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Subject[PATCH v9 1/2] HID: add driver for Valve Steam Controller
Date
There are two ways to connect the Steam Controller: directly to the USB
or with the USB wireless adapter. Both methods are similar, but the
wireless adapter can connect up to 4 devices at the same time.

The wired device will appear as 3 interfaces: a virtual mouse, a virtual
keyboard and a custom HID device.

The wireless device will appear as 5 interfaces: a virtual keyboard and
4 custom HID devices, that will remain silent until a device is actually
connected.

The custom HID device has a report descriptor with all vendor specific
usages, so the hid-generic is not very useful. In a PC/SteamBox Valve
Steam Client provices a software translation by using hidraw and a
creates a uinput virtual gamepad and XTest keyboard/mouse.

This driver intercepts the hidraw usage, so it can get out of the way
when the Steam Client is in use.

Signed-off-by: Rodrigo Rivas Costa <rodrigorivascosta@gmail.com>
---
drivers/hid/Kconfig | 8 +
drivers/hid/Makefile | 1 +
drivers/hid/hid-ids.h | 4 +
drivers/hid/hid-steam.c | 973 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/hid.h | 1 +
5 files changed, 987 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 drivers/hid/hid-steam.c

diff --git a/drivers/hid/Kconfig b/drivers/hid/Kconfig
index 779c5ae47f36..de5f4849bfe4 100644
--- a/drivers/hid/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/hid/Kconfig
@@ -811,6 +811,14 @@ config HID_SPEEDLINK
---help---
Support for Speedlink Vicious and Divine Cezanne mouse.

+config HID_STEAM
+ tristate "Steam Controller support"
+ depends on HID
+ ---help---
+ Say Y here if you have a Steam Controller if you want to use it
+ without running the Steam Client. It supports both the wired and
+ the wireless adaptor.
+
config HID_STEELSERIES
tristate "Steelseries SRW-S1 steering wheel support"
depends on HID
diff --git a/drivers/hid/Makefile b/drivers/hid/Makefile
index 235bd2a7b333..e146c257285a 100644
--- a/drivers/hid/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/hid/Makefile
@@ -94,6 +94,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_HID_SAMSUNG) += hid-samsung.o
obj-$(CONFIG_HID_SMARTJOYPLUS) += hid-sjoy.o
obj-$(CONFIG_HID_SONY) += hid-sony.o
obj-$(CONFIG_HID_SPEEDLINK) += hid-speedlink.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_HID_STEAM) += hid-steam.o
obj-$(CONFIG_HID_STEELSERIES) += hid-steelseries.o
obj-$(CONFIG_HID_SUNPLUS) += hid-sunplus.o
obj-$(CONFIG_HID_GREENASIA) += hid-gaff.o
diff --git a/drivers/hid/hid-ids.h b/drivers/hid/hid-ids.h
index a0baa5ba5b84..3014991e5d4b 100644
--- a/drivers/hid/hid-ids.h
+++ b/drivers/hid/hid-ids.h
@@ -987,6 +987,10 @@
#define USB_VENDOR_ID_STANTUM_SITRONIX 0x1403
#define USB_DEVICE_ID_MTP_SITRONIX 0x5001

+#define USB_VENDOR_ID_VALVE 0x28de
+#define USB_DEVICE_ID_STEAM_CONTROLLER 0x1102
+#define USB_DEVICE_ID_STEAM_CONTROLLER_WIRELESS 0x1142
+
#define USB_VENDOR_ID_STEELSERIES 0x1038
#define USB_DEVICE_ID_STEELSERIES_SRWS1 0x1410

diff --git a/drivers/hid/hid-steam.c b/drivers/hid/hid-steam.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..36fc85714ea5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/hid/hid-steam.c
@@ -0,0 +1,973 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
+/*
+ * HID driver for Valve Steam Controller
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2018 Rodrigo Rivas Costa <rodrigorivascosta@gmail.com>
+ *
+ * Supports both the wired and wireless interfaces.
+ *
+ * This controller has a builtin emulation of mouse and keyboard: the right pad
+ * can be used as a mouse, the shoulder buttons are mouse buttons, A and B
+ * buttons are ENTER and ESCAPE, and so on. This is implemented as additional
+ * HID interfaces.
+ *
+ * This is known as the "lizard mode", because apparently lizards like to use
+ * the computer from the coach, without a proper mouse and keyboard.
+ *
+ * This driver will disable the lizard mode when the input device is opened
+ * and re-enable it when the input device is closed, so as not to break user
+ * mode behaviour. The lizard_mode parameter can be used to change that.
+ *
+ * There are a few user space applications (notably Steam Client) that use
+ * the hidraw interface directly to create input devices (XTest, uinput...).
+ * In order to avoid breaking them this driver creates a layered hidraw device,
+ * so it can detect when the client is running and then:
+ * - it will not send any command to the controller.
+ * - this input device will be disabled, to avoid double input of the same
+ * user action.
