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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 1/2] perf: riscv: preliminary RISC-V support
This does not compile:

/freedom-u-sdk/linux/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c: In function
'riscv_pmu_stop':
/freedom-u-sdk/linux/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c:258:12: error:
'const struct riscv_pmu' has no member named 'read'
riscv_pmu->read(event);
^~
/freedom-u-sdk/linux/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c: In function
'riscv_pmu_add':
/freedom-u-sdk/linux/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c:319:12: error:
'const struct riscv_pmu' has no member named 'start'
riscv_pmu->start(event, PERF_EF_RELOAD);
^~
/freedom-u-sdk/linux/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c: In function
'riscv_pmu_del':
/freedom-u-sdk/linux/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c:334:11: error:
'const struct riscv_pmu' has no member named 'stop'
riscv_pmu->stop(event, PERF_EF_UPDATE);
^~
/freedom-u-sdk/linux/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c: At top level:
/freedom-u-sdk/linux/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c:345:1: error:
expected identifier or '(' before '{' token
{
^
/freedom-u-sdk/linux/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c: In function
'reserve_pmc_hardware':
/freedom-u-sdk/linux/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c:353:15: error:
'const struct riscv_pmu' has no member named 'irq'
if (riscv_pmu->irq >=0 && riscv_pmu->handle_irq) {
^~
/freedom-u-sdk/linux/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c:354:30: error:
'const struct riscv_pmu' has no member named 'irq'
err = request_irq(riscv_pmu->irq, riscv_pmu->handle_irq,
^~
/freedom-u-sdk/linux/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c:355:7: error:
'IRQF_PER_CPU' undeclared (first use in this function); did you mean
'IRQD_PER_CPU'?
IRQF_PER_CPU, "riscv-base-perf", NULL);
^~~~~~~~~~~~
IRQD_PER_CPU
/freedom-u-sdk/linux/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c:355:7: note: each
undeclared identifier is reported only once for each function it
appears in
/freedom-u-sdk/linux/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c: In function
'release_pmc_hardware':
/freedom-u-sdk/linux/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c:365:15: error:
'const struct riscv_pmu' has no member named 'irq'
if (riscv_pmu->irq >=0) {
^~
/freedom-u-sdk/linux/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c:366:21: error:
'const struct riscv_pmu' has no member named 'irq'
free_irq(riscv_pmu->irq, NULL);
^~
/freedom-u-sdk/linux/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c: At top level:
/freedom-u-sdk/linux/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c:457:3: error:
'const struct riscv_pmu' has no member named 'irq'
.irq = -1,
^~~
/freedom-u-sdk/linux/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c:457:9: warning:
excess elements in struct initializer
.irq = -1,
^
/freedom-u-sdk/linux/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c:457:9: note: (near
initialization for 'riscv_base_pmu')
/freedom-u-sdk/linux/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c:460:34: error:
array type has incomplete element type 'struct of_device_id'
static const struct of_device_id riscv_pmu_of_ids[] = {
^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
/freedom-u-sdk/linux/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c:461:3: error:
field name not in record or union initializer
{.compatible = "riscv,base-pmu", .data = &riscv_base_pmu},
^
/freedom-u-sdk/linux/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c:461:3: note: (near
initialization for 'riscv_pmu_of_ids')
/freedom-u-sdk/linux/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c:461:35: error:
field name not in record or union initializer
{.compatible = "riscv,base-pmu", .data = &riscv_base_pmu},
^
/freedom-u-sdk/linux/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c:461:35: note:
(near initialization for 'riscv_pmu_of_ids')
/freedom-u-sdk/linux/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c: In function
'init_hw_perf_events':
/freedom-u-sdk/linux/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c:468:29: error:
implicit declaration of function 'of_find_node_by_type'; did you mean
'__inc_node_state'? [-Werror=implicit-function-declaration]
struct device_node *node = of_find_node_by_type(NULL, "pmu");
^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
__inc_node_state
/freedom-u-sdk/linux/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c:468:29: warning:
initialization makes pointer from integer without a cast
[-Wint-conversion]
/freedom-u-sdk/linux/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c:470:15: error:
'of_id' undeclared (first use in this function)
if (node && (of_id = of_match_node(riscv_pmu_of_ids, node)))
^~~~~
/freedom-u-sdk/linux/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c:470:23: error:
implicit declaration of function 'of_match_node'; did you mean
'for_each_node'? [-Werror=implicit-function-declaration]
if (node && (of_id = of_match_node(riscv_pmu_of_ids, node)))
^~~~~~~~~~~~~
for_each_node
/freedom-u-sdk/linux/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c:467:14: warning:
unused variable 'pmu' [-Wunused-variable]
struct pmu *pmu;
^~~
At top level:
/freedom-u-sdk/linux/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c:460:34: warning:
'riscv_pmu_of_ids' defined but not used [-Wunused-variable]
static const struct of_device_id riscv_pmu_of_ids[] = {
^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
cc1: some warnings being treated as errors
/freedom-u-sdk/linux/scripts/Makefile.build:316: recipe for target
'arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.o' failed
make[3]: *** [arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.o] Error 1
/freedom-u-sdk/linux/Makefile:1018: recipe for target 'arch/riscv/kernel' failed


On Tue, Apr 17, 2018 at 1:38 AM, Alan Kao <alankao@andestech.com> wrote:
> This patch provide a basic PMU, riscv_base_pmu, which supports two
> general hardware event, instructions and cycles. Furthermore, this
> PMU serves as a reference implementation to ease the portings in
> the future.
