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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/2] random: Omit double-printing ratelimit messages
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On Thu, 2018-05-10 at 23:51 -0400, Theodore Y. Ts'o wrote:
> On Thu, May 10, 2018 at 08:50:07PM +0100, Dmitry Safonov wrote:
> > random uses __ratelimit() which calls ___ratelimit() with a
> > function
> > name. Depending on !RATELIMIT_MSG_ON_RELEASE it prints how many
> > messages were suppressed every ratelimit interval (1 second for
> > random)
> > and flushes ratelimit_state::missed:
>
> So the thing about the ratelimit system is that if you have a burst
> of
> 1,000,000 within the one second burst window, and then nothing ever
> again, you will never see a message accounting for those 1,000,000
> "callbacks" (which is a terrible wording; it just confuses people).
>
> If you have a burst of 1,000,000 calls to ratelimit, and then a month
> goes by, and *then* a single call to __ratelimit is called by printk,
> only *the* does the message about the suppressed "callback" get
> printed.

Yes, if the initialization time of driver is lesser than a second.
If it's 1.1 sec - you'll have prints from ___ratelimit() and from your
driver too. And they differ in format.

> So in the case of the random driver, once the random driver is fully
> intialized, there will never be a call to __ratelimit() for the
> urandom ratelimit structures, so we manually print out the final
> number of suppressed message so there is proper accounting for them.

So, there is this flag, AFAICS, which perfectly fits your purpose
RATELIMIT_MSG_ON_RELEASE which will omit printing how many messages
were suppressed every interval of ___ratelimit(). And that will allow
you to print total in the end.

> It is not a double-count. If we didn't do that, those suppressed
> warnings would never be mentioned by the kernel.

Yeah, but what you print is not total sum, it's since the last interval
because without mentioned flag ___ratelimit() will flush missed counter
and print "suppressed" message.
They might even double if say other proccess has called
get_random_bytes() got to ___ratelimit() and got preempted. This thread
finishes initializing random driver and prints this not-proper-sum
statistics, and when the code flow is back in the first context, it
will print statistics again from ___ratelimit() function.

--
Thanks,
Dmitry

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