+ *
+ * For additional functions, such as changing the right-pad margin or switching
+ * the led, you can use the user-space tool at:
+ *
+ * https://github.com/rodrigorc/steamctrl
+ */
+
+#include <linux/device.h>
+#include <linux/input.h>
+#include <linux/hid.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/workqueue.h>
+#include <linux/mutex.h>
+#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include "hid-ids.h"
+
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Rodrigo Rivas Costa <rodrigorivascosta@gmail.com>");
+
+static bool lizard_mode = true;
+
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(steam_devices_lock);
+static LIST_HEAD(steam_devices);
+
+#define STEAM_QUIRK_WIRELESS BIT(0)
+
+/* Touch pads are 40 mm in diameter and 65535 units */
+#define STEAM_PAD_RESOLUTION 1638
+/* Trigger runs are about 5 mm and 256 units */
+#define STEAM_TRIGGER_RESOLUTION 51
+/* Joystick runs are about 5 mm and 256 units */
+#define STEAM_JOYSTICK_RESOLUTION 51
+
+#define STEAM_PAD_FUZZ 256
+
+/*
+ * Commands that can be sent in a feature report.
+ * Thanks to Valve for some valuable hints.
+ */
+#define STEAM_CMD_SET_MAPPINGS 0x80
+#define STEAM_CMD_CLEAR_MAPPINGS 0x81
+#define STEAM_CMD_GET_MAPPINGS 0x82
+#define STEAM_CMD_GET_ATTRIB 0x83
+#define STEAM_CMD_GET_ATTRIB_LABEL 0x84
+#define STEAM_CMD_DEFAULT_MAPPINGS 0x85
+#define STEAM_CMD_FACTORY_RESET 0x86
+#define STEAM_CMD_WRITE_REGISTER 0x87
+#define STEAM_CMD_CLEAR_REGISTER 0x88
+#define STEAM_CMD_READ_REGISTER 0x89
+#define STEAM_CMD_GET_REGISTER_LABEL 0x8a
+#define STEAM_CMD_GET_REGISTER_MAX 0x8b
+#define STEAM_CMD_GET_REGISTER_DEFAULT 0x8c
+#define STEAM_CMD_SET_MODE 0x8d
+#define STEAM_CMD_DEFAULT_MOUSE 0x8e
+#define STEAM_CMD_FORCEFEEDBAK 0x8f
+#define STEAM_CMD_REQUEST_COMM_STATUS 0xb4
+#define STEAM_CMD_GET_SERIAL 0xae
+
+/* Some useful register ids */
+#define STEAM_REG_LPAD_MODE 0x07
+#define STEAM_REG_RPAD_MODE 0x08
+#define STEAM_REG_RPAD_MARGIN 0x18
+#define STEAM_REG_LED 0x2d
+#define STEAM_REG_GYRO_MODE 0x30
+
+/* Raw event identifiers */
+#define STEAM_EV_INPUT_DATA 0x01
+#define STEAM_EV_CONNECT 0x03
+#define STEAM_EV_BATTERY 0x04
+
+/* Values for GYRO_MODE (bitmask) */
+#define STEAM_GYRO_MODE_OFF 0x0000
+#define STEAM_GYRO_MODE_STEERING 0x0001
+#define STEAM_GYRO_MODE_TILT 0x0002
+#define STEAM_GYRO_MODE_SEND_ORIENTATION 0x0004
+#define STEAM_GYRO_MODE_SEND_RAW_ACCEL 0x0008
+#define STEAM_GYRO_MODE_SEND_RAW_GYRO 0x0010
+
+/* Other random constants */
+#define STEAM_SERIAL_LEN 10
+
+struct steam_device {
+ struct list_head list;
+ spinlock_t lock;
+ struct hid_device *hdev, *client_hdev;
+ struct mutex mutex;
+ bool client_opened, input_opened;
+ struct input_dev __rcu *input;
+ unsigned long quirks;
+ struct work_struct work_connect;
+ bool connected;
+ char serial_no[STEAM_SERIAL_LEN + 1];
+};
+
+static int steam_recv_report(struct steam_device *steam,
+ u8 *data, int size)
+{
+ struct hid_report *r;
+ u8 *buf;
+ int ret;
+
+ r = steam->hdev->report_enum[HID_FEATURE_REPORT].report_id_hash[0];
+ if (hid_report_len(r) < 64)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ buf = hid_alloc_report_buf(r, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!buf)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ /*
+ * The report ID is always 0, so strip the first byte from the output.
+ * hid_report_len() is not counting the report ID, so +1 to the length
+ * or else we get a EOVERFLOW. We are safe from a buffer overflow
+ * because hid_alloc_report_buf() allocates +7 bytes.
+ */
+ ret = hid_hw_raw_request(steam->hdev, 0x00,
+ buf, hid_report_len(r) + 1,
+ HID_FEATURE_REPORT, HID_REQ_GET_REPORT);
+ if (ret > 0)
+ memcpy(data, buf + 1, min(size, ret - 1));
+ kfree(buf);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int steam_send_report(struct steam_device *steam,
+ u8 *cmd, int size)
+{
+ struct hid_report *r;
+ u8 *buf;
+ unsigned int retries = 50;
+ int ret;
+
+ r = steam->hdev->report_enum[HID_FEATURE_REPORT].report_id_hash[0];
+ if (hid_report_len(r) < 64)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ buf = hid_alloc_report_buf(r, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!buf)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ /* The report ID is always 0 */
+ memcpy(buf + 1, cmd, size);
+
+ /*
+ * Sometimes the wireless controller fails with EPIPE
+ * when sending a feature report.
