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Subject[PATCH v3] vfio/mdev: Check globally for duplicate devices
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When we create an mdev device, we check for duplicates against the
parent device and return -EEXIST if found, but the mdev device
namespace is global since we'll link all devices from the bus. We do
catch this later in sysfs_do_create_link_sd() to return -EEXIST, but
with it comes a kernel warning and stack trace for trying to create
duplicate sysfs links, which makes it an undesirable response.

Therefore we should really be looking for duplicates across all mdev
parent devices, or as implemented here, against our mdev device list.
Using mdev_list to prevent duplicates means that we can remove
mdev_parent.lock, but in order not to serialize mdev device creation
and removal globally, we add mdev_device.active which allows UUIDs to
be reserved such that we can drop the mdev_list_lock before the mdev
device is fully in place.

NB. there was never intended to be any serialization guarantee
provided by the mdev core with respect to creation and removal of mdev
devices, mdev_parent.lock provided this only as a side-effect of the
implementation for locking the namespace per parent. That
serialization is now removed.

Signed-off-by: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
---

v3: Rework locking and add a field to mdev_device so we can track
completed instances vs those added to reserve the namespace.

drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c | 94 +++++++++++++-------------------------
drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h | 2 -
2 files changed, 34 insertions(+), 62 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
index 126991046eb7..55ea9d34ec69 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
+++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
@@ -66,34 +66,6 @@ uuid_le mdev_uuid(struct mdev_device *mdev)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(mdev_uuid);

-static int _find_mdev_device(struct device *dev, void *data)
-{
- struct mdev_device *mdev;
-
- if (!dev_is_mdev(dev))
- return 0;
-
- mdev = to_mdev_device(dev);
-
- if (uuid_le_cmp(mdev->uuid, *(uuid_le *)data) == 0)
- return 1;
-
- return 0;
-}
-
-static bool mdev_device_exist(struct mdev_parent *parent, uuid_le uuid)
-{
- struct device *dev;
-
- dev = device_find_child(parent->dev, &uuid, _find_mdev_device);
- if (dev) {
- put_device(dev);
- return true;
- }
-
- return false;
-}
-
/* Should be called holding parent_list_lock */
static struct mdev_parent *__find_parent_device(struct device *dev)
{
@@ -221,7 +193,6 @@ int mdev_register_device(struct device *dev, const struct mdev_parent_ops *ops)
}

kref_init(&parent->ref);
- mutex_init(&parent->lock);

parent->dev = dev;
parent->ops = ops;
@@ -304,7 +275,7 @@ static void mdev_device_release(struct device *dev)
int mdev_device_create(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev, uuid_le uuid)
{
int ret;
- struct mdev_device *mdev;
+ struct mdev_device *mdev, *tmp;
struct mdev_parent *parent;
struct mdev_type *type = to_mdev_type(kobj);

@@ -312,21 +283,26 @@ int mdev_device_create(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev, uuid_le uuid)
if (!parent)
return -EINVAL;

- mutex_lock(&parent->lock);
+ mutex_lock(&mdev_list_lock);

/* Check for duplicate */
- if (mdev_device_exist(parent, uuid)) {
- ret = -EEXIST;
- goto create_err;
+ list_for_each_entry(tmp, &mdev_list, next) {
+ if (!uuid_le_cmp(tmp->uuid, uuid)) {
+ mutex_unlock(&mdev_list_lock);
+ return -EEXIST;
+ }
}

mdev = kzalloc(sizeof(*mdev), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!mdev) {
- ret = -ENOMEM;
- goto create_err;
+ mutex_unlock(&mdev_list_lock);
+ return -ENOMEM;
}

memcpy(&mdev->uuid, &uuid, sizeof(uuid_le));
+ list_add(&mdev->next, &mdev_list);
+ mutex_unlock(&mdev_list_lock);
+
mdev->parent = parent;
kref_init(&mdev->ref);

@@ -352,21 +328,18 @@ int mdev_device_create(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev, uuid_le uuid)
}

mdev->type_kobj = kobj;
+ mdev->active = true;
dev_dbg(&mdev->dev, "MDEV: created\n");

- mutex_unlock(&parent->lock);
-
- mutex_lock(&mdev_list_lock);
- list_add(&mdev->next, &mdev_list);
- mutex_unlock(&mdev_list_lock);
-
- return ret;
+ return 0;

create_failed:
device_unregister(&mdev->dev);

create_err:
- mutex_unlock(&parent->lock);
+ mutex_lock(&mdev_list_lock);
+ list_del(&mdev->next);
+ mutex_unlock(&mdev_list_lock);
mdev_put_parent(parent);
return ret;
}
@@ -377,44 +350,43 @@ int mdev_device_remove(struct device *dev, bool force_remove)
struct mdev_parent *parent;
struct mdev_type *type;
int ret;
- bool found = false;

mdev = to_mdev_device(dev);

mutex_lock(&mdev_list_lock);
list_for_each_entry(tmp, &mdev_list, next) {
- if (tmp == mdev) {
- found = true;
+ if (tmp == mdev)
break;
- }
}

- if (found)
- list_del(&mdev->next);
+ if (tmp != mdev) {
+ mutex_unlock(&mdev_list_lock);
+ return -ENODEV;
+ }

- mutex_unlock(&mdev_list_lock);
+ if (!mdev->active) {
+ mutex_unlock(&mdev_list_lock);
+ return -EAGAIN;
+ }

- if (!found)
- return -ENODEV;
+ mdev->active = false;
+ mutex_unlock(&mdev_list_lock);

type = to_mdev_type(mdev->type_kobj);
parent = mdev->parent;
- mutex_lock(&parent->lock);

ret = mdev_device_remove_ops(mdev, force_remove);
if (ret) {
- mutex_unlock(&parent->lock);
-
- mutex_lock(&mdev_list_lock);
- list_add(&mdev->next, &mdev_list);
- mutex_unlock(&mdev_list_lock);
-
+ mdev->active = true;
return ret;
}

+ mutex_lock(&mdev_list_lock);
+ list_del(&mdev->next);
+ mutex_unlock(&mdev_list_lock);
+
mdev_remove_sysfs_files(dev, type);
device_unregister(dev);
- mutex_unlock(&parent->lock);
mdev_put_parent(parent);

return 0;
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h
index a9cefd70a705..b5819b7d7ef7 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h
+++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h
@@ -20,7 +20,6 @@ struct mdev_parent {
struct device *dev;
const struct mdev_parent_ops *ops;
struct kref ref;
- struct mutex lock;
struct list_head next;
struct kset *mdev_types_kset;
struct list_head type_list;
@@ -34,6 +33,7 @@ struct mdev_device {
struct kref ref;
struct list_head next;
struct kobject *type_kobj;
+ bool active;
};

#define to_mdev_device(dev) container_of(dev, struct mdev_device, dev)
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