>
> riscv_base_pmu should be able to run on any RISC-V machine that
> conforms to the Priv-Spec. Note that the latest qemu model hasn't
> fully support a proper behavior of Priv-Spec 1.10 yet, but work
> around should be easy with very small fixes. Please check
> https://github.com/riscv/riscv-qemu/pull/115 for future updates.
>
> Cc: Nick Hu <nickhu@andestech.com>
> Cc: Greentime Hu <greentime@andestech.com>
> Signed-off-by: Alan Kao <alankao@andestech.com>
> ---
> arch/riscv/Kconfig | 13 +
> arch/riscv/include/asm/perf_event.h | 78 ++++-
> arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile | 1 +
> arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c | 478 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 4 files changed, 566 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
> create mode 100644 arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c
>
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/Kconfig b/arch/riscv/Kconfig
> index c22ebe08e902..90d9c8e50377 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/Kconfig
> +++ b/arch/riscv/Kconfig
> @@ -203,6 +203,19 @@ config RISCV_ISA_C
> config RISCV_ISA_A
> def_bool y
>
> +menu "supported PMU type"
> + depends on PERF_EVENTS
> +
> +config RISCV_BASE_PMU
> + bool "Base Performance Monitoring Unit"
> + def_bool y
> + help
> + A base PMU that serves as a reference implementation and has limited
> + feature of perf. It can run on any RISC-V machines so serves as the
> + fallback, but this option can also be disable to reduce kernel size.
> +
> +endmenu
> +
> endmenu
>
> menu "Kernel type"
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/perf_event.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/perf_event.h
> index e13d2ff29e83..eb6bb1c46387 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/include/asm/perf_event.h
> +++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/perf_event.h
> @@ -1,13 +1,83 @@
> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
> /*
> * Copyright (C) 2018 SiFive
> + * Copyright (C) 2018 Andes Technology Corporation
> *
> - * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
> - * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public Licence
> - * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
> - * 2 of the Licence, or (at your option) any later version.
> */
>
> #ifndef _ASM_RISCV_PERF_EVENT_H
> #define _ASM_RISCV_PERF_EVENT_H
>
> +#include <linux/perf_event.h>
> +#include <linux/ptrace.h>
> +
> +#define RISCV_BASE_COUNTERS 2
> +
> +/*
> + * The RISCV_MAX_COUNTERS parameter should be specified.
> + */
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_RISCV_BASE_PMU
> +#define RISCV_MAX_COUNTERS 2
> +#endif
> +
> +#ifndef RISCV_MAX_COUNTERS
> +#error "Please provide a valid RISCV_MAX_COUNTERS for the PMU."
> +#endif
> +
> +/*
> + * These are the indexes of bits in counteren register *minus* 1,
> + * except for cycle. It would be coherent if it can directly mapped
> + * to counteren bit definition, but there is a *time* register at
> + * counteren[1]. Per-cpu structure is scarce resource here.
> + *
> + * According to the spec, an implementation can support counter up to
> + * mhpmcounter31, but many high-end processors has at most 6 general
> + * PMCs, we give the definition to MHPMCOUNTER8 here.