+ * Doing a HID_REQ_GET_REPORT and waiting for a while
+ * seems to fix that.
+ */
+ do {
+ ret = hid_hw_raw_request(steam->hdev, 0,
+ buf, size + 1,
+ HID_FEATURE_REPORT, HID_REQ_SET_REPORT);
+ if (ret != -EPIPE)
+ break;
+ msleep(20);
+ } while (--retries);
+
+ kfree(buf);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ hid_err(steam->hdev, "%s: error %d (%*ph)\n", __func__,
+ ret, size, cmd);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static inline int steam_send_report_byte(struct steam_device *steam, u8 cmd)
+{
+ return steam_send_report(steam, &cmd, 1);
+}
+
+static int steam_write_registers(struct steam_device *steam,
+ /* u8 reg, u16 val */...)
+{
+ /* Send: 0x87 len (reg valLo valHi)* */
+ u8 reg;
+ u16 val;
+ u8 cmd[64] = {STEAM_CMD_WRITE_REGISTER, 0x00};
+ va_list args;
+
+ va_start(args, steam);
+ for (;;) {
+ reg = va_arg(args, int);
+ if (reg == 0)
+ break;
+ val = va_arg(args, int);
+ cmd[cmd[1] + 2] = reg;
+ cmd[cmd[1] + 3] = val & 0xff;
+ cmd[cmd[1] + 4] = val >> 8;
+ cmd[1] += 3;
+ }
+ va_end(args);
+
+ return steam_send_report(steam, cmd, 2 + cmd[1]);
+}
+
+static int steam_get_serial(struct steam_device *steam)
+{
+ /*
+ * Send: 0xae 0x15 0x01
+ * Recv: 0xae 0x15 0x01 serialnumber (10 chars)
+ */
+ int ret;
+ u8 cmd[] = {STEAM_CMD_GET_SERIAL, 0x15, 0x01};
+ u8 reply[3 + STEAM_SERIAL_LEN + 1];
+
+ ret = steam_send_report(steam, cmd, sizeof(cmd));
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+ ret = steam_recv_report(steam, reply, sizeof(reply));
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+ if (reply[0] != 0xae || reply[1] != 0x15 || reply[2] != 0x01)
+ return -EIO;
+ reply[3 + STEAM_SERIAL_LEN] = 0;
+ strlcpy(steam->serial_no, reply + 3, sizeof(steam->serial_no));
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * This command requests the wireless adaptor to post an event
+ * with the connection status. Useful if this driver is loaded when
+ * the controller is already connected.
+ */
+static inline int steam_request_conn_status(struct steam_device *steam)
+{
+ return steam_send_report_byte(steam, STEAM_CMD_REQUEST_COMM_STATUS);
+}
+
+static void steam_set_lizard_mode(struct steam_device *steam, bool enable)
+{
+ if (enable) {
+ /* enable esc, enter, cursors */
+ steam_send_report_byte(steam, STEAM_CMD_DEFAULT_MAPPINGS);
+ /* enable mouse */
+ steam_send_report_byte(steam, STEAM_CMD_DEFAULT_MOUSE);
+ steam_write_registers(steam,
+ STEAM_REG_RPAD_MARGIN, 0x01, /* enable margin */
+ 0);
+ } else {
+ /* disable esc, enter, cursor */
+ steam_send_report_byte(steam, STEAM_CMD_CLEAR_MAPPINGS);
+ steam_write_registers(steam,
+ STEAM_REG_RPAD_MODE, 0x07, /* disable mouse */
+ STEAM_REG_RPAD_MARGIN, 0x00, /* disable margin */
+ 0);
+ }
+}
+
+static void steam_update_lizard_mode(struct steam_device *steam)
+{
+ mutex_lock(&steam->mutex);
+ if (!steam->client_opened) {
+ if (steam->input_opened)
+ steam_set_lizard_mode(steam, false);
+ else
+ steam_set_lizard_mode(steam, lizard_mode);
+ }
+ mutex_unlock(&steam->mutex);
+}
+
+static int steam_input_open(struct input_dev *dev)
+{
+ struct steam_device *steam = input_get_drvdata(dev);
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = hid_hw_open(steam->hdev);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ mutex_lock(&steam->mutex);
+ steam->input_opened = true;
+ if (!steam->client_opened && lizard_mode)
+ steam_set_lizard_mode(steam, false);
+ mutex_unlock(&steam->mutex);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void steam_input_close(struct input_dev *dev)
+{
+ struct steam_device *steam = input_get_drvdata(dev);
+
+ mutex_lock(&steam->mutex);
+ steam->input_opened = false;
+ if (!steam->client_opened && lizard_mode)
+ steam_set_lizard_mode(steam, true);
+ mutex_unlock(&steam->mutex);
+
+ hid_hw_close(steam->hdev);
+}
+
+static int steam_register(struct steam_device *steam)
+{
+ struct hid_device *hdev = steam->hdev;
+ struct input_dev *input;
+ int ret;
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ input = rcu_dereference(steam->input);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ if (input) {
+ dbg_hid("%s: already connected\n", __func__);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Unlikely, but getting the serial could fail, and it is not so
+ * important, so make up a serial number and go on.
