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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH v2 4/6] sched/fair: Introduce an energy estimation helper function
On Fri, Apr 06, 2018 at 04:36:05PM +0100, Dietmar Eggemann wrote:
> From: Quentin Perret <quentin.perret@arm.com>
>
> In preparation for the definition of an energy-aware wakeup path, a
> helper function is provided to estimate the consequence on system energy
> when a specific task wakes-up on a specific CPU. compute_energy()
> estimates the OPPs to be reached by all frequency domains and estimates
> the consumption of each online CPU according to its energy model and its
> percentage of busy time.
>
> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
> Signed-off-by: Quentin Perret <quentin.perret@arm.com>
> Signed-off-by: Dietmar Eggemann <dietmar.eggemann@arm.com>
> ---
> include/linux/sched/energy.h | 20 +++++++++++++
> kernel/sched/fair.c | 68 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> kernel/sched/sched.h | 2 +-
> 3 files changed, 89 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/sched/energy.h b/include/linux/sched/energy.h
> index 941071eec013..b4110b145228 100644
> --- a/include/linux/sched/energy.h
> +++ b/include/linux/sched/energy.h
> @@ -27,6 +27,24 @@ static inline bool sched_energy_enabled(void)
> return static_branch_unlikely(&sched_energy_present);
> }
>
> +static inline
> +struct capacity_state *find_cap_state(int cpu, unsigned long util)
> +{
> + struct sched_energy_model *em = *per_cpu_ptr(energy_model, cpu);
> + struct capacity_state *cs = NULL;
> + int i;
> +
> + util += util >> 2;
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < em->nr_cap_states; i++) {
> + cs = &em->cap_states[i];
> + if (cs->cap >= util)
> + break;
> + }
> +
> + return cs;

'cs' is possible to return NULL.

> +}
> +
> static inline struct cpumask *freq_domain_span(struct freq_domain *fd)
> {
> return &fd->span;
> @@ -42,6 +60,8 @@ struct freq_domain;
> static inline bool sched_energy_enabled(void) { return false; }
> static inline struct cpumask
> *freq_domain_span(struct freq_domain *fd) { return NULL; }
> +static inline struct capacity_state
> +*find_cap_state(int cpu, unsigned long util) { return NULL; }
> static inline void init_sched_energy(void) { }
> #define for_each_freq_domain(fdom) for (; fdom; fdom = NULL)
> #endif
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
> index 6960e5ef3c14..8cb9fb04fff2 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
> +++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
> @@ -6633,6 +6633,74 @@ static int wake_cap(struct task_struct *p, int cpu, int prev_cpu)
> }
>
> /*
> + * Returns the util of "cpu" if "p" wakes up on "dst_cpu".
> + */
> +static unsigned long cpu_util_next(int cpu, struct task_struct *p, int dst_cpu)
> +{
> + unsigned long util, util_est;
> + struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq;
> +
> + /* Task is where it should be, or has no impact on cpu */
> + if ((task_cpu(p) == dst_cpu) || (cpu != task_cpu(p) && cpu != dst_cpu))
> + return cpu_util(cpu);
> +
> + cfs_rq = &cpu_rq(cpu)->cfs;
> + util = READ_ONCE(cfs_rq->avg.util_avg);
> +
> + if (dst_cpu == cpu)
> + util += task_util(p);
> + else
> + util = max_t(long, util - task_util(p), 0);

I tried to understand the logic at here, below code is more clear for
myself:

int prev_cpu = task_cpu(p);

cfs_rq = &cpu_rq(cpu)->cfs;
util = READ_ONCE(cfs_rq->avg.util_avg);

/* Bail out if src and dst CPUs are the same one */
if (prev_cpu == cpu && dst_cpu == cpu)
return util;

/* Remove task utilization for src CPU */
if (cpu == prev_cpu)
util = max_t(long, util - task_util(p), 0);

/* Add task utilization for dst CPU */
if (dst_cpu == cpu)
util += task_util(p);

BTW, CPU utilization is decayed value and task_util() is not decayed
value, so 'util - task_util(p)' calculates a smaller value than the
prev CPU pure utilization, right?

Another question is can we reuse the function cpu_util_wake() and
just compenstate task util for dst cpu?

> + if (sched_feat(UTIL_EST)) {
> + util_est = READ_ONCE(cfs_rq->avg.util_est.enqueued);
> + if (dst_cpu == cpu)
> + util_est += _task_util_est(p);
> + else
> + util_est = max_t(long, util_est - _task_util_est(p), 0);
> + util = max(util, util_est);
> + }
> +
> + return min_t(unsigned long, util, capacity_orig_of(cpu));
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Estimates the system level energy assuming that p wakes-up on dst_cpu.
> + *
> + * compute_energy() is safe to call only if an energy model is available for
> + * the platform, which is when sched_energy_enabled() is true.
> + */
> +static unsigned long compute_energy(struct task_struct *p, int dst_cpu)
> +{
> + unsigned long util, max_util, sum_util;
> + struct capacity_state *cs;
> + unsigned long energy = 0;
> + struct freq_domain *fd;
> + int cpu;
> +
> + for_each_freq_domain(fd) {
> + max_util = sum_util = 0;
> + for_each_cpu_and(cpu, freq_domain_span(fd), cpu_online_mask) {
> + util = cpu_util_next(cpu, p, dst_cpu);
> + util += cpu_util_dl(cpu_rq(cpu));
> + max_util = max(util, max_util);
> + sum_util += util;
> + }
> +
> + /*
> + * Here we assume that the capacity states of CPUs belonging to
> + * the same frequency domains are shared. Hence, we look at the
> + * capacity state of the first CPU and re-use it for all.
> + */
> + cpu = cpumask_first(freq_domain_span(fd));
> + cs = find_cap_state(cpu, max_util);
> + energy += cs->power * sum_util / cs->cap;
> + }

This means all CPUs will be iterated for calculation, the complexity is
O(n)...

Thanks,
Leo Yan

> + return energy;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> * select_task_rq_fair: Select target runqueue for the waking task in domains
> * that have the 'sd_flag' flag set. In practice, this is SD_BALANCE_WAKE,
> * SD_BALANCE_FORK, or SD_BALANCE_EXEC.
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/sched.h b/kernel/sched/sched.h
> index 5d552c0d7109..6eb38f41d5d9 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/sched.h
> +++ b/kernel/sched/sched.h
> @@ -2156,7 +2156,7 @@ static inline void cpufreq_update_util(struct rq *rq, unsigned int flags) {}
> # define arch_scale_freq_invariant() false
> #endif
>
> -#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_FREQ_GOV_SCHEDUTIL
> +#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
> static inline unsigned long cpu_util_dl(struct rq *rq)
> {
> return (rq->dl.running_bw * SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE) >> BW_SHIFT;
> --
> 2.11.0
>

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