> + */
> +#define RISCV_PMU_CYCLE 0
> +#define RISCV_PMU_INSTRET 1
> +#define RISCV_PMU_MHPMCOUNTER3 2
> +#define RISCV_PMU_MHPMCOUNTER4 3
> +#define RISCV_PMU_MHPMCOUNTER5 4
> +#define RISCV_PMU_MHPMCOUNTER6 5
> +#define RISCV_PMU_MHPMCOUNTER7 6
> +#define RISCV_PMU_MHPMCOUNTER8 7
> +
> +#define RISCV_OP_UNSUPP (-EOPNOTSUPP)
> +
> +struct cpu_hw_events {
> + /* # currently enabled events*/
> + int n_events;
> + /* currently enabled events */
> + struct perf_event *events[RISCV_MAX_COUNTERS];
> + /* vendor-defined PMU data */
> + void *platform;
> +};
> +
> +struct riscv_pmu {
> + struct pmu *pmu;
> +
> + /* generic hw/cache events table */
> + const int *hw_events;
> + const int (*cache_events)[PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_MAX]
> + [PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_OP_MAX]
> + [PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_RESULT_MAX];
> + /* method used to map hw/cache events */
> + int (*map_hw_event)(u64 config);
> + int (*map_cache_event)(u64 config);
> +
> + /* max generic hw events in map */
> + int max_events;
> + /* number total counters, 2(base) + x(general) */
> + int num_counters;
> + /* the width of the counter */
> + int counter_width;
> +
> + /* vendor-defined PMU features */
> + void *platform;
> +
> + irqreturn_t (*handle_irq)(int irq_num, void *dev);
> +};
> +
> #endif /* _ASM_RISCV_PERF_EVENT_H */
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile b/arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile
> index ffa439d4a364..f50d19816757 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile
> @@ -39,5 +39,6 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_MODULE_SECTIONS) += module-sections.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER) += mcount.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE) += mcount-dyn.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER) += ftrace.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS) += perf_event.o
>
> clean:
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..afeda9831720
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/perf_event.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,478 @@
> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
> +/*
> + * Copyright (C) 2008 Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
> + * Copyright (C) 2008-2009 Red Hat, Inc., Ingo Molnar
> + * Copyright (C) 2009 Jaswinder Singh Rajput
> + * Copyright (C) 2009 Advanced Micro Devices, Inc., Robert Richter
> + * Copyright (C) 2008-2009 Red Hat, Inc., Peter Zijlstra
> + * Copyright (C) 2009 Intel Corporation, <markus.t.metzger@intel.com>
> + * Copyright (C) 2009 Google, Inc., Stephane Eranian
> + * Copyright 2014 Tilera Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
> + * Copyright (C) 2018 Andes Technology Corporation
> + *
> + * Perf_events support for RISC-V platforms.
> + *
> + * Since the spec. (as of now, Priv-Spec 1.10) does not provide enough
> + * functionality for perf event to fully work, this file provides
> + * the very basic framework only.
> + *
> + * For platform portings, please check Documentations/riscv/pmu.txt.