+ */
+ if (steam_get_serial(steam) < 0)
+ strlcpy(steam->serial_no, "XXXXXXXXXX",
+ sizeof(steam->serial_no));
+
+ hid_info(hdev, "Steam Controller '%s' connected",
+ steam->serial_no);
+
+ input = input_allocate_device();
+ if (!input)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ input_set_drvdata(input, steam);
+ input->dev.parent = &hdev->dev;
+ input->open = steam_input_open;
+ input->close = steam_input_close;
+
+ input->name = (steam->quirks & STEAM_QUIRK_WIRELESS) ?
+ "Wireless Steam Controller" :
+ "Steam Controller";
+ input->phys = hdev->phys;
+ input->uniq = steam->serial_no;
+ input->id.bustype = hdev->bus;
+ input->id.vendor = hdev->vendor;
+ input->id.product = hdev->product;
+ input->id.version = hdev->version;
+
+ input_set_capability(input, EV_KEY, BTN_TR2);
+ input_set_capability(input, EV_KEY, BTN_TL2);
+ input_set_capability(input, EV_KEY, BTN_TR);
+ input_set_capability(input, EV_KEY, BTN_TL);
+ input_set_capability(input, EV_KEY, BTN_Y);
+ input_set_capability(input, EV_KEY, BTN_B);
+ input_set_capability(input, EV_KEY, BTN_X);
+ input_set_capability(input, EV_KEY, BTN_A);
+ input_set_capability(input, EV_KEY, BTN_DPAD_UP);
+ input_set_capability(input, EV_KEY, BTN_DPAD_RIGHT);
+ input_set_capability(input, EV_KEY, BTN_DPAD_LEFT);
+ input_set_capability(input, EV_KEY, BTN_DPAD_DOWN);
+ input_set_capability(input, EV_KEY, BTN_SELECT);
+ input_set_capability(input, EV_KEY, BTN_MODE);
+ input_set_capability(input, EV_KEY, BTN_START);
+ input_set_capability(input, EV_KEY, BTN_GEAR_DOWN);
+ input_set_capability(input, EV_KEY, BTN_GEAR_UP);
+ input_set_capability(input, EV_KEY, BTN_THUMBR);
+ input_set_capability(input, EV_KEY, BTN_THUMBL);
+ input_set_capability(input, EV_KEY, BTN_THUMB);
+ input_set_capability(input, EV_KEY, BTN_THUMB2);
+
+ input_set_abs_params(input, ABS_HAT2Y, 0, 255, 0, 0);
+ input_set_abs_params(input, ABS_HAT2X, 0, 255, 0, 0);
+ input_set_abs_params(input, ABS_X, -32767, 32767, 0, 0);
+ input_set_abs_params(input, ABS_Y, -32767, 32767, 0, 0);
+ input_set_abs_params(input, ABS_RX, -32767, 32767,
+ STEAM_PAD_FUZZ, 0);
+ input_set_abs_params(input, ABS_RY, -32767, 32767,
+ STEAM_PAD_FUZZ, 0);
+ input_set_abs_params(input, ABS_HAT0X, -32767, 32767,
+ STEAM_PAD_FUZZ, 0);
+ input_set_abs_params(input, ABS_HAT0Y, -32767, 32767,
+ STEAM_PAD_FUZZ, 0);
+ input_abs_set_res(input, ABS_X, STEAM_JOYSTICK_RESOLUTION);
+ input_abs_set_res(input, ABS_Y, STEAM_JOYSTICK_RESOLUTION);
+ input_abs_set_res(input, ABS_RX, STEAM_PAD_RESOLUTION);
+ input_abs_set_res(input, ABS_RY, STEAM_PAD_RESOLUTION);
+ input_abs_set_res(input, ABS_HAT0X, STEAM_PAD_RESOLUTION);
+ input_abs_set_res(input, ABS_HAT0Y, STEAM_PAD_RESOLUTION);
+ input_abs_set_res(input, ABS_HAT2Y, STEAM_TRIGGER_RESOLUTION);
+ input_abs_set_res(input, ABS_HAT2X, STEAM_TRIGGER_RESOLUTION);
+
+ ret = input_register_device(input);
+ if (ret)
+ goto input_register_fail;
+
+ rcu_assign_pointer(steam->input, input);
+
+ return 0;
+
+input_register_fail:
+ input_free_device(input);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void steam_unregister(struct steam_device *steam)
+{
+ struct input_dev *input;
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ input = rcu_dereference(steam->input);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+
+ if (input) {
+ RCU_INIT_POINTER(steam->input, NULL);
+ synchronize_rcu();
+ hid_info(steam->hdev, "Steam Controller '%s' disconnected",
+ steam->serial_no);
+ input_unregister_device(input);
+ }
+}
+
+static void steam_work_connect_cb(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+ struct steam_device *steam = container_of(work, struct steam_device,
+ work_connect);
+ unsigned long flags;
+ bool connected;
+ int ret;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&steam->lock, flags);
+ connected = steam->connected;
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&steam->lock, flags);
+
+ if (connected) {
+ ret = steam_register(steam);
+ if (ret) {
+ hid_err(steam->hdev,
+ "%s:steam_register failed with error %d\n",
+ __func__, ret);
+ }
+ } else {
+ steam_unregister(steam);
+ }
+}
+
+static bool steam_is_valve_interface(struct hid_device *hdev)
+{
+ struct hid_report_enum *rep_enum;
+
+ /*
+ * The wired device creates 3 interfaces:
+ * 0: emulated mouse.
