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SubjectRe: [PATCH] clk: imx25: set correct parents for ssi ipg clocks
Hi Fabio,

thanks for the quick response.

Thus wrote Fabio Estevam (

> Hi Martin,

> On Thu, Mar 8, 2018 at 11:08 AM, Martin Kaiser <> wrote:
> > Hi Fabio,

> > Thus wrote Fabio Estevam (

> >> I get audio working from SSI1, but I guess this is due to the fact
> >> that the bootloader enables the SSI clock:

> >> I have the following in U-Boot:

> >> /* Enable the clocks */
> >> DATA 4 0x53f8000c 0x1fffffff
> >> DATA 4 0x53f80010 0xffffffff
> >> DATA 4 0x53f80014 0xfdfff

> > I'm using the same initial settings.

> > Nevertheless, ssi1_ipg_per is disbled after loading the kernel.

> > Digging into this a bit more, it turned out that without my patch,
> > clk_disable_unused() recognizes ssi1_ipg_per as unused and disables it.

> > If my patch is applied and ssi1_ipg_per is declared as parent of
> > ssi1_ipg, clk_disable_unused() will not disable it and fsl_ssi_startup()
> > will enable both ssi1_ipg_per and ssi1_ipg before playing sound.

> I can get audio to work fine without your patch on a mx25pdk.

this is surprising. How come the ssi1_ipg_per clock is not turned off by
clk_disable_unused()? Where is it used? Do you have

<&clks 55>

anywhere in your DT?

> In the other i.MX clock drivers we have this same pattern:

> clks[IMX6SL_CLK_SSI1_IPG] = imx_clk_gate2_shared("ssi1_ipg", "ipg",

It seems to the that imx25 uses a different clock hierarchy for ssi than other
imx chips.

Documentation/devicetree/bindings/clock/imx25-clock.txt: ssi1_ipg_per 55
Documentation/devicetree/bindings/clock/imx25-clock.txt: ssi2_ipg_per 56
Documentation/devicetree/bindings/clock/imx25-clock.txt: ssi1_ipg 117
Documentation/devicetree/bindings/clock/imx25-clock.txt: ssi2_ipg 118
Documentation/devicetree/bindings/clock/imx31-clock.txt: ssi1_gate 32
Documentation/devicetree/bindings/clock/imx31-clock.txt: ssi2_gate 52
Documentation/devicetree/bindings/clock/imx35-clock.txt: ssi_sel 22
Documentation/devicetree/bindings/clock/imx35-clock.txt: ssi1_div_pre 23
Documentation/devicetree/bindings/clock/imx35-clock.txt: ssi1_div_post 24
Documentation/devicetree/bindings/clock/imx35-clock.txt: ssi2_div_pre 25
Documentation/devicetree/bindings/clock/imx35-clock.txt: ssi2_div_post 26
Documentation/devicetree/bindings/clock/imx35-clock.txt: ssi1_gate 68
Documentation/devicetree/bindings/clock/imx35-clock.txt: ssi2_gate 69

Others don't have ssiX_ipg_per.

> It is not clear to me what is the real issue this patch is trying to fix.

True. This needs clarification.

I found that, in oder to get a tx clock out of the SSI, both ssi1_ipg_per and
ssi1_ipg clocks must be active.

The fsl_ssi driver only activates ssi1_ipg.

If I activate ssi1_ipg_per in the bootloader, clk_disable_unused() deactivates it.

(My codec chip does not use a dedicated clock line. It takes the bit clock that
is the output of SSI. Are you maybe using ssi1_ipg_per for your codec and
enable it there?)

In my first mail, I was wondering about imx25 uart1, where we also have
uart1_ipg and uart_ipg_per and the clock seeting is

clk[uart1_ipg] = imx_clk_gate("uart1_ipg", "ipg", ccm(CCM_CGCR2), 14);

In this case, both uart1 and uart_ipg_per are listed in the device tree

uart1: serial@43f90000 {
clocks = <&clks 120>, <&clks 57>;
clock-names = "ipg", "per";

uart_ipg_per 57
uart1_ipg 120

and the driver enables both clocks explicitly. So they are not unused.

Doing something like this is not an option for ssi, this will not work with
imx31, 35 etc.

Therefore, I suggest setting ssi1_ipg_per as parent of ssi1_ipg.

Best regards,


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