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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH v2 4/6] sched/fair: Introduce an energy estimation helper function
On Tuesday 17 Apr 2018 at 23:22:13 (+0800), Leo Yan wrote:
> On Fri, Apr 06, 2018 at 04:36:05PM +0100, Dietmar Eggemann wrote:
> > From: Quentin Perret <quentin.perret@arm.com>
> >
> > In preparation for the definition of an energy-aware wakeup path, a
> > helper function is provided to estimate the consequence on system energy
> > when a specific task wakes-up on a specific CPU. compute_energy()
> > estimates the OPPs to be reached by all frequency domains and estimates
> > the consumption of each online CPU according to its energy model and its
> > percentage of busy time.
> >
> > Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
> > Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
> > Signed-off-by: Quentin Perret <quentin.perret@arm.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Dietmar Eggemann <dietmar.eggemann@arm.com>
> > ---
> > include/linux/sched/energy.h | 20 +++++++++++++
> > kernel/sched/fair.c | 68 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > kernel/sched/sched.h | 2 +-
> > 3 files changed, 89 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/include/linux/sched/energy.h b/include/linux/sched/energy.h
> > index 941071eec013..b4110b145228 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/sched/energy.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/sched/energy.h
> > @@ -27,6 +27,24 @@ static inline bool sched_energy_enabled(void)
> > return static_branch_unlikely(&sched_energy_present);
> > }
> >
> > +static inline
> > +struct capacity_state *find_cap_state(int cpu, unsigned long util)
> > +{
> > + struct sched_energy_model *em = *per_cpu_ptr(energy_model, cpu);
> > + struct capacity_state *cs = NULL;
> > + int i;
> > +
> > + util += util >> 2;
> > +
> > + for (i = 0; i < em->nr_cap_states; i++) {
> > + cs = &em->cap_states[i];
> > + if (cs->cap >= util)
> > + break;
> > + }
> > +
> > + return cs;
>
> 'cs' is possible to return NULL.

Only if em-nr_cap_states==0, and that shouldn't be possible if
sched_energy_present==True, so this code should be safe :-)

>
> > +}
> > +
> > static inline struct cpumask *freq_domain_span(struct freq_domain *fd)
> > {
> > return &fd->span;
> > @@ -42,6 +60,8 @@ struct freq_domain;
> > static inline bool sched_energy_enabled(void) { return false; }
> > static inline struct cpumask
> > *freq_domain_span(struct freq_domain *fd) { return NULL; }
> > +static inline struct capacity_state
> > +*find_cap_state(int cpu, unsigned long util) { return NULL; }
> > static inline void init_sched_energy(void) { }
> > #define for_each_freq_domain(fdom) for (; fdom; fdom = NULL)
> > #endif
> > diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
> > index 6960e5ef3c14..8cb9fb04fff2 100644
> > --- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
> > +++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
> > @@ -6633,6 +6633,74 @@ static int wake_cap(struct task_struct *p, int cpu, int prev_cpu)
> > }
> >
> > /*
> > + * Returns the util of "cpu" if "p" wakes up on "dst_cpu".
> > + */
> > +static unsigned long cpu_util_next(int cpu, struct task_struct *p, int dst_cpu)
> > +{
> > + unsigned long util, util_est;
> > + struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq;
> > +
> > + /* Task is where it should be, or has no impact on cpu */
> > + if ((task_cpu(p) == dst_cpu) || (cpu != task_cpu(p) && cpu != dst_cpu))
> > + return cpu_util(cpu);
> > +
> > + cfs_rq = &cpu_rq(cpu)->cfs;
> > + util = READ_ONCE(cfs_rq->avg.util_avg);
> > +
> > + if (dst_cpu == cpu)
> > + util += task_util(p);
> > + else
> > + util = max_t(long, util - task_util(p), 0);
>
> I tried to understand the logic at here, below code is more clear for
> myself:
>
> int prev_cpu = task_cpu(p);
>
> cfs_rq = &cpu_rq(cpu)->cfs;
> util = READ_ONCE(cfs_rq->avg.util_avg);
>
> /* Bail out if src and dst CPUs are the same one */
> if (prev_cpu == cpu && dst_cpu == cpu)
> return util;
>
> /* Remove task utilization for src CPU */
> if (cpu == prev_cpu)
> util = max_t(long, util - task_util(p), 0);
>
> /* Add task utilization for dst CPU */
> if (dst_cpu == cpu)
> util += task_util(p);
>
> BTW, CPU utilization is decayed value and task_util() is not decayed
> value, so 'util - task_util(p)' calculates a smaller value than the
> prev CPU pure utilization, right?