+ * 1: emulated keyboard.
+ * 2: the real game pad.
+ * The wireless device creates 5 interfaces:
+ * 0: emulated keyboard.
+ * 1-4: slots where up to 4 real game pads will be connected to.
+ * We know which one is the real gamepad interface because they are the
+ * only ones with a feature report.
+ */
+ rep_enum = &hdev->report_enum[HID_FEATURE_REPORT];
+ return !list_empty(&rep_enum->report_list);
+}
+
+static int steam_client_ll_parse(struct hid_device *hdev)
+{
+ struct steam_device *steam = hid_get_drvdata(hdev);
+
+ return hid_parse_report(hdev, steam->hdev->dev_rdesc,
+ steam->hdev->dev_rsize);
+}
+
+static int steam_client_ll_start(struct hid_device *hdev)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void steam_client_ll_stop(struct hid_device *hdev)
+{
+}
+
+static int steam_client_ll_open(struct hid_device *hdev)
+{
+ struct steam_device *steam = hid_get_drvdata(hdev);
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = hid_hw_open(steam->hdev);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ mutex_lock(&steam->mutex);
+ steam->client_opened = true;
+ mutex_unlock(&steam->mutex);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void steam_client_ll_close(struct hid_device *hdev)
+{
+ struct steam_device *steam = hid_get_drvdata(hdev);
+
+ mutex_lock(&steam->mutex);
+ steam->client_opened = false;
+ if (steam->input_opened)
+ steam_set_lizard_mode(steam, false);
+ else
+ steam_set_lizard_mode(steam, lizard_mode);
+ mutex_unlock(&steam->mutex);
+
+ hid_hw_close(steam->hdev);
+}
+
+static int steam_client_ll_raw_request(struct hid_device *hdev,
+ unsigned char reportnum, u8 *buf,
+ size_t count, unsigned char report_type,
+ int reqtype)
+{
+ struct steam_device *steam = hid_get_drvdata(hdev);
+
+ return hid_hw_raw_request(steam->hdev, reportnum, buf, count,
+ report_type, reqtype);
+}
+
+static struct hid_ll_driver steam_client_ll_driver = {
+ .parse = steam_client_ll_parse,
+ .start = steam_client_ll_start,
+ .stop = steam_client_ll_stop,
+ .open = steam_client_ll_open,
+ .close = steam_client_ll_close,
+ .raw_request = steam_client_ll_raw_request,
+};
+
+static struct hid_device *steam_create_client_hid(struct hid_device *hdev)
+{
+ struct hid_device *client_hdev;
+
+ client_hdev = hid_allocate_device();
+ if (IS_ERR(client_hdev))
+ return client_hdev;
+
+ client_hdev->ll_driver = &steam_client_ll_driver;
+ client_hdev->dev.parent = hdev->dev.parent;
+ client_hdev->bus = hdev->bus;
+ client_hdev->vendor = hdev->vendor;
+ client_hdev->product = hdev->product;
+ strlcpy(client_hdev->name, hdev->name,
+ sizeof(client_hdev->name));
+ strlcpy(client_hdev->phys, hdev->phys,
+ sizeof(client_hdev->phys));
+ /*
+ * Since we use the same device info than the real interface to
+ * trick userspace, we will be calling steam_probe recursively.
+ * We need to recognize the client interface somehow.
+ */
+ client_hdev->group = HID_GROUP_STEAM;
+ return client_hdev;
+}
+
+static int steam_probe(struct hid_device *hdev,
+ const struct hid_device_id *id)
+{
+ struct steam_device *steam;
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = hid_parse(hdev);
+ if (ret) {
+ hid_err(hdev,
+ "%s:parse of hid interface failed\n", __func__);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * The virtual client_dev is only used for hidraw.
+ * Also avoid the recursive probe.
+ */
+ if (hdev->group == HID_GROUP_STEAM)
+ return hid_hw_start(hdev, HID_CONNECT_HIDRAW);
+ /*
+ * The non-valve interfaces (mouse and keyboard emulation) are
+ * connected without changes.
+ */
+ if (!steam_is_valve_interface(hdev))
+ return hid_hw_start(hdev, HID_CONNECT_DEFAULT);
+
+ steam = devm_kzalloc(&hdev->dev, sizeof(*steam), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!steam) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto steam_alloc_fail;
+ }
+ steam->hdev = hdev;
+ hid_set_drvdata(hdev, steam);
+ spin_lock_init(&steam->lock);
+ mutex_init(&steam->mutex);
+ steam->quirks = id->driver_data;
+ INIT_WORK(&steam->work_connect, steam_work_connect_cb);
+
+ steam->client_hdev = steam_create_client_hid(hdev);
+ if (IS_ERR(steam->client_hdev)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(steam->client_hdev);
+ goto client_hdev_fail;
+ }
+ hid_set_drvdata(steam->client_hdev, steam);
+
+ /*
+ * With the real steam controller interface, do not connect hidraw.
