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Subject[PATCH 4.4 42/72] llist: clang: introduce member_address_is_nonnull()
Date
4.4-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com>

commit beaec533fc2701a28a4d667f67c9f59c6e4e0d13 upstream.

Currently llist_for_each_entry() and llist_for_each_entry_safe() iterate
until &pos->member != NULL. But when building the kernel with Clang,
the compiler assumes &pos->member cannot be NULL if the member's offset
is greater than 0 (which would be equivalent to the object being
non-contiguous in memory). Therefore the loop condition is always true,
and the loops become infinite.

To work around this, introduce the member_address_is_nonnull() macro,
which casts object pointer to uintptr_t, thus letting the member pointer
to be NULL.

Signed-off-by: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com>
Tested-by: Sodagudi Prasad <psodagud@codeaurora.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

---
include/linux/llist.h | 21 +++++++++++++++++++--
1 file changed, 19 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

--- a/include/linux/llist.h
+++ b/include/linux/llist.h
@@ -88,6 +88,23 @@ static inline void init_llist_head(struc
container_of(ptr, type, member)

/**
+ * member_address_is_nonnull - check whether the member address is not NULL
+ * @ptr: the object pointer (struct type * that contains the llist_node)
+ * @member: the name of the llist_node within the struct.
+ *
+ * This macro is conceptually the same as
+ * &ptr->member != NULL
+ * but it works around the fact that compilers can decide that taking a member
+ * address is never a NULL pointer.
+ *
+ * Real objects that start at a high address and have a member at NULL are
+ * unlikely to exist, but such pointers may be returned e.g. by the
+ * container_of() macro.
+ */
+#define member_address_is_nonnull(ptr, member) \
+ ((uintptr_t)(ptr) + offsetof(typeof(*(ptr)), member) != 0)
+
+/**
* llist_for_each - iterate over some deleted entries of a lock-less list
* @pos: the &struct llist_node to use as a loop cursor
* @node: the first entry of deleted list entries
@@ -121,7 +138,7 @@ static inline void init_llist_head(struc
*/
#define llist_for_each_entry(pos, node, member) \
for ((pos) = llist_entry((node), typeof(*(pos)), member); \
- &(pos)->member != NULL; \
+ member_address_is_nonnull(pos, member); \
(pos) = llist_entry((pos)->member.next, typeof(*(pos)), member))

/**
@@ -143,7 +160,7 @@ static inline void init_llist_head(struc
*/
#define llist_for_each_entry_safe(pos, n, node, member) \
for (pos = llist_entry((node), typeof(*pos), member); \
- &pos->member != NULL && \
+ member_address_is_nonnull(pos, member) && \
(n = llist_entry(pos->member.next, typeof(*n), member), true); \
pos = n)


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