goto dma_term;
+
+ /* Clear pending flags before enabling DMA request */
+ ret = regmap_write(regmap, TIM_SR, 0);
+ if (ret)
+ goto dcr_clr;
+
+ ret = regmap_update_bits(regmap, TIM_DIER, stm32_timers_dier_dmaen[id],
+ stm32_timers_dier_dmaen[id]);
+ if (ret)
+ goto dcr_clr;
+
+ err = wait_for_completion_interruptible_timeout(&dma->completion,
+ timeout);
+ if (err == 0)
+ ret = -ETIMEDOUT;
+ else if (err < 0)
+ ret = err;
+
+ regmap_update_bits(regmap, TIM_DIER, stm32_timers_dier_dmaen[id], 0);
+ regmap_write(regmap, TIM_SR, 0);
+dcr_clr:
+ regmap_write(regmap, TIM_DCR, 0);
+dma_term:
+ dmaengine_terminate_all(dma->chan);
+unmap:
+ dma_unmap_single(dev, dma_buf, len, DMA_FROM_DEVICE);
+unlock:
+ dma->chan = NULL;
+ mutex_unlock(&dma->lock);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(stm32_timers_dma_burst_read);
+
static const struct regmap_config stm32_timers_regmap_cfg = {
.reg_bits = 32,
.val_bits = 32,
.reg_stride = sizeof(u32),
- .max_register = 0x3fc,
+ .max_register = STM32_TIMERS_MAX_REGISTERS,
};

static void stm32_timers_get_arr_size(struct stm32_timers *ddata)
@@ -27,12 +167,45 @@ static void stm32_timers_get_arr_size(struct stm32_timers *ddata)
regmap_write(ddata->regmap, TIM_ARR, 0x0);
}

+static void stm32_timers_dma_probe(struct device *dev,
+ struct stm32_timers *ddata)
+{
+ int i;
+ char name[4];
+
+ init_completion(&ddata->dma.completion);
+ mutex_init(&ddata->dma.lock);
+
+ /* Optional DMA support: get valid DMA channel(s) or NULL */
+ for (i = STM32_TIMERS_DMA_CH1; i <= STM32_TIMERS_DMA_CH4; i++) {
+ snprintf(name, ARRAY_SIZE(name), "ch%1d", i + 1);
+ ddata->dma.chans[i] = dma_request_slave_channel(dev, name);
+ }
+ ddata->dma.chans[STM32_TIMERS_DMA_UP] =
+ dma_request_slave_channel(dev, "up");
+ ddata->dma.chans[STM32_TIMERS_DMA_TRIG] =
+ dma_request_slave_channel(dev, "trig");
+ ddata->dma.chans[STM32_TIMERS_DMA_COM] =
+ dma_request_slave_channel(dev, "com");
+}
+
+static void stm32_timers_dma_remove(struct device *dev,
+ struct stm32_timers *ddata)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = STM32_TIMERS_DMA_CH1; i < STM32_TIMERS_MAX_DMAS; i++)
+ if (ddata->dma.chans[i])
+ dma_release_channel(ddata->dma.chans[i]);
+}
+
static int stm32_timers_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
{
struct device *dev = &pdev->dev;
struct stm32_timers *ddata;
struct resource *res;
void __iomem *mmio;
+ int ret;

ddata = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*ddata), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!ddata)
@@ -43,6 +216,9 @@ static int stm32_timers_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
if (IS_ERR(mmio))
return PTR_ERR(mmio);

+ /* Timer physical addr for DMA */
+ ddata->dma.phys_base = res->start;
+
ddata->regmap = devm_regmap_init_mmio_clk(dev, "int", mmio,
&stm32_timers_regmap_cfg);
if (IS_ERR(ddata->regmap))
@@ -54,9 +230,29 @@ static int stm32_timers_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)

stm32_timers_get_arr_size(ddata);

+ stm32_timers_dma_probe(dev, ddata);
+
platform_set_drvdata(pdev, ddata);

- return devm_of_platform_populate(&pdev->dev);
+ ret = of_platform_populate(pdev->dev.of_node, NULL, NULL, &pdev->dev);
+ if (ret)
+ stm32_timers_dma_remove(dev, ddata);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int stm32_timers_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+ struct stm32_timers *ddata = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
+
+ /*
+ * Don't use devm_ here: enfore of_platform_depopulate() happens before
+ * DMA are released, to avoid race on DMA.
+ */
+ of_platform_depopulate(&pdev->dev);
+ stm32_timers_dma_remove(&pdev->dev, ddata);
+
+ return 0;
}

static const struct of_device_id stm32_timers_of_match[] = {
@@ -67,6 +263,7 @@ static int stm32_timers_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)

static struct platform_driver stm32_timers_driver = {
.probe = stm32_timers_probe,
+ .remove = stm32_timers_remove,
.driver = {
.name = "stm32-timers",
.of_match_table = stm32_timers_of_match,
diff --git a/include/linux/mfd/stm32-timers.h b/include/linux/mfd/stm32-timers.h
index 2aadab6..9596d5c 100644
--- a/include/linux/mfd/stm32-timers.h
+++ b/include/linux/mfd/stm32-timers.h
@@ -8,6 +8,8 @@
#define _LINUX_STM32_GPTIMER_H_

