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SubjectRe: [PATCH] Add an option to dm-verity to validate hashes at most once
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On 03/07/2018 12:14 AM, Patrik Torstensson wrote:
> Add an option to dm-verity to validate hashes at most once
> to allow platforms that is CPU/memory contraint to be
> protected by dm-verity against offline attacks.
>
> The option introduces a bitset that is used to check if
> a block has been validated before or not. A block can
> be validated more than once as there is no thread protection
> for the bitset.

Hi,

what happens, if a block is read, validated, marked in bitset and

1) something changes in the underlying device (data corruption, FTL hiccup,
intentional remapping to different device-mapper device through table change)

2) user flushes all page caches

3) the same block is read again.

Does it read and use unverified block from the corrupted device in this case?

(In general, just reading the whole device means de-facto verification deactivation.)

If so, your thread model assumes that you cannot attack underlying storage while
it is in operation, is it the correct assumption?

Milan

>
> This patch has been developed and tested on entry-level
> Android Go devices.
>
> Signed-off-by: Patrik Torstensson <totte@google.com>
> ---
> drivers/md/dm-verity-target.c | 58 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
> drivers/md/dm-verity.h | 1 +
> 2 files changed, 56 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/md/dm-verity-target.c b/drivers/md/dm-verity-target.c
> index aedb8222836b..479d0af212bf 100644
> --- a/drivers/md/dm-verity-target.c
> +++ b/drivers/md/dm-verity-target.c
> @@ -32,6 +32,7 @@
> #define DM_VERITY_OPT_LOGGING "ignore_corruption"
> #define DM_VERITY_OPT_RESTART "restart_on_corruption"
> #define DM_VERITY_OPT_IGN_ZEROES "ignore_zero_blocks"
> +#define DM_VERITY_OPT_AT_MOST_ONCE "check_at_most_once"
>
> #define DM_VERITY_OPTS_MAX (2 + DM_VERITY_OPTS_FEC)
>
> @@ -432,6 +433,19 @@ static int verity_bv_zero(struct dm_verity *v, struct dm_verity_io *io,
> return 0;
> }
>
> +/*
> + * Moves the bio iter one data block forward.
> + */
> +static inline void verity_bv_skip_block(struct dm_verity *v,
> + struct dm_verity_io *io,
> + struct bvec_iter *iter)
> +{
> + struct bio *bio = dm_bio_from_per_bio_data(io,
> + v->ti->per_io_data_size);
> +
> + bio_advance_iter(bio, iter, 1 << v->data_dev_block_bits);
> +}
> +
> /*
> * Verify one "dm_verity_io" structure.
> */
> @@ -445,8 +459,15 @@ static int verity_verify_io(struct dm_verity_io *io)
>
> for (b = 0; b < io->n_blocks; b++) {
> int r;
> + sector_t cur_block = io->block + b;
> struct ahash_request *req = verity_io_hash_req(v, io);
>
> + if (v->validated_blocks &&
> + likely(test_bit(cur_block, v->validated_blocks))) {
> + verity_bv_skip_block(v, io, &io->iter);
> + continue;
> + }
> +
> r = verity_hash_for_block(v, io, io->block + b,
> verity_io_want_digest(v, io),
> &is_zero);
> @@ -481,13 +502,17 @@ static int verity_verify_io(struct dm_verity_io *io)
> return r;
>
> if (likely(memcmp(verity_io_real_digest(v, io),
> - verity_io_want_digest(v, io), v->digest_size) == 0))
> + verity_io_want_digest(v, io),
> + v->digest_size) == 0)) {
> + if (v->validated_blocks)
> + set_bit(cur_block, v->validated_blocks);
> continue;
> + }
> else if (verity_fec_decode(v, io, DM_VERITY_BLOCK_TYPE_DATA,
> - io->block + b, NULL, &start) == 0)
> + cur_block, NULL, &start) == 0)
> continue;
> else if (verity_handle_err(v, DM_VERITY_BLOCK_TYPE_DATA,
> - io->block + b))
> + cur_block))
> return -EIO;
> }
>
> @@ -740,6 +765,7 @@ static void verity_dtr(struct dm_target *ti)
> if (v->bufio)
> dm_bufio_client_destroy(v->bufio);
>
> + kvfree(v->validated_blocks);
> kfree(v->salt);
> kfree(v->root_digest);
> kfree(v->zero_digest);
> @@ -760,6 +786,26 @@ static void verity_dtr(struct dm_target *ti)
> kfree(v);
> }
>
> +static int verity_alloc_most_once(struct dm_verity *v)
> +{
> + struct dm_target *ti = v->ti;
> +
> + /* the bitset can only handle INT_MAX blocks */
> + if (v->data_blocks > INT_MAX) {
> + ti->error = "device too large to use check_at_most_once";
> + return -E2BIG;
> + }
> +
> + v->validated_blocks = kvzalloc(BITS_TO_LONGS(v->data_blocks)
> + * sizeof(unsigned long), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!v->validated_blocks) {
> + ti->error = "failed to allocate bitset for check_at_most_once";
> + return -ENOMEM;
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> static int verity_alloc_zero_digest(struct dm_verity *v)
> {
> int r = -ENOMEM;
> @@ -829,6 +875,12 @@ static int verity_parse_opt_args(struct dm_arg_set *as, struct dm_verity *v)
> }
> continue;
>
> + } else if (!strcasecmp(arg_name, DM_VERITY_OPT_AT_MOST_ONCE)) {
> + r = verity_alloc_most_once(v);
> + if (r)
> + return r;
> + continue;
> +
> } else if (verity_is_fec_opt_arg(arg_name)) {
> r = verity_fec_parse_opt_args(as, v, &argc, arg_name);
> if (r)
> diff --git a/drivers/md/dm-verity.h b/drivers/md/dm-verity.h
> index b675bc015512..ace5ec781b5f 100644
> --- a/drivers/md/dm-verity.h
> +++ b/drivers/md/dm-verity.h
> @@ -63,6 +63,7 @@ struct dm_verity {
> sector_t hash_level_block[DM_VERITY_MAX_LEVELS];
>
> struct dm_verity_fec *fec; /* forward error correction */
> + unsigned long *validated_blocks; /* bitset blocks validated */
> };
>
> struct dm_verity_io {
>

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