> + *
> + * The Copyright line includes x86 and tile ones.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/kprobes.h>
> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> +#include <linux/kdebug.h>
> +#include <linux/mutex.h>
> +#include <linux/bitmap.h>
> +#include <linux/irq.h>
> +#include <linux/interrupt.h>
> +#include <linux/perf_event.h>
> +#include <linux/atomic.h>
> +#include <asm/perf_event.h>
> +
> +static const struct riscv_pmu *riscv_pmu __read_mostly;
> +static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct cpu_hw_events, cpu_hw_events);
> +
> +/*
> + * Hardware & cache maps and their methods
> + */
> +
> +static const int riscv_hw_event_map[] = {
> + [PERF_COUNT_HW_CPU_CYCLES] = RISCV_PMU_CYCLE,
> + [PERF_COUNT_HW_INSTRUCTIONS] = RISCV_PMU_INSTRET,
> + [PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_REFERENCES] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + [PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_MISSES] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + [PERF_COUNT_HW_BRANCH_INSTRUCTIONS] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + [PERF_COUNT_HW_BRANCH_MISSES] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + [PERF_COUNT_HW_BUS_CYCLES] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> +};
> +
> +#define C(x) PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_##x
> +static const int riscv_cache_event_map[PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_MAX]
> +[PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_OP_MAX]
> +[PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_RESULT_MAX] = {
> + [C(L1D)] = {
> + [C(OP_READ)] = {
> + [C(RESULT_ACCESS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + [C(RESULT_MISS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + },
> + [C(OP_WRITE)] = {
> + [C(RESULT_ACCESS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + [C(RESULT_MISS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + },
> + [C(OP_PREFETCH)] = {
> + [C(RESULT_ACCESS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + [C(RESULT_MISS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + },
> + },
> + [C(L1I)] = {
> + [C(OP_READ)] = {
> + [C(RESULT_ACCESS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + [C(RESULT_MISS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + },
> + [C(OP_WRITE)] = {
> + [C(RESULT_ACCESS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + [C(RESULT_MISS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + },
> + [C(OP_PREFETCH)] = {
> + [C(RESULT_ACCESS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + [C(RESULT_MISS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + },
> + },
> + [C(LL)] = {
> + [C(OP_READ)] = {
> + [C(RESULT_ACCESS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + [C(RESULT_MISS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + },
> + [C(OP_WRITE)] = {
> + [C(RESULT_ACCESS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + [C(RESULT_MISS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + },
> + [C(OP_PREFETCH)] = {
> + [C(RESULT_ACCESS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + [C(RESULT_MISS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + },
> + },
> + [C(DTLB)] = {
> + [C(OP_READ)] = {
> + [C(RESULT_ACCESS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + [C(RESULT_MISS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + },
> + [C(OP_WRITE)] = {
> + [C(RESULT_ACCESS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + [C(RESULT_MISS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + },
> + [C(OP_PREFETCH)] = {
> + [C(RESULT_ACCESS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + [C(RESULT_MISS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + },
> + },
> + [C(ITLB)] = {
> + [C(OP_READ)] = {
> + [C(RESULT_ACCESS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + [C(RESULT_MISS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + },
> + [C(OP_WRITE)] = {
> + [C(RESULT_ACCESS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + [C(RESULT_MISS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + },
> + [C(OP_PREFETCH)] = {
> + [C(RESULT_ACCESS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + [C(RESULT_MISS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + },
> + },
> + [C(BPU)] = {
> + [C(OP_READ)] = {
> + [C(RESULT_ACCESS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + [C(RESULT_MISS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + },
> + [C(OP_WRITE)] = {
> + [C(RESULT_ACCESS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + [C(RESULT_MISS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + },
> + [C(OP_PREFETCH)] = {
> + [C(RESULT_ACCESS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + [C(RESULT_MISS)] = RISCV_OP_UNSUPP,
> + },
> + },
> +};
> +
> +static int riscv_map_hw_event(u64 config)
> +{
> + if (config >= riscv_pmu->max_events)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + return riscv_pmu->hw_events[config];
> +}
> +
> +int riscv_map_cache_decode(u64 config, unsigned int *type,
> + unsigned int *op, unsigned int *result)
> +{
> + return -ENOENT;
> +}
> +
> +static int riscv_map_cache_event(u64 config)
> +{
> + unsigned int type, op, result;
> + int err = -ENOENT;
> + int code;
> +
> + err = riscv_map_cache_decode(config, &type, &op, &result);
> + if (!riscv_pmu->cache_events || err)
> + return err;
> +
> + if (type >= PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_MAX ||
> + op >= PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_OP_MAX ||
> + result >= PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_RESULT_MAX)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + code = (*riscv_pmu->cache_events)[type][op][result];
> + if (code == RISCV_OP_UNSUPP)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + return code;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Low-level functions: reading/writing counters
> + */
> +
> +static inline u64 read_counter(int idx)
> +{
> + u64 val = 0;
> +
> + switch (idx) {
> + case RISCV_PMU_CYCLE:
> + val = csr_read(cycle);
> + break;
> + case RISCV_PMU_INSTRET:
> + val = csr_read(instret);
> + break;
> + default:
> + WARN_ON_ONCE(idx < 0 || idx > RISCV_MAX_COUNTERS);
> + return -EINVAL;
> + }
> +
> + return val;
> +}
> +
> +static inline void write_counter(int idx, u64 value)
> +{
> + /* currently not supported */
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * pmu->read: read and update the counter
> + *
> + * Other architectures' implementation often have a xxx_perf_event_update
> + * routine, which can return counter values when called in the IRQ, but
> + * return void when being called by the pmu->read method.