+ * Instead, create the client_hid and connect that.
+ */
+ ret = hid_hw_start(hdev, HID_CONNECT_DEFAULT & ~HID_CONNECT_HIDRAW);
+ if (ret)
+ goto hid_hw_start_fail;
+
+ ret = hid_add_device(steam->client_hdev);
+ if (ret)
+ goto client_hdev_add_fail;
+
+ if (steam->quirks & STEAM_QUIRK_WIRELESS) {
+ ret = hid_hw_open(hdev);
+ if (ret) {
+ hid_err(hdev,
+ "%s:hid_hw_open for wireless\n",
+ __func__);
+ goto hid_hw_open_fail;
+ }
+ hid_info(hdev, "Steam wireless receiver connected");
+ steam_request_conn_status(steam);
+ } else {
+ ret = steam_register(steam);
+ if (ret) {
+ hid_err(hdev,
+ "%s:steam_register failed with error %d\n",
+ __func__, ret);
+ goto input_register_fail;
+ }
+ }
+
+ mutex_lock(&steam_devices_lock);
+ steam_update_lizard_mode(steam);
+ list_add(&steam->list, &steam_devices);
+ mutex_unlock(&steam_devices_lock);
+
+ return 0;
+
+hid_hw_open_fail:
+input_register_fail:
+client_hdev_add_fail:
+ hid_hw_stop(hdev);
+hid_hw_start_fail:
+ hid_destroy_device(steam->client_hdev);
+client_hdev_fail:
+ cancel_work_sync(&steam->work_connect);
+steam_alloc_fail:
+ hid_err(hdev, "%s: failed with error %d\n",
+ __func__, ret);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void steam_remove(struct hid_device *hdev)
+{
+ struct steam_device *steam = hid_get_drvdata(hdev);
+
+ if (!steam || hdev->group == HID_GROUP_STEAM) {
+ hid_hw_stop(hdev);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ mutex_lock(&steam_devices_lock);
+ list_del(&steam->list);
+ mutex_unlock(&steam_devices_lock);
+
+ hid_destroy_device(steam->client_hdev);
+ steam->client_opened = false;
+ cancel_work_sync(&steam->work_connect);
+ if (steam->quirks & STEAM_QUIRK_WIRELESS) {
+ hid_info(hdev, "Steam wireless receiver disconnected");
+ hid_hw_close(hdev);
+ }
+ hid_hw_stop(hdev);
+ steam_unregister(steam);
+}
+
+static void steam_do_connect_event(struct steam_device *steam, bool connected)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&steam->lock, flags);
+ steam->connected = connected;
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&steam->lock, flags);
+
+ if (schedule_work(&steam->work_connect) == 0)
+ dbg_hid("%s: connected=%d event already queued\n",
+ __func__, connected);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Some input data in the protocol has the opposite sign.
+ * Clamp the values to 32767..-32767 so that the range is
+ * symmetrical and can be negated safely.
+ */
+static inline s16 steam_le16(u8 *data)
+{
+ s16 x = (s16) le16_to_cpup((__le16 *)data);
+
+ return x == -32768 ? -32767 : x;
+}
+
+/*
+ * The size for this message payload is 60.
+ * The known values are:
+ * (* values are not sent through wireless)
+ * (* accelerator/gyro is disabled by default)
+ * Offset| Type | Mapped to |Meaning
+ * -------+-------+-----------+--------------------------
+ * 4-7 | u32 | -- | sequence number
+ * 8-10 | 24bit | see below | buttons
+ * 11 | u8 | ABS_HAT2Y | left trigger
+ * 12 | u8 | ABS_HAT2X | right trigger
+ * 13-15 | -- | -- | always 0
+ * 16-17 | s16 | ABS_X/ABS_HAT0X | X value
+ * 18-19 | s16 | ABS_Y/ABS_HAT0Y | Y value
+ * 20-21 | s16 | ABS_RX | right-pad X value
+ * 22-23 | s16 | ABS_RY | right-pad Y value
+ * 24-25 | s16 | -- | * left trigger
+ * 26-27 | s16 | -- | * right trigger
+ * 28-29 | s16 | -- | * accelerometer X value
+ * 30-31 | s16 | -- | * accelerometer Y value
+ * 32-33 | s16 | -- | * accelerometer Z value
+ * 34-35 | s16 | -- | gyro X value
+ * 36-36 | s16 | -- | gyro Y value
+ * 38-39 | s16 | -- | gyro Z value
+ * 40-41 | s16 | -- | quaternion W value
+ * 42-43 | s16 | -- | quaternion X value
+ * 44-45 | s16 | -- | quaternion Y value
+ * 46-47 | s16 | -- | quaternion Z value
+ * 48-49 | -- | -- | always 0
+ * 50-51 | s16 | -- | * left trigger (uncalibrated)
+ * 52-53 | s16 | -- | * right trigger (uncalibrated)
+ * 54-55 | s16 | -- | * joystick X value (uncalibrated)
+ * 56-57 | s16 | -- | * joystick Y value (uncalibrated)
+ * 58-59 | s16 | -- | * left-pad X value
+ * 60-61 | s16 | -- | * left-pad Y value