task_util() is the raw PELT signal, without UTIL_EST, so I think it's
fine to do `util - task_util()`.

>
> Another question is can we reuse the function cpu_util_wake() and
> just compenstate task util for dst cpu?

Well it's not that simple. cpu_util_wake() will give you the max between
the util_avg and the util_est value, so which task_util() should you add
to it ? The util_avg or the uti_est value ?

Here we are trying to predict what will be the cpu_util signal in the
future, so the only always-correct implementation of this function has
to predict what will be the CPU util_avg and util_est signals in
parallel and take the max of the two.

>
> > + if (sched_feat(UTIL_EST)) {
> > + util_est = READ_ONCE(cfs_rq->avg.util_est.enqueued);
> > + if (dst_cpu == cpu)
> > + util_est += _task_util_est(p);
> > + else
> > + util_est = max_t(long, util_est - _task_util_est(p), 0);
> > + util = max(util, util_est);
> > + }
> > +
> > + return min_t(unsigned long, util, capacity_orig_of(cpu));
> > +}
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Estimates the system level energy assuming that p wakes-up on dst_cpu.
> > + *
> > + * compute_energy() is safe to call only if an energy model is available for
> > + * the platform, which is when sched_energy_enabled() is true.
> > + */
> > +static unsigned long compute_energy(struct task_struct *p, int dst_cpu)
> > +{
> > + unsigned long util, max_util, sum_util;
> > + struct capacity_state *cs;
> > + unsigned long energy = 0;
> > + struct freq_domain *fd;
> > + int cpu;
> > +
> > + for_each_freq_domain(fd) {
> > + max_util = sum_util = 0;
> > + for_each_cpu_and(cpu, freq_domain_span(fd), cpu_online_mask) {
> > + util = cpu_util_next(cpu, p, dst_cpu);
> > + util += cpu_util_dl(cpu_rq(cpu));
> > + max_util = max(util, max_util);
> > + sum_util += util;
> > + }
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * Here we assume that the capacity states of CPUs belonging to
> > + * the same frequency domains are shared. Hence, we look at the
> > + * capacity state of the first CPU and re-use it for all.
> > + */
> > + cpu = cpumask_first(freq_domain_span(fd));
> > + cs = find_cap_state(cpu, max_util);
> > + energy += cs->power * sum_util / cs->cap;
> > + }
>
> This means all CPUs will be iterated for calculation, the complexity is
> O(n)...
>
> > + return energy;
> > +}
> > +
> > +/*
> > * select_task_rq_fair: Select target runqueue for the waking task in domains
> > * that have the 'sd_flag' flag set. In practice, this is SD_BALANCE_WAKE,
> > * SD_BALANCE_FORK, or SD_BALANCE_EXEC.
> > diff --git a/kernel/sched/sched.h b/kernel/sched/sched.h
> > index 5d552c0d7109..6eb38f41d5d9 100644
> > --- a/kernel/sched/sched.h
> > +++ b/kernel/sched/sched.h
> > @@ -2156,7 +2156,7 @@ static inline void cpufreq_update_util(struct rq *rq, unsigned int flags) {}
> > # define arch_scale_freq_invariant() false
> > #endif
> >
> > -#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_FREQ_GOV_SCHEDUTIL
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
> > static inline unsigned long cpu_util_dl(struct rq *rq)
> > {
> > return (rq->dl.running_bw * SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE) >> BW_SHIFT;
> > --
> > 2.11.0
> >

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