> + */
> +static void riscv_pmu_read(struct perf_event *event)
> +{
> + struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw;
> + u64 prev_raw_count, new_raw_count;
> + u64 oldval;
> + int idx = hwc->idx;
> + u64 delta;
> +
> + do {
> + prev_raw_count = local64_read(&hwc->prev_count);
> + new_raw_count = read_counter(idx);
> +
> + oldval = local64_cmpxchg(&hwc->prev_count, prev_raw_count,
> + new_raw_count);
> + } while (oldval != prev_raw_count);
> +
> + /*
> + * delta is the value to update the counter we maintain in the kernel.
> + */
> + delta = (new_raw_count - prev_raw_count) &
> + ((1ULL << riscv_pmu->counter_width) - 1);
> + local64_add(delta, &event->count);
> + /*
> + * Something like local64_sub(delta, &hwc->period_left) here is
> + * needed if there is an interrupt for perf.
> + */
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * State transition functions:
> + *
> + * stop()/start() & add()/del()
> + */
> +
> +/*
> + * pmu->stop: stop the counter
> + */
> +static void riscv_pmu_stop(struct perf_event *event, int flags)
> +{
> + struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw;
> +
> + WARN_ON_ONCE(hwc->state & PERF_HES_STOPPED);
> + hwc->state |= PERF_HES_STOPPED;
> +
> + if ((flags & PERF_EF_UPDATE) && !(hwc->state & PERF_HES_UPTODATE)) {
> + riscv_pmu->read(event);
> + hwc->state |= PERF_HES_UPTODATE;
> + }
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * pmu->start: start the event.
> + */
> +static void riscv_pmu_start(struct perf_event *event, int flags)
> +{
> + struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw;
> +
> + if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!(event->hw.state & PERF_HES_STOPPED)))
> + return;
> +
> + if (flags & PERF_EF_RELOAD) {
> + WARN_ON_ONCE(!(event->hw.state & PERF_HES_UPTODATE));
> +
> + /*
> + * Set the counter to the period to the next interrupt here,
> + * if you have any.
> + */
> + }
> +
> + hwc->state = 0;
> + perf_event_update_userpage(event);
> +
> + /*
> + * Since we cannot write to counters, this serves as an initialization
> + * to the delta-mechanism in pmu->read(); otherwise, the delta would be
> + * wrong when pmu->read is called for the first time.
> + */
> + local64_set(&hwc->prev_count, read_counter(hwc->idx));
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * pmu->add: add the event to PMU.
> + */
> +static int riscv_pmu_add(struct perf_event *event, int flags)
> +{
> + struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc = this_cpu_ptr(&cpu_hw_events);
> + struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw;
> +
> + if (cpuc->n_events == riscv_pmu->num_counters)
> + return -ENOSPC;
> +
> + /*
> + * We don't have general conunters, so no binding-event-to-counter
> + * process here.
> + *
> + * Indexing using hwc->config generally not works, since config may
> + * contain extra information, but here the only info we have in
> + * hwc->config is the event index.
> + */
> + hwc->idx = hwc->config;
> + cpuc->events[hwc->idx] = event;
> + cpuc->n_events++;
> +
> + hwc->state = PERF_HES_UPTODATE | PERF_HES_STOPPED;
> +
> + if (flags & PERF_EF_START)
> + riscv_pmu->start(event, PERF_EF_RELOAD);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * pmu->del: delete the event from PMU.
> + */
> +static void riscv_pmu_del(struct perf_event *event, int flags)
> +{
> + struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc = this_cpu_ptr(&cpu_hw_events);
> + struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw;
> +
> + cpuc->events[hwc->idx] = NULL;
> + cpuc->n_events--;
> + riscv_pmu->stop(event, PERF_EF_UPDATE);
> + perf_event_update_userpage(event);
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Interrupt: a skeletion for reference.