+ * 62-63 | u16 | -- | * battery voltage
+ *
+ * The buttons are:
+ * Bit | Mapped to | Description
+ * ------+------------+--------------------------------
+ * 8.0 | BTN_TR2 | right trigger fully pressed
+ * 8.1 | BTN_TL2 | left trigger fully pressed
+ * 8.2 | BTN_TR | right shoulder
+ * 8.3 | BTN_TL | left shoulder
+ * 8.4 | BTN_Y | button Y
+ * 8.5 | BTN_B | button B
+ * 8.6 | BTN_X | button X
+ * 8.7 | BTN_A | button A
+ * 9.0 | BTN_DPAD_UP | lef-pad up
+ * 9.1 | BTN_DPAD_RIGHT | lef-pad right
+ * 9.2 | BTN_DPAD_LEFT | lef-pad left
+ * 9.3 | BTN_DPAD_DOWN | lef-pad down
+ * 9.4 | BTN_SELECT | menu left
+ * 9.5 | BTN_MODE | steam logo
+ * 9.6 | BTN_START | menu right
+ * 9.7 | BTN_GEAR_DOWN | left back lever
+ * 10.0 | BTN_GEAR_UP | right back lever
+ * 10.1 | -- | left-pad clicked
+ * 10.2 | BTN_THUMBR | right-pad clicked
+ * 10.3 | BTN_THUMB | left-pad touched (but see explanation below)
+ * 10.4 | BTN_THUMB2 | right-pad touched
+ * 10.5 | -- | unknown
+ * 10.6 | BTN_THUMBL | joystick clicked
+ * 10.7 | -- | lpad_and_joy
+ */
+
+static void steam_do_input_event(struct steam_device *steam,
+ struct input_dev *input, u8 *data)
+{
+ /* 24 bits of buttons */
+ u8 b8, b9, b10;
+ s16 x, y;
+ bool lpad_touched, lpad_and_joy;
+
+ b8 = data[8];
+ b9 = data[9];
+ b10 = data[10];
+
+ input_report_abs(input, ABS_HAT2Y, data[11]);
+ input_report_abs(input, ABS_HAT2X, data[12]);
+
+ /*
+ * These two bits tells how to interpret the values X and Y.
+ * lpad_and_joy tells that the joystick and the lpad are used at the
+ * same time.
+ * lpad_touched tells whether X/Y are to be read as lpad coord or
+ * joystick values.
+ * (lpad_touched || lpad_and_joy) tells if the lpad is really touched.
+ */
+ lpad_touched = b10 & BIT(3);
+ lpad_and_joy = b10 & BIT(7);
+ x = steam_le16(data + 16);
+ y = -steam_le16(data + 18);
+
+ input_report_abs(input, lpad_touched ? ABS_HAT0X : ABS_X, x);
+ input_report_abs(input, lpad_touched ? ABS_HAT0Y : ABS_Y, y);
+ /* Check if joystick is centered */
+ if (lpad_touched && !lpad_and_joy) {
+ input_report_abs(input, ABS_X, 0);
+ input_report_abs(input, ABS_Y, 0);
+ }
+ /* Check if lpad is untouched */
+ if (!(lpad_touched || lpad_and_joy)) {
+ input_report_abs(input, ABS_HAT0X, 0);
+ input_report_abs(input, ABS_HAT0Y, 0);
+ }
+
+ input_report_abs(input, ABS_RX, steam_le16(data + 20));
+ input_report_abs(input, ABS_RY, -steam_le16(data + 22));
+
+ input_event(input, EV_KEY, BTN_TR2, !!(b8 & BIT(0)));
+ input_event(input, EV_KEY, BTN_TL2, !!(b8 & BIT(1)));
+ input_event(input, EV_KEY, BTN_TR, !!(b8 & BIT(2)));
+ input_event(input, EV_KEY, BTN_TL, !!(b8 & BIT(3)));
+ input_event(input, EV_KEY, BTN_Y, !!(b8 & BIT(4)));
+ input_event(input, EV_KEY, BTN_B, !!(b8 & BIT(5)));
+ input_event(input, EV_KEY, BTN_X, !!(b8 & BIT(6)));
+ input_event(input, EV_KEY, BTN_A, !!(b8 & BIT(7)));
+ input_event(input, EV_KEY, BTN_SELECT, !!(b9 & BIT(4)));
+ input_event(input, EV_KEY, BTN_MODE, !!(b9 & BIT(5)));
+ input_event(input, EV_KEY, BTN_START, !!(b9 & BIT(6)));
+ input_event(input, EV_KEY, BTN_GEAR_DOWN, !!(b9 & BIT(7)));
+ input_event(input, EV_KEY, BTN_GEAR_UP, !!(b10 & BIT(0)));
+ input_event(input, EV_KEY, BTN_THUMBR, !!(b10 & BIT(2)));
+ input_event(input, EV_KEY, BTN_THUMBL, !!(b10 & BIT(6)));
+ input_event(input, EV_KEY, BTN_THUMB, lpad_touched || lpad_and_joy);
+ input_event(input, EV_KEY, BTN_THUMB2, !!(b10 & BIT(4)));
+ input_event(input, EV_KEY, BTN_DPAD_UP, !!(b9 & BIT(0)));
+ input_event(input, EV_KEY, BTN_DPAD_RIGHT, !!(b9 & BIT(1)));
+ input_event(input, EV_KEY, BTN_DPAD_LEFT, !!(b9 & BIT(2)));
+ input_event(input, EV_KEY, BTN_DPAD_DOWN, !!(b9 & BIT(3)));
+
+ input_sync(input);
+}
+
+static int steam_raw_event(struct hid_device *hdev,
+ struct hid_report *report, u8 *data,
+ int size)
+{
+ struct steam_device *steam = hid_get_drvdata(hdev);
+ struct input_dev *input;
+
+ if (!steam)
+ return 0;
+
+ if (steam->client_opened)
+ hid_input_report(steam->client_hdev, HID_FEATURE_REPORT,
+ data, size, 0);
+ /*
+ * All messages are size=64, all values little-endian.
