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Subject[PATCH v2, simpler] ia64: fix ptrace(PTRACE_GETREGS) (unbreaks strace, gdb)
Date
The strace breakage looks like that:
./strace: get_regs: get_regs_error: Input/output error

It happens because ia64 needs to load unwind tables
to read certain registers in 'PTRACE_GETREGS'. Unwind
tables fail to load at kernel startup due to GCC quirk
on the following code (logged as PR 84184):

extern char __end_unwind[];
const struct unw_table_entry *end = (struct unw_table_entry *)table_end;
table->end = segment_base + end[-1].end_offset;

GCC does not generate correct code for this single memory
reference after constant propagation.
Two triggers are required for bad code generation:
- '__end_unwind' has alignment lower (char), than
'struct unw_table_entry' (8).
- symbol offset is negative.

This commit workarounds it by disabling inline on
init_unwind_table(). This way we avoid const-propagation
of '__end_unwind' and pass address via register.

Tested in ski (emulator) and on rx2600, rx3600 (real hardware).
In case of rx2600 it unbreaks booting.

This patch is a lighter version of patch
https://lkml.org/lkml/2018/2/2/914

CC: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
CC: Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com>
CC: linux-ia64@vger.kernel.org
CC: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Bug: https://github.com/strace/strace/issues/33
Bug: https://gcc.gnu.org/PR84184
Reported-by: Émeric Maschino <emeric.maschino@gmail.com>
Tested-by: stanton_arch@mail.com
Signed-off-by: Sergei Trofimovich <slyfox@gentoo.org>
---
arch/ia64/kernel/unwind.c | 9 ++++++++-
1 file changed, 8 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/ia64/kernel/unwind.c b/arch/ia64/kernel/unwind.c
index e04efa088902..a18190bc99a9 100644
--- a/arch/ia64/kernel/unwind.c
+++ b/arch/ia64/kernel/unwind.c
@@ -2078,7 +2078,14 @@ unw_init_from_blocked_task (struct unw_frame_info *info, struct task_struct *t)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(unw_init_from_blocked_task);

-static void
+/*
+ * We use 'noinline' to evade GCC bug https://gcc.gnu.org/PR84184
+ * where gcc code generator emits incorrect code when '__end_unwind'
+ * is const-propagated to 'end[-1].end_offset' and gcc generates
+ * incorrect code. The prigger there is negative offset relative
+ * to externally-defined symbol.
+ */
+noinline static void
init_unwind_table (struct unw_table *table, const char *name, unsigned long segment_base,
unsigned long gp, const void *table_start, const void *table_end)
{
--
2.16.2
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