#include <linux/clk.h>
+#include <linux/dmaengine.h>
+#include <linux/dma-mapping.h>
#include <linux/regmap.h>

#define TIM_CR1 0x00 /* Control Register 1 */
@@ -27,6 +29,8 @@
#define TIM_CCR3 0x3C /* Capt/Comp Register 3 */
#define TIM_CCR4 0x40 /* Capt/Comp Register 4 */
#define TIM_BDTR 0x44 /* Break and Dead-Time Reg */
+#define TIM_DCR 0x48 /* DMA control register */
+#define TIM_DMAR 0x4C /* DMA register for transfer */

#define TIM_CR1_CEN BIT(0) /* Counter Enable */
#define TIM_CR1_DIR BIT(4) /* Counter Direction */
@@ -36,6 +40,13 @@
#define TIM_SMCR_SMS (BIT(0) | BIT(1) | BIT(2)) /* Slave mode selection */
#define TIM_SMCR_TS (BIT(4) | BIT(5) | BIT(6)) /* Trigger selection */
#define TIM_DIER_UIE BIT(0) /* Update interrupt */
+#define TIM_DIER_UDE BIT(8) /* Update DMA request Enable */
+#define TIM_DIER_CC1DE BIT(9) /* CC1 DMA request Enable */
+#define TIM_DIER_CC2DE BIT(10) /* CC2 DMA request Enable */
+#define TIM_DIER_CC3DE BIT(11) /* CC3 DMA request Enable */
+#define TIM_DIER_CC4DE BIT(12) /* CC4 DMA request Enable */
+#define TIM_DIER_COMDE BIT(13) /* COM DMA request Enable */
+#define TIM_DIER_TDE BIT(14) /* Trigger DMA request Enable */
#define TIM_SR_UIF BIT(0) /* Update interrupt flag */
#define TIM_EGR_UG BIT(0) /* Update Generation */
#define TIM_CCMR_PE BIT(3) /* Channel Preload Enable */
@@ -56,6 +67,8 @@
#define TIM_BDTR_BK2F (BIT(20) | BIT(21) | BIT(22) | BIT(23))
#define TIM_BDTR_BK2E BIT(24) /* Break 2 input enable */
#define TIM_BDTR_BK2P BIT(25) /* Break 2 input polarity */
+#define TIM_DCR_DBA GENMASK(4, 0) /* DMA base addr */
+#define TIM_DCR_DBL GENMASK(12, 8) /* DMA burst len */

#define MAX_TIM_PSC 0xFFFF
#define TIM_CR2_MMS_SHIFT 4
@@ -65,9 +78,42 @@
#define TIM_BDTR_BKF_SHIFT 16
#define TIM_BDTR_BK2F_SHIFT 20

+enum stm32_timers_dmas {
+ STM32_TIMERS_DMA_CH1,
+ STM32_TIMERS_DMA_CH2,
+ STM32_TIMERS_DMA_CH3,
+ STM32_TIMERS_DMA_CH4,
+ STM32_TIMERS_DMA_UP,
+ STM32_TIMERS_DMA_TRIG,
+ STM32_TIMERS_DMA_COM,
+ STM32_TIMERS_MAX_DMAS,
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct stm32_timers_dma - STM32 timer DMA handling.
+ * @completion: end of DMA transfer completion
+ * @phys_base: control registers physical base address
+ * @lock: protect DMA access
+ * @chan: DMA channel in use
+ * @chans: DMA channels available for this timer instance
+ */
+struct stm32_timers_dma {
+ struct completion completion;
+ phys_addr_t phys_base;
+ struct mutex lock;
+ struct dma_chan *chan;
+ struct dma_chan *chans[STM32_TIMERS_MAX_DMAS];
+};
+
struct stm32_timers {
struct clk *clk;
struct regmap *regmap;
u32 max_arr;
+ struct stm32_timers_dma dma; /* Only to be used by the parent */
};
+
+int stm32_timers_dma_burst_read(struct device *dev, u32 *buf,
+ enum stm32_timers_dmas id, u32 reg,
+ unsigned int num_reg, unsigned int bursts,
+ unsigned long tmo_ms);
#endif
--
1.9.1
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