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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 5/5] ALSA: xen-front: Implement ALSA virtual sound driver
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On 16/04/18 08:24, Oleksandr Andrushchenko wrote:
> From: Oleksandr Andrushchenko <oleksandr_andrushchenko@epam.com>
>
> Implement essential initialization of the sound driver:
> - introduce required data structures
> - handle driver registration
> - handle sound card registration
> - register sound driver on backend connection
> - remove sound driver on backend disconnect
>
> Initialize virtual sound card with streams according to the
> Xen store configuration.
>
> Implement ALSA driver operations including:
> - manage frontend/backend shared buffers
> - manage Xen bus event channel states
>
> Implement requests from front to back for ALSA
> PCM operations.
> - report ALSA period elapsed event: handle XENSND_EVT_CUR_POS
> notifications from the backend when stream position advances
> during playback/capture. The event carries a value of how
> many octets were played/captured at the time of the event.
> - implement explicit stream parameter negotiation between
> backend and frontend: handle XENSND_OP_HW_PARAM_QUERY request
> to read/update configuration space for the parameter given:
> request passes desired parameter interval and the response to
> this request returns min/max interval for the parameter to be used.
>
> Signed-off-by: Oleksandr Andrushchenko <oleksandr_andrushchenko@epam.com>
> ---
> sound/xen/Makefile | 3 +-
> sound/xen/xen_snd_front.c | 193 ++++++++-
> sound/xen/xen_snd_front.h | 28 ++
> sound/xen/xen_snd_front_alsa.c | 830 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> sound/xen/xen_snd_front_alsa.h | 23 ++
> sound/xen/xen_snd_front_evtchnl.c | 6 +-
> 6 files changed, 1080 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
> create mode 100644 sound/xen/xen_snd_front_alsa.c
> create mode 100644 sound/xen/xen_snd_front_alsa.h
>
> diff --git a/sound/xen/Makefile b/sound/xen/Makefile
> index f028bc30af5d..1e6470ecc2f2 100644
> --- a/sound/xen/Makefile
> +++ b/sound/xen/Makefile
> @@ -3,6 +3,7 @@
> snd_xen_front-objs := xen_snd_front.o \
> xen_snd_front_cfg.o \
> xen_snd_front_evtchnl.o \
> - xen_snd_front_shbuf.o
> + xen_snd_front_shbuf.o \
> + xen_snd_front_alsa.o
>
> obj-$(CONFIG_SND_XEN_FRONTEND) += snd_xen_front.o
> diff --git a/sound/xen/xen_snd_front.c b/sound/xen/xen_snd_front.c
> index 0569c6c596a3..1fef253ea21a 100644
> --- a/sound/xen/xen_snd_front.c
> +++ b/sound/xen/xen_snd_front.c
> @@ -19,10 +19,201 @@
> #include <xen/interface/io/sndif.h>
>
> #include "xen_snd_front.h"
> +#include "xen_snd_front_alsa.h"
> #include "xen_snd_front_evtchnl.h"
> +#include "xen_snd_front_shbuf.h"
> +
> +static struct xensnd_req *
> +be_stream_prepare_req(struct xen_snd_front_evtchnl *evtchnl, u8 operation)
> +{
> + struct xensnd_req *req;
> +
> + req = RING_GET_REQUEST(&evtchnl->u.req.ring,
> + evtchnl->u.req.ring.req_prod_pvt);
> + req->operation = operation;
> + req->id = evtchnl->evt_next_id++;
> + evtchnl->evt_id = req->id;
> + return req;
> +}
> +
> +static int be_stream_do_io(struct xen_snd_front_evtchnl *evtchnl)
> +{
> + if (unlikely(evtchnl->state != EVTCHNL_STATE_CONNECTED))
> + return -EIO;
> +
> + reinit_completion(&evtchnl->u.req.completion);
> + xen_snd_front_evtchnl_flush(evtchnl);
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int be_stream_wait_io(struct xen_snd_front_evtchnl *evtchnl)
> +{
> + if (wait_for_completion_timeout(&evtchnl->u.req.completion,
> + msecs_to_jiffies(VSND_WAIT_BACK_MS)) <= 0)
> + return -ETIMEDOUT;
> +
> + return evtchnl->u.req.resp_status;
> +}
> +
> +int xen_snd_front_stream_query_hw_param(struct xen_snd_front_evtchnl *evtchnl,
> + struct xensnd_query_hw_param *hw_param_req,
> + struct xensnd_query_hw_param *hw_param_resp)
> +{
> + struct xen_snd_front_info *front_info = evtchnl->front_info;
> + struct xensnd_req *req;
> + unsigned long flags;
> + int ret;
> +
> + mutex_lock(&evtchnl->u.req.req_io_lock);
> +
> + spin_lock_irqsave(&front_info->io_lock, flags);
> + req = be_stream_prepare_req(evtchnl, XENSND_OP_HW_PARAM_QUERY);
> + req->op.hw_param = *hw_param_req;
> +
> + ret = be_stream_do_io(evtchnl);
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&front_info->io_lock, flags);
> +
> + if (ret == 0)
> + ret = be_stream_wait_io(evtchnl);
> +
> + if (ret == 0)
> + *hw_param_resp = evtchnl->u.req.resp.hw_param;
> +
> + mutex_unlock(&evtchnl->u.req.req_io_lock);
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +int xen_snd_front_stream_prepare(struct xen_snd_front_evtchnl *evtchnl,
> + struct xen_snd_front_shbuf *sh_buf,
> + u8 format, unsigned int channels,
> + unsigned int rate, u32 buffer_sz,
> + u32 period_sz)
> +{
> + struct xen_snd_front_info *front_info = evtchnl->front_info;
> + struct xensnd_req *req;
> + unsigned long flags;
> + int ret;
> +
> + mutex_lock(&evtchnl->u.req.req_io_lock);