+ * The format is:
+ * Offset| Meaning
+ * -------+--------------------------------------------
+ * 0-1 | always 0x01, 0x00, maybe protocol version?
+ * 2 | type of message
+ * 3 | length of the real payload (not checked)
+ * 4-n | payload data, depends on the type
+ *
+ * There are these known types of message:
+ * 0x01: input data (60 bytes)
+ * 0x03: wireless connect/disconnect (1 byte)
+ * 0x04: battery status (11 bytes)
+ */
+
+ if (size != 64 || data[0] != 1 || data[1] != 0)
+ return 0;
+
+ switch (data[2]) {
+ case STEAM_EV_INPUT_DATA:
+ if (steam->client_opened)
+ return 0;
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ input = rcu_dereference(steam->input);
+ if (likely(input)) {
+ steam_do_input_event(steam, input, data);
+ } else {
+ dbg_hid("%s: input data without connect event\n",
+ __func__);
+ steam_do_connect_event(steam, true);
+ }
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ break;
+ case STEAM_EV_CONNECT:
+ /*
+ * The payload of this event is a single byte:
+ * 0x01: disconnected.
+ * 0x02: connected.
+ */
+ switch (data[4]) {
+ case 0x01:
+ steam_do_connect_event(steam, false);
+ break;
+ case 0x02:
+ steam_do_connect_event(steam, true);
+ break;
+ }
+ break;
+ case STEAM_EV_BATTERY:
+ /* TODO: battery info */
+ break;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int steam_param_set_lizard_mode(const char *val,
+ const struct kernel_param *kp)
+{
+ struct steam_device *steam;
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = param_set_bool(val, kp);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ mutex_lock(&steam_devices_lock);
+ list_for_each_entry(steam, &steam_devices, list) {
+ steam_update_lizard_mode(steam);
+ }
+ mutex_unlock(&steam_devices_lock);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct kernel_param_ops steam_lizard_mode_ops = {
+ .set = steam_param_set_lizard_mode,
+ .get = param_get_bool,
+};
+
+module_param_cb(lizard_mode, &steam_lizard_mode_ops, &lizard_mode, 0644);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(lizard_mode,
+ "Enable mouse and keyboard emulation (lizard mode) when the gamepad is not in use");
+
+static const struct hid_device_id steam_controllers[] = {
+ { /* Wired Steam Controller */
+ HID_USB_DEVICE(USB_VENDOR_ID_VALVE,
+ USB_DEVICE_ID_STEAM_CONTROLLER)
+ },
+ { /* Wireless Steam Controller */
+ HID_USB_DEVICE(USB_VENDOR_ID_VALVE,
+ USB_DEVICE_ID_STEAM_CONTROLLER_WIRELESS),
+ .driver_data = STEAM_QUIRK_WIRELESS
+ },
+ {}
+};
+
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(hid, steam_controllers);
+
+static struct hid_driver steam_controller_driver = {
+ .name = "hid-steam",
+ .id_table = steam_controllers,
+ .probe = steam_probe,
+ .remove = steam_remove,
+ .raw_event = steam_raw_event,
+};
+
+module_hid_driver(steam_controller_driver);
diff --git a/include/linux/hid.h b/include/linux/hid.h
index d491027a7c22..5e5d76589954 100644
--- a/include/linux/hid.h
+++ b/include/linux/hid.h
@@ -364,6 +364,7 @@ struct hid_item {
#define HID_GROUP_RMI 0x0100
#define HID_GROUP_WACOM 0x0101
#define HID_GROUP_LOGITECH_DJ_DEVICE 0x0102
+#define HID_GROUP_STEAM 0x0103

/*
* HID protocol status
--
2.17.0
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  Last update: 2018-04-16 14:29    [W:0.140 / U:3.276 seconds]
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