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Subject[PATCH 07/45] C++: Define a header with some C++ type traits for type checking
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Add a header that provides the following facilities:

(1) A construction to determine whether two types are the same.

(2) A construction to determine whether a pointer can be determined to be
NULL at compile time.

(3) A construction to determine whether a type is an array as compile
time.

Note that these are implemented as C++ type traits, for example:

char *p;
if (__is_array(p))
this_is_not_executed();
else
this_is_executed();

See http://en.cppreference.com/w/cpp/types

Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
---

include/linux/compiler-c++.h | 54 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/compiler-gcc.h | 5 ++--
include/linux/kernel.h | 3 ++
3 files changed, 59 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 include/linux/compiler-c++.h

diff --git a/include/linux/compiler-c++.h b/include/linux/compiler-c++.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..84f7607d6ccc
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/compiler-c++.h
@@ -0,0 +1,54 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 -*- c++ -*- */
+/*
+ * C++ type traits. See http://en.cppreference.com/w/cpp/types
+ */
+#ifndef _LINUX_TYPE_TRAITS_H
+#define _LINUX_TYPE_TRAITS_H
+
+template<typename T, T v>
+struct integral_constant {
+ static constexpr T value = v;
+ typedef T value_type;
+ typedef integral_constant type; // using injected-typename-name
+ constexpr operator value_type() const noexcept { return value; }
+ constexpr value_type operator()() const noexcept { return value; } //since c++14
+};
+
+typedef integral_constant<bool, true> true_type;
+typedef integral_constant<bool, false> false_type;
+
+/*
+ * Determine if two types are the same.
+ */
+template<typename T, typename U> struct is_same : false_type {};
+template<typename T> struct is_same<T, T> : true_type {};
+
+/*
+ * Strip const and volatile from type.
+ */
+template<typename T> struct remove_const { typedef T type; };
+template<typename T> struct remove_const<const T> { typedef T type; };
+template<typename T> struct remove_volatile { typedef T type; };
+template<typename T> struct remove_volatile<volatile T> { typedef T type; };
+template<typename T> struct remove_cv {
+ typedef typename remove_volatile<typename remove_const<T>::type>::type type;
+};
+
+template<typename T> using remove_cv_t = typename remove_cv<T>::type;
+template<typename T> using remove_const_t = typename remove_const<T>::type;
+template<typename T> using remove_volatile_t = typename remove_volatile<T>::type;
+
+/*
+ * Determine if a type is the NULL pointer type.
+ */
+template<typename T> struct is_null_pointer : is_same<nullptr_t, remove_cv_t<T>> {};
+
+/*
+ * Determine if a type is an array type.
+ */
+template<typename T> struct is_array : false_type {};
+template<typename T> struct is_array<T[]> : true_type {};
+template<typename T, size_t N> struct is_array<T[N]> : true_type {};
+#define __is_array(T) is_array<typeof(T)>::value
+
+#endif /* _LINUX_TYPE_TRAITS_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/compiler-gcc.h b/include/linux/compiler-gcc.h
index e2c7f4369eff..6ab6431a65a6 100644
--- a/include/linux/compiler-gcc.h
+++ b/include/linux/compiler-gcc.h
@@ -58,11 +58,12 @@
#define OPTIMIZER_HIDE_VAR(var) \
__asm__ ("" : "=r" (var) : "0" (var))

-#ifdef __CHECKER__
+#if defined(__CHECKER__) // || defined(__cplusplus)
#define __must_be_array(a) 0
#else
/* &a[0] degrades to a pointer: a different type from an array */
-#define __must_be_array(a) BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO(__same_type((a), &(a)[0]))
+//#define __must_be_array(a) BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO(__same_type((a), &(a)[0]))
+#define __must_be_array(a) BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO(__is_array(a))
#endif

/*
diff --git a/include/linux/kernel.h b/include/linux/kernel.h
index 3fd291503576..e779a7487c34 100644
--- a/include/linux/kernel.h
+++ b/include/linux/kernel.h
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 -*- c++ -*- */
#ifndef _LINUX_KERNEL_H
#define _LINUX_KERNEL_H

@@ -8,6 +8,7 @@
#include <linux/stddef.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/compiler.h>
+#include <linux/compiler-c++.h>
#include <linux/bitops.h>
#include <linux/log2.h>
#include <linux/typecheck.h>
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