> +
> + spin_lock_irqsave(&front_info->io_lock, flags);
> + req = be_stream_prepare_req(evtchnl, XENSND_OP_OPEN);
> + req->op.open.pcm_format = format;
> + req->op.open.pcm_channels = channels;
> + req->op.open.pcm_rate = rate;
> + req->op.open.buffer_sz = buffer_sz;
> + req->op.open.period_sz = period_sz;
> + req->op.open.gref_directory = xen_snd_front_shbuf_get_dir_start(sh_buf);
> +
> + ret = be_stream_do_io(evtchnl);
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&front_info->io_lock, flags);
> +
> + if (ret == 0)
> + ret = be_stream_wait_io(evtchnl);
> +
> + mutex_unlock(&evtchnl->u.req.req_io_lock);
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +int xen_snd_front_stream_close(struct xen_snd_front_evtchnl *evtchnl)
> +{
> + struct xen_snd_front_info *front_info = evtchnl->front_info;
> + struct xensnd_req *req;
> + unsigned long flags;
> + int ret;
> +
> + mutex_lock(&evtchnl->u.req.req_io_lock);
> +
> + spin_lock_irqsave(&front_info->io_lock, flags);
> + req = be_stream_prepare_req(evtchnl, XENSND_OP_CLOSE);
> +
> + ret = be_stream_do_io(evtchnl);
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&front_info->io_lock, flags);
> +
> + if (ret == 0)
> + ret = be_stream_wait_io(evtchnl);
> +
> + mutex_unlock(&evtchnl->u.req.req_io_lock);
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +int xen_snd_front_stream_write(struct xen_snd_front_evtchnl *evtchnl,
> + unsigned long pos, unsigned long count)
> +{
> + struct xen_snd_front_info *front_info = evtchnl->front_info;
> + struct xensnd_req *req;
> + unsigned long flags;
> + int ret;
> +
> + mutex_lock(&evtchnl->u.req.req_io_lock);
> +
> + spin_lock_irqsave(&front_info->io_lock, flags);
> + req = be_stream_prepare_req(evtchnl, XENSND_OP_WRITE);
> + req->op.rw.length = count;
> + req->op.rw.offset = pos;
> +
> + ret = be_stream_do_io(evtchnl);
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&front_info->io_lock, flags);
> +
> + if (ret == 0)
> + ret = be_stream_wait_io(evtchnl);
> +
> + mutex_unlock(&evtchnl->u.req.req_io_lock);
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +int xen_snd_front_stream_read(struct xen_snd_front_evtchnl *evtchnl,
> + unsigned long pos, unsigned long count)
> +{
> + struct xen_snd_front_info *front_info = evtchnl->front_info;
> + struct xensnd_req *req;
> + unsigned long flags;
> + int ret;
> +
> + mutex_lock(&evtchnl->u.req.req_io_lock);
> +
> + spin_lock_irqsave(&front_info->io_lock, flags);
> + req = be_stream_prepare_req(evtchnl, XENSND_OP_READ);
> + req->op.rw.length = count;
> + req->op.rw.offset = pos;
> +
> + ret = be_stream_do_io(evtchnl);
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&front_info->io_lock, flags);
> +
> + if (ret == 0)
> + ret = be_stream_wait_io(evtchnl);
> +
> + mutex_unlock(&evtchnl->u.req.req_io_lock);
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +int xen_snd_front_stream_trigger(struct xen_snd_front_evtchnl *evtchnl,
> + int type)
> +{
> + struct xen_snd_front_info *front_info = evtchnl->front_info;
> + struct xensnd_req *req;
> + unsigned long flags;
> + int ret;
> +
> + mutex_lock(&evtchnl->u.req.req_io_lock);
> +
> + spin_lock_irqsave(&front_info->io_lock, flags);
> + req = be_stream_prepare_req(evtchnl, XENSND_OP_TRIGGER);
> + req->op.trigger.type = type;
> +
> + ret = be_stream_do_io(evtchnl);
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&front_info->io_lock, flags);
> +
> + if (ret == 0)
> + ret = be_stream_wait_io(evtchnl);
> +
> + mutex_unlock(&evtchnl->u.req.req_io_lock);
> + return ret;
> +}
>
> static void xen_snd_drv_fini(struct xen_snd_front_info *front_info)
> {
> + xen_snd_front_alsa_fini(front_info);
> xen_snd_front_evtchnl_free_all(front_info);
> }
>
> @@ -45,7 +236,7 @@ static int sndback_initwait(struct xen_snd_front_info *front_info)
>
> static int sndback_connect(struct xen_snd_front_info *front_info)
> {
> - return 0;
> + return xen_snd_front_alsa_init(front_info);
> }
>
> static void sndback_disconnect(struct xen_snd_front_info *front_info)
> diff --git a/sound/xen/xen_snd_front.h b/sound/xen/xen_snd_front.h
> index 9c2ffbb4e4b8..7adbdb4d2019 100644
> --- a/sound/xen/xen_snd_front.h
> +++ b/sound/xen/xen_snd_front.h
> @@ -13,17 +13,45 @@
>
> #include "xen_snd_front_cfg.h"
>
> +struct card_info;
> +struct xen_snd_front_evtchnl;
> struct xen_snd_front_evtchnl_pair;
> +struct xen_snd_front_shbuf;
> +struct xensnd_query_hw_param;
>
> struct xen_snd_front_info {
> struct xenbus_device *xb_dev;
>
> + struct card_info *card_info;
> +
> /* serializer for backend IO: request/response */
> spinlock_t io_lock;
> +
> int num_evt_pairs;
> struct xen_snd_front_evtchnl_pair *evt_pairs;
>
> struct xen_front_cfg_card cfg;
> };
>
> +int xen_snd_front_stream_query_hw_param(struct xen_snd_front_evtchnl *evtchnl,
> + struct xensnd_query_hw_param *hw_param_req,
> + struct xensnd_query_hw_param *hw_param_resp);
> +
> +int xen_snd_front_stream_prepare(struct xen_snd_front_evtchnl *evtchnl,