> + */
> +
> +static DEFINE_MUTEX(pmc_reserve_mutex);
> +
> +irqreturn_t riscv_base_pmu_handle_irq(int irq_num, void *dev);
> +{
> +}
> +
> +static int reserve_pmc_hardware(void)
> +{
> + int err = 0;
> +
> + mutex_lock(&pmc_reserve_mutex);
> + if (riscv_pmu->irq >=0 && riscv_pmu->handle_irq) {
> + err = request_irq(riscv_pmu->irq, riscv_pmu->handle_irq,
> + IRQF_PER_CPU, "riscv-base-perf", NULL);
> + }
> + mutex_unlock(&pmc_reserve_mutex);
> +
> + return err;
> +}
> +
> +void release_pmc_hardware(void)
> +{
> + mutex_lock(&pmc_reserve_mutex);
> + if (riscv_pmu->irq >=0) {
> + free_irq(riscv_pmu->irq, NULL);
> + }
> + mutex_unlock(&pmc_reserve_mutex);
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Event Initialization/Finalization
> + */
> +
> +static atomic_t riscv_active_events = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
> +
> +static void riscv_event_destroy(struct perf_event *event)
> +{
> + if (atomic_dec_return(&riscv_active_events) == 0)
> + release_pmc_hardware();
> +}
> +
> +static int riscv_event_init(struct perf_event *event)
> +{
> + struct perf_event_attr *attr = &event->attr;
> + struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw;
> + int err;
> + int code;
> +
> + if (atomic_inc_return(&riscv_active_events) == 1)
> + err = reserve_pmc_hardware();
> +
> + if (err) {
> + pr_warn("PMC hardware not available\n");
> + atomic_dec(&riscv_active_events);
> + return -EBUSY;
> + }
> +
> + switch (event->attr.type) {
> + case PERF_TYPE_HARDWARE:
> + code = riscv_pmu->map_hw_event(attr->config);
> + break;
> + case PERF_TYPE_HW_CACHE:
> + code = riscv_pmu->map_cache_event(attr->config);
> + break;
> + case PERF_TYPE_RAW:
> + return -EOPNOTSUPP;
> + default:
> + return -ENOENT;
> + }
> +
> + event->destroy = riscv_event_destroy;
> + if (code < 0) {
> + event->destroy(event);
> + return code;
> + }
> +
> + /*
> + * idx is set to -1 because the index of a general event should not be
> + * decided until binding to some counter in pmu->add().
> + *
> + * But since we don't have such support, later in pmu->add(), we just
> + * use hwc->config as the index instead.
> + */
> + hwc->config = code;
> + hwc->idx = -1;
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Initialization
> + */
> +
> +static struct pmu min_pmu = {
> + .name = "riscv-base",
> + .event_init = riscv_event_init,
> + .add = riscv_pmu_add,
> + .del = riscv_pmu_del,
> + .start = riscv_pmu_start,
> + .stop = riscv_pmu_stop,
> + .read = riscv_pmu_read,
> +};
> +
> +static const struct riscv_pmu riscv_base_pmu = {
> + .pmu = &min_pmu,
> + .max_events = ARRAY_SIZE(riscv_hw_event_map),
> + .map_hw_event = riscv_map_hw_event,
> + .hw_events = riscv_hw_event_map,
> + .map_cache_event = riscv_map_cache_event,
> + .cache_events = &riscv_cache_event_map,
> + .counter_width = 63,
> + .num_counters = RISCV_BASE_COUNTERS + 0,
> + .handle_irq = &riscv_base_pmu_handle_irq,
> +
> + /* This means this PMU has no IRQ. */
> + .irq = -1,
> +};
> +
> +static const struct of_device_id riscv_pmu_of_ids[] = {
> + {.compatible = "riscv,base-pmu", .data = &riscv_base_pmu},
> + { /* sentinel value */ }
> +};
> +
> +int __init init_hw_perf_events(void)
> +{
> + struct pmu *pmu;
> + struct device_node *node = of_find_node_by_type(NULL, "pmu");
> +
> + if (node && (of_id = of_match_node(riscv_pmu_of_ids, node)))
> + riscv_pmu = of_id->data;
> + else
> + riscv_pmu = &riscv_base_pmu;
> +
> + perf_pmu_register(riscv_pmu->pmu, "cpu", PERF_TYPE_RAW);
> + return 0;
> +}
> +arch_initcall(init_hw_perf_events);
> --
> 2.17.0

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