> + struct xen_snd_front_shbuf *sh_buf,
> + u8 format, unsigned int channels,
> + unsigned int rate, u32 buffer_sz,
> + u32 period_sz);
> +
> +int xen_snd_front_stream_close(struct xen_snd_front_evtchnl *evtchnl);
> +
> +int xen_snd_front_stream_write(struct xen_snd_front_evtchnl *evtchnl,
> + unsigned long pos, unsigned long count);
> +
> +int xen_snd_front_stream_read(struct xen_snd_front_evtchnl *evtchnl,
> + unsigned long pos, unsigned long count);
> +
> +int xen_snd_front_stream_trigger(struct xen_snd_front_evtchnl *evtchnl,
> + int type);
> +
> #endif /* __XEN_SND_FRONT_H */
> diff --git a/sound/xen/xen_snd_front_alsa.c b/sound/xen/xen_snd_front_alsa.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..f524b172750e
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/sound/xen/xen_snd_front_alsa.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,830 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 OR MIT
> +
> +/*
> + * Xen para-virtual sound device
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2016-2018 EPAM Systems Inc.
> + *
> + * Author: Oleksandr Andrushchenko <oleksandr_andrushchenko@epam.com>
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/platform_device.h>
> +
> +#include <sound/core.h>
> +#include <sound/pcm.h>
> +#include <sound/pcm_params.h>
> +
> +#include <xen/xenbus.h>
> +
> +#include "xen_snd_front.h"
> +#include "xen_snd_front_alsa.h"
> +#include "xen_snd_front_cfg.h"
> +#include "xen_snd_front_evtchnl.h"
> +#include "xen_snd_front_shbuf.h"
> +
> +struct pcm_stream_info {

Not sure how this is generally handled in the sound drivers, but when
reviewing the code using those structures I repeatedly tried to find
their definitions in the sound headers instead of here. Same applies to
the alsa_* names.

I'd prefer names which don't poison the name space.

> + struct xen_snd_front_info *front_info;
> + struct xen_snd_front_evtchnl_pair *evt_pair;
> + struct xen_snd_front_shbuf sh_buf;
> + int index;
> +
> + bool is_open;
> + struct snd_pcm_hardware pcm_hw;
> +
> + /* number of processed frames as reported by the backend */
> + snd_pcm_uframes_t be_cur_frame;
> + /* current HW pointer to be reported via .period callback */
> + atomic_t hw_ptr;
> + /* modulo of the number of processed frames - for period detection */
> + u32 out_frames;
> +};
> +
> +struct pcm_instance_info {
> + struct card_info *card_info;
> + struct snd_pcm *pcm;
> + struct snd_pcm_hardware pcm_hw;
> + int num_pcm_streams_pb;
> + struct pcm_stream_info *streams_pb;
> + int num_pcm_streams_cap;
> + struct pcm_stream_info *streams_cap;
> +};
> +
> +struct card_info {
> + struct xen_snd_front_info *front_info;
> + struct snd_card *card;
> + struct snd_pcm_hardware pcm_hw;
> + int num_pcm_instances;
> + struct pcm_instance_info *pcm_instances;
> +};
> +
> +struct alsa_sndif_sample_format {
> + u8 sndif;
> + snd_pcm_format_t alsa;
> +};
> +
> +struct alsa_sndif_hw_param {
> + u8 sndif;
> + snd_pcm_hw_param_t alsa;
> +};
> +
> +static const struct alsa_sndif_sample_format ALSA_SNDIF_FORMATS[] = {
> + {
> + .sndif = XENSND_PCM_FORMAT_U8,
> + .alsa = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_U8
> + },
> + {
> + .sndif = XENSND_PCM_FORMAT_S8,
> + .alsa = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S8
> + },
> + {
> + .sndif = XENSND_PCM_FORMAT_U16_LE,
> + .alsa = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_U16_LE
> + },
> + {
> + .sndif = XENSND_PCM_FORMAT_U16_BE,
> + .alsa = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_U16_BE
> + },
> + {
> + .sndif = XENSND_PCM_FORMAT_S16_LE,
> + .alsa = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S16_LE
> + },
> + {
> + .sndif = XENSND_PCM_FORMAT_S16_BE,
> + .alsa = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S16_BE
> + },
> + {
> + .sndif = XENSND_PCM_FORMAT_U24_LE,
> + .alsa = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_U24_LE
> + },
> + {
> + .sndif = XENSND_PCM_FORMAT_U24_BE,
> + .alsa = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_U24_BE
> + },
> + {
> + .sndif = XENSND_PCM_FORMAT_S24_LE,
> + .alsa = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S24_LE
> + },
> + {
> + .sndif = XENSND_PCM_FORMAT_S24_BE,
> + .alsa = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S24_BE
> + },
> + {
> + .sndif = XENSND_PCM_FORMAT_U32_LE,
> + .alsa = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_U32_LE
> + },
> + {
> + .sndif = XENSND_PCM_FORMAT_U32_BE,
> + .alsa = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_U32_BE
> + },
> + {
> + .sndif = XENSND_PCM_FORMAT_S32_LE,
> + .alsa = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S32_LE
> + },
> + {
> + .sndif = XENSND_PCM_FORMAT_S32_BE,
> + .alsa = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S32_BE
> + },
> + {
> + .sndif = XENSND_PCM_FORMAT_A_LAW,
> + .alsa = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_A_LAW
> + },
> + {
> + .sndif = XENSND_PCM_FORMAT_MU_LAW,
> + .alsa = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_MU_LAW
> + },
> + {
> + .sndif = XENSND_PCM_FORMAT_F32_LE,
> + .alsa = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_FLOAT_LE
> + },
> + {
> + .sndif = XENSND_PCM_FORMAT_F32_BE,
> + .alsa = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_FLOAT_BE
> + },
> + {
> + .sndif = XENSND_PCM_FORMAT_F64_LE,
> + .alsa = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_FLOAT64_LE
> + },
> + {
> + .sndif = XENSND_PCM_FORMAT_F64_BE,
> + .alsa = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_FLOAT64_BE
> + },
> + {
> + .sndif = XENSND_PCM_FORMAT_IEC958_SUBFRAME_LE,
> + .alsa = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_IEC958_SUBFRAME_LE
> + },
> + {
> + .sndif = XENSND_PCM_FORMAT_IEC958_SUBFRAME_BE,
> + .alsa = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_IEC958_SUBFRAME_BE
> + },
> + {
> + .sndif = XENSND_PCM_FORMAT_IMA_ADPCM,
> + .alsa = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_IMA_ADPCM
> + },
> + {
> + .sndif = XENSND_PCM_FORMAT_MPEG,
> + .alsa = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_MPEG
> + },
> + {
> + .sndif = XENSND_PCM_FORMAT_GSM,
> + .alsa = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_GSM
> + },
> +};
> +
> +static int to_sndif_format(snd_pcm_format_t format)
> +{
> + int i;
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(ALSA_SNDIF_FORMATS); i++)
> + if (ALSA_SNDIF_FORMATS[i].alsa == format)
> + return ALSA_SNDIF_FORMATS[i].sndif;
> +
> + return -EINVAL;
> +}
> +
> +static u64 to_sndif_formats_mask(u64 alsa_formats)
> +{
> + u64 mask;
> + int i;
> +
> + mask = 0;
> + for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(ALSA_SNDIF_FORMATS); i++)
> + if (1 << ALSA_SNDIF_FORMATS[i].alsa & alsa_formats)
> + mask |= 1 << ALSA_SNDIF_FORMATS[i].sndif;
> +
> + return mask;
> +}
> +
> +static u64 to_alsa_formats_mask(u64 sndif_formats)
> +{
> + u64 mask;
> + int i;
> +
> + mask = 0;
> + for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(ALSA_SNDIF_FORMATS); i++)
> + if (1 << ALSA_SNDIF_FORMATS[i].sndif & sndif_formats)
> + mask |= 1 << ALSA_SNDIF_FORMATS[i].alsa;
> +
> + return mask;
> +}
> +
> +static void stream_clear(struct pcm_stream_info *stream)
> +{
> + stream->is_open = false;
> + stream->be_cur_frame = 0;
> + stream->out_frames = 0;
> + atomic_set(&stream->hw_ptr, 0);
> + xen_snd_front_evtchnl_pair_clear(stream->evt_pair);
> + xen_snd_front_shbuf_clear(&stream->sh_buf);
> +}
> +
> +static void stream_free(struct pcm_stream_info *stream)
> +{
> + xen_snd_front_shbuf_free(&stream->sh_buf);
> + stream_clear(stream);
> +}
> +
> +static struct pcm_stream_info *stream_get(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
> +{
> + struct pcm_instance_info *pcm_instance =
> + snd_pcm_substream_chip(substream);
> + struct pcm_stream_info *stream;
> +
> + if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK)
> + stream = &pcm_instance->streams_pb[substream->number];
> + else
> + stream = &pcm_instance->streams_cap[substream->number];
> +
> + return stream;
> +}
> +
> +static int alsa_hw_rule(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
> + struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
> +{
> + struct pcm_stream_info *stream = rule->private;
> + struct device *dev = &stream->front_info->xb_dev->dev;
> + struct snd_mask *formats =
> + hw_param_mask(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT);
> + struct snd_interval *rates =
> + hw_param_interval(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE);
> + struct snd_interval *channels =
> + hw_param_interval(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS);
> + struct snd_interval *period =
> + hw_param_interval(params,
> + SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_SIZE);
> + struct snd_interval *buffer =
> + hw_param_interval(params,
> + SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE);
> + struct xensnd_query_hw_param req;
> + struct xensnd_query_hw_param resp;
> + struct snd_interval interval;
> + struct snd_mask mask;
> + u64 sndif_formats;
> + int changed, ret;
> +
> + /* collect all the values we need for the query */
> +
> + req.formats = to_sndif_formats_mask((u64)formats->bits[0] |
> + (u64)(formats->bits[1]) << 32);
> +
> + req.rates.min = rates->min;
> + req.rates.max = rates->max;
> +
> + req.channels.min = channels->min;
> + req.channels.max = channels->max;
> +
> + req.buffer.min = buffer->min;
> + req.buffer.max = buffer->max;
> +
> + req.period.min = period->min;
> + req.period.max = period->max;
> +
> + ret = xen_snd_front_stream_query_hw_param(&stream->evt_pair->req,
> + &req, &resp);
> + if (ret < 0) {
> + /* check if this is due to backend communication error */
> + if (ret == -EIO || ret == -ETIMEDOUT)
> + dev_err(dev, "Failed to query ALSA HW parameters\n");
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + /* refine HW parameters after the query */
> + changed = 0;
> +
> + sndif_formats = to_alsa_formats_mask(resp.formats);
> + snd_mask_none(&mask);
> + mask.bits[0] = (u32)sndif_formats;
> + mask.bits[1] = (u32)(sndif_formats >> 32);
> + ret = snd_mask_refine(formats, &mask);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + return ret;
> + changed |= ret;
> +
> + interval.openmin = 0;
> + interval.openmax = 0;
> + interval.integer = 1;
> +
> + interval.min = resp.rates.min;
> + interval.max = resp.rates.max;
> + ret = snd_interval_refine(rates, &interval);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + return ret;
> + changed |= ret;
> +
> + interval.min = resp.channels.min;
> + interval.max = resp.channels.max;
> + ret = snd_interval_refine(channels, &interval);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + return ret;
> + changed |= ret;
> +
> + interval.min = resp.buffer.min;
> + interval.max = resp.buffer.max;
> + ret = snd_interval_refine(buffer, &interval);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + return ret;
> + changed |= ret;
> +
> + interval.min = resp.period.min;
> + interval.max = resp.period.max;
> + ret = snd_interval_refine(period, &interval);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + return ret;
> + changed |= ret;
> +
> + return changed;
> +}
> +
> +static int alsa_open(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
> +{
> + struct pcm_instance_info *pcm_instance =
> + snd_pcm_substream_chip(substream);
> + struct pcm_stream_info *stream = stream_get(substream);
> + struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
> + struct xen_snd_front_info *front_info =
> + pcm_instance->card_info->front_info;
> + struct device *dev = &front_info->xb_dev->dev;
> + unsigned long flags;
> + int ret;
> +
> + /*
> + * return our HW properties: override defaults with those configured
> + * via XenStore
> + */
> + runtime->hw = stream->pcm_hw;
> + runtime->hw.info &= ~(SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP |
> + SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP_VALID |
> + SNDRV_PCM_INFO_DOUBLE |
> + SNDRV_PCM_INFO_BATCH |
> + SNDRV_PCM_INFO_NONINTERLEAVED |
> + SNDRV_PCM_INFO_RESUME |
> + SNDRV_PCM_INFO_PAUSE);
> + runtime->hw.info |= SNDRV_PCM_INFO_INTERLEAVED;
> +
> + spin_lock_irqsave(&front_info->io_lock, flags);
> +
> + stream->evt_pair = &front_info->evt_pairs[stream->index];
> +
> + stream->front_info = front_info;
> +
> + xen_snd_front_evtchnl_pair_set_connected(stream->evt_pair, true);
> +
> + stream->evt_pair->evt.u.evt.substream = substream;
> +
> + stream_clear(stream);
> +
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&front_info->io_lock, flags);
> +
> + ret = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT,
> + alsa_hw_rule, stream,
> + SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT, -1);
> + if (ret) {
> + dev_err(dev, "Failed to add HW rule for SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT\n");
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + ret = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE,
> + alsa_hw_rule, stream,
> + SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE, -1);
> + if (ret) {
> + dev_err(dev, "Failed to add HW rule for SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE\n");
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + ret = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS,
> + alsa_hw_rule, stream,
> + SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS, -1);
> + if (ret) {
> + dev_err(dev, "Failed to add HW rule for SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS\n");
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + ret = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_SIZE,
> + alsa_hw_rule, stream,
> + SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_SIZE, -1);
> + if (ret) {
> + dev_err(dev, "Failed to add HW rule for SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_SIZE\n");
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + ret = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE,
> + alsa_hw_rule, stream,
> + SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE, -1);
> + if (ret) {
> + dev_err(dev, "Failed to add HW rule for SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE\n");
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int alsa_close(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
> +{
> + struct pcm_stream_info *stream = stream_get(substream);
> + unsigned long flags;
> +
> + spin_lock_irqsave(&stream->front_info->io_lock, flags);
> +
> + xen_snd_front_evtchnl_pair_set_connected(stream->evt_pair, false);
> +
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&stream->front_info->io_lock, flags);
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int alsa_hw_params(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
> + struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params)
> +{
> + struct pcm_stream_info *stream = stream_get(substream);
> + int ret;
> +
> + /*
> + * this callback may be called multiple times,
> + * so free the previously allocated shared buffer if any
> + */
> + stream_free(stream);
> +
> + ret = xen_snd_front_shbuf_alloc(stream->front_info->xb_dev,
> + &stream->sh_buf,
> + params_buffer_bytes(params));
> + if (ret < 0) {
> + stream_free(stream);
> + dev_err(&stream->front_info->xb_dev->dev,
> + "Failed to allocate buffers for stream with index %d\n",
> + stream->index);
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int alsa_hw_free(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
> +{
> + struct pcm_stream_info *stream = stream_get(substream);
> + int ret;
> +
> + ret = xen_snd_front_stream_close(&stream->evt_pair->req);
> + stream_free(stream);
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int alsa_prepare(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
> +{
> + struct pcm_stream_info *stream = stream_get(substream);
> +
> + if (!stream->is_open) {
> + struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
> + u8 sndif_format;
> + int ret;
> +
> + sndif_format = to_sndif_format(runtime->format);
> + if (sndif_format < 0) {
> + dev_err(&stream->front_info->xb_dev->dev,
> + "Unsupported sample format: %d\n",
> + runtime->format);
> + return sndif_format;
> + }
> +
> + ret = xen_snd_front_stream_prepare(&stream->evt_pair->req,
> + &stream->sh_buf,
> + sndif_format,
> + runtime->channels,
> + runtime->rate,
> + snd_pcm_lib_buffer_bytes(substream),
> + snd_pcm_lib_period_bytes(substream));
> + if (ret < 0)
> + return ret;
> +
> + stream->is_open = true;
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int alsa_trigger(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int cmd)
> +{
> + struct pcm_stream_info *stream = stream_get(substream);
> + int type;
> +
> + switch (cmd) {
> + case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_START:
> + type = XENSND_OP_TRIGGER_START;
> + break;
> +
> + case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_RESUME:
> + type = XENSND_OP_TRIGGER_RESUME;
> + break;
> +
> + case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_STOP:
> + type = XENSND_OP_TRIGGER_STOP;
> + break;
> +
> + case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_SUSPEND:
> + type = XENSND_OP_TRIGGER_PAUSE;
> + break;
> +
> + default:
> + return -EINVAL;
> + }
> +
> + return xen_snd_front_stream_trigger(&stream->evt_pair->req, type);
> +}
> +
> +void xen_snd_front_alsa_handle_cur_pos(struct xen_snd_front_evtchnl *evtchnl,
> + u64 pos_bytes)
> +{
> + struct snd_pcm_substream *substream = evtchnl->u.evt.substream;
> + struct pcm_stream_info *stream = stream_get(substream);
> + snd_pcm_uframes_t delta, new_hw_ptr, cur_frame;
> +
> + cur_frame = bytes_to_frames(substream->runtime, pos_bytes);
> +
> + delta = cur_frame - stream->be_cur_frame;
> + stream->be_cur_frame = cur_frame;
> +
> + new_hw_ptr = (snd_pcm_uframes_t)atomic_read(&stream->hw_ptr);
> + new_hw_ptr = (new_hw_ptr + delta) % substream->runtime->buffer_size;
> + atomic_set(&stream->hw_ptr, (int)new_hw_ptr);
> +
> + stream->out_frames += delta;
> + if (stream->out_frames > substream->runtime->period_size) {
> + stream->out_frames %= substream->runtime->period_size;
> + snd_pcm_period_elapsed(substream);
> + }
> +}
> +
> +static snd_pcm_uframes_t alsa_pointer(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
> +{
> + struct pcm_stream_info *stream = stream_get(substream);
> +
> + return (snd_pcm_uframes_t)atomic_read(&stream->hw_ptr);
> +}
> +
> +static int alsa_pb_copy_user(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
> + int channel, unsigned long pos, void __user *src,
> + unsigned long count)
> +{
> + struct pcm_stream_info *stream = stream_get(substream);
> +
> + if (unlikely(pos + count > stream->sh_buf.buffer_sz))
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + if (copy_from_user(stream->sh_buf.buffer + pos, src, count))
> + return -EFAULT;
> +
> + return xen_snd_front_stream_write(&stream->evt_pair->req, pos, count);
> +}
> +
> +static int alsa_pb_copy_kernel(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
> + int channel, unsigned long pos, void *src,
> + unsigned long count)
> +{
> + struct pcm_stream_info *stream = stream_get(substream);
> +
> + if (unlikely(pos + count > stream->sh_buf.buffer_sz))
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + memcpy(stream->sh_buf.buffer + pos, src, count);
> +
> + return xen_snd_front_stream_write(&stream->evt_pair->req, pos, count);
> +}
> +
> +static int alsa_cap_copy_user(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
> + int channel, unsigned long pos, void __user *dst,
> + unsigned long count)
> +{
> + struct pcm_stream_info *stream = stream_get(substream);
> + int ret;
> +
> + if (unlikely(pos + count > stream->sh_buf.buffer_sz))
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + ret = xen_snd_front_stream_read(&stream->evt_pair->req, pos, count);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + return ret;
> +
> + return copy_to_user(dst, stream->sh_buf.buffer + pos, count) ?
> + -EFAULT : 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int alsa_cap_copy_kernel(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
> + int channel, unsigned long pos, void *dst,
> + unsigned long count)
> +{
> + struct pcm_stream_info *stream = stream_get(substream);
> + int ret;
> +
> + if (unlikely(pos + count > stream->sh_buf.buffer_sz))
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + ret = xen_snd_front_stream_read(&stream->evt_pair->req, pos, count);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + return ret;
> +
> + memcpy(dst, stream->sh_buf.buffer + pos, count);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int alsa_pb_fill_silence(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
> + int channel, unsigned long pos,
> + unsigned long count)
> +{
> + struct pcm_stream_info *stream = stream_get(substream);
> +
> + if (unlikely(pos + count > stream->sh_buf.buffer_sz))
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + memset(stream->sh_buf.buffer + pos, 0, count);
> +
> + return xen_snd_front_stream_write(&stream->evt_pair->req, pos, count);
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * FIXME: The mmaped data transfer is asynchronous and there is no
> + * ack signal from user-space when it is done. This is the
> + * reason it is not implemented in the PV driver as we do need
> + * to know when the buffer can be transferred to the backend.
> + */
> +
> +static struct snd_pcm_ops snd_drv_alsa_playback_ops = {
> + .open = alsa_open,
> + .close = alsa_close,
> + .ioctl = snd_pcm_lib_ioctl,
> + .hw_params = alsa_hw_params,
> + .hw_free = alsa_hw_free,
> + .prepare = alsa_prepare,
> + .trigger = alsa_trigger,
> + .pointer = alsa_pointer,
> + .copy_user = alsa_pb_copy_user,
> + .copy_kernel = alsa_pb_copy_kernel,
> + .fill_silence = alsa_pb_fill_silence,
> +};
> +
> +static struct snd_pcm_ops snd_drv_alsa_capture_ops = {
> + .open = alsa_open,
> + .close = alsa_close,
> + .ioctl = snd_pcm_lib_ioctl,
> + .hw_params = alsa_hw_params,
> + .hw_free = alsa_hw_free,
> + .prepare = alsa_prepare,
> + .trigger = alsa_trigger,
> + .pointer = alsa_pointer,
> + .copy_user = alsa_cap_copy_user,
> + .copy_kernel = alsa_cap_copy_kernel,
> +};
> +
> +static int new_pcm_instance(struct card_info *card_info,
> + struct xen_front_cfg_pcm_instance *instance_cfg,
> + struct pcm_instance_info *pcm_instance_info)
> +{
> + struct snd_pcm *pcm;
> + int ret, i;
> +
> + dev_dbg(&card_info->front_info->xb_dev->dev,
> + "New PCM device \"%s\" with id %d playback %d capture %d",
> + instance_cfg->name,
> + instance_cfg->device_id,
> + instance_cfg->num_streams_pb,
> + instance_cfg->num_streams_cap);
> +
> + pcm_instance_info->card_info = card_info;
> +
> + pcm_instance_info->pcm_hw = instance_cfg->pcm_hw;
> +
> + if (instance_cfg->num_streams_pb) {
> + pcm_instance_info->streams_pb =
> + devm_kcalloc(&card_info->card->card_dev,
> + instance_cfg->num_streams_pb,
> + sizeof(struct pcm_stream_info),
> + GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!pcm_instance_info->streams_pb)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> + }
> +
> + if (instance_cfg->num_streams_cap) {
> + pcm_instance_info->streams_cap =
> + devm_kcalloc(&card_info->card->card_dev,
> + instance_cfg->num_streams_cap,
> + sizeof(struct pcm_stream_info),
> + GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!pcm_instance_info->streams_cap)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> + }
> +
> + pcm_instance_info->num_pcm_streams_pb =
> + instance_cfg->num_streams_pb;
> + pcm_instance_info->num_pcm_streams_cap =
> + instance_cfg->num_streams_cap;
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < pcm_instance_info->num_pcm_streams_pb; i++) {
> + pcm_instance_info->streams_pb[i].pcm_hw =
> + instance_cfg->streams_pb[i].pcm_hw;
> + pcm_instance_info->streams_pb[i].index =
> + instance_cfg->streams_pb[i].index;
> + }
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < pcm_instance_info->num_pcm_streams_cap; i++) {
> + pcm_instance_info->streams_cap[i].pcm_hw =
> + instance_cfg->streams_cap[i].pcm_hw;
> + pcm_instance_info->streams_cap[i].index =
> + instance_cfg->streams_cap[i].index;
> + }
> +
> + ret = snd_pcm_new(card_info->card, instance_cfg->name,
> + instance_cfg->device_id,
> + instance_cfg->num_streams_pb,
> + instance_cfg->num_streams_cap,
> + &pcm);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + return ret;
> +
> + pcm->private_data = pcm_instance_info;
> + pcm->info_flags = 0;
> + /* we want to handle all PCM operations in non-atomic context */
> + pcm->nonatomic = true;
> + strncpy(pcm->name, "Virtual card PCM", sizeof(pcm->name));
> +
> + if (instance_cfg->num_streams_pb)
> + snd_pcm_set_ops(pcm, SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK,
> + &snd_drv_alsa_playback_ops);
> +
> + if (instance_cfg->num_streams_cap)
> + snd_pcm_set_ops(pcm, SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE,
> + &snd_drv_alsa_capture_ops);
> +
> + pcm_instance_info->pcm = pcm;
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +int xen_snd_front_alsa_init(struct xen_snd_front_info *front_info)
> +{
> + struct device *dev = &front_info->xb_dev->dev;
> + struct xen_front_cfg_card *cfg = &front_info->cfg;
> + struct card_info *card_info;
> + struct snd_card *card;
> + int ret, i;
> +
> + dev_dbg(dev, "Creating virtual sound card\n");
> +
> + ret = snd_card_new(dev, 0, XENSND_DRIVER_NAME, THIS_MODULE,
> + sizeof(struct card_info), &card);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + return ret;
> +
> + card_info = card->private_data;
> + card_info->front_info = front_info;
> + front_info->card_info = card_info;
> + card_info->card = card;
> + card_info->pcm_instances =
> + devm_kcalloc(dev, cfg->num_pcm_instances,
> + sizeof(struct pcm_instance_info),
> + GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!card_info->pcm_instances) {
> + ret = -ENOMEM;
> + goto fail;
> + }
> +
> + card_info->num_pcm_instances = cfg->num_pcm_instances;
> + card_info->pcm_hw = cfg->pcm_hw;
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < cfg->num_pcm_instances; i++) {
> + ret = new_pcm_instance(card_info, &cfg->pcm_instances[i],
> + &card_info->pcm_instances[i]);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + goto fail;
> + }
> +
> + strncpy(card->driver, XENSND_DRIVER_NAME, sizeof(card->driver));
> + strncpy(card->shortname, cfg->name_short, sizeof(card->shortname));
> + strncpy(card->longname, cfg->name_long, sizeof(card->longname));
> +
> + ret = snd_card_register(card);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + goto fail;
> +
> + return 0;
> +
> +fail:
> + snd_card_free(card);
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +void xen_snd_front_alsa_fini(struct xen_snd_front_info *front_info)
> +{
> + struct card_info *card_info;
> + struct snd_card *card;
> +
> + card_info = front_info->card_info;
> + if (!card_info)
> + return;
> +
> + card = card_info->card;
> + if (!card)
> + return;
> +
> + dev_dbg(&front_info->xb_dev->dev, "Removing virtual sound card %d\n",
> + card->number);
> + snd_card_free(card);
> +
> + /* card_info will be freed when destroying front_info->xb_dev->dev */
> + card_info->card = NULL;
> +}
> diff --git a/sound/xen/xen_snd_front_alsa.h b/sound/xen/xen_snd_front_alsa.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..18abd9eec967
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/sound/xen/xen_snd_front_alsa.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 OR MIT */
> +
> +/*
> + * Xen para-virtual sound device
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2016-2018 EPAM Systems Inc.
> + *
> + * Author: Oleksandr Andrushchenko <oleksandr_andrushchenko@epam.com>
> + */
> +
> +#ifndef __XEN_SND_FRONT_ALSA_H
> +#define __XEN_SND_FRONT_ALSA_H
> +
> +struct xen_snd_front_info;
> +
> +int xen_snd_front_alsa_init(struct xen_snd_front_info *front_info);
> +
> +void xen_snd_front_alsa_fini(struct xen_snd_front_info *front_info);
> +
> +void xen_snd_front_alsa_handle_cur_pos(struct xen_snd_front_evtchnl *evtchnl,
> + u64 pos_bytes);
> +
> +#endif /* __XEN_SND_FRONT_ALSA_H */
> diff --git a/sound/xen/xen_snd_front_evtchnl.c b/sound/xen/xen_snd_front_evtchnl.c
> index 9ece39f938f8..470196518716 100644
> --- a/sound/xen/xen_snd_front_evtchnl.c
> +++ b/sound/xen/xen_snd_front_evtchnl.c
> @@ -14,6 +14,7 @@
> #include <xen/xenbus.h>
>
> #include "xen_snd_front.h"
> +#include "xen_snd_front_alsa.h"
> #include "xen_snd_front_cfg.h"
> #include "xen_snd_front_evtchnl.h"
>
> @@ -111,7 +112,10 @@ static irqreturn_t evtchnl_interrupt_evt(int irq, void *dev_id)
>
> switch (event->type) {
> case XENSND_EVT_CUR_POS:
> - /* do nothing at the moment */
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&front_info->io_lock, flags);
> + xen_snd_front_alsa_handle_cur_pos(channel,
> + event->op.cur_pos.position);
> + spin_lock_irqsave(&front_info->io_lock, flags);

Is this correct? Why can you free the lock here without doing any
harm? What is the lock protecting? I'd like to see at least some
comments explaining why the lock is needed and why it can be dropped
here.


Juergen

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